QURAN AND MODERN SCINCE : ALL AFLOAT IN ORBITS

33- It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun,
and the moon; each of them floating in an orbit.
21-The Prophets, 33

The word expressing totality in the Arabic language is “kullu” while
the Arabic expression “tasniya” refers to any two objects. In the verse
reference is made to the motion of two celestial bodies, namely the
sun and the moon. However, the reason why “tasniya” is not used
indicates that there should be more than two objects. If we suppose
that the night and the day take place on the earth, the other object
should be the earth. The Arabic word “falak” is used in Arabic to
denote the orbit traced by stars and planets.

THE MIRACLE IN THE USE OF EVERY SINGLE WORD

As one can see, every single word and suffix has been carefully selected. The Arabic equivalent of the expression “to float” is “sabaha.”
Maurice Bucaille says the harmony of the movements of the sun, the
moon and the earth can be expressed as follows: “The Arabic verb
‘sabaha’ refers to displacement of an object by its own movement. The
meanings of this verb converge on displacement referring to the motion
of the object by itself. When displacement takes place in water, the movement refers to the act of floating; when it is on land the displacement
takes place by the movement of the object’s own legs. If, on the other hand,
this displacement occurs in space, the motion intended can be described only by the etymological sense of the word. Thus, ‘sabaha’ should be conceived as a motion in a self-generating act. The moon rotates around its
axis within a space of time equal to its revolution around the earth; that
is 29.5 days. So what we see is always the same face of the moon. ‘The sun
turns about its axis within 25 days approximately. The word ‘sabaha’
that describes the motions of the sun and the moon conforms to the findings of recent scientific data. This fact could not have been fancied by a
human being in the 7th century, regardless of his erudition.”

THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The motions of the sun and the moon and the earth continue without
the slightest interference with our life. On the other hand, all the phenomena are brought about to make life on earth and diversity possible.
The earth revolves about the sun, at an angle of inclination of 23
degrees and 27 minutes. The seasons evolve upon the earth thanks to
this inclination upon which depends also the system of growth of plants.
The velocity of rotation of the earth about its axis attains 1670 km.
If the earth did not rotate, its surface facing the sun would be exposed
to continuous light while the rear would be in perpetual darkness. In
such a world, neither vegetation nor beings could exist.

40- Neither can the sun overtake the moon, nor does the
night precede the day. Each of them is floating in an orbit.
36-Ya-Seen, 40

All the motions of the sun, the moon and the earth continue in
perfect harmony. Everything is so excellently arranged that even
Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, contributes to the life
on earth. Astronomer George Wetherill, in his article on Jupiter, says
that had there been no planet of a magnitude equal to the size of
Jupiter, the earth would have had one thousand times more exposure
to stray meteors and comets, and that if Jupiter were not at the place
where it happened to be, we could not have been here now to probe
into the mystery of the origin of the solar system.
No matter where we turn, we come across splendours, infinitesimal
calculations and works of art provided. Of course, we meditate on Allah creation using our intelligence. Our Creator displays the evidences of His omnipotence and omniscience and His compassion
everywhere in the universe.

190- Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth,
and the alteration of night and day, there are signs for
those who posses intelligence.
191- They remember God while standing, sitting, and lying
on their sides. And contemplate on the creation of the heavens and the earth: “Our Lord, You did not create all this in
vain. Be You glorified. Protect us from the torment of the
fire.”
3-The Family of Imran, 190-191

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