Quran and Modern Science: THE UNIVERSE IN GASEOUS STATE

11- Then He turned to the heavens, and it was in a gaseous
state. And said to it, and the earth; “Come into existence,
willingly or unwillingly.” They said, “We come willingly.”
41- Fussilat Elucidated, 11

Dukhan” is the word used in Arabic for smoke, vapor and gaseous
matter. It appears that the universe was a gaseous mass before it
reached the state – by the will of God – from which the universe and
the earth came to be.
We know that our world, the sun and the stars did not come about
immediately after the primeval explosion. For the universe was in a
gaseous state before the formation of the stars. This gaseous state was
initially made of hydrogen and helium. Condensation and compression shaped the planets, the earth, the sun and the stars that were but
products of the gaseous state. The discovery of these phenomena has
been rendered possible thanks to successive findings as a result of
observations and theoretical developments. The knowledge of all contemporary communities during the time of the 1400 years ago would not
suffice for the assertion that the universe had once been in a gaseous
state. 

49- This is news of the unseen which we reveal to you,
which neither you nor your people knew before. So, be
patient. Surely the end is for the dutiful.
11-Hud, 49

VOLATILE GASES TO ONE DAY BE
TRANSFORMED INTO MAGNOLIAS

It is evident that the aim of the scientific miracles expounded in the
Quran was not only to perform miracles, or to teach us some scientific facts. The knowledge provided by the Quran is of paramount
importance. The Book focuses our attention on the ingenuity of the
creation full of marvels. The fact that it miraculously predicted
events, the knowledge of which was unattainable at the time of the
revelation of the Quran, is not the only important point. It also provides consequential knowledge. Take for instance sura 41, verse 11:
the fact that the Quran revealed 1400 years ago that the universe was
previously in a gaseous state is a miracle. But the fact that the universe was not confined to its original state, but expanded in the wake
of the primeval explosion and from this there emerged – within the
framework of laws imposed by Allah- the stars, the planets, human
beings and the magnolias are also part of Allah miraculous creation. In
witnessing these miracles unfolded in the Quran we must not lose
sight of the level of knowledge of the time and what is concealed
behind the expressions.
We witness perfect operation of the physical laws in creation as the
smoke of gas compressed formed the stars. Gravitational power caused
the smoke to contract and the stars to be born, but the gravitational
force does not go to extremes, and prevents the star from becoming a
black hole. What can be the agent behind this process involving infinitesimal calculations, if not the Creator? Natural laws that encompass
the entire universe also apply to the formation of stars. The objectives
were targeted by the Creator on the eve of creation. Gravitation is not
something intelligent and sentient and cannot be the author of all
these formations. What a grotesque sight we would behold had the
Creator had recourse to a chain to hold fast all the celestial bodies
instead of the gravitation he devised. The problem was solved by His
ingenious creation of gravity. Isaac Newton (1642-1724), who considered gravity the natural law imposed by the Creator, was the first
scientist to discover laws of gravity. But neither he nor any other scientist could discover the fact that the universe was in a gaseous state
in the beginning, neither before the revelation of the Quran, nor
1000 years afterwards. The sun that warms us, the blue oceans, the
musical notes, the taste of our dishes have their origin in that gaseous
state.

11- Indeed this is a reminder,
12- For anyone who desires to bear it in mind.
80-He Frowned, 11-12

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