PROPHETS & MESSENGERS

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (Imam Ibn Kathir r.a)

A​llah created the mankind and sent the prophets to every nation throughout the history to show the straight path to the mankind. They were sent with the message of Allah and showed mankind the right path that will lead them to Paradise and to salvation from Hell-fire. All the Prophets preached to their people about the message of Islam; i.e. Allah Almighty is the one and only God and submission to the will of God.

Each prophets were sent only for their respective nation except the last prophet, beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was sent to the entire world. The Holy Quran, the scripture which was revealed to him, is also Almighty’s last testament and it is the message for whole world.

Each Prophets taught their nation about the Oneness of Allah, power of Allah, what are the halal (permissible) and what are the haram (sinful) in the religion of Allah.

It is the Islamic belief that the first human Adam (Peace be upon him) is the first Prophet and beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the final Prophet. It is said that Allah has sent almost 124,000 Prophets to the entire world. However, 25 names of Prophets have been mentioned in Al Quran.

Names of Prophets mentioned in Al Quran

1. Sayyiduna Adam (Peace be upon him)

2. Sayyiduna Idris (Peace be upon him)

3. Sayyiduna Nuh (Peace be upon him)

4. Sayyiduna Hud (Peace be upon him)

5. Sayyiduna Saleh (Peace be upon him)

6. Sayyiduna Ibrahim (Peace be upon him)

7. Sayyiduna Lut (Peace be upon him)

8. Sayyiduna Ismail (Peace be upon him)

9. Sayyiduna Ishaq (Peace be upon him)

10. Sayyiduna Yaqub (Peace be upon him)

11. Sayyiduna Yusuf (Peace be upon him)

12. Sayyiduna Ayyub (Peace be upon him)

13. Sayyiduna Shuayb (Peace be upon him)

14. Sayyiduna Musa (Peace be upon him)

15. Sayyiduna Harun (Peace be upon him)

16. Sayyiduna Dawud (Peace be upon him)

17. Sayyiduna Sulaiman (Peace be upon him)

18. Sayyiduna Ilyas (Peace be upon him)

19. Sayyiduna Alyasa (Peace be upon him)

20. Sayyiduna Yunus (Peace be upon him)

21. Sayyiduna Dhulkifl (Peace be upon him)

22. Sayyiduna Zakariya (Peace be upon him)

23. Sayyiduna Yahya (Peace be upon him)

24. Sayyiduna Eissa (Peace be upon him)

25. Sayyiduna Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

​​* Sayyiduna is an arabic word means our leader.

​​Difference between Prophets (Nabi) and Messengers (Rasool)

​Messengers are the Prophets, but they were sent with new scriptures or new divine law to propagate to their nation while Prophets taught the previous established teachings to their nation. Hence, all the Messengers are the Prophets. But all the Prophets are not Messengers. It is said that Allah has sent about 124,000 prophets to entire world thought out the history but out of them only 313 are messengers.

The Messengers are ranked more than the Prophets. The best of them are called, Ulul ‘Azm (Possessors of strong will and perseverance), in patience and enduring difficulties, who are five :

1. Prophet Muhammad ​(Peace be upon him)

2. Prophet Eissa​ (Jesus) (Peace be upon him)

​3. Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him)

4. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (Peace be upon him)

5. Prophet Nuh (Noah) (Peace be upon him) ​

 

Some scholars consider Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) is one of them, hence Ulul Azms are six. However, majority of scholars consider as five as stated above.

The Scriptures and the Prophets​

​Islam tells us that four scriptures were sent to four Messengers of Allah. Those are :

​​1. Tawrat to Prophet Musa (Moses) (Peace be upon him)

2.​ Zabur to Prophet Dawud (David) (Peace be upon him)

3.​ Injil to Prophet Eissa (Jesus) (Peace be upon him)

4. Holy Quran to Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

 

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