Abul Hasan Hankari (Arabic: ا بوالحسن ہنکاری) Abu Al Hasan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hashmi Hankari (born in 409 Hijri, in the town of Hankar), town of Mosul (city of northern Iraq, some 400 km north of Baghdad), died 1st Moharram 486 AH (1 February 1093 C.E), in Baghdad, (1077–1166 CE), was a Muslim mystic also renowned as one of the most influential Muslim scholar, philosopher, theologian and jurist of his time and Sufi based in Hankar
He got education from his father. He was a man acquainted with the hidden secrets and was known for his Karamats. He would fast for 3 consecutive days and complete 2 whole Quran between Isha and Tahajjud. He devoutly stayed in worship day and night. He had the habit of practicing excessive religious exercises and recitals. He traveled across many countries to get religious knowledge. From Rome to Spain to Harmain, etc. he met numerous scholars and shaikhs from whom he began to receive instruction in Fiqh and muhaddiths from whom he memorized ahadith by heart. He even met Shaikh Abu al-Layla Misri and heard hadith from him. All Hafiz (memorizers of Quran), Muhaddiths (narrators of Hadiths), Qaries (reciters of Quran with correct accent and pronunciation) are given a chain of credible narrators linking to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He gained exoteric and esoteric education from the most prominent and influential scholars of his time. He even got spiritual beneficence from Bayazid Bastami. After sometime, he went back to his homeland. Hence, the people around him gave him a lot of respect and he gained fame. He earned the title of Shaikh-ul-Islam due to the unmatched religious knowledge and beneficence of the time. Countless seekers of Allah benefitted from him as he was an Arif Kamil. He was the Imam of Shariat and Tariqat of his time. He wore the khirqa of khilafat from Mohammad Yousaf Abu al-Farah Tartusi who was the Qutb of that time. The period between the 11th and 14th centuries is considered to be the “Golden Age” of Arabic and Islamic philosophy by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, he has an important role to play in it as he was one of those early Sufis who brought logic into the Islamic seminary.
Abul Hasan Hankari bin yusaf bin Muhammad bin Umar bin Abdul wahab bin ameer zaid bin imam Muhammad Harris bin ameer ul momineen Ali al murtaza karma ullah wagihul kareem bin abi talib bin abu mutalib bin hashim bin abdul manaf His descendants later spread to the State of Bahawalpur, Azalah, Jhang, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Faisalabad, Lahore, etc
- Hazrat Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
- Hazrat ‘Alī bin Abī Ṭālib(عليه السلام)
- Hazrat al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrīرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Habib al Ajamiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Dawud Taiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Maruf Karkhiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Sirri Saqtiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Junaid Baghdadiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibliرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Abdul Aziz bin Haris bin Asad Yemeni Tamimiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Abul Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni al-Tamimiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Mohammad Yousuf Abu al-Farah Tartusi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
- Hazrat Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi was the khalifa-e-akbar (senior spiritual successor)
Tahir (son of Abul Hasan Hankari) was khalifa-e-asghar (junior spiritual successor)
Abul Hasan Hankari influenced a lot of scholars and Islamic scholars alike most of whom have a notable name in the history such as:
- Hujjat-ul-Islam Imam Mohammad Ghazali Tusi (505 H/1111 CE);
- Hafiz Darqatni;
- Sartaj Nehyan Ibn Jani;
- Sartaj Bilfar Badee
- Qadwari Shaikh Al-Hanafia (428H);
- Avicenna (427H);
- Imam Behqi;
- Abd al-Qahir al-Jurjani (471H);
- Shaikh Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani.
He died on 1st Moharram 486 H, 1 February 1093 CE during the Abbassid Caliphate. His shrine is the village of Hankar, Baghdad.
Shaikh ul Islaam.
Aap ki wilaadat 409 Hijri (1018 A.D.) me Hakkaar, Mosul (Iraq) me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Ahmad bin Yousuf al-Quraishi hai.
Aap Abu Sufyaan Mugheera bin Haariṡ bin Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ne apne waalid se ibtidaai ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Aap ne Haramain shareefain aur dusre mulko ka safar karke bahot saare ulama, mohaddeeseen aur masha’ikh se Qur’an, Hadeeṡ aur Fiq’h ki taaleem haasil ki.
Makka mukarrama me Hazrat Shaikh Abul Hasan Mohammad bin Ali bin Sakhar al-Azadi rahmatullāhi alaihi se, Misr me Hazrat Shaikh Abu Abdullāh Mohammad al-Fazl rahmatullāhi alaihi se aur Baghdad me Hazrat Abul Qaasim rahmatullāhi alaihi wagairah se Ahadeeṡ akhz kiye.
Phir apne watan waapas aaye.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abul Farah Yousuf al-Tartusi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue aur Peer ki sohbat wa khidmat karke ta’aleem wa faiz haasil kiya.
Aap ‘Jable Hakaar’ par 40 saal tak ibaadat wa mujaahida me mashgool rahe. Is arse me ALLĀH ke fazl se Aap par tajalliyat ka zahoor hua aur arsh se farsh tak sab kuchh munkashaf ho gaya.
Aap Isha aur Tahhajud ke darmiyaan 2 khatm Qur’an majeed ki tilaawat karte.
Aap lagaataar 3 roze rakhte aur phir ifataar karte.
Aap Raahbar e shariat, Waaqif e Rumooze haqeeqat, Aarife Rabbaani aur Muqtada e ahle zamaan the.
Aap logo ko ta’aleem wa faiz ata farmaate rahe.
Aap hamesha shariat par amal karte aur logo ko sunnato par amal karne ki aur buri bid’ato se bachne ki ta’aqeed farmaate.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abul Farah Yousuf al-Tartusi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Abu Saeed Mubarak al-Makhzoomi rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) (Aap ke saahabzaade) Hazrat Shaikh Taahir rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 1 Moharram 486 Hijri (1 February 1093 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Hakkar, Baghdad (Iraq) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Sharf-ud-deen Abul Hasan, Ali Hakkaari rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.