Hazrat Maulana Syed Shah Abdul Hai Hasni Qutbi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
Aap 18 ramzanul mubarak san 1286 hijri mein takiya shah ilmullah r.a mein paida hue’n. Bade sahibe fazl deendaar aur Allah waale buzurg the’n. peshe se ek tabeeb the’n. Inke jaleelulqadr farzand hazrat Syed Abul Hasan Ali Qutbi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) apne kitab “Carvane Zindagi” mein likhte hain ki walid sahab ka saara waqt tasneef wa taleef matab aur nadwatul ulema ki nizamat mein guzarta tha. Aap tabiyat ke bade yaksoo khamosh aur mashghool insaan the’n. Aapko matab aur nadwa ki nizamat se jo waqt bachta wo sab “Nuzhatul Khwatir” ki tasneef mein sarf karte the’n jo aapki mash’hoor maroof tasneef hai. Nuzhatul Khwatir ke alawa aur bhi bahut si tasaneef aapki mash’hoor hain jinme se “Gul Rana” khususi taur par qabil e zikr hai jiski ahmiyat ka aetiraaf Allama Iqbal aur Rasheed Ahmad Siddique aur dusre bahut se ahle ilm ne kiya hai. 15 jamadiul aakhir san 1341 hijri mutabiq 2 feburary 1923 eiswai baroz Juma Lucknow mein aapka Inteqaal huwa aur Shah Ilmullah Takiya Raibarelli mein Madfoon hue’n.Aap ki pahli shaadi Syeda Zainab bibi dukhtar Syed Abdul Aziz Wasti Haswi se hui. jin se ek farzand Dr. Syed Abdul Ali paida huwe. chand saal baad Zainab bibi ka inteqaal hogaya tu aap ka aghd sani Syeda Khairunnisa bibi dukhtar Shah Ziaunnabi Hasni Qutbi r.a se huwa. jo khud badi sahib e dil aur arifa khatoon thi’n. Aap Quran majeed ki jayyad Hafiza thi’n.akhiri umr tak jab tak taqat wa tawanai rahi apne ghar mein pabandi se Tarawih sunati rahi’n. Shariyat ki pabandi ka khas lehaz rakhti ki koi khilaf e shara kaam na karne paye. subha fajr se namaze isha tak wazaif mein mashghool rahti thi’n. raat ko jaldi uth jaati’n aur tahajjud waghairah mein mashghool ho jaati thi’n. Aap apne waqt ki rabiya basariya thi’n. aap shayera bhi bahut achchi thi’n. Aapke nazmo’n aur munajaat ki ek kitab jo “Kaleed e Rahmat” ke naam se manzare aam par aai bahut maqbool hui. ladkiyo’n ke liye kai kitabe tasneef ki jinme se “Hasan mu’ashrat” aur “zaeqah” qabile zikr hai. 6 jamadiussani 1388 hijri mutabiq 13 August 1967 eisvi baroz sanichar aap ka inteqaal hua aur takiya Shah Ilmullah Raibareli mein apne shauhar Maulana Shah Abdul Hai Hasni Qutbi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) ke pahlu mein dafn hui’n. Aap ke do sahabzaadi Syeda Azeezunnisa bibi wa Syeda Aisha bibi aur ek jaleelul qadr farzand Hazrat Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Qutbi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) urf (Ali miyan) paida hue’n.
Dr. Sayyid Abdul Hai Hasani Rh (1869 – 1923) was the father of Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi Rh and a prominent historian, a renowned muhaddis and a God-fearing scholar of Islam.
He was born on 18th of Ramadhan Al-Mubarak 1286 Hijri at village Daera-e-Shah Alamullah (Takiya Kalan) in district Raebareli. He was nurtured in a literary and religious environment where scholars like Shah Ziaun Nabi Rh and his father Sayyid Fakhruddin Khayali were present in hometown; and in maternal home of Haswa, Fatehpur, the presence of Hazrat Shah Sayyid Abdus Salaam Rh disciple of Shah Ahmad Saeed Dehlavi Naqshbandi Rh was the center of religious knowledge for everyone.
He achieved his primary education in his maternal home in Haswa. For further education he went to Lucknow and then Bhopal where he studied various subjects from their experts. He learnt Hadiths from Shaikh Husain bin Hasan Al-Ansari. During school age, he became the disciple of Fazlur Rahman Ganj Muradabadi, there he attained special attention, and completed his exercise under Shah Ziaun Nabi and granted with Ijazat, and even Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki granted him with Ijazat.
He started his service to Nadwatul Ulama from 1313 Hijri and for a period of time, remained Vice-Rector without benefit with patience and perseverance, later upon the emphasis of members, he started taking the salary, which continued for ten years. Subsequently, he started his own clinic for livelihood.
When the conflict in Nadwatul Ulama rose to its peak, he was chosen the Rector of Nadwatul Ulama by mutual consent. The period of his rectorate was spent in erasing the effects of conflicts, restoration of the institution’s glory and ending its financial crisis.
Allah had granted him a sensitive heart. He usually supported with his heart and soul the efforts concerning reformation and vicissitudes. His temperament was of solitary nature and complete devotion to Allah. He dedicated most of his time in studying and writing books. He also continued his lectures: he used to impart lectures in Commentary of Quran, Hadith, Arabic Literature as well as medicine. Lectures on Hadith continued to the day he died and he did not miss even that day.
He had complete command on Urdu, Persian and Arabic Literatures. He has a deep interest in history and he maintains an expert’s reputation regarding Islamic history of India. He had a good taste in commentary of Quran and Hadith. During his last days, his interest in Hadith rose to great heights. He left behind many masterpiece literary works, among which “Nuzhatul Khawatir” is remarkable consisting of eight expansive volumes, it constitutes short biographies of about four thousands and five hundreds famous and prominent personalities. Furthermore, among his noteworthy works are “Al-Hind Fi Ahd Al-Islami” and “Al-Saqafah Al-Islamiya Fil-Hind” were also published and commonly acclaimed. In Hadith, he compiled an excellent collection by the name of “Talkhees Al-Akhbaar” and this has been included into the syllabus of various madrasas by the name of “Tehzeeb Al-Akhlaq”.
He died on 15th of Jumadil-Akhirah 1341 Hijri about February 1923 CE. He left behind two sons: Dr. Sayyid Abdul Ali Hasani, Sheikh Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi and three daughters. Both of the sons became prominent for their literary and religious works, and daughters also made efficient contributions in the service to Islam.