Hazrat Khwaja Ubaidullah Ahrar -RA

Khwaja Ubaidullah al-Ahrar (806-895H, 1404-1490AD).
Khwaja Ahrar is one of the Naqshbandi Aqtab on the level of Khwajagan, born in city of Shash (current Tashkent) and passed away in Samarkand where he was buried.

He summarised whole religion when he was describing the tareeqah (Tasawwuf). He said;
The essence of ”Ibadah” is tranquillity in submission that occurred in the heart of a Human as a result of witnessing the Glory of God.
And gaining this happiness conditioned by loving God.
And that is gained by following the Prophet PBUH, which depends on knowing the path..
That’s why there is no way but company of the scholars who are hires of the religious knowledges, and receiving the Beneficial Knowledges from them until gaining the Sacred knowledge which is conditioned by following the Prophet PBUH. And no way but avoiding the Evil Scholars who are using the Religion to gain a wealth and reputation. And avoiding the Sufis who don’t care about Halal and Haram. And avoiding the issues which is opposing the believes of Ahl Sunnah wal-Jamaahah. And avoiding the difficult confusing issues of Theology and Tasawwuf.
Wassalaam!

The Sufi letters (Maktūbāt) of Hazrat Khwājā Ubaydullāh Ahrār quddis sirruhū (1404-1490 CE) have been recently published and translated by Jo-Ann Gross, professor of history at the College of New Jersey. This is the first ever publication of these letters which contains Persian text and English translation. She has written an excellent introduction to the very rare and original manuscript containing the letters of Khwājā Ahrār and his deputies (khulafā). The manuscript is currently present in Uzbekistan and contains the original letters pasted onto the pages of the manuscript. The images of the handwritten letters in the manuscript are also provided in full. The book is available here:

Here I present a few selected letters for the readers, under the right of fair use. These were written to the then king and contain advice to the sultān to establish the rule of Sharī’a.

 

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Hazrat Khwaja Nasir-ud-deen Ubaidullāh Ahraar rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Laqab :
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Qutb-ul-Urafa.

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Aap ki wilaadat Ramazaan 806 Hijri (1404 A.D.) me Shash me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Khwaja Mahmood bin Shahaab-ud-deen al-Shashi rahmatullāhi alaihi hai.

Aap Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.

Aap ke naana Hazrat Khwaja Daawūd bin Khavand Tahur Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.

Aap ke maama Hazrat Khwaja Ibrāheem al-Shashi ne Tashkand me Aap ki parwarish aur taaleem o tarbiyat ki.

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Aap ne 3 saal ki umr me Qur’an ki taaleem shuru ki tab se Aap ALLĀH ta’ala ka wajood mehsoos karte the.

Ek martaba khwaab me Huzoor Rasool e akram sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki ziyarat hui. Aap ne dekha ke Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ek pahaad ke neeche logo ke majme ke saath khade hain. Aap ki taraf dekhkar farmaaya ‘Aye Ubaidullāh! Is pahaad ko uthaao aur dusre pahaad tak ise le jaao.’ Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke farmaan par aap ne us pahaad ko uthaaya aur Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne jis maqaam tak le jaane ke liye farmaaya tha waha tak use le gaye. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne aap se farmaaya ‘Main jaanta tha ke tumhare paas ye taaqat hai. Main sirf chaahta tha ke log jaane ke tumhare paas kitni taaqat hai.’

Ek raat Aap ne Hazrat Shaah Baha-ud-deen Naqshband ki ziyarat ki aur Khwaja Baha-ud-deen Naqshband ne Aap ko roohaani faiz ata farmaaya aur jab Hazrat tashreef le jaane lage to Aap ne unhe roka. Hazrat ne Aap ki taraf dekha aur farmaaya ‘Bete! Tum par ALLĀH ta’ala ka fazl ho. Tum bahot a’ala maqaam par pahunchne waale ho.’

Ta’aleem mukammal hone ke baad aap ke chacha ne aap ko baatini taaleem ke liye Samarqand bheja. Shuruat me Hazrat Khwaja Nizaam-ud-deen Khaamosh ke shaagirdo ki sohbat me rahe.
Phir 22 saal ki umr me Aap Bukhara tashreef le gaye. Bukhara ke baahar Aap ki mulaaqaat Hazrat Shaikh Siraaj-ud-deen Birmisi se hui. Aap ne ek arse tak Hazrat ki sohbat me rehkar faiz haasil kiya. Phir Bukhara me Hazrat Shaikh Amid-ud-deen al-Shashi aur Hazrat Shaikh Ala-ud-deen Ghajdwani se taaleem haasil ki. Aap ne Shaikh Ala-ud-deen Ghajdawani ke saath Shaah e Naqshband ke mazaar par muraaqaba ke dauraan Hazrat se faiz haasil kiya.
Phir Merv se hote hue Khurasan pahunche. Herat me qayaam karke 4 saal tak Sayyed Qaasim Tabrizi se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Hazrat Khwaja Ya’aqoob al-Charkhi ki ta’areef sunkar Aap Hulaftu gaye aur Hazrat ki khidmat me rehkar faizyaab hue.

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Aap ki dua se Sultaan Abu Saeed ko Samarqand ke Sultaan Mirza Abdullāh par jung me fateh haasil hui. Aur is ke kuchh saal baad Mirza Abdullāh ke bhatije Mirza Baabar ne hamla kiya to us ke taa’oon (plague) ki beemaari se us ke hazaaro sipaahi mar gaye aur wo sulaih karke Samarqand se waapas laut gaya.

Aap Sultaan ke musheer the aur Sultaan ko sahi mashwara dete the aur galat faisle se rokte the.
860 Hijri (1456 A.D.) me Aap ghair sharai Tamagha (tax) door karaane ke liye Sultaan Abu Saeed ke paas Herat tashreef laaye the.

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Aqwaal :
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Aap farmaate hain :
(1) Khidmat e khalq aur logo ko madad karna ye Zikr aur Muraaqaba se behtar hai. Mohtaajo ko imdaad karna ye afzal ibaadat hai. Maine Tareeqat kitaaben padhkar haasil nahi ki balke logo ki khidmat karne se mili hai.
(2) Soofi ke liye zaroori hai ke wo sab ka bojh uthaaye magar apna bojh kisi ke upar na dale.’

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Aap ke 2 saahbzaade hain :
(1) Khwaja Muhammad Abdullāh urfe Khwaja Kalan,
(2) Khwaja Muhammad Yahyā,
(3) Khwaja Muhammad Ameen.

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Hazrat Khwaja Ya’aqoob al-Charkhi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.

Aap se ‘Naqshbandi Ahraari’ silsila jaari hai.
Aap ke khulfa :

(1) Khwaja Muhammad Abdullāh Ahraari
(2) Khwaja Muhammad Yahyā Ahraari
(3) Khwaja Muhammad Zaahid Vakhshi
(4) Khwaja Maulana Yousuf Charkhi
(5) Maulana Burhaan-ud-deen Muhammad Qaazi
(6) Sayyed Meer Abdul Awwal Nishapuri
(7) Maulana Sayyed Hasan Ahraari
(8) Maulana Siraaj-ud-deen Qaasim Ahraari
(9) Maulana Ja’afar Ahraari
(10) Maulana Burhaan-ud-deen Khuttalani
(11) Maulana Lutfullāh Khuttalani
(12) Maulana Shaikh Idaamullāh
(13) Maulana Sultaan Ahmad Ahraari
(14) Maulana Abu Saeed Awbahi
(15) Maulana Noor-ud-deen Tashkandi
(16) Shaikh Habeeb Najjaar Tashkandi
(17) Khwaja Ali Tashkandi
(18) Maulana Naasir-ud-deen Otrari
(19) Maulanazaadah Muhammad Abdullāh Otrari
(20) Khwaja Hindu Turkistani
(21) Maulana Ismā’eel Firkati
(22) Mulla Abdullāh Ilāhi (Giannitsa Greece)
(23) Maulana Fakhr-ud-deen Ali (Afghanistan)
(24) Shaikh Abdullāh Awbahi (Turkey)
(25) Sayyed Ali Ammari
(27) Khwaja Abdul Haq Ahraari.

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Aap ka wisaal 29 Rabi ul Awwal 895 Hijri (20 February 1490 A.D.) ko Shanichar ke roz Namaaz e Ishaa ke baad hua.

Aap ki namaaz e janaaza me bahot badi ta’adaad me log saamil hua.
Samarqand ke Sultaan Mahmood bhi janaaza me saamil hua.

Aap ka mazaar Samarqand (Uzbekistan) me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Ubaidullāh Ahraar rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.