Sheikh Jamal-ud-Din Ahmad was a direct descendant of Imam Abu Hanifa, the renowned Persian jurist of Islam. He was born at Ghazni, (Khorasan) which is in Modern-day Afghanistan, in 583 A.H. He was five years old when his family came to Hansi. He became a disciple of Hadrat Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar of Pakpattan at the age of 50. He learnt deeply and served devotedly.
Before becoming a Sufi, Shaikh Jamalu’d-Din had been the khatib of Hansi, owning villages and extensive property. Discipleship with Baba Farid meant abandoning material prosperity. When his poverty became overwhelming, Shaikh Jamalu’d-Din, using Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi as a go-between, informed Baba Sahib of his extreme impecuniosity. Through the Shaikh the Baba replied that it was Shaikh Jamalu’d-Din duty to bear the spiritual burden assigned to him.
He was a scholar and a poet. Before becoming a Sufi, Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din had been the khatib of Hansi, owning villages and extensive property. Discipleship with Baba Farid meant abandoning material prosperity. When his poverty became overwhelming, Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din, using Shaikh Nizam-ud-Din Auliya of Delhi as a go-between, informed Baba Sahib of his extreme impecuniosity. Through the Shaikh the Baba replied that it was Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din’s duty to bear the spiritual burden assigned to him.
It is said that once Shiekh Baha-ud-din Zakariya of Multan came to Baba Farid and stayed with him for some time. On his return, he wrote to Baba Sahib “Give me your disciple Jamal and have all mine and courtesy demands that request be no turned down.” Baba Farid is reported to have replied: “Exchange is permissible in goods material. But Jamal (which means beauty) is not exchangeable.”
Baba Farid liked Sheikh Jamal-ud-din so much that he went to Hansi to stay with Sheikh Jamal-ud-din for 12 years. He nominated him as his Khalifa.
He trusted him so much that whenever Baba Farid would give the letter of Khilafat to anyone, he would direct him have it countersigned by Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din of Hansi. Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din performed this duty most conscientiously. Once Shaikh Jamal refused to endorse the kahilafat-nama which the Baba had granted a disciple, under some pressure. Shaikh Jamal was so angry that he tore the paper containing the Khilafat-nama to pieces, while informing the disciple that he was unworthy of such an honour. Baba Farid supported Shaikh Jamal-ud-Din actions telling the disciple he was unable to mend what Jamal had rent apart.
Hazrat Jamal-ud-Din died during Baba Farid-ud-din’s lifetime.He died at Hansi (Haryana-India) on 12th of Shaban 659 A.H. at the age of 76 years.
He left behind Mulhimaat in Arabic – a prose work consisting of Sufi aphorisms and his Diwan of poetry in two volumes. His other two works namely Pandnama Farsi and Umdatur-Waizeen are not available. Mulhimaat’s translated version accompanying.
A lady took a minor son of Qutb Jamal to Baba Sahib. He treated him most kindly and appointed him a Khalifa. She said to a Baba Sahib : Khawaja Burhan-ud-din is a child. To which Baba Sahib said: The moon too begins as a crescent and gradually becomes full moon.
He lies buried in a mausoleum at Hansi.
In the wake of partition of the Punjab in August 1947, Hansi witnessed a great massacre. With the exodus of the entire Muslim population from Hansi, the Mazar remained neglected for sometime. It was in 1961 that Shah Waliur Rehman Jamal (d. 1961) restarted observance of Qutb Jamal’s urs at the Dargah Sharif in Hansi, which is continuing. Thousands of devotees from all over the subcontinent gather together annually to pay their devout homage there.
Hazrat Khwaja Shaikh Jamaal-ud-deen Ahmad Hanswi rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Qutub Jamaal, Khateeb.
Aap ki wilaadat 583 Hijri (1187 A.D.) me Ghazni (Khorasan) me hui.
Aap Hazrat Imaam e aazam Abu Haneefa Nomaan bin Ṡaabit rahmatullāhi alaihi ki nasl se hain.
Jab Aap ki umr 5 saal ki hui tab aap ka pariwaar Hansi (Haryana) aa gaya.
Aap bahot ameer the aur Aap ke paas kai gaanv ki jaagir thi.
Aap 50 saal ki umr me Hazrat Baaba Fareed-ud-deen Ganj-shakar rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue.
Bai’at ke baad Aap ne sab kuchh chhod diya. Ek martaba Aap ne Khwaja Nizaam-ud-deen Auliya se Baaba Fareed se apni ghurbat ke baare me bataane ke liye kaha. Baaba Fareed ne farmaaya ‘Shaikh Jamaal ki zimmedaari hai ke wo Tasawwuf ka bojh uthaaye jo unhe ata kiya gaya hai.’
Baaba Fareed Hansi aakar 12 saal tak Aap ke saath rahe aur Aap ki tarbiyat farmai aur khilaafat ata farmai.
Hazrat ko Aap par aisa bharosa tha ke har muamale me Aap se mashwara kiya karte the.
Ek martaba Hazrat Baha-ud-deen Zakariya Multani rahmatullāhi alaihi Baaba Fareed-ud-deen Ganj-shakar rahmatullāhi alaihi ke yaha qayaam farmaaya. Aur rukhsat hone se pehle unho ne Baaba Fareed se arz kiya ‘Mujhe apne mureed Jamaal de dijiye aur mere saare mureed le lijiye. Sharaafat ka taqaaza ye hai ke meri iltija ko radd na ki jaaye.’ Baaba Fareed ne farmaaya ‘Adla badal cheezo ki hoti hai Jamaal ki nahi.’
Aap Hadeeṡ shareef : ‘Qabr Jannat ke baagho me se ek baagh hai aur Qabr Jahannam ke gad’ho me se ek gad’ha hai’ ko yaad karke hamesha azaab e qabr se darte rehte.
Aap ki likhi hui kitaaben :
(1) Mulhimaat (Arabi /Tasawwuf)
(2) Deewaan (2 Jild / Nazmo ka majmua)
(3) Pandnama (Faarsi)
(4) Umdatul Wa’izeen.
Aap Hazrat Baaba Fareed-ud-deen Ganj-shakar rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap ke khalifa (aap ke saahabzaade) Hazrat Shaikh Burhaan-ud-deen Soofi rahmatullāhi alaihi hain.
Aap ka wisaal 12 Sha’abaan 659 Hijri (July 1261 A.D.) ko 76 saal ki umr me hua.
Aap ka mazaar Hansi (Haryana) me hai.
Aap ke inteqaal ke kuchh arse ke baad aap ke mazaar par gumbad ta’ameer kar rahe the. Bunyaad khod rahe the ke mazaar se ek roshan-daan namoodaar hua jis se jannat ke baagho ki khushboo aa rahi thi. Logo ne for a use band kar diya.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Shaikh Jamaal-ud-deen Ahmad Hanswi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.