Hazrat Ala ul-Haq Pandwi r.a

Murshid E Makhdoom E Simna Qutb E Bangaal
Shah Alaaul Haq Pandawi
Radiyallahu Anhu

Hazrat Khwaja Ala ul-Haq Ganj-e-Nabat Lahori Pandwi was a 13th Century Sufi saint, khalifa of the well-known Chishti saint Hazrat Akhi Siraj. He was a distinguished scholar and a member of the elite in the government of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah, sultan of Bengal. He was well-known for his charity works and he attained a very high level of ma’rifat (knowledge of God). After his demise, his disciples made their marks in various parts of northern India. His khalifa in Bengal was his son, Sheikh Noorul Haq, popularly known as Hazrat Noor Qutb-e-Alam. He was also the sheikh of the legendary Hazrat Ashraf Jahangir Semnani.

AlaulHaq.jpg

Family & Early Life

Hazrat Khwaja Ala ul-Haq’s father, Hazrat Umar bin Asad Khalidi, traced his ancestry to the famous Arab general and companion of the Holy Prophet ﷺ, Hazrat Khalid bin Walid Ra.gif. He was a citizen of the city of Lahore and after the establishment of Muslim rule in Bengal, he settled in Pandua, West Bengal becoming the royal treasurer, where his son Hazrat Ala ul-Haq was later born. After commencing his religious education and training in the esoteric sciences, Hazrat Ala ul-Haq became a distinguished scholar. Proud of his wealth and learning, he took the title of Ganj-e-Nabat (the master of wealth).

Initiation into the Chishti Order

Leading Chishti Sufis of Bengal

Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi ordered his disciple and Khalifa, Hazrat Akhi Siraj to go to Bengal in Eastern India in order to preach Islam there. On Hazrat Akhi’s arrival in Pandua, Hazrat Ala ul-Haq Haq became his disciple. Hazrat Ala ul-Haq’s silsila (spiritual chain), via the Chishti order, is thus traced back to the Beloved Prophet ﷺ as follows:

  • Hazrat Ala ul-Haq Pandwi, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Akhi Siraj, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Ganjshakar, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Haji Shareef Zandani, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Maudood Chishti, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Nasiruddin Abu Yusuf Bin Saamaan, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Abu Mohammed Chishti, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Abu Ahmad Abdal Chishti, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Abu Ishaq Shami, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Mumshad Dinawari, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Abu Hubairah Basri, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Huzaifah Al-Marashi, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Ibrahim Bin Adham, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Al-Fozail ibn Iyaz, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid, Khalifa of
  • Hazrat Hasan al-Basri, Khalifa of
  • Sayyadina Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib Ra.gif, Khalifa of
  • Sayyidina Muhammad ibn Abdillah ﷺ

Later Life

Hazrat Ala ul-Haq became extremely devoted to his sheikh, Hazrat Akhi Siraj, much to the surprise of his relatives, some of whom were high-ranking government officials. Such was his love and devotion to his master that when they travelled, like Hazrat Jalaluddin Tabrizi before him, he would carry a cauldron of hot food on his head even though it would burn his hair, so that he could provide him with warm food on demand. He later married one of the daughters of his sheikh.

After the demise of his sheikh, he himself became a spiritual leader and maintained a khanqah in Pandua. Many students received training from him, two of most prominent being his son, Sheikh Noorul Haq, better known as Hazrat Noor Qutb-e-Alam and Hazrat Ashraf Jahangir Semnani.

He was also the sheikh of Hazrat Nasiruddin Manakpuri. Sheikh Abdur-Rahman Chishti, author of Mirat-ul-Israr, described him as a “Sufi of exalted rank”.

As Sheikh of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani

When Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf was 25 years of age, Hazrat Khizr (as) appeared before him in a dream, ordering him to abdicate his throne in Semnan, Iran and make way for Pandua Sharif where Hazrat Ala ul-Haq was waiting for him. After travelling for a period of two years, Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf finally reached his destination. As soon as he saw the sheikh, he placed his head on his feet and tears of joy flowed from his eyes.

From this outskirts of Pandua Sharif, Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf was carried in the doli (carriage) to Hazrat Ala ul-Haq’s khanqah, accompanied by the sheikh and his disciples. As soon as they reached the khanqah, Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf dismounted the carriage and placed his head at the door as mark of respect. He was then served with a meal by the sheikh himself who fed him four handfuls of boiled rice and paan (betel leaf). Shortly after, Hazrat Ala ul-Haq initiated Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf as his mureed (disciple), receiving ijaza (permission) in the Chishti Nizami Order. He was naturally overjoyed and recited the following couplet:

Nehadah Taje Doulat Bar Sare Man,
Ala ul-Haq Wadeen Ganje Nabat.

Hazrat Ala al-Haq Wadeen has placed
the majestic crown upon my head.

After a number of years in the service of Hazrat Ala ul-Haq, Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf was granted Khilafat and instructed by his Murshid to leave for Jaunpur. Hazrat Makhdoom Ashraf who had deep attachment to his mentor, was reluctant to leave his company, but on persuasion he set out for Jaunpur, accompanied by a large number of people.

Character

Hazrat Ala al-Haq was a remarkably generous individual and it is said that he used to spend large sums of his wealth in feeding his pupils, travellers and the poor and needy. On one occasion, it is narrated that he spent such a large amount on them that even the sultan could not match his generosity and out of jealousy banished him from Pandua to a town called Sonargaon. After two years, he was allowed to return to Pandua.

Demise & Burial Place

According to Akhbar-ul-Akhyar (p.143) he passed away on 1 Rajab 800 AH / 20 March 1398 AD while according to a book kept in possession of the caretakers of the shrine, he passed away on 786 AH / 1384 AD. It is related that Hazrat Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht, a famous Suhrawardi saint who had previously met Hazrat Ala al-Haq in Pandua, led his funeral prayer.

He lies buried beside his son Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam in the Choti Dargah also known as the Shash Hazari Dargah in Pandua Sharif. The complex comprises of a mosque, a reservoir, tombs, a rest house and various other structures.

His Urs is commemorated on the 23rd, 24th and 25th Rajab in Pandua Sharif.

Sources

  • Akhbar-ul-Akhyar p.143
  • Mir’at-ul-Israr p.1013-15
  • Ma’arijul-Wilayat

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Qudwatul Aarifeen, Zahdus Salikeen Rahnumaye Ahle Yaqeen Peshwaye Buzurgaane Deen Hazrat Shaikh Alaaul Haque Ganj Nabat apne waqt ke jaleelul qadr Buzurg, Sahibe Taqwa w Ruhaniyat aur Muqtada e Arbaab e Wiladat the Yani Ilm w fazl, Zuhd o Taqwa w Parhezgaari me apni missal nahi rakhte the. Tariqat me Aap Hazrat Siraj Uddin Usman Al-Maroof Akhi Aainaa e Hind Rahmatullahi Alaih ke Mureed aur Khaleefa the Shaikh e Muhaqqiq Abdul Haque Muhaddis Dehlvi Alaihirrahma ne Apni Kitab Akhbarul Akhyaar me Aap ke Tazkire me likha hai woh farmate hain:
Ibtadaai Zamane me Maaldaar aur Ghani hone ki wajah se Nihayat hi Shan o Shaukat se rahaa karte the magar jab Siraj Akhi ke Mureed huwe to Sab kuch chhod (Tark Karna, Munh Pherna) kar Fakeerana aur Mastanaa waar Gosha Nasheeni Ikhtiyar kar li.
(Ref. Akhbarul Akhyaar translated by Maulana Sub’han Mahmood)
Aap ne Apne Shaikh Akhi Siraj Aainaa e Hind ki Bahut Zyadah khidmat ki. Din, Raat, Safar o Hajar me unke sath rahe aur fuyooz o barkaat Hasil kiye jab Safar par jate to aap ka saamaan apne sar par rakh kar milon paidal safar karte aur unki khidmat me kisi qism ki kami nahi aane dete the. Shaikh aapki khidmat se Bahut khush huwe aur jo kuch Ruhani Nimaten unhain apne Shaikh Hazrat Sultanul Mashaikh Nizamuddin Mahboobe Ilahi se mili theen woh sab ki sab Unhone Aapko Ataa farmaa deen Aur Rhaniyat ke Azeem mansab par faiz farma diya. Shaikh Alaauddin Ganj Nabat ne apne Ilm w Ruhaniye ke zariye Bangal aur Bihar me Rushd o Hidayat ka Silsila Shuru kiya aur tishnagaane Marifat ko sairaab kart e rahe. Aapka Silsilaa Nasb Al-Mulaqab Saifullah Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed RadiAllahu Anh se milta hai. Sahibe MiratulAsrar ne Aapki Shan o Azmat bayat karte huwe likha hai:
“Aap Ke Kamaalaat ka Andaza es baat se ho sakte hai ki Meer Syed Ashraf Jahangeer Simnani Jaise Shahbaaz aur Buland Parwaz Hazrat Khawaja Khizr Alaihissalam ki Rahnumai se Mulk Khurasaan Simnan ki Baadshahi chhodkar Aap ki Khidmat me Pahunche aur Husn e Tarbiyat se Martaba e Takmeel o Irshad par Pahunche Bawajood ki Auliya e Kibaar se Aapko Raste me Mulaqaat huwi lekin sab ne yahi farmaya kiTumhara Murshid Bangaal me hai Wahaan jaao
Shaikh Aalauddin Ki Khankah Garddbon, Faqeeron aur be sahara logon ki Ummedon ka Markaz thi Jahaan har waqt Hazaron ki tadaad me log hazir rahte hote aur daaman e Muraad bhar kar jate the aapki Khanqaah ka Kharch Badshah e waqt ke Kharch se bhi ziyadah tha Baadshah ko es par bahut ziyadah Hairat hoti thi. Aek Martabaa Baadshah ne kaha ki Shayed Unhone Baitul Maal ke Afsar se koi Saaz baaz ki hai Jab hi yah itnaa kharch karte hain phir usne Hukm diya ki Aap is Shahar se Nikal jayen aur Sunaar Gauon me rahen. Aap Fauran apne Mureedon ke Hamraah rawaana huwe aur Sunaar Gauon me Iqaamat Ikhtiyaar kar li aur Khadim se farmaya ab tak jitna Rozana Jitna Kharch karte the ab isse dugna Kharch karo Khadim ne Hukm ki Tameel ki aur aap ke langar ka Kharch dugna ho gya. Esi tarah majmaa lagaa rahta tha log aate the aur apni muraaden pate the lekin bazahir koi zariya e Muaash nazar nahi aata tha. Haqeeqat me aapko dast gaib tha jis ki wajah se aap be andaza kharch karte the aur phir kabhi kami nahi hoti thi aap Makhlooq ke bajaye Khaliq par bharosa karte the. Yahi wajah thi ki aap ko itminaan e Qalb aur tawakkal ki daulat hasil thi. Aap Maqam e tawakkal par Faa’iz the isliye har waqt Allah ki taraf Mutawajjah rahte the.
Uloom Marifat me aapka martaba nihayat hi buland tha kabhi kabhi josh ke Aalam me Syed Ashraf Simnani Se farmate the ki…
“Aayaate Quraani ki tafseer, Fusoolsul Hukam aur Fatoohat e Makkiya ke Nukaat mujh se Hasil kar lo main Aek Darakht hoon jise hilaao to tumhain Azeeb o Ghareeb Phal milenge”.
(Ref: Hayat Syed Ashraf Jahangeer)
Shaikh Alaauddin Ganj Nabaat ke Irshad e Paak se Pata chalta hai ki woh tariqat me Ilmiyat o Ruhaniyat ke kitne Buland Maqaam par Faa’iz the.
Hazrat Sayyedna Makhdoom Alaul Haq Pandvi Chishti Radiyallahu Anhu Gousul Aalam Hazrat Sayyedna Makhdoom Ashraf Jahangir Simanani Radiyallahu Anhu Ke Pir O Murshid Hain Aur Aaina E Hind Hazrat Sayyedna Makhddom Sirajuddin Akhi Chishti Radiyallahu Anhu Ke Khalifa He Aur Ye Aaina E Hind Hazrat Sayyedna Makhddom Sirajuddin Akhi Chishti Radiyallahu Anhu Sultanul Mashaikh Hazrat Sayyedna Khwaja Nizamuddin Aulia Mehboob E Ilahi Radiyallahu Anhu Ke Chahite Khalifa He.
(Ref: Sajra Aalia Qadri Chishtia Ashrafi)
Urs: – 23, Rajabul Murajjab, Mazar: – Pandawa Sharif,

 

(West Bengal near Katihar India)