Post-Hudaibiyah Hostilities

Post-Hudaibiyah Hostilities

The Invasion of Ghabalı or Dhi Qarad

It was in fact not a battle but rather a clash carried out against a platoon of Bani Fazarah. It occurred at Dhi Qarad, a reservoir of water a day’s journey from Madinah. Al-Bukhari named a chapter about it in which he indicated that it occurred three days before the battle of Khaibar. Muslim reported a chain of narration from Salamah bin Al-Akwa’t saying the same. The majority of the writers on the battles of the Prophetﷺ list it before AlHudaibiyah, but what is most correct is what Al-Bukhari and Muslim mentioned. [1] It has been narrated on the authority of Salamah bin Al-Akwa’ it, the hero of this battle: “Allâh’s Messengerﷺ

sent one of his slaves Rabah with his camels to a nearby pasture. I, taking Talhah’s horse, went there for the same purpose. When the day dawned, ‘Abdur-Rahman Al-Fazari made a raid, drove away all the camels, and killed the man who looked after them. I told Rabah to ride the horse, take it to Talhah and inform Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ that the polytheists had made away with his camels. Then I stood upon a hillock and turning my face to Madinah, shouted thrice: ‘Come to our help!’ After that I set out in pursuit of the raiders, shooting at them with arrows and chanting (self-eulogistic) verse: I am the son of Al-Akwa’ Today is the day of defeat for the mean. By Allâh, I continued shooting at them and killing their animals. Whenever a horseman turned upon me, I would come to a tree (hidding myself) sitting at its base, shoot at him and killing his horse. At last they entered a narrow mountain gap. I ascended that mountain and held them checked throwing stones at them. I continued to chase them in this way until I got all the camels

released, none remaining with them. They fled in all directions and I following shooting at them continually until they dropped more than thirty mantles and thirty lances, lightening their burden. On everything they dropped, I put a mark with some stones so that Allâh’s Messengerﷺ than and his Companions might recognize them (that it was booty left by the enemy). They went on until they came to a narrow valley. They sat down to eat something, and I sat on the top of a tapering rock. Four of them ascended the mountain coming towards me. When they were near enough to hear me, I shouted: ‘Do you recognize me?’ They said: ‘No. Who are you?’ I said: ‘I am Salamah, son of Al-Akwa’. I can get anyone of you I like, but none of you can get me.’ So they returned. I did not move from my place until I saw the horsemen of Allâh’s Messenger ﷺ came riding through the trees. The foremost among them was Akhram, behind him was Abu Qatadah Al-Ansari followed by Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad. Akhram and ‘Abdur-Rahman Al-Fazari inﷺ combat. Akhram killed ‘Abdur-Rahman’s horse but the latter managed to strike him with his lance and kill him. ‘Abdur-Rahman turned around riding Akhram’s horse. Abu Qatadah, seeing this, got engaged in fierce combat with ‘AbdurRahman, struck him with his lance and it was fatal. The polytheists consequently fled away and I was in their pursuit until before sunset they reached a valley with a spring of water called Dhi Qarad. They rested there to have a drink. I however, running in hot pursuit, turned them out of the valley before they could drink a drop of water. Later on, the Prophet ﷺ along with his Companions, overtook me. I said: ‘O Messenger of Allâh, ﷺlet me select from our people one hundred men and I will follow the plunderers and finish them.’ In reply, the Prophet said:ﷺ ‘Ibn Al-Akwa’. you have taken enough and so now you have to show nobility: they have reached the locality of Ghatafan where they are having feast.’ He added: “Our best horseman today is Abu Qatadah, and our best footman today is Salamah.’ He allotted me two shares of the booty – the share meant for the horseman and the other meant for the

footman. Intending to return to Madinah, as an honor, he made me mount behind him on his she-camel called Al-‘Adba’,”[1] Ibn Umm Maktum was given the administration of Madinah and Miqdad bin ‘Amr city in the standard by the Prophetﷺ during this invasion.

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