हज़रत ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री
प्रसिध्द सूफ़ी संत ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्र के रहने वाले थे. इसलिए उनका नाम ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री पड़ा. लोग उन्हें नास्तिक समझते थे. मगर वे अल्लाह के सच्चे बंदे थे. उनका जीवन त्याग, भक्ति और सद्भावना का प्रतीक है. एक बार की बात है कि वे किश्ती में यात्रा कर रहे थे. इसी दौरान एक व्यापारी का क़ीमती मोती खो गया. किश्ती में सवार लोगों ने ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री पर मोती की चोरी का संदेह जताते हुए उन्हें पीटना शुरू कर दिया. ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने अल्लाह से दुआ की कि वह उनकी मदद करे, क्योंकि वे बेगुनाह हैं. तभी लोगों ने देखा कि हज़ारों मछलियां मुंह में एक-एक मोती लेकर सामने आ गईं. उन्होंने एक मोती लेकर व्यापारी को दे दिया. व्यापारी और उन्हें मारने वाले लोगों ने उनसे माफ़ी मांगी. इस वाक़िये के बाद उनकी ख्याति दूर-दूर तक फैल गई.इस्लाम में ग़ैर मुस्लिमों के साथ अच्छा व्यवहार करने को कहा गया है. इस्लाम में यह भी कहा गया है कि जो मुसलमान ग़ैर मुस्लिमों के साथ दुर्व्यवहार करते हैं, अल्लाह उनको पसंद नहीं करता. एक बार ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री को भी एक यहूदी पर इसी तरह की एक टिप्पणी करने की वजह से अल्लाह से फटकार खानी पड़ी थी. हुआ यूं कि ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने देखा कि बर्फ़ पड़ने के मौसम में एक यहूदी बर्फ़ की चादर के ऊपर पक्षियों के लिए दाने डाल रहा है. इस पर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने पूछा कि वह क्या कर रहा है? यहूदी ने जवाब दिया कि वह ईश्वर को प्रसन्न करने के लिए पक्षियों को दाने डाल रहा है, क्योंकि बर्फ़ के कारण पक्षियों को दाने नहीं मिले होंगे और वे भूखे होंगे. मुसलमान होने के अभिमान में चूर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने कहा कि अल्लाह ग़ैर मुसलमानों के दाने डालने से ख़ुश नहीं होता. यहूदी ने जवाब दिया कि मेरा ईश्वर मुझे देख रहा है. बस, मेरे लिए यही काफ़ी है. इसके बाद हज के दिनों में ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने देखा कि यहूदी बड़े उत्साह के साथ काबे की परिक्रमा कर रहा है. यह देखकर उनसे रहा नहीं गया और उन्होंने अल्लाह से कहा कि उसने एक ग़ैर मुस्लिम को छोटे-से काम का इतना बड़ा तोहफ़ा क्यों दिया है. इस पर उन्हें आकाशवाणी सुनाई दी कि अल्लाह के लिए सभी मनुष्य समान हैं. यह सुनकर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री को अपनी ग़लती का अहसास हुआ और उन्होंने अल्लाह और उस यहूदी से माफ़ी मांगी.एक बार की बात है कि ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री एक जंगल से गुज़र रहे थे. उन्होंने देखा कि एक पेड़ से एक अंधा पक्षी उतरा. ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री सोच ही रहे थे कि यह बेचारा किस तरह अपना पेट भरता होगा. इतने में उस पक्षी ने ज़मीन को खोदना शुरू किया. ज़मीन में से दो प्यालियां निकलीं. सोने की प्याली में तिल थे और चांदी की प्याली में गुलाब जल था. उसने तिल खाए और गुलाब जल पिया. पेट भरने के बाद वह फिर से अपने पेड़ पर जाकर बैठ गया. यह माजरा देखकर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री को अल्लाह पर दृढ़ विश्वास हो गया. उन्होंने सोचा कि जिसे अल्लाह पर यक़ीन है, उसे किसी भी चीज़ के लिए फ़िक्र करने की कोई ज़रूरत नहीं है. वहां से वह जंगल में घूमने की गर्ज़ से आगे बढ़ गए, जहां उनके कुछ पुराने दोस्त मिल गए. घूमते-घूमते उन लोगों को जंगल में एक ख़ज़ाना मिला, जिसके ऊपर एक तख़्ती लगी थी. इस तख़्ती पर अल्लाह का नाम लिखा था. उनके दोस्तों ने ख़ज़ाना आपस में बांट लिया, लेकिन ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने ख़ज़ाने की तरफ़ देखा तक नहीं और अल्लाह का नाम लिखी तख़्ती उठा ली. उन्होंने अदब से अल्लाह के नाम को चूमा, सिर और आंखों से लगाया. उसी रात उन्हें ख़्वाब में बशारत हुई कि- ”ऐ ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री तूने अल्लाह के नाम की इज़्ज़त की. दौलत के बजाय अल्लाह के नाम को पसंद किया. इसके बदल में अल्लाह ने तेरे लिए इल्म और हिकमत के दरवाज़े खोल दिए हैं.”
ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री लोगों को सादगी से जीवन जीने का उपदेश देते थे. वे कहते थे कि व्यक्ति को मेहनत की कमाई से जो भी मिले, उसी में संतुष्ट रहना चाहिए. एक बार की बात है कि ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री के एक शिष्य को विरासत में एक लाख दीनार मिले, तो उसने उन्हें ख़र्च करने का फ़ैसला किया. मगर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने उसके बालिग़ होने तक उसे ख़र्च करने से मना कर दिया. बालिग़ होने पर शिष्य ने सभी दीनार ज़रूरतमंदों में बांट दिए. एक दिन ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री को पैसों की ज़रूरत पड़ी, तो शिष्य को दीनार बांटने का अफ़सोस हुआ. इस पर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने मिट्टी की तीन गोलियां बनाकर मुट्ठी में बंद कीं. मुट्ठी खोली, तो वे बेशक़ीमती रत्न बन चुकी थीं. उन्होंने रत्नों को पानी में फेंक दिया और अपने शिष्य को नसीहत की कि फ़क़ीरों को दौलत से दूर ही रहना चाहिए.लोग उन्हें धर्म-भ्रष्ट समझते थे. उन्होंने ख़लीफ़ा से ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री की शिकायत की. ख़लीफ़ा ने उन्हें बुलाया, तो सिपाहियों ने उनके हाथों और पैरों में लोहे की बेड़ियां डालकर उन्हें दरबार में पेश किया. ख़लीफ़ा ने उन्हें कारागार में डलवा दिया. वे चालीस दिन तक क़ैद रहे. उनकी बहन प्रतिदिन उनके लिए रोटी लेकर आती थी. जब वे कारागार से आज़ाद हुए, तो उनकी बहन ने देखा कि सारी रोटियां वैसे ही रखी हुई हैं. ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री ने एक भी रोटी नहीं खाई. बहन ने वजह पूछी, तो उन्होंने बताया कि दरोग़ा दुष्ट प्रवृत्ति का व्यक्ति है. वे उसके हाथ से छूकर आई रोटियां भला कैसे खा सकते हैं? क़ैद से आज़ाद होकर जब वे ख़लीफ़ा के पास गए, तो उसने कई सवाल किए. उनके वाजिब जवाब सुनकर ख़लीफ़ा बहुत ख़ुश हुआ और उसने ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री को सम्मान के साथ वापस मिस्र भेज दिया.
मिस्र के लोग उनके साथ अच्छा बर्ताव नहीं करते थे. इसके बावजूद ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री के मन में किसी के प्रति कोई दुर्भावना नहीं थी. वे कहते थे कि वे तो हमेशा अल्लाह में की मुहब्बत और उसकी इबादत में लीन रहते हैं. इसलिए किसी और के बारे में कुछ भी सोचने का उनके पास ज़रा भी समय नहीं है. कहते हैं, जब उनका इंतक़ाल हुआ और लोगों ने जनाज़े की नमाज़ पढ़ी, तो उनकी एक अंगुली ऊपर को उठ गई, जिस तरह नमाज़ पढ़ने के दौरा न एक आयत पढ़ने पर अंगुली उठाते हैं. लोगों ने जब यह देखा, तो उन्हें बहुत हैरानी हुई. उन्होंने अंगुली को सीधा करने की बहुत कोशिश की, मगर वह सीधी नहीं हुई. जब मिस्र वालों को इसकी जानकारी मिली, तो उन्हें बहुत दुख पहुंचा, क्योंकि उन्होंने ज़िन्दगीभर ज़ू-उल-नून मिस्री के साथ दुशमनों जैसा बर्व्यताव किया. उनकी उठी हुई अंगुली इस बात का सबूत थी कि उन्हें अल्लाह के सिवा किसी और से कोई भी वास्ता नहीं था. इसलिए उन्होंने मिस्र के लोगों के प्रति कभी अपने मन में कोई द्वेष-भाव नहीं रखा.
Dhul-Nun is one of the most prominent saints of early Islamic tradition, appearing “in the earliest accounts of Ṣūfism as the leading figure of his generation.”Often depicted as the spiritual master of Sahl al-Tustari (c. 818-896), the traditional hagiographies relate that the latter refused to engage in mystical discourse until after Dhul-Nun’s death, on account of his recognition of Dhul-Nun’s elevated rank in wisdom and gnosis.
Dhul-Nun al-Misri is considered among the most prominent saints of early Sufism and holds a position in the Sufi chronicles as high as Junayd Baghdadi (d. 910) and Bayazid Bastami (d. 874). He studied under various teachers and travelled extensively in Arabiaand Syria. The Muslim scholar and Sufi Sahl al-Tustari was one of Dhul-Nun al-Misri’s students.In 829 he was arrested on a charge of heresy and sent to prison in Baghdad, but after examination he was released on the caliph’s orders to return to Cairo, where he died in 859; his tombstone has been preserved.
Dhul-Nun’s name came about in relation to an incident on a sea voyage. He was falsely accused of stealing a jewel from a merchant. He cried out “O Creator, Thou knowest best”, whereupon a large number of fish raised their heads above the waves, each bearing a jewel in its mouth.
“Truthfulness [sidq] is God’s sword on His earth—it is placed upon
nothing except that it cuts through it.”
“Sincerity [ikhlas] is that which is free from being corrupted by the
enemy [i.e., Satan].”
When Dhu’l-Nun was imprisoned, he did not eat or drink for days. One
of the female slaves whom he knew came to the prison with some food,
saying, “This is lawful [halal].” But he did not eat it. When she repeated
herself, he replied, “This food is lawful, but it has come to me through
an unlawful means, so I will not eat it.” “How is that?,” she asked. Dhu’lNun
answered, “It has come to me from the hand of the prison keeper,
who is an oppressor, so I will not eat it.”
Hazrat Zunoon Misri(rehmatullah alaih) apne waqt ke bohat paye ke buzurg hai aur inke pardey ke bad jab apka janaza lejaya raha tha us waqt dhoop bohat thi tab apke janazay ko chidiya ne apne saye main le liya tha aur cahon kardi thi aur kabarstan tak apke janaze ke upar chidyon ka jhund sath gaya saya karke.
He died on 26th Shabaan 205 hijri. When the time for his death came close someone asked him that what would you like now? He replied: my desire is that I recognise/realise him a second before my death. (Ihyaul-uloom (Urdu version) pg 679 Vol 4)
Abu Jafar Awar states that I was with Shaikh Zun-noon and a few of his friends. They were discussing obedience of materials. There was a seat there. Shaikh Zun-noon said that materials obey saints in such a manner that if I was to tell this seat to circle this house then it wood. Immediately that seat started to move and circling the house returned to its position. When he saw this he cried so much that he gave his life and he was given a bath (Ghusl) on this same seat. (Zaheerul-Asfiyah pg118)
When he was close to dying someone asked him for some advice, he said: I am amazed by the wonders of his mercy. Do not disturb me now.â€™ (Fazail Sadaqaat pg 483)
It is narrated that when he passed away, seven people saw the prophet that night, and he was saying: Allahâ€™s friend Zun-noon is coming. I have come to welcome him. When his funeral was being taken there were so many birds flying over head with their wings flapping that its shade covered everyone. No one had seen such birds before the likes of which where seen at his funeral. Many people that where linked with him repented from their sins. (Safeyatul-Awleyah pg 167)
Some thing more about hazrat:
MUST READ :
1. Prior to his renunciation of the world, Zunnoon Misri (rahmatullah alayh) was told of an Aabid (worshipper) who had imposed severe penances on himself. When Zunnoon Misri located the Aabid, he found the latter hanging upside down from a tree. The Aabid was addressing himself, saying:”O nafs! As long as you do not comply with my wishes in worshipping Allah, I shall keep you in this suffering until you perish.”
This sight reduced Zunnoon to tears. The Aabid said: “Who is weeping for a shameless sinner?” After exchanging salaams, Zunnoon went in front of the Aabid who said: “My body is not co-operating in the ibaadat of Allah. I am therefore punishing it.”
Zunnoon: “I was under the impression that you had committed murder or some other major sin, hence this server self-imposed punishment.”
Aabid: “There is no greater sin than association with people. All sins stem from this sin.”
Zunnoon: “Truly, you are a great Zaahid.”
Aabid: “If you want to see a great Zaahid, go onto that mountain.”
Zunnoon Misri climbed the mountain. When he reached the top he saw in the distance a hut, as he approached the hut, he saw a decomposed human leg laying nearby. From inside the hut emerged a buzrug with one leg. Obviously, the cut-off leg had belonged to him. When Zunnoon asked for an explanation, the buzrug said:”One day while sitting in my place of ibaadat, a beautiful woman passed nearby. In a moment of weakness my nafs urged me to get up to take a look. As I got up and took a step forward, I heard a Voice rebuking: ‘Have you no shame! For 30 years you have been worshipping Allah Ta’ala, but today you are obeying shaitaan!”
Overcome with fear, shame and remorse, I cut off the leg which had taken the first step in the direction of transgression. Why have you come to this evil sinner? If you wish to meet a great Aabid, go to the peak of that mountain.” (He pointed in the direction of the mountain.)
The height of the mountain deterred Zunnoon Misri from making an attempt to climb it. The buzrug then narrated the following account of the Aabid:
“He has been worshipping on that mountain for a considerable period of time. Once when someone said to him that a person obtains food only by working and earning a living, he vowed not to eat any food earned by human being. He passed his time in ibaadat. After undergoing the rigours of hunger for some time. Allah Ta’ala sent a swarm of bees. He lived on the honey prepared by these bees.”
The meetings and talks of these saints made a profound impact on Zunnoon Misri. He repented and resolved to spend his life in the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala. As he came down the mountain he observed a blind bird on a tree. While he was reflecting on the source of the blind bird’s sustenance, he saw the bird settling on the ground and pecking the soil with its beak. Miraculously a tray filled with seeds, emerged. Then there emerged a second container filled with water having the fragrance of roses. After satisfying itself, the bird returned to the tree-top and the utensils miraculously disappeared. Zunnoon’s tawakkul and yaqeen were solidified by this episode.
As he walked in the forest he met a few of his old friends who had discovered a trunk of treasure. They were busy sharing the treasure. A board on which was inscribed the Name of Allah Ta’ala was also with the treasure. When they offered Zunnoon a share of the treasure, he declined and took the board and kissed the Name of Allah Ta’ala. That night in a dream a Voice said to him: “The others chose the wealth of the world. You chose Our Name. We have opened the doors of knowledge and wisdom for you.”
2. Soon after his reformation, Zunnoon Misri was making wudhu at the river. Nearby was a mansion. A beautiful woman was standing on the veranda. Zunnoon approached and greeted. The woman said:”O Zunnoon, at first I thought you were a mad man. As I took a closer look and reflected, I thought you were an Aalim. As I examined you more, I thought you were an Aarif. Now that you have approached me, I have realised that you are none of the three.”
Zunnoon asked for an explanation. The woman said:”If you were a madman, you would not have made wudhu. If you were an Aalim, you would not have looked at a ghair mahram female. If you were an Aarif, your mind would not have been occupied with anyone besides Allah Ta’ala.”
The woman then miraculously became invisible, disappearing from sight. It was then that Zunnoon understood that the figure was not a woman, but a being appointed by Allah Ta’ala for his admonition.
3. One day while in a boat, a merchant’s pearl was missing. Zunnoon was accused of having stolen it. He was severely assaulted. While the people were beating him, he raised his head to the heaven and said:”O Allah! You know that I am not a thief.” Instantaneously thousands of fish, each with a pearl in its mouth, appeared on the surface of the water. Zunnoon took one pearl and handed it to the merchant. When the people observed this wonderful miracle they were full of remorse and apologised profusely. From that day he was called Zunnoon which means the man of the fishes.
5. Once along his travels, he saw thousands of people had assembled by a mountain. When he enquired he was informed that once a year a buzrug emerged from the mountain. He would blow on the crowd and all the ailing people would immediately be cured. Zunnoon Misri also waited. Ultimately, a very old, frail and weak man emerged from the mountain side. His eyes were deep in their sockets. As he emerged, the mountain trembled. The buzrug faced the crowd and blew on the people. As he turned to leave, Zunnoon grabbed hold of his cloak and said: “You have cured the people of their physical ailments. Cure me of my spiritual ailments.”
The buzrug said: “Leave my cloak. Allah is watching. He is observing that you have turned to another being besides Him. I fear that He may assign me to you and you to me.”
He then violently broke free and disappeared into the mountain.
Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) Travels for Truth
Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) has been an exalted saint in the path of understanding Allah Almighty and a short sketch of how he didn’t reveal his real status during his lifetime has already been given. That is the path of modesty that the beloved of Allah chose for themselves.
The event that changed Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) includes a great lesson for all of us and it has been reproduced here as follows.
Once Hazrat Zunnoon (r.a) was given the news of a very pious young man, by a friend. Hazrat decided to have the honor of meeting that beloved of Allah in person, this also shows the importance of being in touch with the beloved of Allah to the extent that it is said that the mere sight of them is a cause of blessings for a believer.
According to a hadith:
“Give glad tidings to a believer who witnessed me and believed in what I brought…”
Thus, Hazrat Zunnoon (r.a) went to meet him but when he reached the place that had been told to him, he saw that the young man was hanging upside down on a tree and talking continuously to himself, saying:
“I will not relieve you of this pain, until you support me in the worship of Allah Almighty. And I will continue to torture you until you get the taste of death.”
When Hazrat Zunnoon (r.a) saw this, he pitied the young man and started crying. When the young man saw him, he asked:
“Who is this person pitying and crying over a sinner.”
Then Hazrat went over to that young man, sent peace of Allah Almighty on him. The young man told him that he was giving pain to his self (nafs) because it was not supporting him in the worship of Allah Almighty. Hazrat said that he thought that perhaps the young man had committed a great sin such as murder.
The young man replied:
“All sins generate from meeting with people that is why I consider the meeting with people as a great sin. Now if you really want to see a truly pious worshipper of Allah Almighty then go to that mountain over there.”
So Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) set off towards that mountain to find the pious
man but when he reached the place he saw a young man whose one foot had been severed and the chopped off foot was lying on the ground, while the body of that man was rotting away and being eaten by ants.
Hazrat was greatly distressed when he saw the man in such a miserable condition and asked him about it. The young man told him:
“One day I was busy in my prayer right at this place, when a beautiful woman passed by and when I saw a glimpse of her satan deceived me into following him and supporting my self (nafs). So I went near her with a bad intention.
Then I heard a voice that said to me:
- “Shame on you! Having obeyed and worshipped Allah Almighty for a period of thirty years, now you are going to obey the devil?”
At that very moment I chopped off my foot that had moved ahead in the disobedience of Allah Almighty. Now you tell me what have you come to get from a sinner such as myself?”
“If you really want to witness a true obedient and friend of Allah Almighty you have to climb to the top of this mountain.”
When this miserable man saw that Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) was not able to climb the mountain because the climb was difficult and Hazrat was already worn out, he began telling Hazrat Zunnoon about the pious man on the mountain top. He said to Hazrat:
- “Once somebody said to that pious man that you earn a living through your effort.”
From that day that pious man decided not to get his sustenance from people and to only depend on Allah Almighty, the Creator of everything. When some days had passed with this pious man not eating anything, Allah Almighty ordered a group of honey bees to stay with that person and provide him honey. Thus, that pious man always used honey.
Having witnessed and heard all of this, Hazrat Zunnoon Misri (r.a) returned with the fear of Allah Almighty surrounding him, and all his time and effort was dedicated to the obedience and worship of Allah Almighty since that day.
The lesson to be learned from this story is that the believers, who really fear Allah Almighty, are greatly ashamed when a sin is committed by them. We must not let our personal desires override the commandments of Allah Almighty.
May Allah Almighty bless us with the capacity to give up the desire of the self (nafs) and do not live in concordance with satan, but live in the obedience of Allah Almighty.