Her name is ‘SAYYIDAH RUQAYYAH’ and Kunyat is ‘Umm-e-Abdullah’
Date of Birth: She was the second blessed daughter of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and she was born in Makka-tul-Mukarramah three years after the birth of Sayyidah Zainabرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا and seven years before the announcement of Prophethood. The blessed age of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم was thirty three years at that time.
Character and Peculiarities: Her first Nikah was performed with Utbah son of Abu Lahab but before the departure of bride, Surah-e-Lahab was revealed and in this anger, Utbah divorced her. After that, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم married her to Hazrat Usman-e-Ghaniرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ . Both husband and wife migrated to Habsha then Madina and they both awarded the title of ‘Sahib-ul-Hijratain’ (the ones who migrated twice). The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, “احسن زوجین رآہما انسان رقیۃ و زوجہا عثمان” the most beautiful couple that was seen, is the couple of Sayyidah Ruqayyah and Usmanرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھما . (Al-Asaba 8th volume, P.91) During the days of Battle of Badr, she was ill. Therefore, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم ordered to Usman Ghani رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ to stay in Madina to look after her and stopped him to go to the Battle of Badr. When Hazrat Zaid son of Harisرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ got to Madina with a good news of the absolute victory in the Battle of Badr, at the same day Hazrat Ruqayyah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا passed away in the age of twenty years. The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم could not come in her funeral prayer because of the Battle of Badr. Although, Hazrat Usman Ghani رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ did not participate in Battle of Badr but Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم counted him in the Mujahideen of Battle of Badr and granted him the booty equal to Mujahideen. She gave birth to a son who was named Abdullah and after demise of his respected mother, he passed away in 4th Hijri. The blessed grave of Hazrat Ruqayyahرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا is at Jannat-ul-Baqi. [Sharah Al- Allama Al-Zarqani, Al-Fazal-Sani Fi Zikr-e-Aulad Ho-al-Kiramعلیھم الصلوۃ والسّلام , 4th Volume, P. 322-323]
During the Battle of Badr, Hz Ruqayyah (RA) fell very ill. Therefore, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) asked Hz Uthman (RA) to refrain from participating in the battle, and instead stay with his wife during her illness.
Narrated by Ibn Umar (RA): Uthman did not join the Badr battle because he was married to one of the daughters of Allah’s Apostle (PBUH) and she was ill. So, the Prophet (PBUH) said to him, “You will get a reward and a share (from the war booty) similar to the reward and the share of one who has taken part in the Badr battle.”
Hz Ruqayyah (RA) passed away on the same day that the Battle of Badr was won, two years after her migration to Medina in 2 AH. Since Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was still in the battle-field, he could not take part in his daughter’s funeral. Hz Ruqayyah (RA) was buried in the al-Baqi Cemetery in Medina. She was the first of Prophet’s beloved daughters to depart from this world. [Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 53, Number 359]
THE BEAUTIFUL STORY OF LADY RUQAYYAH & LADY UMMU KULTHOOM THE DAUGHTER OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD SAW
Prophet Muhammad SAW have four daughter they are Lady Zainab, Lady Fatima, Lady Ruqayyah and Lady Ummu Kulthoom.Lady Ruqayyah Bint Muhammad was born three years after the birth of Lady Zainab ) when the Prophet Mohammad SAW was 33. She was married to Utbah, son of Abu Lahab, the Prophet Mohammad’s uncle, but had not yet started living with him when Soorah Al-Lahab was revealed. Abu Lahab called his sons Utbah and Utaibah (to whom Umme Kulsum, another daughter of the Prophet was married, and said to them: -Unless you both divorce the daughters of Muhammed, I am not going to see your faces.-They divorced their wives. Later, upon the fall of Mecca, Utbah embraced Islam. Hadhrat Ruqayyah after this divorce was married to Usman. The couple emigrated to Abyssinia twice.Lady Ummu kalthoom Bint Muhammad, (May Allah be pleased with her) was born soon after Ruqqayyah, and both of them grew together as if they were twins. Their closeness to one another greatly increased especially since their eldest sister, Zainab had married and moved to her matrimonial home. They then became ever more closed and more attached to each other. It is as if both of them had been destined for the same fate from the beginning to the end.The books of Seerah testified to this unique closeness that was between them, for, all historical narrations agreed on the fact that the two noble sisters – Ruqayyah and Ummukalthoom – shared almost everything in common.As mentioned previously Umukalthum was, like her sister, married to one of the sons of Abu Lahab (Utbah) however due to his enmity towards the Revelation, Abu Lahab forced his son to divorce Ummukalthum.Whilst Ruqqayah and Uthman migrated to Abyssinia, Umukalthum stayed home, shouldering the burdens of life with her mother, Khadija and relieving her fathers’ grieves because of the polytheist’s rejection.Meanwhile the people of Quraysh decided to boycott Muslims and Banu Hashim as well. They suffered an economical and social siege in the valley of Banu Talib for three years. There Umukahtum (May Allah be pleased with her) suffered a lot like other Muslims. She endured the afflictions of the siege of the pains of hunger all the time side by side with her father and the whole Muslim community.Meanwhile, she shouldered the responsibility of her family because of the sickness of her mother. Shortly after the end of the wrongful boycott, Khadija’s (May Allah be pleased with her) disease grew fatal and died. Ummkalthum became responsible for the Prophet’s household affairs.Later on, when the people of Quraysh felt that all there tricks went in vain they decided to assassinate the Prophet, (Peace be upon him). There upon, the Prophet decreed mass migration to Madina. He and Abu-bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) migrated together leaving his own daughters Ummkalthum & Fatimah. Having arrived at Madina, he sent Zayd Ibn Haritha to bring his daughters from Makkah.In Madina, Ummukalthum led a life happiness.