Hazrat Sheikh_Ahmad_of_Khattu R.A

Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Ganj-bakhsh Khattu rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Alqaab :
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Ganj-bakhsh, Badr-ul-aarifeen, Malik-ul- Masha’ikh.

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Aap ki wilaadat 738 Hijri (1338 A.D.) me Delhi me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Malik Ikhtiyaar-ud-deen hai.

Aap bachpan me toofaan me phanskar Delhi se Nagpur ke qareeb Khattu (Rajashtan) me pahunch gaye. Yaha Shaikh Baba Abu Is’hāq Maghribi rahmatullāhi alaihi ne aap ki parwarish ki. Unho me aap ko Tasawwuf aur dusre uloom ki mukammal taalim di.

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775 Hijri (1374 A.D.) me apne Peer ke wisaal ke baad aap ek bartan me paani aur chand khajooren lekar ek kamre me chale gaye aur 40 din tak us kamre me ibaadat aur muraaqaba karte rahe.

Phir aap Haramain sharifain samet alag alag mulko ka safar karke isha’at e islaam aur taalim karte rahe.

790 Hijri (1379 A.D.) me aap ne Hajj e Baitullāh ada kiya.
Jab aap ko Madeena munawwara ki haazri ki sa’adat haasil hui to aap qaafila ke saath Madeena shareef ki sarhad me daakhil hue aur jaise hi Huzoor Sarwar e aalam sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ka Roza mubarak nazar aaya to aap foran oont se neeche utar gaye aur ba-adab Durood shareef padhte hue Roza e Rasool par haazir hone ke liye chale.
Jab logo ne aap ko apna mehmaan rakhna chaaha tab aap ne farmaaya Ke ‘Aaj main Huzoor Sarwar e kaa’inat sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ka mehmaan hu.’ Jab Aap Roza mubarak par pahunche to ek buzurg khaadim ne aap ko ek kapde me lipti hui chand khajoore pesh ki aur kaha ‘Ye khajoore Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki taraf se hai jin ke aap aaj mehmaan hain.’

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12 saal baad aap Delhi waapas tashreef laaye aur Masjid e Khaan e Jahaan me qayaam kiya.

800 Hijri (1398 A.D.) me Baadshaah Taimur ne jab Hindustan par hamla kiya aur Dehli ko taaraj kiya. us waqt aap Dehli me the. Aap ne 15 din pehle logo ko museebat se aagaah kiya tha aur aap ke chand mureed Dehli se Jonpur chale gaye aur is tarah wo mehfooz reh gaye.
Taimur ke sipaahiyo ne Dehli me bahot qatl o gaarat kiya aur bahot se logo ko giraftaar kiya. Hazrat bhi un logo me the jo giraftaar kiye gaye. Aap ke saath 40 aadami the. Qaid me bhi aap apne saathiyo ka khayaal rakhte the. Aap aur aap ke saathi jab tak qaid me rahe ghaib se 40 rotiya aati rahi. Is tarah un ko khaane peene ki koi takleef na hui.
Taimur ko jab is baat ki khabar hui to wo aap ki buzurgi wa azmat ko dekhkar aap ka mo’ataqid ho gaya. Us ne aap ki ma’afi maangi aur aap ko aazaad kar diya.

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Is ke baad aap aap alag alag mumaalik ka safar karte rahe aur phir Multaan hote hue 802 Hijri (1400 A.D.) me Gujarat tashreef laaye aur Muzaffar Shaah ki iltija par Ahmedabad me Sarkhej me sukoonat ikhtiyaar ki aur faiz ata karte rahe.

Sultaan Ahmad Shaah aap ke mureed the.

Zil Qa’ada 813 Hijri (4 March 1411 A.D.) me aap ki maujoodgi me Ahmedabad shaher ki bunyaad rakhi gai.

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Aap bahot sakhi the aur aap ke paas jo bhi cheez bator e hadiya aati wo aap ghareebo aur haajatmando me taqseem kar dete aur hamesha sab ko madad karte rehte. Is liye aap ‘Ganj-bakhsh’ ke laqab se mash’hoor hue.
Aap ‘Langar’ bhi chalaate the jis me roz har qaum ke hazaaro log khaana kahate the.

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Karaamat :
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Ek baar aap safar kar rahe the. Safar ke dauraan aap ek gaanv me pahunche aur waha qayaam karne ka iraada kiya. 
Magar aap ne dekha ke waha ke apna tamaam samaan dusri jagah muntaqil kar rahe the. Aap ne puchha ke ‘Ye kya muamal hai?’ Logo ne kaha ‘Baarish ke mausam me nadi ki tugyaani is qadr ho jaati hai ke gaanv ka teen hissa sailaab me garq ho jaata hai. Is liye is mausam me hum log dusre gaanv me chale jaate hain. Barsaat ka mausam khatm hone ke baad hum gaanv me apne apne gharo me waapas aa jaate hain.’
Ye sunkar aap ko raham aaya aur aap logo ko jama karke nadi ke kinaare le gaye aur puchha ke ‘Kaha had banaau ke aa’inda nadi me tugyaani aaye to gaanv na dube?’ Logo ne ek jagah batai. Aap us se chand qadam aur aage badhkar khade ho gaye aur un se kaha ke ‘Lakdi ki ek menkh laao.’ Log laae aur mene us jagah us ko gaadkar farmaaya ‘In sha’ Allāh nadi ka paani is se aage nahi badhega.’ Aap logo ko tasalli dekar waha se jaane lage, magar logo ne aap ko jaane na diya kyun ki un ko yaqeen na aaya.
Itne me achaanak paani tez hona shuru hua aur badhte badhte us had tak pahunch gaya ke jaha menkh nasab ki gai thi. Na sirf ye ke us lakdi ki had se aage paani na badha balke us se kuchh door hi rook gaya. Logo ne kaha ‘Is saal to is had tak aakar rook gaya, magar agle saal kya maaloom kya hoga?’ Aap ne kaha ke ‘ALLĀH ki madad se jab tak ye basti aabad rahegi ye nishaan qaayam rahega.’

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Aap ke aqwaal aur dars wa taalim ‘Tohfatul Majaalis’ aur ‘Malfuzaat e Ahmad e Maghribi’ me jama kiye gaye hain.

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Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abu Is’hāq Maghribi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.

Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Salaah-ud-deen rahmatullāhi alaihi
(2) Hazrat Qutb e Aalam Sayyed Burhaan-ud-deen Abdullāh Bukhari rahmatullāhi alaihi (Vatva, Ahmedabad).

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Aap ka wisaal 12 Shawwaal 849 Hijri (January 1446 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ki namaaz e janaaza Maulana Mohammad bin Qaasim ne padhaai.

Aap ka mazaar Sarkhej, Ahmedabad (Gujarat) me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Ganj-bakhsh Khattu rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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LIFE SKETCHES. HAZRAT SHAIKH AHMED KHATTU,MAGRABI (R. A.)
The life story of Hazrat Shaikh Ahmed Khattu, tha patron saint of,
Ahmedabad, once the Dar-ul-Hakumat of the Gujarat Sultanate. unfolds itself with
a saga of thrills and excitment. Born at Delhi (738 A. H./1338 A D ) , during the
reign of Mahammed Taghlg, in a family engaged in military service, and in distant
relationship with the Sultan of Delhi, the child was named Malik Nasiruddin. His
father Malik Ikhtiyaruddin was a man of means and position.
When Malik Nasiruddin was about four years old, one evening as usual had
gone out to play along with his elder brother and a nurse. Suddenly a dust storm
took the City in its grip and it plunged into darkness, so much so. that nothing
was visible. The boy Nasiruddin and his nurse found them on the outskirt of the Citywhen
the storm subsided, but separated from the elder brother. By now it was
night and the nurse could not decide as to what to do. By chance a caravan had
camped there. The nurse took the bay to the camp and shought shelter with the
caravan which was readily given for the night.
Next morning, the caravan left for Dindwana, a place near Khattu and
Nagaur in Rajasthan. The nurse instead of returning home of her master, decided
and accompanied the caravan taking the boy with her and reached Dindwana.
HBIB, a childless weaver, by name Najib, was in search of a suitable boy for
adoption. He managed to get possession of Nasiruddin and adopted him.
Meanwhile, a noted Saint of tha day, Baba Ishaq Maghrebi (R. A.) who had
settled at Khattu, was grief striken duo to unexpected death of his adopted son
Baba Kivamuddin. He was offered in a divine message, an even worthier child and
was asked to look out for him Since then he and his friends were in look out for the
promised boy.
Luckily Mawlana Saddruddin had gone to Dindwana and had occasion to
visit the residency of Najib. Ho found Nasiruddin there, who answered all
description given of the promised boy by Baba Ishaq. The Mawlana took
possession of the child and brought him to Khattu. Baba Ishaq named him Ahmed.
Baba Ishaq brought up Shaikh Ahmed in a luxurious way, with the care of a
mother. At night he would place him on his bosom and sing lullaby. Sometime his
urine and stool spoiled his clothes, and he would get up in cold wintery nights
and wash clothes and again put on the same wet ones and place Ahmed again on
his bosom.
At the same time, Ahmed was being carefully imparted learning, both
spiritual and temporal. He studied sciences and arts of the day. along with
standard authentic religious books. Baba Ishaq initiated him into doctrines of
Silsila-e-Maghrabia, i.e. Western African Sufistic Order, founded by Abu Madyan
Shuyeb (d. 597 A.H. ), in which, in times to come, Ahmed attained such
distinction that he was given the title of “Chiragh” (The Lamp). His surpassing
learning and piety also secured for him, the designation of “Qutub-al-Aqtab”, “The
Pole star of Pole Stars”. Besides all his intellectual and spiritual achievements he
was also a skilled archer and a great wrestler.
Baba Ishaq Maghrebi bid farewell at Khattu on Wednesday the 17th
Shaaban, 781 A H. /1379 A. D.) at the age of 120 lunar years. It was a big blow for
young Ahmed. In his selection as Sajjadanahin, Baba Ishaq had bypaseed inmates
of the Khankah, who now became indifferent to the new Head of the Khankah.
Ahmed was aware of it. However he continued to stay in Khattu, but devoted most
of his time in seclusion’ prayers and in wanderings, bare footed and. even without a
lota (Pot). At times he took himself in mountains for the same To achieve a
higher spiritual level, he decided to engage himself in a Chilla and on the third
day of the demise of his spiritual. Master, ho locked himself in a room, to avoid
disturbance and started with a Chilla of 40 days (a period of intense and
continuous prayers) and a lived only on a few dates and a jug of water. After
forty days, on Idd-ul-fitr, the local subehdar was compelled to break open the
door, only to find Shaikh Ahmed extremenly weak and a bare skeleton. He was
taken to the Idgah for prayers in a Palki and the whole congregation rushed to pay
homage fo the Saint, when the prayers were over.
In the year 790 A. H \ 1388 A. D. Hazrat Shaikh thought of going on
Pilgrimage to Mecca. With this idea in mind, he went to see great people al Delhi
and Nagaur, When Malik Qutubuddin Najam, the Governor of Nagaur learnt that
Shaikh Ahmed was in the Town, on his way to Mecca, he got worried about the
delicate health of the Traveller, and decided to stop him from proceeding further
However Hazrat Shaikh escaped from the City in the darkness of the night and
ultimately reached Patan, where he was well received by the father of Farhat-ulMulk
Rastikhan, the Governor of Gujarat under the Court of Delhi. He could not
get ship for the Journey at Khambhat and hence had to go to Mahim, The Rajah of
Mahim welcomed the Saint and provided him with a ship. While the ship was on
its way to Jeddah from Aden, while taking bath in the sea, he was on the point of
drowning, but he was miraculously saved by the crew of the ship. Finally he
reached Mecca, people were much impressed of his piety and learning.. Here he
came in contect with eminent devines and Royal personages, from Egypt.
After he left for Medina. The journey was hazardous and tiresome and he
had gone vary weak For two days, he was without food and had offered five daily
prayers with only one Vazu (ablution). He had walked down the most of tne
distance.
When the caravan reached the outskirts of Medina, and the top of the tomb
of the Messenger of Allah emerged on the horizon, he jumped down from the
camel back and ran towards it chanting praises of the Holy Messenger. He stayed
near the tomb in a masjid declining all offers of hospitality from the people saving
that for that day he was the guest of the Apostle of Allah. No sooner had he
entered the mausoleum the Chief Muzawar approached him with dates wrapped
in a handkerchief and while giving them, observed that they were form
Rasulallah, as he was his guest for the day. His slay at Medina was full of thrilling
spiritual experiences which he used to narrate to his audience in his letter years
with great feeling. Here he saw a woman in a dream and interpreted her as
symbolic representation for material abundance and prosperity. At the time of
departure from Medina, he was again favoured by Rasulallah with a 10 gaz of
cloth for the turban, through the Muzawar with direction that he should wrap it on
his head and preach the people,
During his stay in Arabia and the journey, he came into contect with many
mystics, divines, scholars and Royal personages especially from Egypt. People
were much impressed with his learning and piety. He considerably extended his
intellectual horizon, though his journey was undertaken under painful conditions.
Way back Hazrat Shaikh landed at Thatta (Sind) by ship via Aden and visited Uchh
to offer Fatiha at the tomb of Hazrat Sayed Jalaluddin Bokhari [1303-1388 A.
D.), universally known as Makhdum Jehania Jahan Ghast (R. A.) Saiyed
Saddruddin Raju Qattal received him with extraordinary affection and respect.
He returned to Khattu and entered the Town by night time, but entry could
not remain unnoticed and the whole town rushed to his residence and spent the
rest. of the night wilh him on great festivity. After sometime, he left for Delhi and
settled down at Khan Jahan Masjid, built by Khan Jahan Jaunan Shah. the Prime
Minister of Sultan Firoz Shah. He concentrated on acquiring greater learning and
knowledge. He had a very sharp intellect and predigious memory. He could
answer questions in detail with reference without referring lo books.
In the year 800 A. H /1398 A. D. India became victim of an unparalled
catastrophe. Timur Invaded India. A fortnight before Timur’s forces marched into
Delhi, Hazrat Shaikh heard the rumblings of a distant storm and advised his
disciple Shaidh Sadruddin Meeruti, who happened to be son-in-law of Sultan
Taghlaq Shah, to migrate to Jaunpur. He insisted that the Saint should also
accompany him to Jaunpur. Hazrat Shaikh replied that he wanted to be by the
side of the people of Delhi in the hour of their trial and misfortune.
Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud had forsaken his Capital to the mercy of the
invading Mongol hordes. After its occupation, Timur granted quarter to the
inhabitants of the Imperial Capital and deputed his men to collect the ransom.
Harsh treatment by the Mongol soldiers made the inhabitants desperate and they
not only refused to make payment, but slew some of the soldiers. Timur’s blood
began to boil with rage and he ordered general massacre of the citizens, The City
was sacked and put to arson and looted. Private houses were dug up for gold end
silver, and thousands of citizens perished under ruthless and shining blades of
the victor.
This enraged Hazrat Shaikh so much so that he decided to reprimand Timur
for his inhuman and irreligious conduct. With this idea he came out of the Masjid
and reached Timur’s army camp (near Hauz-e-Khas), but, could not meet Timur,
as he was at sleep. However, he was well received by his generals and by ‘ht
sheer force of) his personality, he managed to free many prisoners and saved
many being executed. Among those captives, who were released on his
intercession was Mawlana Ahmed Thanesari also.
There is another version also, After the occupation of Delhi, Shaikh Ahmed
was also taken into custody by the army. The Prisoners were divided into groups of
forty and each group was tied with a rope like “beads in a roasey”. The prisoners
were starving and many died without food helplessly. Hazrat Shaikh somehow
managed to have supply of 40 loaves to his companions at midnights and thus
saved them. One day a sepoy came to inspect the camp. He had found that in
every group 10 to 15 prisoners had died, but there was no casualty in the group of
prisoners 10 which Hazrat Shaikh belonged. He
inquired about the reasons, and captives told him, pointing
towards Hazrat Shaikh that it was he, who gave them loaves from
some mysterious source. This mysterious incident excited the
superstitious curiosity of the sepoy, who rushed and reported
the matter to Timur, Hazrat Shaikh was immediately called and
on questioning, he replied that it was Allah, who fed people
and kept people alive. His replies changed the mood and the fury of the tyrant
and not only the silk of Hazrat Shaikh but the
entire arrested people of Delhi were set free Badauni in his
“Mantakhab-ut-Tawarikh” says:-
“On the following day, the Great Timur gave quarter to the inhabitants of
Delhi, receiving from them much valuable property and many presents as price of
quarter. In the meantime however, the people of the City killed some of the
soldiers. Accordingly on the fourth day all inhabitants were ordered to be made
prisoners and took them off towards Transoxiana: eventually Shaikh Ahmed
Khattu. whose tomb is well known at Sarkhez in Gujarat near Ahmedabad want
along with the army and had an interview with the Great Timur and made apparent
to him his condition as a Dervish and his surpassing knowledge, moreover he
argued with and confuted over and over again the learned doctors who were with
the Transoxian force, and begged for the prisoners’ lives. The great “Timur
conceived such a strong liking for him that he acceded to his request and
liberated all prisoners”.
“This single service of the Shaikh remained ever a debt upon the people of
Hindustan: and full details of this circumstance is given at length in the Maqamat
of the Shaikh.” Thus the Saint rendered a single service to the defeated Country
and the people. On invitation he accompaneed the Mongal army to Smarkand.
There he met people of great learning and piety and had many discussions with
them on Religion, at times in the presence of Sultan Muhammed Bahadur, the
Governor of Samarkand and grand son of Timur. He excelled so much on them
with his
surpassing knowledge, that it lead a top ranking Ulema of the Royal Court to admit
and pass a remark saying that Ulemas of Samarkand were humbled by a Dahelvi
Shaikh Ahmed took leave of Sultan Muhammed Bahadur and began his
journey homeward. His passport bore the date of 12th Jamadil Awwal, 802
A.H./1400 A. D. He first went to Balkh Then he reached Herat. There he met
Shaikh Shihabudin Khilwani, a great saint. He visited the tomb of Hazrat Imam
Razi (R.A.) (d. 606/1209) and blessed the Begum Agha, wife of Prince Mirza Shah
Rukh, son of Timur, and declined her invitation to settle down at Herat and run a
madressah to be built by her. He than went to Kandhar. Amir Saifulah, the
Governor of Kandhar received him with great raspect. Here also he had to turn
down the request similar to one made by Malika Agha. He continued his journey
and reached Multan. The Saint thought of going to Delhi, but it lay waste after
plunder and massacre, and the people had left in panic for Gujarat and the
Deccan, so he turned towards Gujarat and reached Patan, the Capital of Gujarat in
Rajab 802 A. H./1400A.D. when Muzaffarkhan was the nominal Governor on
behalf of the tottering Taghlaq Empire of Delhi.
Hazrat Shaikh then decided to go to the Deccan and reached River Narmada.
Muzaffarkhan was at that time in Rander, busy supressing lawlessness, quelling
the revolt of the Rajah of Nan-dod On hearing about the Saint going to the
Daccan, in order to stop him, he ordered that the Saint should not be allowed to
cross the river by boat. Muzaffarkhan then personally came with his son
Tatarkhan and requested the Saint to settle down in Gujarat, The Saint agreed and
returned to Sarkhez. Here a nice house was built for him and there he conducted
his Khankah and a madressah and passed most of his time in prayers and
meditation. Just near the great mosque he had built an under-ground chamber
for his prayers undisturbed, remains of which exist to the present day in fairly
good condition
But the greater glory was yet to follow. Sultan Ahmed Shah, in the year
1411 A. D. ascended the throne of Gujarat. The very next year, with the advice and
blessings of his spiritual guide Shaikh Ahmed, laid the foundation of the City of
Ahmedabad on the eastern bank of River Sabarmatli. The Saint had suggested that
four Ahmeds, whose piety and righteousness were beyond question should lake
part in (ho ceremony. Accordingly the Saint linad the Western boundry; tho Sultan
drew (he eastern boundiy and, Qazi Ahmed and Mulla Ahmed did the rest of the
boundaries. The river-bastion called Manek Burj, which is at the eastern head of
Ellis Bridge over which is a Police Chowky, is the place where the foundation of
the project was laid.
At this period the Saint was at the, peak of his glory. Thousands of visitorsHindus
and Muslims, rich and poor, government officers and merchants amirs and
noles- Thronged in Ins drawing room. He maintained a large open kitchen and fed
hundreds of people every day. The annual expenditure of the Kitchen was
1,25,000 Tankas. And thus he became famous being called Ganj Baksh. i.er
bestower of treasures, Hazrat Kutub-e-Alam, great grandson of Hazrat
Makhdum-0-Jehania, whose tomb is at Vatva near Ahmedabad used to visit the
Saint twice a year and The Saint gave him two coins every time Once on request,
he readily gave him the prayer mat and on further request gave him earthen ware
meant for Wazu and had granted him permission to initiate disciple in Magrebi
Silsila.
Once Hazrat Makhdum-e-Jehanio had come to Delhi. He heard that a
young man was busy with intense meditation and in acquiring deep learning at
Khan Jahan Masjid He immediately left to meet that Young man, who was no
oilier than Shaikh Ahmed. Shaikh Ahmed received the great Saint with profound
respect. While taking leave, the sage reminded the young man not to forget him in
his coming great days and deposited a sufistic robe and certain spiritual secrets
with him.
Hazrat Shah Alam ( R, A. ) held the Saint in high respect and studied under
him. He regularly paid visits to Sarkhez. He received the sama sufistic robe and
secrets at the age of seventeen years from Hazrat Shaikh, which his great, great
grand father had deposited with the Saint Iong ago.
Hazrat Shaikh had reached a fairly advanced age Many a times he uttered
that the boy had not yet come. Ultimately he adapted a newly born child whose
parents were converts to Islam and had died immediately on his birth. Ho named
the child Shaikh Safahuddin. Later he succeeded the Saint as his Sajiadanashin at
the age of 24 years.
The glorious career of Hazrat Shaikh ultimately came to an end. On the
festival day of Idd-ul-Fitr, in the year 849 A. H: he offered the prayers and
returned home, but suddenly ha vomited and blood was found in it. It also came out
from his nose. He realised that his end was in sight. He confined himself in
seclusion, busy with prayers. Aspirants for his sajjadanashini indulged in a big
controversy. Sultan Muhammed Shah ” Zar Beksh called on the saint, and
inquired whether the Saint had appointed anybody as his successor, and
recommended Mawlana Abdul Hai, a pious and a learned person. Pointing
towards Shaikh Salahuddin, the Saint replied that the boy would carry on all
rituals after him. The Sultan observed that he was still very young, On that the
Saint got annoyed and in rage observed, “Do you mean that just because the
Dervish would lay six feet under the earth, he would be dead? No, he would
continue to take care of the boy”. Sultan at once realised his error. He bid adieu
and went back. On Thursday, 14th Shwwal. 849 A. H./ 14-1-1946, the Saint
bade farewell to this world and thus came an end of one of the six foremost saints
of India. He lived III lunar years, and saw, in all 9 (nine) regimes of the Sultans of
Delhi and of Gujarat. People requested Sultan Mahommed Shah to lead funeral
prayers, but he proposed Mawlana Mahommed-bin-Qasim, the Pesh Imam of the
Jamma Masjid to perform funeral ritas. The Saint was buried near Jama Masjid
admist a huge crowd.