Name and Lineage: His name is HAZRAT KHAWAJA KHAWAND MEHMOOD NAQSHBANDI son of Hazrat Sharfuddin رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھمَاand title is Hazrat Eshan. His genealogical tree goes to the greatest Khalifa and son-in-law of Hazrat Bahauddin Naqshband, Hazrat Khawaja Alauddin Attar Naqshbandiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیھمَا from his father side and the other hand his genealogical order which belongs to his respected mother goes to Hazrat Aliرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ through the connection of Hazrat Muhammad son of Hanfiyahرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ .
Date of Birth: He was born in Bukhara in 971 AH.
Acquisition of Knowledge: He received early education from his respected father and then he admitted in Madrasa-e-Sultani of Bukhara. He had memorized the Holy Quran at the age of 12 years and he got the expertise in all the Islamic knowledge when he was 18 years old. Scholars of that time were the great confessors of his intellectual abilities and they used to appreciate him a lot. There was no scholar like him at that time even the scholars would consult with him.
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat): He became Mureed on the blessed hand of Hazrat Khawaja Abu Ishaq Safed Naqshbandiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ whereas he had the allegiance from Hazrat Shah Bahauddin Naqshbandiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ in the Owaisi order. Khawaja Sahib had such expertise in the apparent sciences that the scholars of that time would give his Fatwa the status of a certificate. By inspiring from his intellectual talent, most of the people would understand the privilege to sit in his gathering. Even the governor of Bukhara who was his great devotee used to come beside him. He stayed in Samarqand for some days, during which thousands of people included his devotees circle. Then went to Hirat from Samarqand and having included the people in his devoted circle, he went to Kabul and did the same task, consequently a large number of people became Mureed on his hand including the governor of Kabul.
Devotion of the Emperor of India: Hazrat Khawajah Eshanرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ delivered a touching heart speech on Friday prayer. His speech had such impressive effect that people started weeping and fell in a rapture condition in which two Namazi passed away. The emperor was also present at that congregation. After speech, thousands of people along with the emperor got the privilege to become Mureed on Hazrat Khawajah blessed hand. He stayed in Kabul for two years, meanwhile he appointed his Khulafa in Syria, Iraq, Rome and Koh-e-Toor. After that, he went to Kashmir and got the builder to construct a very wide-ranging and magnificent Khanqah at which he started teaching and preaching of Islam. A large number of people would successively come to him to get the beneficence and he would give them the spiritual training. Thousands of people became Mureed on his blessed hand and joined his devoted circle. Having done the guidance activities for so long in Kashmir, he went to Akbarabad on the request of Mughal emperor Jahangir. Later on, he came to Kashmir again with Emperor Jahangir, who passed away in Kashmir. Therefore, he came to Lahore along with king’s dead body. After some days, he permanently settled in Lahore and passed away at the same place.
Demise: He passed away between Maghrib and Isha prayers in the prostrate condition on Tuesday, 12 Shaban-ul-Muazzam, 1052 AH/ 1642 AD and his Shrine full of lights is the resort of all at Anwaar Begum pura near Shalamar Garden, Lahore.
Hazrat Ishaan was the second son of Khwaja Sayyid Mir Sharif Naqshbandi. His older brother was Khwaja Khawand Muhammad Naqshbandi, known as Khwaja Khawand Aftab, who also was a saint. Hazrat Ishaan had issued 5 daughters and 6 sons, who are all regarded as saints.
Hazrat Ishaan was influenced by his ancestors´ teachings and was therefore a disciple of his father. Hazat Ishaan studied at a royal college and had become an accomplished scholar. He was also a disciple of Hazrat Ishaq Wali Dahbidi, founder of the Ishaqqiya branch of the Naqshbandiyya Order in Eastern Turkistan. Hazrat Ishaan abandoned a further education in religious studies in order to focus on the mystical quest. He was an authorized Khalifa of Hazrat Ishaq Wali Dahbidi in year 1598 and was sent to Lahore to propagate the Ishaqqiya path. Instead he went to Srinagar in Kashmir. In Srinagar he attracted many people, who have later followed him. The fame of his piety has reached many areas of Central Asia. Hundreds of thousands of disciples in Khorasan, modern-day Afghanistan, especially in the cities of Kandahar, Kabul and Herat, followed him. He has sent disciples in all over Central Asia under, whom 2 have been sent to Tibet. Unlike other Naqshbandi Masters he attracted many people, who were not only official patronages. Hazrat Khwaja Khawand Mahmud was invited by the Moghul Emperor Jahangir to go to his court in Agra. Going there several times, he was unable to create firm connections to the court, because of the influences of Naqshbandis attached to the rival Jubairiyya branch. Therefore, he came back to Kashmir. Becoming entangled in the struggle against the Shia community there, Moghul emperor Shah Jahan summoned him in year 1636 to Delhi and banned his way to Srinagar. Hazrat Ishaan spent his last six years in Lahore, where he also died.
Hazrat Ishaan was succeeded by his son Moinuddin Naqshabnd in Kashmir. His youngest son Bahauddin succeeded his father in Lahore in a very young age. His spiritual line died out in the late eighteenth century. Hazrat Ishaan has stated that one of his progeny will come to revive his lineage and to take his place as Ghawth. It has been found, that Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan is this person, who is his successor in the Uwaisiyyah way.
Hazrat Ishaan was Qutb ul Aqtab, also called Ghawth, the highest ranking Wali Allah (saint) of his time. In Sufism the Ghawth is known as the cosmic leader of the whole universe and righteous successor of prophet Muhammad s.a.w. It is said that Hazrat Ishaan stated that under his progeny there will come a son of him, who will revive the spiritual lineage and legacy of Hazrat Ishaan and who will take his place as Ghawth after him. His successor is Sayyid ul Sadaat Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan.