Hazrat Shaikh Zia-ud-deen Abul Najeeb Abdul Qaahir Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Aap ki wilaadat 480 Hijri (1097 A.D.) me Suharward (Zanjan, Iran) me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Abdullāh bin Mohammad al-Bakari hai.
Aap Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala nahu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ne Isfahan me Hadeeṡ ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
491 Hijri (1103 A.D.) me Aap Baghdad tashreef laaye aur Madrasa Nizaamiya me Hadeeṡ, Fiqh, aur Ilme Nahaw ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap ne ‘Shafi’i’ mazhab ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir 25 saal ki umr me Isfahan jaakar Ahmad al-Ghazaali rahmatullāhi alaihi se uloom-e-baatini ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Baghdad me Shaikh Hammaad al-Dabbas se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Aap ne Nehre Dajla (Tigris) ke kinaare apni khaanqaah taameer ki aur ta’aleem wa faiz ata farmaate rahe.
535 Hijri (1140 A.D.) me Madrasa Nizaamiya me ta’aleem wa tadrees shuru ki.
537 Hijri (1142 A.D.) me Madrasa Nizaamiya chhodkar Aap ne khaanqaah me apna Madrasa shuru kiya. 26 saal tak Aap talba ko taaleem dete rahe.
557 Hijri (1161 A.D.) me Aap Jerusalem ki jaanib rawaana hue magar Damascus se hi waapas laut aaye.
Aap paabande shariat aur zaahid wa muttaqi the.
Aap apne guzraan ke liye Maashki (water-carrier) ka kaam karte the.
Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :
Aap Hazrat Majd-ud-deen Ahmad al-Ghazaali rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap ko Hazrat Shaikh Umar al-Bakari al-Suhrawardi rahmatullāhi alaihi se bhi ‘Ad’hami’ silsila ki khilaafat mili hai.
Aap ko Hazrat Shaikh Ismāeel Misri rahmatullāhi alaihi se bhi khilaafat mili hai (jin ka silsila Shaikh Kumail bin Ziyad rahmatullāhi alaihi tak pahunchta hai).
Aap se ‘Suharwardi’ silsila jaari hai.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Shahaab-ud-deen Umar al-Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Hazrat Shaikh Zia-ud-deen Ammaar bin Yaasir al-Bitlisi rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(3) Hazrat Shaikh Qutb-ud-deen Muhammad al-Abhari rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(4) Hazrat Shaikh Ismāeel al-Qasri rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 20 Jamaadi ul awwal 563 Hijri (1168 A.D.) me hua.
Aap ka mazaar Baghdad (Iraq) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Zia-ud-deen Abul Najeeb Abdul Qaahir Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi (Persian: ابوالنجیب عبدالقادر سهروردی)a (1097–1168) was a Sunni [Persian] Sufi who was born in Sohrevard near Zanjan and founded the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order.
He studied Islamic law in Baghdad, then set up a retreat by the river Tigris, where he gathered disciples, which eventually came to be the Sufi order of Suhrawardiyya.
His paternal nephew Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi expanded the order.
His name is also sometimes transcribed as Diya al-din Abu ‘n-Najib as-Suhrawardi.
Suhrawardiyya is the name of a Sufi order founded by Iranian Sufi Diya al-din Abu ‘n-Najib as-Suharwardi (1097-1168).
He was a murid of Ahmad al-Ghazali (RA), who was a brother of Imam AbuHamid al-Ghazali.c. 545 A.H. he was teaching Shafi’i fiqh atAl-Nizamiyya of Baghdad Academy. His surviving work is called KitabAdab Al-Muridin.Many Sufis from all over the Islamic world joined the order under the founder’s nephew Hazrat Shihab ad-din Abu Hafs ‘Umar(RA) (1145-1234),who was sent as emissary to the court of Khwarizm Shah in Bukhara by the Khalifa in Baghdad. His son is buried in Tashkent. Later the Order spread into India through Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari (RA) and Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya (RA). The Suhrawardiyya trace their spiritual genealogy to Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S) through Junayd Baghdad and al-Ghazali (RA).
The Suhrawardi school is characterised by its strong commitment to Sunni orthodoxy. Suhrawardiya has its origins in the teaching of Diya al-din Abu ‘n-Najib as-Suhrawardi (1097-1168). After studying Islamic law in Baghdad Abu n-Najib went to live by the river Tigris where he set up a retreat and gathered a group of disciples. The ordered became particularly influential through the work of Abu ‘n-Najib’s nephew, Shihab ad-din Abu Hafs ‘Umar (1145-1234). Shihab ad-din acquired the support of the caliph and attracted sufis from all over the world to hear him teach.
According to Abu al-Najib al-Suhrawardi (r.a), the Sufi must greet and honour all guests, and share with them whatever pure food or drink is available without fuss or ceremony. The guest, in turn, should sit where placed by the host, and express appreciation.
After the death of Najib al-Din, the tariqa was substantially developed by his nephew, the hugely influential Sahib al-Din Abu Hafs Umar ibn Abd’allah Suhrawardi [1234 CE]. Sahib al-Din Abu Hafs studied under Najib al-Din, and wrote the treatise the Awaarif al-Maarif, which became even more popular and widely read, as it enhanced the influence of the Suhrawardiyya in the sub-continent. The Awaarif al-Maarif is considered one of the real classics of tasawwuf today.