advised the Prophet Muhammad gave the following commands to bring ease in times of difficulty: On a rainy day, he people to offer Friday prayers at home;¹ during a plague, he asked people to quarantine and to maintain social distancing by not visiting or leaving the area.² He opened the state treasury to provide people basic needs and appealed to the people to donate generously. He started a soup kitchen to feed those who were unable to care for themselves. He appointed a team of volunteers to facilitate timely disbursement of life necessities. He admonished traders and merchants not to hoard or price gouge during times of crisis. He urged people to consult medical experts. He also advised following hygienic rules, not limited to the washing of hands five times a day during wuḍu’. He also advised against throwing garbage in public places, ordering that it be disposed of safely.

I Set forth by al-Bukhārī in al-Ṣaḥīḥ, 1:306 $859. Muslim in al-Ṣaḥīḥ, 1:485 $699.

² Set forth by al-Bukhārī in al-Ṣaḥīḥ, 5:2163 $5396. •Aḥmad b. Hanbal in al-Musnad, 1:180 S1554.


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