The true belief of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah is that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), did die, but he is alive in his grave
ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءَ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
Allah puts forth a Parable a man belonging to many partners at variance with each other, and a man belonging entirely to one master: are those two equal in comparison? Praise be to Allah. but most of them have no knowledge. [az-Zumar 39:29]
إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُم مَّيِّتُونَ
Truly thou wilt die (one day), and truly they (too) will die (one day). [az-Zumar 39:30]
As mentioned in (Verse number 29) the condition of two persons to be different,similarly the death of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is not same like other deaths. There is great difference between the conditions and the levels of both. This example was given because of this reason that equality to the respect of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) (Shan-e-Nabuwah) should be condemned completely.
It is said that Ahlus-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah actually believes that the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) did not die!! What a gross accusation!! The true belief of the Ahlus-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah is that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), did indeed “TASTE” death, but then he is made alive in his grave. (Note: All the proofs misused by certain people do prove that prophets including Huzoor (صلى الله عليه وسلم) had tasted death. We do believe in all those verses and Ahadith, so there is no two opinions about that point but the point to be discussed here is not the occurrence of death but the true concept of the death of a Prophet) It is in the grave that the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is presented with our deeds, and makes supplication on behalf of the Ummah. There are also instances where the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) will appear in our dreams and comfort us with good news and glad tidings. We also believe that to send salaam (salutations) to our Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is directly recieved by him and that It will be met with a reply.
Allah says: Every soul will taste death. The Holy Quran 3:185
It is in Hadith – Narrated Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا): Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) died while Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was at a place called As-Sunah (Al-‘Aliya). ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood up and said, “By Allah( سبحانہ و تعا لی )! Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is not dead!” ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (later on) said, “By Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی )! Nothing occurred to my mind except that.” He said, “Verily! Allah( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) will resurrect him and he will cut the hands and legs of some men.” Then Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and uncovered the face of Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), kissed him and said, “Let my mother and father be sacrificed for you, (O Allah’s Apostle – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you are good in life and in death. By Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) in Whose Hands my life is, Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) will never make you taste death twice.” (Sahih Bukhari – Book #57, Hadith #19).
And say not of those who are slain (martyred) in the way of Allah, “they are dead”, nay, they are living, though you perceive it not” [Surah al-Baqarah, 154]
Imam Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (Allah have mercy on him) states in his monumental commentary of Sahih al-Bukhari, Fath al-Bari: “When the living of the martyrs is proven from the text of the Qur’an, then this is also proven from a analogical point of view. And the Prophets are superior then the martyrs” [Fath al-Bari, Volume 006: Page No. 379]
“Think not of those who are slain in Allah’s Way as dead. Nay, they are alive, finding their sustenance in the Presence of their Lord”. (al-Ale’ Imraan: 169)
Qadi Shawkawni writes: “In the Qur’an it is mentioned that martyrs are alive and food is provided for them. The Prophets and righteous people are a lot higher in status than them so what will be their place? It has been proven through Ahadith that Prophets are alive in their graves. Both Imam at-Tirmidhi and Imam al-Bayhaqi have said that these are authentic Ahadith” [Nayl al-Awtar, Volume 003, Page No. 82]
عن أبي الدرداء قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أكثروا الصلاة علي يوم الجمعة فإنه مشهود تشهده الملائكة وإن أحدا لن يصلي علي إلا عرضت علي صلاته حتى يفرغ منها قال قلت وبعد الموت قال وبعد الموت إن الله حرم على الأرض أن تأكل أجساد الأنبياء فنبي الله حي يرزق
Narrated on the authority of Abu Darda:
Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Invoke many blessings on me on Friday for it is witnessed. The angels are present on it, and no one will invoke a blessing on me without his blessing being submitted to me till he stops.” I asked whether that applied also after his death, and he replied, “Allah has prohibited the Earth from consuming the bodies of the prophets; so Allah’s prophet is alive and given provision. [Sunan Ibn Maja Volume 001: Hadith Number 1627]
Anas b. malik reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying: I came. And in the narration transmitted on the authority of Haddib (the words are): I happened to pass by Moses (عليه السلام) on the occasion of the Night journey near the red mound (and found him) saying his prayer in his Grave. [Sahih Muslim Book 030, Number 5858:]
Hadrat Sheikh ‘Abd al-Haq “Muhaddith-e-Dehwli” states under the commentary of this Hadith that:
The Prophets of Allah are alive in their graves, “JUST AS THEY WERE ALIVE IN THE WORLD“[Ash’at al-Lam’at – Vol. 1 Pg. 576]
Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhadith dehlvi (rah) clarifies another important point, he states:
The Prophets are alive and everyone believes that they are alive; there is no disagreement in this. Their life (in their graves)”IS REAL, PHYSICAL LIFE (LIKE THEY POSSESSED IN THE WORLD)” not like the martyrs whose life is only spiritual. [Ash’at al-Lam’at – Vol. 1 Pg. 574]
Ibn Taymiyyah said: “The proof of dead awareness comes from two Sahih Books of Bukhari and Muslim in which Rasool Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that when people have buried a dead person and leave for home, the dead can hear the thumps of sandaled feet of those who leave.” [Majmuaat-al-Fatawa by Ibne Taymiyyah, Volume 24: Page No. 362]
Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani states: “Death will never come to the Blessed Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in his grave, but he will remain alive, due to the fact that the Prophets remain alive in their graves” [Fath al-Bari, Volume 17: Page No. 22]
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who saw me in a dream in fact saw me, for the satan does not appear in my form. ►Sahih Muslim :: Book 29 : Hadith 5635
Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who saw me in a dream would soon see me in the state of wakefulness, or as if he saw me in a state of wakefulness, for the satan does not appear in my form. ►Sahih Muslim :: Book 29 : Hadith 5636
It is in Hadith – Narrated ‘Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): When the wall fell on them (i.e. on Graves) during the Caliphate of Al-Walid bin ‘Abdul Malik, the people started repairing it, and a foot appeared to them. The people got scared and thought that it was the foot of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). No one could be found who could tell them about it till I (‘Urwa – رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said to them, “By Allah, ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) this is not the foot of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) but it is the foot of Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).” (Bukhari Book #23, Hadith #474).
Ibn Abi’d Dunya narrates from Malik that the souls of the believers go where they please. By believers is meant the accomplished [kamileen]. Allah gives their bodies the power of souls, hence, they offer Salah, perform Dhikr and recite the Qu’an in their graves [Tadhkiratu’l MAwta wa’l Qubur, p.75].
Ibn Taymiyya writes: ‘A group of people heard the answer of their salaam. And, in the days of Harrah, Sa’id ibn al- Musayyib heard the voice of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying the adhan, from the grave. And there are more events like these and they are all true. [Ibn Taymiyya, Iqtidah Siratul-Mustakeem, Page No. 373]
Narrated from Ibrahim bin Shayban that: A disciple of mine said to me in Makka that: Oh guide of mine! I will die at the time of Dhuhr tomorrow. Take one Ashrafi [currency]; spend half on my burial and half on my shrouding. The next day, the disciple came and performed tawaf. He then moved away from the Ka’aba and lied down and his soul was taken. I lowered him into the grave and he opened his eyes. I asked: Is there life after death? He replied: I am alive and every friend of Allah is alive [Sharh al-Sudur, p.86].
Some muslims raise the slogans of purifying Islam from innovations. But in their attempt to purify Islam they have completely changed Islam into a different religion. New faiths and practices are propagated by these sects in massive Da’wa campaigns that have no relationship with the real teachings of Islam.
The above article is one of the examples which they try to prove that it is shirk & biddat to believe that Prophets are Alive,