Imam Shafi r.a


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Imaam’s Family Lineage (Father’s Side): Muhammad bin Idriss bin al-Abbas bin Usman bin Shafi’ ibn al-Sa’ib bin Ubaid bin ‘Abd Yazid bin Haashim bin al-Muttalib bin ‘Abd Manaaf bin Qusayy bin Kilaab bin Murrah. The Imaam’s Lineage connects with the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)’s Lineage from ‘Abd Manaaf bin Qusayy.

Imaam’s Family Lineage (Mother’s Side): Fatimah bint ‘Abdullah bin al-Hasan bin al-Hussain ibn Ali bin Abi Talib. The relations of the mother say that the only two to be born Haashimi in the family lineage were Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Talib and al-Imaam Al-Shafi’ee.

Place of Birth: Imaam Shafi’ (RA) was born in the year 150 A.H. the year the Great Imaam Abu Hanifah had passed away in. He was born in Ghizza (Asqalaan) in Palestine. When he was two year old his mother took him to a tribe in al-Hijaz who were dwellers of the country of Yemen. His mother kept him there until he reached the age of ten years. A time came when she felt that the family was in jeopardy of being forgotten and wasted so she took her son (Imaam Shafi’ee) to Makkah.

His Education: The Imaam was from a very poor family in his youth and when he was sent to school his family could not afford to pay the teacher for his teachings. The teacher used to inadequately teach the children and anytime he taught something inadequately and then left the children, the Imaam would seize the opportunity and teach them the teacher’s lesson and suffice the children. When the teacher would see this and he understood that the Imaam was doing it he let him continue to do so. This way the Imaam would suffice his tuition through satisfying the teacher by teaching the children his lesson. This continued and the Imaam learned the whole Qur’an by the time he reached seven years.

The Imaam himself used to say: “After I finished learning the Qur’an I would go to the Masjid and sit with the Scholars the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and Islamic matters. I used to live in Makkah among tent dwellers in such a state of poverty that I could not even afford to by paper to write, so I would write on bones instead.”

It is also reported that the Imaam used to recite Hadith in the Masjid of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) at the age of thirteen years old. It is also reported that the Imaam’s voice was very melodious and sweet. Al-Haakim reports by the authority of Bahr bin Nasr saying: “When we wanted to cry we would say come let us go to this young Muttalibee man to hear him recite the Qur’an. We would reach him and he would initiate his recitation until when the people would start falling down in front of him and the sounds of everyone weeping and yelling could be heard by him he would stop.”

His Teachers: Among his eminent teachers were:

1. Muslim bin Khalid al-Zangi (a Mufti of Makkah during the year 180 A.H. (796 A.D.)

2. Sufyaan bin Uyainah al-Hilaali (one of the three distinguished scholars of that time in Makkah)

3. Ibrahim bin Yahya (a scholar of Madinah)

4. Malik bin Anas (Imaam Shafi’ee used to recite Hadith to Imaam Malik after the memorizing of his book, Muwatta Imaam Malik). The Imaam stayed in Madinah until Imaam Malik passed away in the year 179 A.H. (790 A.D.)

5. Wakee’ bin al-Jarraah bin Maleeh al-Kofi

6. Muhammad bin Hasan al-Shaibaani (a scholar of Busrah, and distinguished student of the Great Imaam Abu Hanifah (RA)

7. Hammaad bin Usama al-Haashimi al-Kofi

8. Abdul-Wahhab bin Abdul-Majeed al-Busri

His Marriage: He married Hameedah bint Nafi’ bin Unaisah bin ‘Amr ibn Usman bin Affan.

Some Distinctive Characteristics:

1. His eloquent style of speech and abundant knowledge of the Arabic language

2. His Family Lineage-as a set standard reported by al-Hakam bin ‘Abdil-Muttalib that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Indeed Banu Haashim and Banu al-Muttalib are the same (ie. of the same family lineage). (Ibn Majah, 22, Kitaabul-Wasaaya/46 Chapter Division of Khumus/ Hadith No. 2329

3. Complete memorization of the Qur’an with recognition of its rules and its implications in all aspects of Islamic Knowledge of which others during his time did not yet reach to

4. His deep foresight in Hadith and comprehension of authentic and defective narrations

5. His understanding in the principles of Hadith and Fiqh

6. His rulings in Hadith Mursal (incompletely transmitted narrations) and completely transmitted narrations.

7. Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal used to say about Imaam Shafi’ee, “Our napes were in the hands of the Companions of Abu Hanifah (RA) when it came to hadith (ie. we were inclined to them more) until we saw Imaam Shafi’ee, he was the most knowledgeable in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) that he would even suffice one who was not well informed in Hadith.

8. Al-Karaabeesi says about the Imaam, “Al-Shafi’ee was a mercy from Allah upon the followers of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).

9. Al-Humaidee says, “We used to want to refute the arguments of the Ashab-ul-Ra’iy, but we were not well informed to do so until Imaam Shafi’ee came along and opened up the way for us.

10. Ibn Raahway was asked, “How did Imaam Shafi’ee compose all these books at such a young age?” He replied, “Allah SWT made him intelligent and mature minded in just his youth.”

11. Rabi’ says, “We were just sitting awhile in the Knowledge Circle of Imaam Shafi’ee after the Great Imaam’s demise when a Bedouin Arab came along and said asked about where is the sun and moon of this circle. When we told him that he had passed away he started weeping heavily, and then said may Allah have mercy upon him and forgive him for verily he was one who opened up the veils of proofs through his explanations and closed the mouths of his disputer and opponent. He used to wash the blackened faces of their shame and disgrace and opened the closed doors with intellect and understanding. Then he turned away and left.”

His Humbleness:

Al-Hasan bin Abdul-Aziz al-Jarwi al-Misri reported form Imaam Shafi’ee used to say, “I have never debated with someone who I want to make a mistake, nor do I possess any knowledge that I want to keep to myself, rather that it should be with all and not just related to me.”

He also said, “I have never debated with someone who I want to make a mistake. And I have never debated someone except I say to them, O’ Allah, put the truth in his heart and on his tongue. If I am on the truth he will follow me, and if he is on the truth then I will follow him.”

A Scholar of Quraish:

Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal is reported to have said, “When I am questioned about some matter that I do not know of I say to myself Imaam Shafi’ee knows about this and he will have some say in it, because he is an ‘Alim (Scholar) of Quraish. And the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, An Alim of Quraish fills the earth with knowledge.” (al-Manaaqib, Lil-Baihaqi, Vol. 1, Page 54)

Al-Raazi says, “This Hadith is attainable by a man who possesses three characteristics: 1. that he is from Quraish 2. that he has abundant knowledge among religious scholars 3. that his abundant knowledge will indeed reach from east to west of the world

After saying this Al-Raazi says, “The man described above is no other than Al-Shafi’ee.” (Musnad of Abu Dawood Al-Tabalusi, p. 39-40)

The Imaam is from Quraish and the following other Ahadith (narrations) are indications towards him:

1. Abdullah bin Masood (RA) narrates from the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) as saying, “Do not curse at the Quraish, for verily a scholar from there fills the earth with knowledge. O’Allah, you have made their first taste your punishment, now make the last of them taste your gift and favor.” (Musnad of Abu Dawood Al-Tabalusi, p. 39-40)

2. Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “O’Allah, Guide the Quraish, for verily a scholar from there fills the earth with knowledge. O’Allah, just you have made them taste your punishment, now let them taste your gift and favor.” He made this supplication three times. (al-Khateeb fee al-tarikh, V.2, P.61)

3. Imaam Al-Shafi’ee is Quraishi and Muttalibi. One hadith says, “Indeed Banu Haashim and Banu al-Muttalib are the same (ie. of the same family lineage). The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) then put his fingers of both hands together. (Al-Sunan al-Kubra’, V.6, P.340)

4. In one narration the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “Indeed, at the beginning of every hundred years Allah SWT sends a reformer of this Ummah who will revive the Ummah in religion. (Al-Mustadrik, V.4, P.522, Al-Khateeb fee al-tarikh, V.2, P.61)

His Children:

First Child’s Name: Abu Usman, Muhammad (was a judge in Madinah, grew up in Syria) Second Child’s Name: Fatimah Third Child’s Name: Zainab His Going to Egypt: The Imaam went to Egypt in the year 199 A.H. (814/815 A.D.) during the beginning of the Mamun Khilafah. He went back to Baghdad for a month then again returned to Egypt and stayed until his demise in the year 204 A.H. (819/820 A.D.)

His Writings and Books:

1. Al-Risalah al-Qadeemah (Kitaabul-Hujjah)

2. Al-Risalah al-Jadeedah

3. Ikhtilaaful-Hadith

4. Ibtaal-al-Istihsaan

5. Ahkaam-ul-Qur’an

6. Biyaadhul-Fardh

7. Sifatul-al-Amr wal-Nahiy

8. Ikhtilaaf Malik wal-Shafi’ee

9. Ikhtilaaf-al-Iraqiyeen

10. Ikhtilaaf Muhammad bin Hasan

11. Fadha’il Quraish

12. Kitaabul-Umm 13. Kitaabul-Sunan

His Demise:

The Imaam became very sick at the end of his life with hemmariodal pain and passed away in Egypt on Thursday night after Isha’ Prayer after performing Maghrib Prayer on the last day of Rajab. We was buried in Cairo, Egypt on Friday in the year 204 A.H. (819/820 A.D.) His Masjid in Cairo can be visited in the Imaam Al-Shafi’ee Neighborhood. May Allah be pleased with him. Ameen. Translated by Adil Khan on 11th of Shabaan, 1422 A.H. from Kitaabul-Umm, Printed in Beirut, Lebanon.

Imam Shafie RadhiAllahu Anhu

Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi’e ‎(767 – January 20, 820) commonly called Imam al-Shafe’i or fully, Muhammad ibn Idris ibn al-Abbas ibn Uthman ibn Shafi’i ibn al-Sa’ib ibn ‘Ubayd ibn Abd Yazid ibn Hashim ibn al-Muttalib.

Imam Shafi’e RadhiAllahu Anhu was born in 767 in Asqalan, Gaza. His father died when he was two, afterwitch he and his mother Umm al Hasan moved to Makkah where they lived in extreme poverty.

Many stories have been related about his life. It is said that he memorized the Quran at by age seven and by ten he had memorized the Muwatta of Imam Malik RadhiAllahu Anhu. He was a recognised mufti at the age of fifteen. He recited the entire Quran daily and twice a day during the month of Ramadan. Some accounts claim he was very handsome, that his beard did not exceed the length of his fist, and that it was very black.

He was also an accomplished archer, poet, and orator. Some accounts claim there were a group of Bedouin who would come to his lectures just to listen to his eloquent use of the language. He was given the title of Nasir al Sunnah, the defender of the sunnah.

His teachers included Malik ibn Anas RadhiAllahu Anhu and Muhammad ibn al Hasan al Shaybani RadhiAllahu Anhu, whom he studied under in Madinah and Baghdad. During the reign of Harun Rashid, he had an appointment as a judge in Najran. His dedication to justice, even when if it required criticizing the governor, caused him some problems, and he was falsely accused of aiding the Alawis in a revolt. At this time, al Shaybani was the chief justice, and his defense of ash-Shafe’i, coupled with ash-Shafe’i’s own eloquent arguement, convinced Harun Rashid to dismiss the charge, and to direct al Shaybani RadhiAllahu Anhu to take Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu to Baghdad.

He was asked why he used a walking stick. He replied, “To remind myself that I am on a journey out of this life.” He died at the age of 53 on January 20, 820 and was buried in al-Fustat, Egypt. Salahuddin al Ayyubi built a madrasa on the site.

The Jurisprudence of Imam Shafe’i RadhiAllahu Anhu In Baghdad, he developed his first madhab, influenced by the teachings of both Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik . Thus, his work there is known as al Madhab al Qadim lil Imam as Shafe’i, or the old school of ash-Shafi’i.

Sheikh Nuh Ha Mim Keller writes, “When the persecution arose over the uncreatedness of the Qur’an, he spoke to Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal RadhiAllahu Anhu and they mutually agreed that rather than risk the loss of both Islam’s living mujtahids, they should part company, Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu travelling with his books and belongings to Cairo, and Imam Ahmad RadhiAllahu Anhu remaining in Iraq.” In less than four years Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu had re-established his second school of fiqh, which is transmitted in his work Kitab al Umm.

Apocryphal accounts claim that Imam Ahmad RadhiAllahu Anhu said of Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu, I never saw anyone adhere more to hadith than Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu. No one preceded him in writing down the hadith in a book. Imam Ahmad RadhiAllahu Anhu is also claimed to have said, Not one of the scholars of hadith touched an inkwell nor a pen except he owed a huge debt to Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu.

Among the books that Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu wrote is al Risala, the first book wherein he examined usul al-fiqh (sources of jurisprudence): the Qur’an, the Sunnah, qiyas (analogy), and ijma’ (scholarly consensus). He also divided innovation into good and bad, based on the recorded saying of Umar RadhiAllahu Anhu about tarawih. He authored more than 100 books. Imam al Shaybani RadhiAllahu Anhu said, If the scholars of hadith speak, it is in the language of Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu.

Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu’s followers include some of the foremost scholars of Islam, such as: Imam al Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Abu Dawud, Imam Tirmidhi, Imam Nasa’i, Imam Ibn Majah, Imam Bayhaqi, Imam al Hakim. Other great followers of the Shafi’i madhab were: ibn Hibban, Imam Suyuti, al Dhahabi, Imam al Ghazali, and Al-Nawawi.

The school of Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu is followed in many places throughout the world, including Egypt, Jordan, Palestine, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Yemen, Iraq, southern India and among the Kurdish people. Today, many English speaking Muslims are introduced to the madhab of Imam Shafi’i RadhiAllahu Anhu through the translated works Umdat as Salik (Reliance of the Traveller) and al Maqasid, both done by Sheikh Nuh Ha Mim Keller.


 IMAM Al-Shafe’i

He was master in both Islamic law and in the mystic knowledge (tariqat). He acquired the  divine  secrets.  He was very intelligent and his sagacity is famous. In the Islamic law he was very famous. The world knows his qualities and conducts very well. In this chapter there is

no coverage of his worship and  miracles as they are so

many that it requires many volumes to describe  all  of them.

At the age of 13 years he used to say in the harem (grand mosque of Makkah) that what ever question any body can ask him that he can reply.

At  the  age  of  15  years  he  started  giving  fatwa  (legal opinions).

Ahmed   Bin   Hanbal   was   leader   of   the   world   and memorised 300,000 sayings of the Prophet. He became his disciple and was always in his service without covering his head with headdress. So for this reason some group of persons objected him that being a great learned man it is not good for him to sit before one young man of 25 years old and to leave the company of teachers and learned mystic persons. Hanbal replied, “Al-Shafe’i knows the meaning of what ever knowledge we have and that which we possess with us. He knows meaning and explanation better than me and due to his service I came to know the meaning of Prophet’s sayings. If he  was  not  born  now then we would have left alone before the  door  of knowledge and the door of fiqh (Islamic law) would have been shut forever.

Due to his studies he came to know the real meaning of Prophet’s sayings and Qur’anic verses in the best possible manner and he understood the same in the right direction as per the requirement of these two knowledges.

He was a great benefactor of Islam during that period. We know only the sayings of the Prophet but he is a sun of knowledge for the world and was serving the humanity. Hanbal told, “The door of fiqh was closed at that time but Allah opened the door through him. He also described that he does not know any other person who did such a great favour to the Islamic religion.”

No one is equal to him in the following four knowledges: Islamic law, Rhetoric, Philologist,Dictionary.

Hanbal narrated the saying of the holy Prophet, which is as follows:

In  the  beginning  of  every  century  one  person  will  be

born and learned persons will get knowledge of religionfrom  him.”

The beginning of the century started with Al-Shafe’i. Sufyan Thauri told, “During the time of Al-Shafe’i there was no wise person other than him.” As per the saying of Bilal Khuwas when he asked Kizer’s (a name of Prophet immortalised  by  the  fountain  of  life)  opinion  about  Al- Shafe’i, he replied that he is among Outb (a category of saints comprising only four at any time in the world).

In the beginning he never attended any marriage function or party and he used to keep himself away from the mankind. He always used to be in grief and weeping condition. So since beginning (from his youth period) he was in the condition of old pious persons. He was always in the company of Alim Rae and from him he got innermost favour and gradually  his  status  increased.  He left behind other learned persons of his time.

Abdullah Ansari told, “Even though  he  is  not  his follower but he is ahead among all others and due to his great status he is among his admirers.”

Al-Shafe’i says, “He saw the Prophet in his dream and Prophet asked him who are you boy? He replied him that he is a person of his ummat (followers). Then the Prophet called him near, put his saliva in his mouth and told him to go. He told Allah will grant his mercy and blessing on

him.” In the same night, in the dream Ali Bin Abi Talib (RA) took out his ring from his finger and put that ring in his finger. Due to this the knowledge of Ali Bin Abi Talib (RA) transferred to him. At the age of six years he joined the school. His mother was a very  respectable  woman from the most respected tribe of Banu Hashim. So the persons used to keep their things with her. Once two persons came and kept with her one box of clothes. They asked her to keep the same with her.  Later  one  person came and took that box.

After some days another person came to see his mother and claimed for the box. So his mother replied him that other person has already collected the box from her. That person  replied  her  that  when  two  persons  kept  the  box with her then why she gave the box to one person in his absence. We told you to give the box when we two come together. His mother felt very sorry for her mistake. But at the same time Al-Shafe’i entered the house, enquired the details and told that person that your box is in the house. He asked that person that why he came alone there and why he did not brought his friend with him. So he asked him to go and bring his friend. When that person heard his reply he was surprised. The qazi’s (judge) clerk was also with him and he was also surprised to hear his argument. Both of them left his house.

When Al-Shafe’i became disciple of Imam Malik, he was 70 years old at that time. He used to stand at the door of his house with the intention of reading Imam’s letters of fatwas (legal opinions).If he find the letter not needed any

correction then he would ask the person to go, otherwise he used to send back the person to Imam Malik for the corrections. Imam Malik was reconsidering his objections and corrected the defects if any. He was happy with the action of Imam Al-Shafe’i. Once there were some differences between caliph Harun al-Rashid and his dear wife Zubaida. So she told him a hellish man. Harun al- Rashid replied her that if he is a hellish man then he will divorce her. He left her but due to his too much love for her he was worried to solve this matter and so he called all the learned persons of Baghdad in his court  and  asked them, “Is he a hellish man?” But no person answered this question and all of them told  the  caliph,  “Allah  knows only this matter.” Imam Al-Shafe’ i, even though he was very young at that time but he was also among the learned persons who were present in the royal court of Harun al- Rashid. He told Harun that if he permits him  then  he would reply his question. When all other learned persons heard his reply they were surprised. They thought that he might be a mad person because when all other learned persons were unable to solve the matter then what he will do?

After the permission of  caliph,  Imam  Al-Shafe’i  asked the caliph whether he is in need of him or he is in need of caliph? The caliph told him that he needs him. So Imam Al-Shafe’i asked him to come down from the throne because the status of learned person is superior to kings. The caliph came down from the throne and asked him to sit on the throne. He sat on the throne and asked the caliph to reply his question first to enable him to solve his problem. “Have you got any chance for doing any sin? Even though you had power of doing it but due to the fear of Allah you escaped from it?”

The caliph replied swearingly, “Yes, I got many chances but I was always away from such sins.” Imam Al-Shafe’i told him, “You are not a hellish man.” When the ulemas (learned persons) asked him to give any proof for it, he told them that Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:

After determination of sin, any person who avoids it due

to fear of Allah then his dwelling will be in the heaven.” All  the  learned   men  praised  his  wise  decision  and commented that if he is so clever in the young age, then just imagine his status in the youth period.

It was reported that he never put any illegal morsel in his mouth during  his life  time.  Once  he  camped  before  the army camp and for this mistake he prayed for 40 nights.  He always respected the children of sadat (descendents of holy Prophet through his daughter Fatima). Once in the classroom he stood more than ten times to pay the respect to the boys of sadats who were playing there.

Once a wealthy person sent some money to be distributed among the pious persons in Makkah. From that  money some amount was presented to him, so he  asked  them, “Who is the owner of this money and for whom  this money was sent for distribution?” They replied him that it was for distribution among the pious persons and mendicants. He replied them that he is  not a pious and mendicant person so he is not eligible for the amount.

It was reported that once he came from Sana to Makkah. At that time he had 10,000 dinars with him. Persons told him to buy a farm house or to buy sheep from that amount. But he camped outside Makkah and put the money on the ground. He distributed one handful of money to all the persons who came over there and by the time of noon prayer he had no money with him.

The Qaiser of Rome used to send some amount annually to Harun al-Rashid, but one year he sent some monks and put one condition that Islamic ulemas to have debate with monks. If they defeat the monks then he will continue to pay the annual amount to Harun al-Rashid otherwise he will stop the payment. After the arrival of monks, Harun al-Rashid called all the learned persons and asked Imam Al-Shafe’i to start the debate.

Imam Al-Shafe’i put his prayer mat on the  water  and asked the monks to come on the water to have discussion with him there. The monks saw this and were surprised. They immediately accepted Islam on the spot. When this news reached to Qaiser of Rome, he told, “It was good

that the person was in Baghdad. If that person would have

been in Rome then all the Romans would have accepted the religion of Islam.” It was reported that he was living in Makkah since the beginning of his youth period. He wore the dress of mystic person for a long time. Once he was studying the books in the moonlight near the harem, so the persons told him to go inside the harem and  read  the books in the light of harem. But he replied them; “These lights are especially for the harem so it is not good for me to use it for reading.”

He was not hafiz Qur’an (Koran-conner) so some people complained the caliph that Imam Al-Shafe’i is not Koran- conner.  To  check  this  matter,  the  caliph  asked  him  to recite  the  Qur’an  during  Tarawih  prayers  (special  night prayers) in the month of Ramadan. So during the day he used to memorise one part of the Qur’an daily and used to recite in the Tarawih prayer in the night. In this way he memorised the whole Qur’an in one month period.    During  his  time  there  was  one  beautiful  woman.  He wanted  to  see  her.  For  this  purpose  he  married  her  for mahr (dower) of 100 dinars. After the marriage with her and after seeing her face he paid her dower amount and divorced her.

According to the principles of Imam Hanbal, if a person has intentionally missed the prayer then he becomes an unbeliever. But as per principles of Imam Al-Shafe’i such persons will not become an unbeliever instead there is severe punishment for such persons. When Imam Al- Shafe’i asked Imam Hanbal that if the person who has missed the prayer intentionally and has become an unbeliever, can such person will become Muslim again? Can he continue prayers? So Imam Hanbal  replied  him such person will become Muslim again if he can continue prayers. But Imam Al-Shafe’i told him, “The prayer of nonbeliever is not accepted.” Imam Hanbal  was  silent after hearing his reply.

Many such things are secrets of fiqh and there are many questions  and  answers  on  Islamic  law.  But  there  is  no need of mentioning them in this book. The persons who are interested in this matter should refer books of fiqh. Once  he  said,  “Many  learned  persons  are  interested  in interpretation.  He  considers  them  as  they  do  not  know anything.” He also said, “He is slave of such persons who taught him good manners.” It was reported that he told, “One  who  teaches  knowledge  to  a  foolish person spoils the rights of knowledge. One should teach knowledge to such person who is capable of it.” He told, “If they sell the world for a piece of bread without knowing its worth then they are not the right ones.”

One person requested him to advise, so he told him, “Do not try to accumulate wealth like others do but try to compete them in spiritual and moral aspects. Try to be a great worshipper of Allah. They will not get any benefit from their wealth whereas you will be benefited more because of Allah’s blessings. Their wealth  will  remain here in the world, they will not carry this to their grave. On the contrary, the reward of worship to Allah will help you to remain pious. We all will die one day. Let us worship Allah to have a pious soul.”

Once he left his place to find out his lost time (past time) and visited many ruined places, mosques, bazaars and schools but he could not find it. In his search he went to a monastery and found one group of mystic persons  who were sitting there. One person told him that the past time would never come back again so take care of present time. Imam Al- Shafe’i turned towards his servant and told him, “I got my lost time so you also listen it carefully what they are telling.”

Sheikh Abu Saeed reported that what  Imam  Al-Shafe’i told, “I do not have complete knowledge of the world and my knowledge  is not equal to the knowledge of  mystic persons, and mystic person’s knowledge is  not  equal  to their teacher’s one advice in which he told them that the present time is like a cutting sword.”

At the time of his last breath he wrote his testament and also told orally to the persons standing near him to tell one person (name suggested) to bath him. After long time that person came from Egypt after his death. The persons gave his testament to him and also explained him the details. In the testament it was written that he was in debt of 70,000 dinars so that person paid the debt amount to the relevant person and explained that the word bath in the testament refers to pay the debt amount on his behalf. Such a wise person he was. Rabiya reported that before his death he saw a dream in which Adam (A.S.) died and persons were taking out his funeral when he wake up. He went to meet one person for explanation of his dream. That person told him that one great learned person will die soon and the knowledge is from Adam (A.S.). Allah says in Qur’an: We have taught Adam (A.S.) the names of all things.” After his death Rafi Bin Suleiman saw him in his dream and asked him how Allah treated him?  He  replied him, “He  was  given  a  golden  chair  and  pearls  which  were showered upon him. Allah gave him 700,000 dinars and granted His grace. He died in the year 204 A.H. at the age of 54 years.

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Hazrat Imaam Abu Abdullāh, Muhammad bin Idrees al-Shaafi’i rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Laqab :
Nasir-ul-Sunnat (The Defender of Sunnah).

Aap ki wilaadat 150 Hijri (767 A.D.) me Gaza (Palestine) me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Idrees bin Abbaas aur waalida ka naam Faatima binte Abdullāh al-Mahez bin Hasan al-Musanna hai.

Aap Quraish ke Banu Muttalib khaandaan se ta’alluq rakhte hain.
Aap ke naana Hasani saadaat hain.

Aap ki wilaadat ke pehle aap ke waalid ka Shaam me intiqaal hua.
Aap jab 2 saal ke the tab aap ki waalida aap ko lekar Makka aa gai.

Aap 7 saal ki umr me hi Haafiz e Qur’an hue.

Aap ne Mufti e Makka Imaam Muslim ibn Khaalid al-Zanji se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Madeena me Imaam Maalik bin Anas se ta’aleem haasil ki.
10 saal ki umr me Aap ne ‘Muwatta e Imaam Maalik’ ko hifz kiya.
Baghdad me Hazrat Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Shaybani se ta’aleem haasil ki.

15 saal ki umr me aap ne Fatawa dena shuru kiya.

Is ke ilaawa Aap ne Sufyaan ibn Uyaynah al-Hilaali, Daawūd ibn Abdur Rahmān al-Attaar, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Shaafi, Abdur Rahmān ibn Abu Bakr al-Maaliki, Saeed ibn Saalim, Khwaja Fuzail ibn Ayaaz, Ibrāheem bin Yahyā al-Madani, Hammaad bin Usaama al-Haashimi al-Kufi, Wakee bin Jarraah bin Maleeh al-Kufi, Abdul Wahaab bin Abdul Majeed al-Basri, Mutarrif ibn Maazin, Hishaam ibn Yousuf se bhi ta’aleem haasil ki.

Aap Qur’an, Hadeeṡ, Fiq’h, Tafseer, Falsafa, Ilm e Nahaw, Tasawwuf aur dusre uloom ke maahir hue.

Aap Hazrat Shayban ar-Rai rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hain.

Aap namaaz me roz ek Qur’an majeed mukaammal karte the aur Maah e Ramazaan me 2 baar Qur’an majeed mukammal karte the.

Aap Aa’imma e Araba me se hain.
Aap ka mazhab e fiqh ‘Shaafi’ ke naam se mash’hoor hai.

Aap dusri sadi ke mujaddid e Islaam hain.

Jab log Hadees me apni taraf se baaten milaane lage tab aap ne sahih ahadees jama karna shuru kiya aur logo ko us ki taalim dena shuru kiya. Log apne mulk me suni hui hadees sahih hai ya nahi ye jaanne ke liye aap ke paas aate the.
Jab logo ne Shariat me apni taraf se baaten milana shuru kiya aur ahkaame shariat batane lage tab aap ne Qur’an, Hadees aur Ijma e Ashaaba wa ulema me se apne Qiyaas ke zariye logo ko ahkaame shariat ke masa’il ke hal batana shuru kiya.
Aur is tarah logo ko jo buri bid’at aur rasmen Islaam me daakhil ho gai thi un se bachne ki aur Sunnato ko apnane ki taaleem di.

Tasannif :
Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :

(1) Kitaab-ul-Risaala Fi-Usool al-Fiqh
(2) Kitaab-ul-Umm (Fiqh)
(3) Kitaab-ul-Sunan
(4) Masnad-ash-Shafi’i (Hadeeṡ)
(5) Ikhtilaaf-ul-Hadees
(6) Ibtaal-ul-Istihsaan
(7) Ahkaam-ul-Qur’an
(8) Biyaaz-ul-Farz
(9) Fazaa’il e Quraish
(10) Deewaan.

Aqwaal :
(1) Jo (ilm ke) samundar me gota lagaata hai wo hi us me se moti paata hai.
(2) Insaan ke Ilm ka paimaana us ne kitna ilm haasil kiya hai ye nahi balke us ilm par kitna amal karta hai ye hai.
(3) Maal o Daulat jama karne me dusro ke saath muqaabala mat karo. Balke hamesha Ibaadat wa neki me un se muqabala karo. Kyun ki Maal sirf dunya me kaam aata hai, magar neki qabr me bhi kaam aati hai.
(4) Kuchh insaan dunya se inteqaal kar jaate hain hai magar un ke achhe kirdaar se hamesha zinda se rehte hain aur kuchh log dunya me ke ba-wajood un ke bure kirdaar ki wajah se murda hote hain.
(5) Waqt talwaar ki tarah hai, Agar tum ne use sahi tarah istemaal na kiya to woh tumhe kaat dega.
(6) Apni zarooraten kam karoge to raahat haasil hogi.

Aap ne apne bhaai ko naseehat karte hue irshaad farmaaya,
“Aye Bhai! Yeh dunya lagzish ki jagah aur ruswa karne waala ghar hai.
Is ki aabaadi Wiraane ki taraf aur is me rehne waale Qabro ki taraf jaa rahe hain.
Is ki thodi cheez bhi judaa hone waali hai. Is ki maaldaari Gharibi ki taraf jaa rahi hai. Is ki kaṡrat me Killat hai aur Is ki muflisi me Maaldaari hain.
ALLĀH ki taraf tawajjoh kar aur us ki di hui rozi par raazi ho jaa.
Jannat ko dunya me girwi na rakho Kyun ki zindagi dhalta hua saaya aur girti Hui deewaar hai.
Is liye amal zyada karo aur ummeede kam kar do.”

(Mukaashfatul Quloob, Safa -207)

Aap ke mash’hoor shaagird :
Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal, Younus ibn Abdul A’ala, Sulaimān bin Daawūd al-Hasyimi, Abu Bakr Abdullāh, Zubair bin Humaidi, Ibrāheem bin al-Munzir al-Hizaami.

Aap Saadaat e kiraam se bahot mohabbat aur adab karte the aur saadaat kam umr ke ho to bhi un ki ta’azeem karte the.

Aap farmaate hain
‘Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki Aal mere liye zariya e nijaat hai
aur ALLĀH ta’ala ki baargaah me mere liye waseela hai.’

Khalifa Hāroon al-Rasheed ke zamaane me Room ka baadshaah suleh-naame ke tahet har saal lagaan ada karta tha. Ek baar us ne apne Paadariyo ke giroh ke saath lagaan bheja aur saath me paighaam bheja ke ‘Agar tumhare ulma in paadriyo ko mubaahisa me hara sake to hum ye saalaana lagaan dena jaari rakhenge aur agar nahi hara sake to hum ise band kar denge.’
Hāroon al-Rasheed ne Imaam Shaafi’i aur dusre ulema ko darya e Dajla (Tigris) ke kinaare jama karke un paadariyo se mubaahisa karke unhe haraane ke liye kaha.
Imaam Shaafi’i ne apna musalla darya e Dajla ke upar bichha diya aur us ke upar baithkar Aap ne un paadariyo se farmaaya ‘Agar tum log mubaahisa karna chaahte ho to yaha darya e Dajla me aa jaao.’
Aap ki ye karaamat dekhkar wo tamaam paadri foran kalma padhkar musalman ho gaye.
Jab ye baat baadshah e Room ko pata chali to us ne kaha ‘Humari qismat achhi hai ke wo shakhs (Imaam Shaafi’i) Room me nahi aaya. Warna shaayad yaha ke tamaam log musalman ho jaate.

Aap ka nikaah Hameeda bint Naafi se hua, jo Unaisah bin Amr ibn Hazrate Uṡmaan Ghani ki nasl se hain.

Aap ka 1 saahabzaada aur 2 saahabzaadiya hain.
Saahabzaada : Abu Uṡmaan Muhammad,
Saahabzaadiya : Faatima, Zainab.

Hāroon al-Rasheed ke zamaane me aap ko Najran ke Qaazi banaaya gaya. Waha ke governor ne Aap par iljaam lagaya ki Aap Alawi ke saath milkar baghaawat ki saazish kar rahe hain.
187 Hijri (803 A.D.) me Aap ko giraftaar karke Raqqa laaya gaya. Waha ke Qaazi Imaam al-Shaybaani ne tehqeeqaat ke baad Aap ko madad ki aur Hāroon al-Rasheed ne iljaam radd kiya aur Imaam Shafi’i ko Baghdad le jaane ke liye kaha.
188 Hijri (804 A.D.) me aap Baghdad chhodkar Makka aa gaye. Aur waha logo ko ta’aleem e deen karte rahe.
Phir 194 Hijri (810 A.D.) me Baghdad waapas aaye.
Abbaasi Khalifa Al-Ma’amoon ne Aap ko Qaazi banne ke liye kaha. Magar Aap ne inkaar kiya.
198 Hijri (814 A.D.) me Baghdad chhodkar Misr (Egypt) chale gaye.

Aap ka wisaal 30 Rajab 204 Hijri (20 January 820 A.D.) ko Shab e Jum’aa ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Fustat (Egypt) me hai.

ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Imaam Muhammad al-Shafi’i rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.