Hazrat Shah Kalimullah Jehanabaad (rahmatullahi alaihi)

image

Hazrat Shah Kaleem-ullah Jahanabadi was grandson of Ustad Ahmed Lahori, the architect of Taj Mahal, and lived in shah jahan’s newly founded capital, Shahjahanabad or simply Jahanabad. Hence Jahanabadi, where he commanded much respect as a sufi. The span of his long lif coincided with Aurangzeb’ compaigning career in the Deccan and he died after crossing the age of eighty in the reign of Muhammad Shah.

image

22 KHAWAJA009422 KHAWAJA009522 KHAWAJA009622 KHAWAJA009722 KHAWAJA0098

 

 

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
Assalamu ‘Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu

Hazrat Shah Kaleem-ullah Jahanabadi established a madrasa there which attracted a large number of students from far and wide who enjoyed free board and lodging. Aurangzeb later ordered the construction of a Khankah for him.

According to the same author the emperor Muhammad Muazzam Bahadur shah I(q.v.) became his disciple in his fourth regnal year(1123/1711)

Shah Kaleem ullah followed the Chisti convention of inclusiveness and had disciples of all faiths.

image

According to the same author the emperor Muhammad Muazzam Bahadur shah I(q.v.) became his disciple in his fourth regnal year(1123/1711)

image

Shah Kaleem ullah followed the Chisti convention of inclusiveness and had disciples of all faiths.He died on 24th Rabi ul awwal , 1142/17th oct. 1729 at an advanced age .
After the mutiny of 1857, the entire quarter wherein stood his khankah was pulled down by the british but his grave was spared. It had remained in a state of neglect and disrepair for some decades when Khwadia Ghulam Farid, spiritual guide of the ruler of Bahawalpur, contributed a large sum for its reconstruction.The dargah is between the Red Fort and the Jami Masjid. An Urs is held every year at his tomb on the occasion of the aniversary of his death. It was regularly attended by the last Mughal Emperor of Delhi Bahadur Shah Zafar and other princes of the royal family.

 

Hazrat Shah Kalimullah Jehanabaad (rahmatullahi alaihi) occupies a very prominent place in the history of Islam and the Chishtia silsila. The golden era of the Chishtia silsila ended with the passing of Khwaja Nasirudeen Chiragh Dehlawi (rahmatullahi alaihi); for though his successors such as Hazrat Kamaludeen (rahmatullahi alaihi) carried on his work ably, the saints of the silsila became outnumbered by numerous false sufis who claimed the rank of sainthood to try and emulate the great power, reverence and influence that the Chishtia order held. Thus despite the utmost attempts of the true mashaaikh, the lofty principles and noble aims of the Chishtia silsila became drowned in a sea of false mystics searching only to increase their own prestige, and their popularity dwindled. It was Shah Kalimullah Jehanabaad (rahmatullahi alaihi) who was responsible for revitalising and restoring the silsila to its former glory. He recreated the infrastructure of the organisation, and reasserted its primary aims as they had been in the time of Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (rahmatullahi alaihi) and his great successors, which were the propagation of Islam and Sufism.

Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) was born on the 24th Jamaad-us-Saani 1060 AH to a noble and well-renowned family of artisans, mathematicians and engineers. His lineage is directly linked to H Abu Bakr Siddiq (rahmatullahi alaihi). His father had been specifically invited to Delhi by the Emperor Shah Jehan to oversee the construction of the Taj Mahal. Hazrat Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) once remarked that “my family’s task was to build palaces and edifices; my responsibility is to build a nation, and the hearts of a people.” He studied religious knowledge under such great ulema as Shaikh Burhani and Shaikh Abu Waida al-Hindi, the uncle of Hazrat Shah Waliullah (rahmatullahi alaihi ajma’een). Along with his families knowledge of mathematics, engineering, astronomy, philosophy and poetry, he was thus afforded an education of unparalleled breadth and depth.

The story of his attraction to Sufism is an interesting one. After becoming a learned alim he fell head over heels in love with a very beautiful girl. So enraptured was he by her that he passed his days in a madness of unrequited love, and wandered eventually into the company of a great majzoob. The majzoob made dua for him to Allah, and the very next day Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) found his love returned by the girl. However, at that very moment, Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) realised how limited his love for this mortal being was, and how much greater and deeper his love for the inner, eternal beauty of the majzoob was. Immediately he returned to the majzoob and begged to study under him. But the saint, realising that Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) was already burning up with Allah’s love, replied that all he had was fire; rather Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) should go to Shaykh Yahya Madini (rahmatullahi alaihi), for he was a sea of knowledge who would be able to cool his fire and guide him along the path. So inspired was Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) by this statement that he immediately left for Madinatul Munawwarah. Coming into the company of Shaykh Yahya Madini (rahmatullahi alaihi), he realised that there was another, deeper aspect of Islam that even he, a learned professor of deen, knew nothing of. Accepted as a mureed, he underwent strict trials and mujahedas for six years before being given the Khalifa-e-azam of Shaykh Yahya Madini (rahmatullahi alaihi). Then he was ordered to return to India and given the heavy task of restoring the Chishtia silsila in India to its former greatness.

Arriving in Delhi, he founded not only a famous Darul Uloom, but also a great Khanqah near the Jaami Mosque which his family had built. This khanqah was to become the nerve centre of a revitalised Chistiyya silsila as it once again blossomed and sent its seedlings out over India. His aim in life was to propagate the deen of Islam, and his university served this end very well. Not only did people receive outward knowledge of deen and sciences such as mathematics and astronomy, but also the inward knowledge of sufism. From here missionaries were sent out across the whole of India, such as for example his khalifa Khwaja Nizamudeen Aurungabaadi (rahmatullahi alaihi).

Hazrat Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) lived a life of complete tawakkul or reliance in Allah. His manner and teachings, both outward and inward, were exactly in accordance with the sunnah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). He renewed the original principles of Khwaja Moinudeen Chishti (rahmatullahi alaihi) of never accepting gifts or having anything to do with the rulers of the time, a practice that had slipped into disuse after Khwaja Nasirudeen Chiragh (rahmatullahi alaihi). Such was the power of his holy presence that even the King of Delhi used to be awestruck by him, and never spoke in his company without permission. From his khanqah in Delhi, Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) would organise the Chishtia silsila across India via a great network of missionaries and khulafa. In this way the great internal cohesion that was the hallmark of the Golden Era of the Chishtis was re-established. He was so adamant about the pre-eminence of propagating Islam that he ordered every mureed of his to make it their aim in life to spread the religion. He wished to ensure that all men and women entered and progressed in Islam through love, rather than by any compulsion.

Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) wrote many books in his time as well which have been received by international acclaim. Among these were a tafseer or commentary on the Holy Quran and books of hadith. His most famous work, Kashkhol e Kaleemi, is regarded by the mashaaikh of past and present as the foremost work on the training of a spiritual disciple. Ruqqa, another book of his, prepares a beginner to enter the path to Allah. Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) saw no difference between men and women on the spiritual path, training and urging both genders equally to propagate Islam amongst others of their sex. He stressed that women are the mothers of the nation, and that they were the first and most important teachers of their children.

Shah Kalimullah (rahmatullahi alaihi) passed away at the age of 79 after a lifetime spent in the propagation of Islam. He left behind twenty khulafa, all of whom became great walis of their times. Because of his great services to Islam and sufism he has rightly been called the Reviver of Islam in India. So influential were his teachings and methods of propagation that they have been copied and referred to by all the shaikhs from his time onwards. Khwaja Habib Ali Shah used to keep copies of Kashkhol-e-Kaleemi with him all the time, and used the great wali’s methods in his own great Khanqah in Hyderabad. May Allah give us the ability to follow the practice of this great shaikh and servant of Islam with our actions, thoughts and hearts.

47322205_1449119725222547_8442232758339633152_n

Hazrat Khwaja Shaah Kaleemullāh Jahanabadi rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Aap ki wilaadat 24 Jamaadi ul aakhir 1060 Hijri (1650 A.D.) me Delhi me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Haaji Noorullāh bin Ustaad Ahmad Muamar Lahori al-Siddeeqi hai.

Aap Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.

Aap ke daada ne Taaj Mahaal aur Laal Qila ki taameer me hissa liya tha.

****************
Aap ne Hazrat Abul Rida Muhammad se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap ne Shaikh Burhaan-ud-deen aur Shaikh Bahlool se Kalaam ki ta’aleem haasil ki.

Phir aap ne Hajj e Baitullāh ada kiya.
Aap ne kuchh arse tak Makka aur Madeena me qayaam karke bahot saare aalimo aur buzurgho se Taswwuf ki ta’aleem haasil ki.

****************
Madeena munawwara me ek baar ek khajoor ke baagh me baithe hue the. Khwaja Yahyā Madani rahmatullāhi alaihi ne ek shakhs se farmaaya ke ‘Shaher ke baahar kaafle ke saath Kaleemullāh naam ka ek shakhs khajoor ke baagh me baitha hua hai, us ko hamare paas le aao.’ Wo shakhs waha gaya aur aap ka naam lekar aawaaz di. Aap ne aawaaz to sun li thi lekin aap ye samjhe ke wo kisi aur ko bula raha hai.
Us Shakhs ne waapas aakar Hazrat se arz kiya ke ‘Waha is naam ka koi shakhs nahi hai. Maine aawaaz di magar kisi ne jawaab nahi diya.’ Hazrat ne us se farmaaya ke ‘Phir se jaao aur Kaleemullāh Jahanabadi kehkar aawaaz do.’

Us shakhs ne aisa hi kiya. Jab aap ne us ki aawaaz suni to aap ko yaqeen hua ke Wo mujhe hi bula raha hai. Aap ne us ko jawaab diya aur us ke saath chalkar Khwaja Yahyā Madani ki baargah me haazir hue aur ba’ait se musharraf hokar Khirqa e Khilaafat haasil kiya. Kuchh arse tak aap Peer o murshid ki khidmat me rahe aur faiz haasil kiya.

Aap ko Meer Mohtaram ne Naqshbandi silsila ki aur Shaikh Muhammad Ghayaaṡ ne Qsaadri silsila ki ijaazat ata farmaai.

Phir Delhi aakar madrasa aur ribat ki taamir ki aur talba ko ta’aleem dena shuru kiya.

Mughal Baadshaah Aurangzeb ne aap ki khaanqaah ki taameer ki.
Baadshaah Muhammad Muazzam Bahaadur shaah Aap ke mureed the.

****************
Aap ke mash’hoor shaagird :
(1) Khwaja Shaikh Nizaam-ud-deen Aurangabadi
(2) Maulana Sayyed Saeed-ud-deen Rizwi
(3) Shaah Mohammad Haashim
(4) Maulana Shaah Zia-ud-deen
(5) Maulana Shaah Jamaal-ud-deen Jaipuri
(6) Maulana Shaah Jalaal-ud-deen
(7) Maulana Shaah Mohammad Ali
(8) Maulana Shaah Abdul Lateef
(9) Maulana Shaah Haafiz Mohammad Abdullāh
(10) Maulana Abdus Samad
(11) Makhdoom Shaikh Tharu
(12) Shaikh Badi-ud-deen urfe Shaikh Madari Nagori
(13) Khwaja Mustafa Muradabadi
(14) Sayyed Mohammed Ali
(15) Shaikh Budhan
(16) Haafiz Mahmood
(17) Haafiz Saeed Shaah
(18) Shaah Asadullāh
(19) Qaazi Abdul Wali
(20) Shaah Jaleel Qaadri.

****************
Tasannif :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :
(1) Tilka Asharat Kaamilah
(2) Kashkul e Kaleemi (Chishti buzurgo ke Azkaar ka majmua)
(3) Muraqqa Kaleemi
(4) Sawa alssabeel e Kaleemi.

 Aap ne Hazrat Khwaja Nizaam-ud-deen Auliya Aurangabadi rahmatullāhi alaihi ko jo khat likhe hain unhe ‘Maktoobaat e Kaleemi’ me jama kiye gaye hain.

****************
Karaamat :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
(1) Madeena munawwara me qayaam ke dauraan aap shaher se kuchh door ‘Rabaat e Aamir’ makaan me rehte the. Ek baar aap ne logo ko Rabaat se baahar nikalne ke liye farmaay aur khud bhi baahar tashreef laaye. Aap ke baahar tashreef laate hi rabaat ki chhat tootkar gir gai.

(2) Aap ke ek mureed ka amrood ka baagh tha. Us ke darakht sukh gaye. Us ne aap se arz kiya. Aap ne apne wuzu ka bacha hua paani use dekar farmaaya ke ‘Is ko sukhe darakhto me daal dena.’ Us ne aisa hi kiya aur ALLĀH ke fazl se darakht hare bhare ho gaye.

(3) Ek baar Yamuna nadi me sailaab aane ki wajah se Delhi shaher ke aadhe ilaake me paani bhar gaya. Aap ne nadi ko apni had me rehne ke liye farmaaya to foran paani kam hone laga aur log mehfooz ho gaye.

(4) Aap ki dua se bahot saare mareezo ne shifa paai.
Ek baar ek na-bina ladki ne aap ki baargaah me aakar arz kiya. Aap ko raham aaya aur us ke liye dua farmai to use aankho ki roshni mil gai.

****************
Aap Hazrat Khwaja Yahyā Chishti Madani rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.

Aap ‘Chishti Kaleemi’ silsila jaari hai.

Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Khwaja Nizaam-ud-deen Aurangabadi rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Maulana Saeed-ud-deen Rizvi rahmatullāhi alaihi.

****************
Aap ka wisaal 24 Rabi ul awwal 1142 Hijri (17 October 1729 A.D.) ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Meena Bazar, Shah Jahanabad (Delhi) me Jaama Masjid ke qareeb hai.

****************
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Shaah Kaleemullāh Jahanabadi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.