Hazrat Sayyid Abdul Hai Hasani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علی

 

Maulana Sayed Abdul Hai Hasani (Rh) was born on 2nd December 1869
(18th Ramzan 1286 A.H.) in a gentle family in Ray Bariely. His linage genealogy
touched relation with Hazrat Ali (Ra) whose descendents are well-known in India
as ‘Hasani’ in regards of the title of his son Hazrat Imam Hasan (Ra). Much
wisemen, scholars, saints, and endeavourers were brought into being amongst this
family. From amongst his fore-fathers, it was Hazrat Shah A’lam Ullah successor
of Hazrat Imam Rabbani Mujaddid-e-Alf Thani in eleventh century Hijri and the
reformer Hazrat Sayed Ahmad Shahid (Rh) in thirteenth century Hijri specially were
renowned. Naturally, he had the extreme patience and comparatively leading a
solitude life. 

Maulana Abdul Hai Hasani, as a child, began his regular academic
career in Lucknow. He learnt primary Nahu, Sarf, Fiqh, Usui and Tafsir with the
help and under the guidance of renowned Ulama of Lucknow. Later in time, he
visited to the centre place of Ulama in Bhupal to acquire further education and he
learnt the total texts of Hadith, literature with the help of the scholars of the place.
He studied medicine under the help and guidance of famous physician Abdul Ali.
Again he returned Lucknow and practiced of medicine in Mustawasif. Afterward he
went Delhi, Saharanpur and Deoband, where he came close-association with the
venerable learned persons such as Saikh Rashid Ahmad Ganguhi and Muhaddith
Nazir Husain Dehlawi and others. The teachers who taught him –
Maulana Muhammad Husain Allahabadi,
Maulavi Amir Ali,
Maulavi Fatih Muhammad Tayyab,
Maulana Muhammad Nai’m Firangi Mahali,
Maulana Sayed Ahmad Dehlawi,
Muhaddith Husain bin Mohsin al-Yamani,
Hakim Abdul Ali and
Hakim Abdul A’ziz.
He visited many educational institutions and attended the meeting of
several renowned scholars. He took oath of allgiance at the hand of Fazlur
Rahman Ganj Muradabadi (Rh) and Haji Imadad Ullah Muhajir Makki (Rh).
From the very beginning he attached himself with Nadwatul Ulama and
visited different places for the cause of Nadwah. Due to his attachment and
sacrifice he was nominated to assistant Nazim on 25th December 1895. Later intime, fotunately, he was upgraded as Nazim on 13th April 1915. During his service
period as Nazim he passed many resolutions for the development of Nadwatul
Ulama. During the period of the first World War and Khilaphat Movement he had to
be faced trouble-some disorders. On the one hand, the country had to be suffered
economic crisis, so Nadwatul Ulama fell in difficulties to arrange annual meeting.
On the other hand, mind of students of Nadwah was diverted from their studies to
politics due to the Khilaphat movement. In this circumstance, he took step with
patience and unfolded the problemes smoothly.
After “Subhat ul-Marjan fi A’athar-i-Hindustan  of Maulana Azad Bilgirami, single copy of a book is not to be found on
the life and works of Ulama and the scholars in Arabic. That is why, in this regard
Abdul Hai Hasani could not left a single literary treasure and publishers in India in
search of document on life and works of Ulama and scholars. And collectively the
materials during a long period of twenty years he accomplished a book “Nuzahat
ul- Khawatir” in eight volumes.
He took his last breath on 2nd February beween Friday and Saturday
mid-night, 1923 ( 15th Jamadi ul-Thani 1341 A.H.) and was buried at Ray Bariely
in the campus of the graves of his fore-fathers Shah Alam Ullah Naqshbandi (Rh).

Works of Maulana Abul Hai Hasani –
1. Nuzhat ul-Khawatir wa Bahajat al-Masami’ wa al-Nawazir  presently known as – Al-I’lam Biman fi Tarikh al-Hindi

2. Ma’rif al-Awarif fi Anwa ul-Ulum wa al-Ma’rif
3. Talkhis al-Akhhar 
4. Sharah al-Muwallaqat al-Saba’a
5. Al-Thaqafat al-lslamiah fil Hind 
6. Al Hind fil al-Ahdil Islami 
7. Jannat ai-Mashriq 
8. Yad-e Ayyam 
9. Gul-e R’ana

Dr. Sayyid Abdul Hai Hasani Rh (1869 – 1923) was the father of Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi Rh and a prominent historian, a renowned muhaddis and a God-fearing scholar of Islam.

Early Days

He was born on 18th of Ramadhan Al-Mubarak 1286 Hijri at village Daera-e-Shah Alamullah (Takiya Kalan) in district Raebareli. He was nurtured in a literary and religious environment where scholars like Shah Ziaun Nabi Rh and his father Sayyid Fakhruddin Khayali were present in hometown; and in maternal home of Haswa, Fatehpur, the presence of Hazrat Shah Sayyid Abdus Salaam Rh disciple of Shah Ahmad Saeed Dehlavi Naqshbandi Rh was the center of religious knowledge for everyone.

Education

He achieved his primary education in his maternal home in Haswa. For further education he went to Lucknow and then Bhopal where he studied various subjects from their experts. He learnt Hadiths from Shaikh Husain bin Hasan Al-Ansari. During school age, he became the disciple of Fazlur Rahman Ganj Muradabadi, there he attained special attention, and completed his exercise under Shah Ziaun Nabi and granted with Ijazat, and even Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki granted him with Ijazat.

Career

He started his service to Nadwatul Ulama from 1313 Hijri and for a period of time, remained Vice-Rector without benefit with patience and perseverance, later upon the emphasis of members, he started taking the salary, which continued for ten years. Subsequently, he started his own clinic for livelihood.

When the conflict in Nadwatul Ulama rose to its peak, he was chosen the Rector of Nadwatul Ulama by mutual consent. The period of his rectorate was spent in erasing the effects of conflicts, restoration of the institution’s glory and ending its financial crisis.

Allah had granted him a sensitive heart. He usually supported with his heart and soul the efforts concerning reformation and vicissitudes. His temperament was of solitary nature and complete devotion to Allah. He dedicated most of his time in studying and writing books. He also continued his lectures: he used to impart lectures in Commentary of Quran, Hadith, Arabic Literature as well as medicine. Lectures on Hadith continued to the day he died and he did not miss even that day.

He had complete command on Urdu, Persian and Arabic Literatures. He has a deep interest in history and he maintains an expert’s reputation regarding Islamic history of India. He had a good taste in commentary of Quran and Hadith. During his last days, his interest in Hadith rose to great heights. He left behind many masterpiece literary works, among which “Nuzhatul Khawatir” is remarkable consisting of eight expansive volumes, it constitutes short biographies of about four thousands and five hundreds famous and prominent personalities. Furthermore, among his noteworthy works are “Al-Hind Fi Ahd Al-Islami” and “Al-Saqafah Al-Islamiya Fil-Hind” were also published and commonly acclaimed. In Hadith, he compiled an excellent collection by the name of “Talkhees Al-Akhbaar” and this has been included into the syllabus of various madrasas by the name of “Tehzeeb Al-Akhlaq”.

WISAL

He died on 15th of Jumadil-Akhirah 1341 Hijri about February 1923 CE. He left behind two sons: Dr. Sayyid Abdul Ali Hasani, Sheikh Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi and three daughters. Both of the sons became prominent for their literary and religious works, and daughters also made efficient contributions in the service to Islam.

Some Books :

Nuzhat-Al-Khawatir

India During Muslim Rule

tahdhib al akhlaq 

 

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