Hazrat Fuzail Bin Ayaz

Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Fuzail Bin Ayaz (rahmatullah alayh)

Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Fuzail Bin Ayaz (RA) was a thief who renounced his crimes and became a Muslim ascetic. A number of birthplaces have been attributed to Fuḍayl, including Samarkand, Merv, Mosul and Balkh; meaning he could be identified as a Turkomen, Iraqi , Azeri etc.

Prior to his conversion, Fuḍayl led a group of bandits, or highwayman, in Syria and Khorasan, raiding caravans and robbing travelers. Even during this time, he was a Muslim, keeping his five daily salat prayers, fasting as required and forbidding his men to uncover any women found among the victims. During this time, he was deeply in love with a woman, and would often send her tokens from his stolen treasures.

He operated in the desert attacking and looting passing caravans. Even while a bandit he wore simple garments of sackcloth and a woollen cap. A tasbeeh was always strung around his neck. When his band of dacoits brought their plunder, he would take whatever he desired and distribute the remainder among them.

Although his profession was dacoity, he always performed Salaat in Jamaat. He would expel any member of his band, who did not participate in Jamaat Salaat.

Another noble trait in him was that he had strict instructions for observing the Purdah of the female travellers in the caravans. Sufficient means for continuance of the caravan’s journey were also left with the people. Fuzail Bin Iyaaz would also keep account of the persons and the amounts he robbed. (Allah Ta’ala had wonderful plans for Hadhrat Fuzail, hence these noble characteristics were in him despite him being the leader of dacoits.)

One story of his banditry has a rich merchant, fearful of running into bandits, mistake Fuḍayl for an honest man and ask him to hide the majority of his wealth lest bandits find him. As the merchant continued on his way, he was robbed of his remaining wealth by Fuḍayl’s men. When the merchant returned to Fuḍayl to recover the majority of his wealth, he was dismayed to find the bandits who had robbed him there surrounding the man he had trusted; however Fuḍayl indicated that he was a god-fearing man, and would not betray his trust, therefore motioning the merchant to reclaim the wealth he had left in trust with him.

Fuḍayl was climbing a wall simply watching a passing caravan;[4] when Fuḍayl heard someone reciting the Quranic chapter of Al-Hadid, and when he heard 57:16, which reads “Has not the Time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah and of the Truth which has been revealed (to them), and that they should not become like those to whom was given Revelation aforetime, but long ages passed over them and their hearts grew hard? For many among them are rebellious transgressors”, he realised that he was a hypocrite to claim both submission to God, and banditry.

With his new found piety, Fuḍayl left his criminal ways and wandered through the desert where he found a caravan camping – and overheard two men warning each other to be wary lest the bandit Fuḍayl ibn Iyad find them. Fuḍayl stepped out and introduced himself, acknowledging that he had repented and was no longer a danger.

After this, Fuḍayl tried to visit each of his known victims to repay them what he had stolen from them, and when he ran out of available goods, he visited them to beg their forgiveness. However one Jew refused to forgive him until he had been repaid, and ordered Fuḍayl to move a pile of dirt in front of his house to work off his debt. After several days of work, a hurricane blew away the pile of dirt, and Fuḍayl explained to the Jew that God had aided him. The Jew then placed a bag of dirt on his bed and asked Fuḍayl to bring it to him, and remarked upon discovering that the dirt had turned to gold that he now believed in the religion of Fuḍayl, and asked to become a Muslim.

After his conversion, Fuḍayl moved to Kufa, in modern-day Iraq, and studied under Ja’far al-Sadiq and Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid and taught Ibrahim ibn Adham, Bishr the Barefoot and Sari Sakti. When Fuḍayl determined to make the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, he approached his wife and told her that he had to leave on the long and dangerous journey, but that he was willing to grant her a divorce if she wished to remarry in his absence. She refused, and said she would prefer to accompany him on the trip. He remained in Mecca for a long time, and studied under Abu Hanifa. He had at least one son, named Ali, and two daughters.

The gates of oratory were opened to him, and he began to preach in a manner that soon the entire Islamic world knew of him. One of his most famous pupils was Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal. He becale the greates disciple of his murshid, and also acquired Khilafat from Abu Iyadh ibn Mansur, whose silsilah reaches Sayyidina Abu Bakar r.a. Thus, through Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail, the chain of the Chishtiya order arises from both the great Sahaba Imams of Tasawwuf, Prince of faithful Hazrat Imam Ali and Hazrat Abu Bakar r.a

Khwaja Fuzail was one of the greatest of the early Sufis, who in that formative period of Islam, were distinguished not specialized action or formal designation, but by the loftiness of their characters and their closeness to Allah. It was about one of Khwaja Fuzail’s Khalifa, Hazrat Bashr al-Hafi, that Imam Ahmed Hanbal said, “ I know fiqh, tafsir, logic, Hadith and linguistics better than he, but he knows my Lord better than I.” What was true fo the pupil was even more true for the master. The Sufis were held in awe by all around them by virtue of their tremendous piety, even though their peers were the greatest of Imams of religion. It was said of Imam Abu Hanifah, “ how could he possibly have lapsed into error or impiety, with a companion like al-Fuzail to guide and correct him?”

Many stories are told of his extreme discipline. He used to perform the continous fast that became a hallmark of the zahidin (ascetics), eating only after several days. He also used to perform up to 500 nawafil salah in a day and night. One of the titles afforded to Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail and his contemporaries was ‘al-Bakkaa’in—the Weepers—for they used to spend nights awake weeping out of fear of displeasing Allah. Such was his adherence to the Sunnah that, when he once forgetfully washed his arm twice instead of three times in wuduh, Rasulullah swm himself came to remind him of his lapse. He achieved wide repute also as an authority on hadith, and in the biographical dictionaries he is noted as narrator of the highest reliability and trustworthiness.

Once the Caliph Harun al-Rasheed came to him for advice. His words left the emperor beside himself with sorrow. Harun declared, “ it is Fuzail (not I) which is a king among men. His boldness is extreme, and the very world is contemptible in his eyes.”

Aphorism

· Imam bin Hanbal heard Khwaja Fuzail say, ‘whoever pursues leadership will be disgraced. Remain insignificant, and do not live as though you are a great man.’

· He who acquires masifah billah ( true knowledge of Allah) without love will be destroyed by pride. He who acquires Khauf ( fear of Allah) without love, terror and despondency will stop him attaining closeness to his Lord.

· More surprising than seeing a person crying in paradise, is the sight of a person laughing on earth.

· One day Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail was standing at Arafat, witnessing all the thousands of pilgrims weeping and calling upon God for mercy. “ Subhanallah !” he exclaimed. “ if all these thousand went to one man and asked him together for a single penny, do you think he would refuse? “ No,” came the response. “ Well, it is easier for Almighty Allah to forgive them all, than for that man to give them a penny. Surely he is most bountiful.”

Fuḍayl was noted for his anti-social nature, and many examples exist of this. When crowds began to gather around his Meccan home, eager for the chance to see him, he would often dissuade them, one time standing on his roof to thank them all and tell them that he prayed God would give them meaningful employment for their time. He was rather noted for his preference for solitude, at one point saying he wished he would become ill so that he did not have meet people and could avoid going out to public prayers. Another quote that survives from him is that “I am grateful to a man who does not greet me when he sees me and does not visit me when I am sick”.

When Fuḍayl understood that his death may be near, he told his wife to take his daughters to Mount Abu Qais, in Mecca, and tell God that Fuḍayl had cared for them all his life and now they were in God’s hands

Hazrat Khwaja Fuzailibn Ayaz r.a attained unity with Beloved in 187 AH in Makkah whilst listening to the recitation of Surah al-Qariah , he gave a fearful cry and died. Hazrat Abdullah bin Mubarak r.a reported that, at the moment of his death, a cry was heard from the heaven and silence settled over the earth. He is buried in Janaat al-Maala, near the resting place of Hazrat Khatija al-Kubra r.a. The most famous of his Khulfa were Hazrat Bashr Hafi and Hazrat Khwaja Ibrahim bin Adham.

Following his wishes, his widow took their two daughters to Mount Abu Qais, where they were greeted by the King of Yemen who was travelling with his two sons, and two marriages were thus arranged.

Fudhayl bin Iyaadh (rah) are amongst the Rijaal of all major hadith works and they are unanimously agreed upon to be “THIQA (RELIABLE)” “SUDUQ (TRUTHFUL)” “THIQA THABIT (UTTERLY RELIABLE) “SALIH (RIGHTEOUS)” etc.hence the hadith science itself reaches us through eminent Sufis.

Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail Ibn Ayaz r.a

Far too long the pages of my heart been sealed.

Illuminate it now-as shine the gardens-

Heads prostrate are the dwellers of the gardens.

Salutations to you, Oh Fuzail Ibn Ayaz !

Do grant me devotion and abstinence,

Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail Ibn Ayaz began his career somewhat ignominiously as a highwayman, playing the prosperous trade route between Bavard and Merv. As the chief of a group of bandits, he would wear the woolen garb of a dervish and tie a tasbih around his neck, while dividing the spoils of his gang amongst themselves. He was the epitome of the chivalrous highwayman; women in the caravan he would leave with dignity and belongings intact, he would never steal from one of small means, and he always left the merchants with some portion of their goods. Once a rich caravan was headed for the region, and its leader decided to hide a bad of gold with Fuzail r.a who looked for all the world to be a holy man.

“I entrusted you with my money,” he told the highwayman, “If we do get robbed, at least I will have something to fall back on.” The caravan proceeded and sure enough was waylaid by the robbers. The merchant then returned to the tent of Fuzail r.a, only to see him casually dividing up the spoils ! However, his astonishment redoubled when the highwayman told him to claim his gold, which was where he left it. “ Ah!” Fuzail’s peers,” we did not find one gold dhiram in the caravan, and there you go and return ten thousand to him!”

“ He had a good opinion of me” Fuzail r.a replied, “ I have always had a good opinion of Allah, that he will cause me to repent my ways one day.” And such proved to be the case; for Allah accepts sincere prayers, even the prayers of a sinner. That day came, when, approaching a caravan, he heard a man reciting the following verse from the Holy Quran,

“ Has the time not come for the healers of those who believe to be humbled in the remembrance of God?”

Those words pierced him like an arrow, and he fell to the ground in tears of repentance. Immediately he discarded his evil ways and, by means of absoloution, he sought out every single one of his vicitims, repaying each them what he had taken from them. He then went to the court of the sultan, confessing his crimes and begging that judgement be meted out of him. However, the sultan, seeing upon him the marks of righteousness, refused to punish him.

Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail r.a then took his family and departed for the holy lands, working as a water-carrier to earn a living. He settled for a while in Kufah, where he spent time in the company of Imam Abu Hanifa r.a. Hearing the tremendous reputation of Imam al-Hassan Basri, he travelled to Basra hoping to become his murid. However, when he arrived, he found that the Imam ahd already passed away, and he took Baya’h with his Khalifa, Hazrat Khwaja Imam Abd al-Wahid.

The gates of oratory were opened to him, and he began to preach in a manner that soon the entire Islamic world knew of him. One of his most famous pupils was Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal. He becale the greates disciple of his murshid, and also acquired Khilafat from Abu Iyadh ibn Mansur, whose silsilah reaches Sayyidina Abu Bakar r.a. Thus, through Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail, the chain of the Chishtiya order arises from both the great Sahaba Imams of Tasawwuf, Prince of faithful Hazrat Imam Ali and Hazrat Abu Bakar r.a

Khwaja Fuzail was one of the greatest of the early Sufis, who in that formative period of Islam, were distinguished not specialized action or formal designation, but by the loftiness of their characters and their closeness to Allah. It was about one of Khwaja Fuzail’s Khalifa, Hazrat Bashr al-Hafi, that Imam Ahmed Hanbal said, “ I know fiqh, tafsir, logic, Hadith and linguistics better than he, but he knows my Lord better than I.” What was true fo the pupil was even more true for the master. The Sufis were held in awe by all around them by virtue of their tremendous piety, even though their peers were the greatest of Imams of religion. It was said of Imam Abu Hanifah, “ how could he possibly have lapsed into error or impiety, with a companion like al-Fuzail to guide and correct him?”

Many stories are told of his extreme discipline. He used to perform the continous fast that became a hallmark of the zahidin (ascetics), eating only after several days. He also used to perform up to 500 nawafil salah in a day and night. One of the titles afforded to Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail and his contemporaries was ‘al-Bakkaa’in—the Weepers—for they used to spend nights awake weeping out of fear of displeasing Allah. Such was his adherence to the Sunnah that, when he once forgetfully washed his arm twice instead of three times in wuduh, Rasulullah swm himself came to remind him of his lapse. He achieved wide repute also as an authority on hadith, and in the biographical dictionaries he is noted as narrator of the highest reliability and trustworthiness.

Once the Caliph Harun al-Rasheed came to him for advice. His words left the emperor beside himself with sorrow. Harun declared, “ it is Fuzail (not I) which is a king among men. His boldness is extreme, and the very world is contemptible in his eyes.”

Aphorism

  • Imam bin Hanbal heard Khwaja Fuzail say, ‘whoever pursues leadership will be disgraced. Remain insignificant, and do not live as though you are a great man.’
  • He who acquires masifah billah ( true knowledge of Allah) without love will be destroyed by pride. He who acquires Khauf ( fear of Allah) without love, terror and despondency will stop him attaining closeness to his Lord.
  • More surprising than seeing a person crying in paradise, is the sight of a person laughing on earth.
  • One day Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail was standing at Arafat, witnessing all the thousands of pilgrims weeping and calling upon God for mercy. “ Subhanallah !” he exclaimed. “ if all these thousand went to one man and asked him together for a single penny, do you think he would refuse? “ No,” came the response. “ Well, it is easier for Almighty Allah to forgive them all, than for that man to give them a penny. Surely he is most bountiful.”

Hazrat Khwaja Fuzailibn Ayaz r.a attained unity with Beloved in 187 AH in Makkah whilst listening to the recitation of Surah al-Qariah , he gave a fearful cry and died. Hazrat Abdullah bin Mubarak r.a reported that, at the moment of his death, a cry was heard from ehaven and silence settled over the earth. He is buried in Janaat al-Maala, near the resting place of Hazrat Khatija al-Kubra r.a. The most famous of his Khulfa were Hazrat Bashr Hafi and Hazrat Khwaja Ibrahim bin Adham.

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Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail bin Ayaaz rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Aap ke waalid ka naam Ayyaaz bin Bishr hai.

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Aap daakoo ke giroh ke sardaar the aur Shaam aur Khurasan ke musaafiro ko lootkar apna guzraan karte the.
Us waqt me bhi aap paabandi ke saath namaaz ada karte the, roze rakhte the aur aurto ko be-parda karne se ya takleef dene se mana karte the.

Ek martaba ek qaafila waha se guzar raha tha. Ek saudagar ne mashwara diya ke hum apna qeemati saamaan aur sona chaandi kahi chhupa den to daakoo lootne ke liye aaye to hamara maal bach jaaye. Wo salaamat jagah ki talaash karta hua us jagah par pahuncha jaha Fuzail bin Ayaaz the. Aap ke haath me tasbeeh dekhkar us ne socha ke ye nek insaan maaloom hota hai. Us ne apna maal hifaazat ke liye aap ko rakhne ke liye diya. Aap ne use ek kone me rakhne ke liye kaha.
Qaafila aage badha to dakaito ne roka aur un ka maal loot liya. Jab daakoo chale gaye to wo shakhs aap ke khaime me waapas aaya to us ne dekha ke aap loot ke maal ko dakaito me baant rahe the. Us ne socha ke Ab mujhe mera maal waapas nahi milega. Aap ne us shakhs ko dekhkar kaha ke ‘Us kone me se tumhara maal le lo.’ Aap ke saathiyo ne aap se kaha ‘Aaj loot me zyada maal nahi mila hai. Agar aap is ka maal na lautaate to hume zyada maal mil jaata. Aap ne kaha ‘Wo apna maal mere paas batore amaanat chhod gaya tha aur main amaanat me khayaanat nahi karta.’

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Is ke baad ek din Aap ke saathi ek qaafle ko loot kar maal Aap ke saamne laaye to us me ek thaila tha jo sone se bhara hua tha aur us par ‘Aayatul Kursi’ likhi hui thi.

Aap ne wo thaila utha liya aur us ke maalik ko bula kar us ko wo Sone se bhara hua thaila waapas kar diya. Saathiyo ko bada ta’ajjub hua aur kaha ke ‘Is me badi daulat thi use Aap ne waapas kar diya?’ Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Mujhe ye khauf hua ke wo log jo Qur’an e majeed aur Aayatul Kursi par aitemaad rakhte hain jab ye dekhenge ke thaile par Aayatul Kursi likhne se koi faa’ida na hua, thaila loot liya gaya, to kahi aisa na ho ke Qur’an e paak aur Aayatul Kursi se door ho jaayen aur us ka wabaal mere sar ho.’

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Is ke chand din baad ek martaba ek qaafila guzar raha tha jis me ek Qaari tilaawate Qur’an kar rahe the. Jab Aap ne ye aayat suni ke ‘Kya eimaan waalo ke liye wo waqt nahi aaya ke un ke dil ALLĀH ki yaad ke liye aajizi ke saath jhuk jaaye. (Surah al-Hadeed, Aayat 16)’ to aap ke dil ka aalam badal badal gaya. Aur aap ko ehsaas hua ke main ibaadat aur loot dono kar raha hu to ye Fisq hai.
Aap ne foran tauba ki aur loot aur dakaiti chhod diya aur sehra me ghumne lage.
Ek martaba aap ne 2 aadamiyo ko baat karte suna. Jis me ek shakhs dusre se keh raha the ke ‘Yaha se aage sambhalkar jaana hoga. Aage daakoo Fuzail bin Ayaaz ka ilaaqa hai.’ Ye sunkar aap un ke qareeb gaye aur kaha ke ‘Main hi Fuzail bin Ayaaz hu. Ab main badal gaya hu aur aap ko koi khatra nahi hai.’
Is ke baad aap ne jin ka maal loota tha un sab logo se milkar un ko batore muawaza maal dekar un se muafi maangne lage.

Ek Yahudi ne aap ko muaf karne se inkaar kiya. Aap ne kaha ‘Tum jo chaaho wo karne ke liye main tayyaar hum agar mujhe muaf kar do.’ Us ne kaha ‘Mere ghar ke saamne jo ret ka dher hai use hata do.’ Aap us ret ke dher ko saaf karne lage. Kuchh din baad ALLĀH ke fazl se ek tez toofaan aaya aur us koode ko dher ko waha se hata diya. Is ke baad Yahudi ne apne bistar ke neeche se ashrafi se bhari ek thaili aap ko laane ke liye kaha. Aap ne wo thaili lekar aaye. Yahudi ne thaili dekhi to us me ashrafiya thi. Wo foran kalma padhkar musalman ho gaya. Us ne bataaya ke us thaili me kachra bhara hua tha aur aap ki sachi tauba ki wajah se wo soni ki ashrafiyo me tabdeel ho gaya.

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Jab aap ne Hajj ka iraada kiya to aap ne apni zauja se farmaaya ‘Main ek lambe aur pur khatar safar par jaa raha hu. Is liye main tumhe aazaad kar dena chaahta hu taake agartum chaaho to dusra nikaah kar sako.’ Aap ki zauja ne inkaar kiya aur kaha ke ‘Main hamesha aap ke saath rahi hu. Is liye is safar me bhi aap ke saath aana chaahti hu.’

Aap ne taweel arse tak Makka mukarrama me qayaam karke auliya aur asfiya se faiz haasil karte rahe.
Phir Kufa me Hazrat Imaam e aazam Abu Haneefa Nomaan bin Saabit se Fiqh ki taaleem haasil ki.

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Hazrat Khwaja Hasan basri rahmatullāhi alaihi ke baare me sunkar aap Basra gaye. Basra pahunchkar aap ko pata chala ke Khwaja Hasan Basri ka wisaal ho gaya hai. Aap un ke khalifa Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Waahid bin Zaid rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue.

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Aap har roz 500 rak’at namfl namaaz padhte.

Aap rozaana 2 Khatm Qur’an majeed mukammal karte.

Aap kai dino tak lagaataar roze rakhkar iftaar karte.

Aap akṡar raat ke waqt rokar munaajaat karte rehte.

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Ek martaba raat ko Khalifa Hāroon al-Rasheed ne apne wazeer se kaha ke ‘Mujhe kisi buzurgh ke paas le chalo. Main apne dil ki sakhti aur kharaabi door karna chaahta hu.’
Wazeer khalifa ko Hazrat Sufyaan bin Uyainah rahmatullāhi alaihi ke paas lekar gaya. Darwaaze par dastak di to Hazrat ne puchha ‘Kaun hai?’ Wazeer ne kaha ‘Khalifa aaye hain.’ Hazrat ne andar se kaha ‘Mujhe pehle bataana chaahiye tha. Main khud aa jaata.’ Khalifa ne kaha ‘Mujhe jis buzurgh ki talaash hai wo ye nahi hain. Tum mujhe yaha kyun lekar aaye ho?’ Hazrat Sufyaan bin Uyainah ne farmaaya ‘Hazrat Fuzail bin Ayaaz ke ilaawa aisa koi buzurgh nahi hai.’
Jab khalifa apne wazeer ke saath Hazrat Fuzail bin Ayaaz ke makaan par aaya. Jab wazeer ne darwaaze par dastak di to aap ne puchha ‘Kaun hai?’ Wazeer ne kaha ‘Khalifa aaye hain.’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Khalifa ko mujh se kya kaam hai? Mera waqt zaaya mat karo.’ Wazeer ne kaha ‘Aap ko Khalifa ka farmaan par amal karna hoga.’ Aap ne kaha ‘Mujhe pareshaan mat karo.’ Wazeer ne kaha ‘Agar aap ijaazat nahi denge to hum darwaaza todkar andar aa jaayenge.’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Agar baghair ijaazat ke andar aana ho to tumhari marzi.’ Dono andar aaye to aap ne chiraag gul kar diya taake un par nazar na pade. Khalifa ne jab andhere me aap ka haath pakda to aap ne farmaaya ‘Kitna naazuk haath hai ye. Kaash ise jahannam se najaat mil jaaye.’ Ye kehkar aap namaaz me mashgool ho gaye. Jab aap namaaz se faarigh hue to khalifa ne aap ko kuchh naseehat farmaane ke liye kaha.
Aap ne irshaad farmaaya ‘Tumhare pardaada Hazrat Abbaas ibn Abdul Muttalib radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se farmaaya tha ke Apne Nafs ke haakim bano, Nafs ko qaaboo me rakhkar ALLĀH ta’ala ki ita’at karna ye hazaaro saal tak logo par hukoomat karne se behtar hai. Qayaamat ke din hukoomat afsos karne ka sabab banegi.’
Hāroon al-Rasheed ne kuchh aur naseehat farmaane ke liye kaha to Aap ne irshaad farmaaya ke ‘Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Azeez rahmatullāhi alaihi khalifa bane to unho ne Hazrat Saalim Bin Abdullāh, Hazrat Rajaa bin Hayaat aur Hazrat Muhammad bin Ka’ab rahmatullāhi alaihi ajameen ko bulakar arz ki ke ‘Main hukoomt ke muamale me saamil hua, mujhe naseehat farmaiye.’ Un Hazraat ne farmaaya tha ke ‘Agar qayaamat me najaat chaahte ho to mulk ke Buzurgho ke saath apne waalidain ki tarah sulook karo, Jawaano ke saath apne bhaiyo ki tarah sulook karo, Bacho ke saath apni aulaad ki tarah sulook karo aur Aurto ke saath apni maa aur baheno ki tarah sulook karo.’
Hāroon al-Rasheed ne kuchh aur naseehat farmaane ke liye kaha to Aap ne irshaad farmaaya ke ‘Saaliheen ke saath narmi ka bartaav karo aur apni aulaad aur bhaaiyo ke saath husne sulook karo.’
Hāroon al-Rasheed ne kuchh aur naseehat farmaane ke liye kaha to Aap ne irshaad farmaaya ke ‘ALLĀH ta’ala se daro aur use jawaab dene ke liye tayyaar raho. Qayaamat ke din ALLĀH ta’ala tumhe har shakhs ke baare me sawaal karega jo tumhare maatehat hai. Agar ek budhi aurat tumhari hukoomat me bhuki soti hai to wo Roze mehshar tumhe pakadkar Rab ta’ala ki baargaah me insaaf talab karegi.’

Ye sab sunkar Khalifa ghash khaakar gir pada. Wazeer ne Aap se kaha ‘Itna kaafi hai. Tum khalifa ko maar daaloge.’
Aap ne farmaaya ‘Aye Haamaan! Chup ho jaa. Maine khalifa ko nahi maara balke tum jaise log use maar daaloge.’

Hāroon al-Rasheed ko hosh aaya to us ne kaha ‘Tum ne suna, Hazrat ne tumhe Haamaan kaha. Is ka matlab hai ke mujhe Fir’aun kaha.’
Phir us ne Aap se kaha ‘Aap par koi qarz hai.’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Haan, ALLĀH ta’ala ka qarzdaar hu.’ Us ne kaha ‘Main logo ke qarz ki baat kar raha hu.’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘ALLĀH ta’ala ka mujh par itna zyada fazl hai ke mujhe kisi se koi qarz lene ki zaroorat nahi hai.’
Hāroon al-Rasheed ne aap ko 1000 deenaar se bhari hui ek thaili batore nazraana di. Aur kaha ‘Ye halaal raqam hai. Mujhe meri maa se miraas me mili hai. Aap ise qubool karen.’
Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Afsos hai ke meri naseehato ka tum par koi khaas asar nahi hua hai. Ta’ajjub hai ke main tumhe najaat ki taraf le jaane ki koshish kar raha hu aur tum baat bigaadne me lage ho. Mai keh raha hu ke ye maal tumhe haajatmando ko dena chaahiye magar tum use de rahe ho jise is ki zaroorat nahi hai.’
Phir Aap ne un ko waha se chale jaane ke liye kaha aur jab wo baahar nikle to Aap ne ghar ka darwaaza band kar diya. Khalifa ne apne wazeer se kaha ‘Haqeeqat me hazrat nek aur afzal hain.’

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Aqwaal :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aap farmaate hain ke
(1) Mujhe Ambiya se hasad nahi ke un ko bhi qabr, qayaamat aur pul siraat se guzarna hai, Mujhe Farishto se hasad nahi ke un ke andar insaan se zyada khuafe khuda hota hai. Albatta mujhe us bache se hasad hai jis ko us ki maa ne paida hi nahi kiya hai.

(2) Jo aadami logo se zyada mel jhol rakhta hai wo Achhai se door ho jaata hai.

(3) Us shakhs ke lye afsos hai jise ALLĀH deta hai magar wo ghaflat aur laa-parwaahi me zindagi guzaarta hai.

(4) Jo shakhs ALLĀH se darta hai woh fuzool kaamo me masroof nahi rehta aur us ke dil me dunya ki mohabbat ke liye jagah nahi hoti.

(5) Jo shakhs ALLĀH se darta hai woh kisi se nah darta aur Jo shakhs ALLĀH se nahi darta who har cheez se darta hai.

(6) Insaan ka Taqwa us ke ilm (ma’arifat) ke mutaabiq hota hai aur Insaan ka Zuhad Aakhirat se mohabbat mutaabiq hota hai.

(7) Tamaam buraaiyo ki jad Dunya se dosi hai.

(8) Apni zabaan ko Gheebat aur Jhut se bachaao aur logo ke saath fuzool baato me waqt barbaad na karo.

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Aap ke shaagirdo me Hazrat Shaikh Sirri al-Saqati , Khwaja Sultaan Ibrāheem bin Ad’ham aur Khwaja Bishr Haafi rahmatullāhi alaihi mash’hoor hain.

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Aap ka ek saahabzaada : Ali aur 2 saahabzaadiya hain.

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Jab aap ke saahabzaade ko peshaab ki takleef ho gai tab Aap sirf dua karte rahe aur ALLĀH ke fazl se use shifa mil gai.

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Wisaal se pehle Aap ne apni zauja se wasiyat farmaai ke ‘Mere inteqaal ke baad dono saahabzaadiyo ko lekar Jable Abu Qubais par jaana aur ALLĀH ta’ala se dua karna ke ab tak Fuzail ne in ki parwarish aur tarbiyat ki hai. Aur ab in ko tumhare hawaale kiya hai.’ Aap ki ahalya ne waisa hi kiya. Jab wo dua kar rahi thi tab Yemen ka baadshaah apne qaafile ke saath waha se guzra. Us ne jab in ko dekha to in ke bare me maaloomaat haasil ki aur apne 2 shehzaado ke saath un ka nikaah ka paighaam bheja. Is tarah aap ki saahabzaadiyo ka nikaah shehzaado ke saath hua.

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Aap Hazrat Khwaja Abdul Waahid bin Zaid rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Hazrat Abu Ayaaz ibn Mansoor rahmatullāhi alaihi ne bhi Aap ko khilaafat ata farmai hai (jin ka silsila Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu tak pahunchta hai).

Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Khwaja Sultaan Ibrāheem bin Ad’ham rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Hazrat Khwaja Bishr Haafi rahmatullāhi alaihi.

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Aap ka inteqaal haalate namaaz me hua.

Aap ka wisaal 7 Moharram 187 Hijri (January 803 A.D.) ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Baghdad (Iraq) me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Fuzail bin Ayaaz rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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हज़रत फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़

प्रसिद्ध सूफ़ी संत फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ पहले डाकू थे. वे राहगीरों को लूटते थे. बाद में लूट का माल अपने साथियों में बांट देते और जो चीज़ पसंद आती, उसे अपने पास रख लेते. रिवायत यह भी है कि वे बड़े रहम दिल और बहादुर थे. जिस काफ़िले में कोई औरत होती या जिनके पास थोड़ी रक़म होती, उनको नहीं लूटते थे और जिसको लूटते थे उसके पास कुछ न कुछ माल ज़रूर छोड़ देते थे. उनकी एक ख़ासियत यह थी कि वे डाकू होने के साथ-साथ अल्लाह की इबादत भी करते थे. वे नियमित रूप से अपने साथियों के साथ मिलकर नमाज़ पढ़ते और रोज़े (व्रत) भी रखते. मगर एक वाक़िये ने उनकी ज़िन्दगी को पूरी तरह बदल दी. उन्होंने सारे बुरे काम छोड़ कर अपनी ज़िन्दगी अल्लाह की इबादत और लोक कल्याण में ही गुज़ारने का संकल्प ले लिया.

एक बार जंगल में से एक क़ाफ़िला आया. क़ाफ़िले वालों ने जब यह सुना कि यह इलाक़ा फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ का है, तो वे डर से कांपने लगे. एक व्यक्ति के पास बहुत-सा धन था. उसने सोचा कि अगर धन को जंगल में कहीं छुपा दिया जाए, तो यह लुटने से बच जाएगा. इसलिए वह सुरक्षित स्थान की खोज में निकल पड़ा. इसी दौरान उसने देखा कि एक जगह एक संत (फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़) ख़ेमे में नमाज़ पढ़ रहा है. वह वहीं खड़ा हो गया और संत की नमाज़ पूरी होने का इंतज़ार करने लगा. संत ने नमाज़ पूरी करने के बाद दुआ के लिए हाथ उठाने से पहले उस व्यक्ति को इशारा किया कि वह धन की पोटली को वहीं रख दे. उस व्यक्ति ने ऐसा ही किया और फिर वापस क़ाफ़िले में आ गया. डाकुओं ने क़ाफ़िले को लूट लिया. बाद में राहगीर संत के ख़ेमे में गया, तो वहां का नज़ारा देखकर हैरान रह गया. वहां डाकू लूट का माल बांट रहे थे. इतने में फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ की नज़र राहगीर पर पड़ी, तो उन्होंने उससे कहा कि उसने जहां पोटली रखी थी, वहीं से उठा ले. राहगीर अपनी पोटली लेकर चला गया. इसके बाद एक डाकू ने फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ से पूछा कि आपने उस पोटली को वापस क्यों दे दिया? सारा धन तो उसी में था. इस पर उन्होंने जवाब दिया कि उस व्यक्ति ने मुझ पर विश्वास करके अपनी अमानत मुझे सौंपी थी, इसलिए मैं उसके साथ विश्वासघात भला कैसे कर सकता था.

इसी तरह एक और क़ाफ़िले को लूटने के बाद जब डाकू भोजन करने बैठे, तो एक राहगीर ने उनसे पूछा कि उनका सरदार कहां है? इस पर डाकुओं ने बताया कि वे दरिया किनारे नमाज़ पढ़ रहे हैं. राहगीर ने कहा कि क्या वे भोजन नहीं करते? एक डाकू ने जवाब दिया कि उनका रोज़ा (व्रत) है. राहगीर ने हैरानी ज़ाहिर करते हुए फिर पूछा कि इन दिनों न तो रमज़ान हैं और न ही नमाज़ का वक़्त. डाकू ने बताया कि वे नफ़िल पढ़ रहे हैं. यह सुनकर राहगीर फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ के पास गया और पूछा कि अल्लाह की इबादत के साथ डकैती का क्या जोड़ है. उन्होंने राहगीर से पूछा कि क्या तूने क़ुरआन पढ़ा है? उसने हां में जवाब दिया, तो फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ ने यह आयत पढ़ी-
व आख़रूना आत-र-फ़ू बिज़ुनु बिहिम ख़-ल-तू अ-म-लन सालिहन
यानी दूसरों ने अपने गुनाहों का इक़रार करते हुए नेक कामों को उसके साथ गुडमुड कर दिया. वह राहगीर उनकी बात सुनकर ख़ामोश हो गया.

कहते हैं कि फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ एक महिला से प्रेम करते थे और लूट के माल का अपना हिस्सा उसी के पास भेज देते थे. वे अकसर उसके पास जाते थे. एक बार रात में कोई क़ाफ़िला आकर ठहरा और उसमें एक व्यक्ति इस आयत की तिलावत कर रहा था-
अलम यानी लिल्लज़ीन आमनू तख़ श-अ कुलबुहुम बिज़िक रिल्लाहि
यानी क्या ईमान वालों के लिए वह वक़्त नहीं आया कि उनका दिल अल्लाह के ज़िक्र से ख़ौफ़ज़दा हो जाए.

यह सुनकर फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ को बेहद दुख हुआ. उन्होंने अल्लाह से अपने गुनाहों के लिए माफ़ी मांगते हुए संकल्प लिया कि अब वे सारे बुरे काम छोड़कर मानवता की सेवा करेंगे. उन्होंने जिन लोगों को लूटा था, उनके पास जाकर क्षमा मांगी. उनकी सद्भावना को देखते हुए लोग उन्हें क्षमा कर देते थे. मगर एक यहूदी ने उन्हें क्षमा नहीं किया. उनके ज़्यादा आग्रह करने पर उसने शर्त रखी कि अगर वे वहां स्थित एक टीले को हटा दें, तो वह उन्हें क्षमा कर देगा. इस पर फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ ने टीले की मिट्टी को अपने सिर पर ढोना शुरू कर दिया. इसी दौरान एक भयंकर आंधी आई और टीले को उड़ाकर ले गई. इसके बाद उसने एक और शर्त रख दी कि अगर वे उसके सिरहाने रखी अशर्फ़ियों की थैली उठाकर उसे दे दें, तो वे उन्हें क्षमा कर देगा. उन्होंने ऐसा ही किया. यहूदी ने थैली खोली, तो वह हैरान रह गया. इसके बाद उसने यह शर्त रखी कि पहले मुझे मुसलमान कर लो, फिर माफ़ करूंगा और उन्होंने कलमा पढ़ाकर उसे मुसलमान कर लिया. इस्लाम क़ुबूल करने के बाद उसने बताया कि उसने तौरेत (धार्मिक ग्रंथ) में पढ़ा था कि जिसकी तौबा सच्ची होती है, उसके हाथ से मिट्टी भी सोना बन जाती है, लेकिन मुझे इस पर विश्वास नहीं था. इसलिए उसने थैली में मिट्टी भरकर रखी थी, जो उनका हाथ लगते ही सोना हो गई. मुझे यक़ीन हो गया कि आपका दीन सच्चा है.

फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ अपने अपराधों की सज़ा पाने के लिए ख़ुद बादशाह के दरबार में भी हाज़िर हुए और उससे दंड देने का आग्रह किया. मगर बादशाह ने उन्हें सज़ा देने की बजाय उनका आदर सत्कार किया.

एक बार की बात है कि फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ अपने बच्चे को गोद में लिए हुए प्यार कर रहे थे कि बच्चे ने सवाल किया कि क्या आप मुझे अपना महबूब समझते हैं. उन्होंने फ़रमाया कि बेशक. फिर बच्चे ने पूछा कि अल्लाह को भी महबूब समझते हैं. फिर एक दिल में दो चीज़ों की मुहब्बत कैसे जमा हो सकती है. यह सुनते ही बच्चे को गोद से उतार कर वे इबादत में मसरूफ़ हो गए. उनके बारे में मशहूर है कि उन्हें तीस साल तक किसी ने कभी हंसते हुए नहीं देखा, लेकिन जब उनके बेटे का इंतक़ाल हो गया, तो वे मुस्कराते रहे. जब लोगों ने इसकी वजह पूछी, तो उन्होंने फ़रमाया कि अल्लाह इसकी मौत से ख़ुश हुआ है, इसलिए मैं भी उसकी ख़ुशी में ख़ुश हूं.

फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ ने अपना सारा जीवन लोक कल्याण में व्यतीत किया. वे सत्संग कर लोगों को नेकी और सच्चाई के रास्ते पर चलने का उपदेश देते थे.  उनका जीवन मानवता से भटके लोगों के लिए प्रेरणा का स्त्रोत है. आज दुनियाभर में जेहाद के नाम पर आतंक का माहौल है. जो लोग धर्म के नाम पर क़त्ले-आम कराते हैं, उन्हें फ़ुज़ैल-बिन-अयाज़ के जीवन से शिक्षा ग्रहण करनी चाहिए.

1. Prior to his reformation and renunciation of the world, Hadhrat Fuzail was the chief of a band of highway robbers. He operated in the desert attacking and looting passing caravans. Even while a bandit he wore simple garments of sackcloth and a woollen cap. A tasbeeh was always strung around his neck. When his band of dacoits brought their plunder, he would take whatever he desired and distribute the remainder among them.

Although his profession was dacoity, he always performed Salaat in Jamaat. He would expel any member of his band, who did not participate in Jamaat Salaat.
Another noble trait in him was that he had strict instructions for observing the Purdah of the female travellers in the caravans. Sufficient means for continuance of the caravan’s journey were also left with the people. Fuzail Bin Iyaaz would also keep account of the persons and the amounts he robbed. (Allah Ta’ala had wonderful plans for Hadhrat Fuzail, hence these noble characteristics were in him despite him being the leader of dacoits.)

2. Once a big caravan laden with wealth had to pass through the territory where Fuzail’s bandits operated. As the caravan approached his territory, the people were gripped by fear and worry. Before entering into the feared zone, a man who had brought along considerable wealth thought of burying his wealth in the wilderness. Even if the caravan is looted, his gold and silver would be safe. While searching in the wilderness for a convenient place to conceal his gold, he came across a tent in which a buzrug was sitting on his musalla engrossed in Thikrullah. This was an ideal place to hide the gold. He spoke to the buzrug who indicated to the merchant to leave the bag in one corner of the tent. After doing do, he left for the caravan.

As expected, Fuzail’s bandits looted the caravan. After the robbers had left, the merchant returned to the tent to reclaim his wealth. When he reached the tent, he was shocked to discover that all the bandits were there dividing the loot. Now to his dismay he realised the ‘buzrug’ was Fuzail, the leader of the bandits. He lamented the fact that he had destroyed his wealth with his own hands.

When Fuzail saw the merchant, he called him. Full of fear, the merchant stepped forward. Fuzail asked: “What do you want?” Merchant: “I came for my amaanat (trust) which I left by you.” Fuzail: “Take it from where you had left it.” At first the merchant thought Fuzail was mocking him. However, when Fuzail insisted, the merchant took his bag. Surprised and amazed he left for the caravan.

In surprise, the robbers asked: “Why did you return his money? We did not obtain any money in this caravan.” Fuzail said: “He trusted me and entertained a good opinion of me. I, therefore, honoured his trust. I hold a good opinion of Allah Ta’ala. By His fadhl, He too will uphold my hopes in His mercy.”

After this episode, the bandits looted another caravan in which they had acquired much wealth. When they sat down to eat, one of the travellers asked for their leader. The bandits said: “He is at the riverside engaged in Salaat.”
Traveller: “This is not the time for Salaat.”
Bandit: “He engages in Nafl Salaat.”
Traveller: “Why does he not eat with you?”
Bandit: “He is fasting.”
Traveller: “It is not Ramadhaan.”
Bandit: “He keep Nafl fasts.”

Hearing this, the traveller was very surprised. He went to Fuzail and asked: “Tell me, what relationship is there between robbery and Salaat, Saum?”
Fuzail: “Do you know the Qur’aan?”
Traveller: “Yes.”
Fuzail: “Did you not recite the aayat:

This reply surprised the traveller even more. He left wondering at the condition of this leader of the bandits.

3. In the beginning he was deeply in love with a woman. He would send his share of the looted wealth to this woman.

4. One night when a caravan entered Fuzail’s territory, he heard a Qari reciting:

“What! Has the time not arrived for the believers that their hearts mellow with fear for the thikr of Allah?”

This aayat struck Fuzail’s heart like an arrow. He exclaimed: “Alas! How long will I continue ruining my life with banditry? The time has arrived for travelling in the path of Allah.” He was overcome with profound regret and wept abundantly. He resolved to reform himself.

5. After repenting, Fuzail Bin Iyaaz set out for another wilderness. He found that a caravan had put up camp there. He heard a traveller telling his companion: “We are about to enter Fuzail’s domain. We have to be careful.” Fuzail said: “Have no fear. I have repented. I now am fleeing from you.”

6. After repenting, Fuzail journied to meet all those people whose rights he had plundered. He had to make amends otherwise his repentance would be incomplete. All his victims except a Jew, forgave him. The Jew said: “If you want me to forgive you, then remove this dune of sand in front of us. For many days, Fuzail laboured, carrying away the sand. One day Allah Ta’ala sent a strong wind which blew all the sand of the dune away. When the Jew saw what had happened, he said: “I had taken an oath that as long as you do not return my money, I shall not forgive you. Near my bed is a bag of Ashrafis (gold coins). Bring it to me so that my oath is fulfilled to enable me to forgive you.” Fuzail took the bag and gave it to the Jew. When the Jew opened the bag, he said: “First make me a Muslim, then I shall forgive you.”

After the Jew had embraced Islam, he said: “Do you know why I became a Muslim?”
Fuzail: “I do not know.”
Former Jew: “I have read in the Taurah that when a man who has sincerely repented touches sand, it becomes gold. That bag had contained some sand which turned into gold by your touch. I have now realised the truth of your Deen.”

7. Once Fuzail said to a man: “Take me to the king. In my lifetime I had committed many crimes. I want the king to punish me. The man took Fuzail to the king and put forward his request. The king, however, recognized him and honoured him. He ordered all present to honour and revere Fuzail. A group of noblemen was sent by the king to accompany Fuzail until his home. This treatment greatly grieved him. Seeing his grief, his wife asked: “Are you wounded?” Fuzail: “Yes, I have been wounded.” His wife: “Where?” Fuzail: “My heart has been wounded.”

8. When Fuzail resolved to go for Hajj, he said to his wife: “I intend to go for Hajj. The road is difficult and treacherous. I do not want to impose any hardship on you. If you wish, I shall set you free.” His wife: “I have been with you all these years. I have never been separated from you. I shall live with you and serve you. I shall go with you.”

They thus set off together on the journey which Allah Ta’ala made easy for them. He finally settled in Makkah Muazzamah. 9. In addition to having met many Auliyaa, Fuzail stayed for some time in the company of Imaan Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh) gaining considerable knowledge.

10. The people of Makkah would attend Fuzail’s discourses. Once some of his relatives came to visit him in Makkah. He did not open the door. Standing on the balcony, he said: “May Allah Ta’ala bestow good intelligence to you. May He keep you occupied in some pious activity.”

The manner in which he delivered his naseehat made such an impact on his relatives that they all fainted. When they became conscious, they left to return to their homeland. Fuzail, standing long on the balcony, gazed sadly at them, crying and making dua for them until they disappeared from sight.

11. One night, the renowned Khalifah, Haroun Ar-Rashid said to his wazier: “Take me to a buzrug, for my heart has become hard and corrupt.” The wazier (prime minister) took the Khalifah to Hadhrat Sufyaan Bin Uyainah (rahmatullah alayh). The wazier knocked at the door. Sufyaan Bin Uyainah asked: “Who is it?” Wazier: “Ameerul Mu’mineen has come.”
Sufyaan: “Why did you not inform me earlier. I myself would have come to meet him.” Hearing this, Haroun Ar-Rashid said: “This is not the type of buzrug I am searching for. Why have you brought me here?” Hadhrat Sufyaan said: “That type of buzrug is Fuzail Bin Iyaaz and no one else.”
When they arrived at Hadhrat Fuzail’s home, the wazier knocked on the door.
Fuzail: “Who are you?”
Wazier: “Ameerul Mu’mineen is here.”
Fuzail: “What work has he with me? Do not take up my time.”
Wazier: “Obedience to the Ameer is incumbent.”
Fuzail: “Don’t distress me.”
Wazier: “Permit us to enter otherwise we shall enter without permission.”
Fuzail: “You have no permission. To enter without permission is your decision.”
Both entered. Fuzail extinguished the lamp so that his eyes do not fall on Haroun Ar-Rashid. The room was in darkness. Haroun Ar-Rashid managed to take Fuzail’s hand. Fuzail said: “How tender is this hand. If only it could be saved from Jahannum.” So saying, he began performing Salaat. The Khalifah wept. When Fuzail completed the Salaat, Haroun Ar-Rashid said: “Give me some advice.”
Fuzail: “Your father was the paternal uncle of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) . – Haroun Ar-Rashid was a Sayyid. – He, (i.e. Hadhrat Abbaas –(ra) had asked Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) : ‘Appoint me the ruler of some region.’ Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) said: ‘I appoint you the ruler of your nafs. Your nafs in Allah’s obedience is better than a thousand years of people’s obedience (to you). On the Day of Qiyaamah, (earthly) kingdom will be the cause of regret.” Haroun Ar-Rashid: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “When Hadhrat Umar Bin Abdul Azeez became the Khalifah, he sent for Hadhrat Saalim Bin Abdullah, Hadhrat Rajaa Bin Hayaat and Hadhrat Muhammad Bin Ka’b (rahmatullah alayhim), and said: ‘I have become involved in this affair (of the Khilaafat). Guide me.’ One of the three elders said: ‘If you desire salvation in Qiyaamah, treat the aged Muslims as you would treat your mother and father; the young like your brothers; the children like your own children; women like your mother and sisters.”

Haroun Ar-Rashid: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “Be kind to the pious and do good to your offspring and brothers. I fear that your handsome form may perhaps be entering Jahannum. Your face will there become ugly.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid wept and said: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “Fear Allah! Be prepared to answer to Him. On the Day of Qiyaamah, Allah will question you about every single one of your subjects. If even an old lady in your domain slept hungry, on the Day of Qiyaamah she will grab hold of you and demand justice in the Divine Court.”
Unable to bear the impact of this naseehat, the Khalifah fainted. The wazier said to Fuzail: “This is enough. You have killed Ameerul Mu’mineen.”
Fuzail: “O Haamaan! Be quiet! I have not killed him. You and your people have killed him.” (Haamaan was the wazier of Fir’oun.) By this time Haroun Ar-Rashid had regained conscious and had heard the comments of Fuzail. The Khalifah said to the wazier: “Have you heard? He said that you are Haamaan, which means I am Fir’oun.”
Addressing Fuzail, the Khalifah said: “Hadhrat, do you have any debt?”
Fuzail: “Yes, I am indebted to Allah.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid: “I am asking about debt owing to people.”
Fuzail: “Allah Ta’ala has bestowed bounties to me in such abundance that I have no need to incur debt.” Haroun Ar-Rashid presenting a bag containing 1,000 dinars said: “I have acquired this in a lawful way. It came to me as inheritance from my mother. Do accept it.”
Fuzail: Alas! You have derived no benefit from my naseehat. It is indeed surprising that while I have called you towards salvation, you plan to ruin me. I said that you should give to those who deserve, but you give to those who do not deserve.” Fuzail then asked Haroun Ar-Rashid to leave. He closed the door on them. Outside, the Khalifah said to his wazier: “Truly, this is a man of piety and excellence.”

12. One day, Fuzail taking his son in his lap played with him. The boy said: “Do you love me?” Fuzail: “Yes.” The son: “You also love Allah. The love of two cannot co-exist in one heart.” Fuzail understood that this comment of the boy was a reminder from Allah Ta’ala. He put the boy down and became absorbed in ibaadat. 13. Someone asked: “When does a man attain excellence in his relationship with Allah Ta’ala?” Fuzail said: “When obtainal and denial (of bounties of Allah) are the same.”

14. Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal (rahmatullah alayh) said that he heard Fuzail Bin Iyaaz (rahmatullah alayh) say: “The searcher of the world is contemptible.” He also said: “Remain a follower. Do not become a leader. It is nobler to be a follower.”

15. His love for solitude constrained him to say: “I wish to become sick so that I be prevented from meeting people.” (Severe illness will allow him to be absent from the Musjid. He will thus be in solitude.) “One should take to solitude in such a place where no one sees one.”

16. Fuzail said: “I am grateful to a man who does not greet me when he sees me and does not visit me when I am sick.”
“A man who mingles with people is far from goodness.”
“The tongue of a person who fear Allah, remains silent.”
“When Allah befriends a man, He casts him in difficulties and He gives prosperity to His enemy.” (i.e. Worldly prosperity which in reality is a delusion, the end of which is everlasting perdition.)
“Everything has its fixed Zakaat. The Zakaat of Aql (intelligence) is contemplation. It is for this reason that Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) was always seen in a contemplative mood.”
“Just as weeping in Jannat is surprising, so too is laughing on earth surprising. Neither is Jannat an abode of crying nor is the world a place of laughing.”
“A man who has Allah’s fear, does not indulge in futility. The love of the world does not occur to him.”
“All things fear a man who fear Allah and a man who does not fear Allah, fears all things.”
“A man’s fear (for Allah) is proportionate to his knowledge (of Allah).”
“A man’s zuhd on earth is proportionate to his love for the Aakhirah.” (The greater his love for the Aakhirah, the more will he abstain from the world and its pleasures.)
“Allah has accumulated all evils in one place. Its key is this world.”
“It is easy to enter the world, but to leave it freed of liabilities is difficult.”
“The world is like an asylum and its inmates like insane people. Insane people are always kept imprisoned.”
“Even if the Aakhirah was of sand and this world of gold, man’s striving should be for the Aakhirah which is everlasting. This is more so, since the world is of sand and temporary and the Aakhirah of gold.”
“An arrogant man is deprived of humility. Allah Ta’ala loves humility (tawaadhu’).”
“It is difficult to find three persons – A practising Aalim; a man who practices righteousness with sincerity and a brother without fault.”
Allah curses a man who overtly professes friendship for a brother Muslim, but covertly is his enemy. It is possible that he may become blind and deaf.”
“A man who is pleased with the decrees of Allah, is a Zaahid and an Aarif.”
“True tawakkul (trust in Allah) is to sever all hope in anyone besides Allah and to fear only Him. A man of tawakkul is grateful to Allah.”
“If someone asks you: Are you the friend of Allah?, then remain silent. If you say that you are not, you become a kaafir. If you say that you are His friend, you are a liar because your deeds are not the deeds of a friend of Allah.”
“Many people emerge from the bathroom purified while many people return from the Ka’bah contaminated (with sins, i.e. there sins are not forgiven).”
“Smiling in front of a faasiq ruins one’s Deen.”
“When a man curses an animal, is responds: ‘May the curse fall on the one who is the greater sinner of us two and ‘Ameen’ from us both.”
“If I am told that only one of my duas will be accepted, I shall supplicate for the good of the king. If the king becomes good, it will benefit the whole nation.”
“Excessive eating and excessive sleeping ruin a man.”
“Allah Ta’ala revealed to a Nabi: “Give sinners the glad tidings of forgiveness if they repent and warn the Siddiqeen (Auliyaa) that if on the Day of Qiyaamah, I apply the code of justice, they all will be liable for punishment.”

17. Once when Fuzail saw his son polishing a dinaar (gold coin), he said: “Abandoning this futile act is better for you than ten Hajj and ten Umrah.”

18. For 30 years no one saw Fuzail laugh. But when his son died, Fuzail smiled. When asked for the reason, he said: “Allah Ta’ala is pleased with my son’s death, hence I smiled to conform with His pleasure.”

19. Once a Qaari recited the Qur’aan beautifully. Fuzail said: “Recite to my son, but do not recite Surah Al-Qaariah. My son is overcome with excessive fear of Allah. He is unable to bear hearing about the calamities of the Aakhirah.” The Qaari recited to Fuzail’s son. Forgetting about Fuzail’s warning, he recited also Surah Al-Qaariah. The son let out a piercing scream and dropped down dead.

20. Fuzail said: “I do not envy the Ambiya. They too have to go through the stages of the Qabr, Qiyaamat and Siraat. I do not envy the Angels. They have greater fear for Allah than man. I, however, envy the child whose mother never gave birth to it.”

21. Fuzail had two daughters. He was very scrupulous in their upbringing, when he was about to die. He said to his wife:”After my death, take my daughters to Mount Abu Qais and say to Allah: “Fuzail had cared for them until his last. Fuzail has now assigned them to Your care.” After his demise, his wife fulfilled his wasiyyat. While making dua, the king of Yemen happened to pass by with his retinue which included his two sons. He made enquiries and proposed that Fuzail’s daughters be married to his sons. In this way did Allah Ta’ala care for the daughters of Fuzail. They married princes and lived in palaces.

22. Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mubaarak (rahmatullah alayh) said:”When Fuzail Bin Iyaaz died, even the heavens and the earth wept. An eerie silence was perceived.”

After his conversion, Fuḍayl moved to Kufa, in modern-day Iraq, and studied under Ja’far al-Sadiq and Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid. and taught Ibrahim ibn Adham, Bishr the Barefoot and Sari Sakti. When Fuḍayl determined to make the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, he approached his wife and told her that he had to leave on the long and dangerous journey, but that he was willing to grant her a divorce if she wished to remarry in his absence. She refused, and said she would prefer to accompany him on the trip. He remained in Mecca for a long time, and studied under Abu Hanifa. He had at least one son, named Ali, and two daughters.

Fuḍayl was noted for his anti-social nature, and many examples exist of this. When crowds began to gather around his Meccan home, eager for the chance to see him, he would often dissuade them, one time standing on his roof to thank them all and tell them that he prayed God would give them meaningful employment for their time. He was rather noted for his preference for solitude, at one point saying he wished he would become ill so that he did not have meet people and could avoid going out to public prayers.[4] Another quote that survives from him is that “I am grateful to a man who does not greet me when he sees me and does not visit me when I am sick”.

Fuḍayl’s son suffered from a urinary tract infection, which was cured when Fuḍayl relied on prayer and faith alone.

When Fuḍayl understood that his death may be near, he told his wife to take his daughters to Mount Abu Qais, in Mecca, and tell God that Fuḍayl had cared for them all his life and now they were in God’s hands.

He died during his salat prayers, early in the year 187AH, with some scholars suggesting it was the third day of Rabi’ al-awwal

Following his wishes, his widow took their two daughters to Mount Abu Qais, where they were greeted by the King of Yemen who was travelling with his two sons, and two marriages were thus arranged.

A shrine was built in his honor in Bagdhad.

Fudhayl bin Iyaadh (rah) are amongst the Rijaal of all major hadith works and they are unanimously agreed upon to be “THIQA (RELIABLE)” “SUDUQ (TRUTHFUL)” “THIQA THABIT (UTTERLY RELIABLE) “SALIH (RIGHTEOUS)” etc… hence the hadith science itself reaches us through eminent Sufis.