از ولای دودمانش زنده ام » در جهان مثل گھر تابنده ام *

As Wilai Doodmanash Zinda Am, Dar Jahan Misle Guhar Tabinda Am

“I owe my life to the love of his family and because of true love I shine like a pearl.”

Iqbal possesses intense love for Hazrat Ali (a.s.) for Ali’s (a.s.) surpassing knowledge, exemplary courage, virtues of justice, obedience to Prophet (s.a.w.) and love for God. These are distinguished features of Ali’s nature. Because of these qualities Iqbal also loves his family whose greatness is evident from the qualities of Hazrat Ali. Iqbal holds that the status which is gained by him in the eyes of the world is due to his loyalty to Hazrat Ali and his renowned family. According to Iqbal, love for Ali would make him love of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) and love of the Prophet would make him love his God and love of God is the ultimate aim of all Muslims.


نرگسم وارفته ی نظاره ام » در خیابانش چو بو آواره ام

Nargisam Wa Raftai Nazzara Am, Dar Khiyabanash Cho Boo Awara Am The poet says: The surpassing beauty of the character of Hazrat Ali and his charming attributes of knowledge and piety has exhilarated me and I have become so much fond of this facinoting scene that I do not want to remove my eye from there and I am wandering round it like sweet smell in a garden.’ Iqbal means that Hazrat Ali (a.s.) is a fountain head of all good virtues and knowledge and a Muslim cannot keep himself aloof from a fountain of knowledge, therefore, Ali’s figure is indispensable for Muslims.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) has also declared: ‘I am the city of knowledge and All is its gate. Consequently, the Muslims to gain knowledge are bound to adhere to Hazrat Ali (a.s.).


زمزم ار جوشد ز خاک من ازوست * می اگر ریزد ز تاک من ازوست Zam Zam Ar Joshad Zikhake man Azoost, Mai Agar Raizad Zi Tak-e-Man Azoost

The poet says that for all expressions of the principles of religion in his poetic verses and for all the scholastic arguments about religion and faith in his poetry the credit goes to Hazrat Ali from whom he has gathered the knowledge about these subjects. Hazrat Ali is a stuning stream of all knowledge and all good and knowledge cannot be had but from him.


خاکم و از مهر او آئینه ام * می توان دیدن نوا در سینه ام

Khakam Az Mehre oo Aina Am, Mee Tawan Deedan Nawa Der Sina Am Allama Iqbal says “I im dust but because of the reflection of life of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) which is like a shining gem I look like a mirror and in that mirror the waves of my love for Hazrat Ali (a.s.) can be well-seen and I sing songs in his praise”. By this he means that the desires of these material world had darkened his heart but the reflection of light which he got from the life of Hazrat Ali polished his heart and regained its lost brightness. His poems paying attributes to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) are quite evident to prove his love and appreciation for Hazrat Ali (a.s.).


از رخ او فال پیغمبر گرفت « ملت حق از شکوهش فر گرفت Az Rukhe Oo Fal-e- Paighamber Giraft, Millat-e-Haq Az Shikohash Fer Giraft

Ali (a.s.) on account of his obedience, loyalty and support to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) in the cause of Islam has achieved a lofty position. The Prophet (s.a.w.) on the occasion of his last pilgrimage to Kaaba nominated him as Master (Imam and Moula) of all the faithfuls. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) never hesitated to sacrifice his life at the altar of Islam and always supported its cause at the risk of his life. The Prophet (s.a.w.) declared that one stroke of sword of Ali (a.s.) which killed the greatest warrior Amar Ibne Abd Wood at the battle of Khendaq was more valuable in the eye of God than the worth of all the prayers and coutributions of all the world in the name of Allah (God). The Prophet (s.a.w.) profusely praised Hazrat Ali (a.s.) and once declard that to cast a glance at the face of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) amounts to the worship of God. On the birth of Ali (a.s.) the Holy Prophet

took him in his arms and looking at his innocent face said that he would be a man of high position and extraordinary superiority to all. He was named Ali since this word in Arabic language means high and hence God is also called Ali because He is the highest in all respects. The Prophet (s.a.w.) could see all the signs of grandness and sincerity of faith and the truth of religion in the face of Hazrat Ali (a.s.). History establishes the fact that the Prophet (s.a.w.) was correct in his smelling out the attributes of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) It was only Hazrat Ali (a.s.) who by dint of the strength of physique and nobility of character spread the name of Islam in all the four corners of the globe. In him the Muslim community has gained a name and distinction.


قوت دین مبین فرموده اش * کائنات آئین پذیر از دوده اش

Quwwate Deene Mobeen Farmooda Ash, Kainat-Aien Pazeer Az Dooda Ash

The religion has been enriched by the sayings and speeches of Hazrat Ali (a.s.). His sons and daughters and rest of his (Ali’s) progeny have ornamented the world by their noble and pious character. It is historical fact that the sons of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) that is Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.) and his prominent and most reverened daughter Hazrat Zainab (a.s.) have saved Islam from destruction and have granted it eternity through their saclifices.


مرسل حق کرد نامش بوتراب * حق «یدالله» خواند در ام الکتاب

Mursale Haq kerd Namash Bu Turab, Haq Yadullah Khuand Dar Ummul Kitab

In fact the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) made him the Lord of the Earth and God Almighty gave him the strength as if Hazrat Ali (a.s.) was His own Hand.


هر که دانای رموز زندگیست * سر اسمای علی داند که چیست Her Ki Dani Ramooze Zindageest, Sirr-e Asmai Ali Danad Ki Cheest

The sage who knows the secrets of life can alone comprehend the secrets of Ali’s names (attributes). Hence it follows that one who does not know Ali (a.s.) does not know the secrets of life.


خاک تاریکی که نام او تن است و عقل از بیداد او در شیون است *

Khak-e-Tareeki Ki Nam-e-oo Tan Ast, Aql Az Baidade oo Dar Shewan Ast


فکر گردون رس زمین پیا ازو * چشم کور و گوش ناشنوا از و

Fikrey gardoon ras Zameen paima az oo, Chashm-e-kor o gosh-e-na shinwa az oo


از هوس تیغ دو رو دارد بدست * رهروان را دل برین رهزن شکست

Az hawas tegh-e-do rau darad badast, Rahrawan ra dil bareen rabzan shikast


را اکسیر کرد شیر حق این خاک را تسخیر کرد * این گل تاریک * Sher-a-Haq Een Khak ra Taskhire Kerd, Een Gil-e-Tareek Ra Akseer kerd

The man is made of body and soul. The body is made of dust and is dark and dead. It is the soul which makes it mobile. In case the worldly desires dominate the human mind the soul loses its light and delicacy and the man falls into the pit of degradation and never comes up toward rationality, and is devoid of capacity to seek the Truth and get noble. Allama Iqbal holds that Hazrat Ali (a.s.) has completely over-powered the ambitions of worldly desires and had become incarnation of the piety, and has therefore achieved the goal of life and was a fullfledged recipient of the pleasures of God.


مرتضی کز تیغ او حق روشن است * بوتراب از فتح اقلیم تن است Murtaza Kaz Taig-e- Oo Haq Roshan Ast, Bu Turob Az Fathe Aqleeme Tan Ast

The sword of Hazrat Ali strengthened the cause of Islam and by winning almost all the battles against the unbelievers brightened the name of Islam. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) has been granted the title of Bu Turab (father of land) because he has dominated over his worldly desires that he was not the slave

of the desires for ease and comfart of body. History verifies that Hazrat Ali (a.s.) proved an unparalleled warrior of Islam in all the battle-fields. In the battle of Khandaq he killed the bravest and most veteran soldier Omar and on the battle field of Khayber he slew the famous warrior of the non-believer named Marhab and thus crowned Islam with victory over the non-Muslims.

Thus Hazrat Ali (a.s.) has irrigated the garden of Islam with his own pious blood.


مرد کشور گیر از کراری است » گوهرش را آبرو خودداری است Mard Kishwergeer Az Karrari Ast, Goharash Ra Abroo Khud Dari Ast

A man gains victory over his enemies in the field when he makes onslaught with courage and valour and does not care for his life. Such a man keeps respect which is a shining trait of his character like a pure pearl.

On the occasion of the battle of Khayber, Abu Bakar and Umar led the Muslim armies but could not conquer the fort of Khayber and returned back unsuccessful. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) noticing their incapacity said “Tomorrow I will hand over the flag of leadership to a brave man who advances towards enemies with valour and does not retreat till he gains victory. God and the Prophet of God love him and he loves the Prophet and God”. Next day the Islamic standard was handed over to Hazrat Ali (a.s.) who attacked the enemy and after killing the renowned warrior Marhab

opened the closed front door of the fort and annihilated the whole army. Allama Iqbal paid tribute in the above couplet to Hazrat Ali (a.s.).


هر که در آفاق گردد بوتراب ” باز گرداند ز مغرب آفتاب *

Her Ki Dar Afaque gardad Bu Turab, Baz gardamd Zi Maghrib Aftab

Allama Iqbal believes that whoever reaches the freight of the position of Abu Turab can bring back the sun after sunset from West to East. This is an allusion towards a historical event, It so happened that once Hazrat Ali (a.s.) demonstrated this miracle of causing the sun to rise again after it had already set. Asma daughter of Umais narrates that the holy prophet (s.a.w.) was receiving revelation from God while he prostrated with his head on the chest of Hazrat Ali (a.s.). Hazrat Ali had not by that time offered the obligatory prayer of Asr which is offered in the afternoon by all Muslims. When the Prophet (s.a.w.) rose from his meditation the sun had set and the prescribed time for Asr Prayers was up. The prophet said “O God verily Ali was engaged in the service of Thy Prpphet and he is to be taken as thy obedient and 1 seek Thy kindness to bring back the sun over the surface of erth to enable Ali to offer his PRAYER in time.” Asma said that she and all other persons present there saw that the sun reemerged and again set after Hazrat Ali had offered his prayer (Falakul Nigat Volume I p. 49). Allama Iqbal has referred to this allusion to throw light on the high position which Hazrat Ali (a.s.) held in the eye of God.


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