Ummul-Mumineen Umme-Saudah Bint Zama (RA)

 

 

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DEMISE OF HAZRAT KHADIJAH RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER)

After the demise of Hazrat Khadijah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER), the Holy Prophet Muhammad  was much worried and grief stricken. He had to look after his child and attend to the household chores, adding considerably to the agony of the death of his loving wife.  This also caused hindrance in his Prophetic mission.  Seeing him worried and distressed, Hazrat Khawlah bint Hakeem RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER), wife of Hazrat Uthman bin Maz’oon may Allah be pleased with them, suggested to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) that he badly needed a companion to help him in running his house and looking after his children, and proposed the name of Hazrat Sawdah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER) who was an elderly widow. 

DEMISE OF HAZRAT SAKRAN

Hazrat Sawdah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER) and her late husband Hazrat Sakran may Allah be pleased with them, were early converts to Islam, and also had the honour of having migrated to Abyssinia.  Therefore, they were very much close and dear to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam).  On return from Abyssinia, Hazrat Sakran (Radhiyallahu-Anhumay Allah be pleased with them) passed away.  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) was now left a forlorn widow with a baby. 

REASON OF MARRIAGE

On receipt of the suggestion, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) considered it carefully.  The mission of Prophethood now demanded much time, but due to him being preoccupied in household affairs, he could not devote enough time to his heavenly mission.  He therefore accepted the proposal also taking into consideration that an early convert to Islam may be helped and honoured, and approved Hazrat Khawlah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) to negotiate for his marriage with Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER)

THE PROPASAL AND MARRAIGE TO HAZRAT SAWDAH 

Khawlah (Radhiyallahu-Anha ) went straight to Hazrat Zum’aa bin Qais may Allah be pleased with them, the father of Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anhuma), and after exchanging compliments conveyed the message of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ).  Hazrat Zum’aa (Radhiyallahu-Anhumay Allah be pleased with them) was much pleased and remarked that:  
“Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam)  comes from a very respectable family and is a perfect gentleman and that any father would feel proud of marrying his daughter to him.”  He further suggested to Hazrat Khawlah  that Hazrat Sawdah  should also be consulted in this connection.  
 Hazrat Khawlah then went to Hazrat Sawdah and conveyed the message of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam)  and added that she had already obtained the approval of her father for the marriage.  Hazrat Sawdah [Radhiyallahu-Anha ] expressed her consent and happiness in the marriage.  The marriage was settled and Hazrat Sawdah was married with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ).  The Nikah Khutbah (sermon) was read by Hazrat Sawdah’s (Radhiyallahu-Anha) father himself.  Hazrat Sawdah  was 55 at the time of this marriage. 

By this marriage the house of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) was once more aglow with warmth and happiness.  Hazrat Fatimah and Hazrat Umme Kulsoom (Radhiyallahu-Anhuma ) were the two orphaned daughters of Prophet[s.a.w.]  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) used to love these two daughters very affectionately, so much so that nobody  could even doubt that she was not their real mother.  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) had no children from the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ) However, from her first husband (Hazrat Sakran may Allah be pleased with him) she had a son named Hazrat Abdur-Rahmaan (Radhiyallahu-Anhu).  He fell a martyr fighting in the battle of Jalula. 

.THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HAZRAT SAWDAH RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) 

Five traditions are said to have been narrated by Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER).  Out of these one finds place in Bukhari Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha) RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER)was generous, hospitable, kind and affectionate.  Hazrat Umar (Radhiyallahu-Anhu) once sent her a purse full of Dirhams, she at once distributed those coins.  She was distinguished in self-sacrifice.  She was ready to fore go her rights and privileges for the sake of others.  She was also jovial by nature. She used to please the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) and her friends through healthy jokes and jest. 

 

Ummul mo’mineen Hazrate Sawdah bint Zam’ah radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha :
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Aap ki wilaadat 569 A.D. me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Zam’ah ibn Qais ibn Abd Shams al-Aamiri aur waalida ka naam Shamoos bint Qais ibn Zaid an-Najjaari hai.

Aap Quraish ke Banu Amir qabeele se ta’alluq rakhti hain.

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Aap ka nikaah Hazrat Sakran ibn Amr ibn Abd Shams radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se hua.

Elaan e Nabuwwat ke baad Aap ne apne shohar ke saath Islaam apnaaya jab sirf chand log hi musalman hue the. Quraish ne Aap par zulm karna shuru kiya.

5 Nabawi (615 A.D.) me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke farmaan par aap ne apne shohar ke saath Habasha (Abyssinia) ki taraf hijrat ki. Muhaajireen ke is giroh (qaafile) me 87 mard aur 17 aurten thi.
Makka waapas aane se pehle Aap ke shohar ka inteqaal hua.

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10 Nabawi (619 A.D.) me Hazrate Khadeejatul kubra radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ke wisaal hua. Is ke baad Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam be-had ghamgeen rehne lage. Kisi me itni himmat nahi thi ke Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko dusre nikaah ki baat bhi kar sake.

Hazrate Khawla bint Hakeem radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko aap ki tanhai door karne ke liye dusra nikaah karne ka mashwara diya. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne daryaaft kiya to unho ne bataaya ke ‘Agar aap kunwaari ladki se nikaah karna chaahe to Aa’isha binte Abu Bakr Siddeeq tayyaar hain aur agar bewa se nikaah karna chaahe to Sawdah bint Zam’ah hain.’
Hazrate Aa’isha bahot umr ki thi. Chunaanche Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Sawdah bint Zam’ah se nikaah karne ke liye farmaaya.

Nikaah Shawwaal 10 Nabawi (619 A.D.) me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath Aap ka nikaah hua. Aap ki umr 50 saal thi aur Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki umr bhi 50 saal thi.

Aap jaanti thi ke Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne sahaara dene ke liye mujh se nikaah kiya hai.

Aap Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki aur saahabzaadiyo ki bahot khidmat karti rahi. Nikaah se lekar Hijrat ke baad tak aap Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wasallam ki ek hi zauja (biwi) thi.

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Hijrat ke kuchh mahine baad Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrat Zaid ibn Haariṡah radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko Makka bheja. Aap Shehzaadi e Rasool-Allāh Umme Kulṡum auu Faatimah Zahara radiy-Allāhu anha aur chand ashaaba ke saath Madeena munawwara aa gaye.

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Madeena shareef tashreef laane ke baad 2 Hijri me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Aa’isha binte Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha se nikaah kiya aur baad me dusre nikaah bhi kiye.

Jab Aap ko laga ke aap Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ka aur ghar waalo ka theek se khayaal nahi rakh paa rahi hain aur Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki dusri biwiya maujood hain to Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam par un ka zyada haq hai jab tab Aap ghamgeen ho gai.
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne socha ke zyada samjhaane se shaayad Aap ka dard aur badhega. Chunaanche Aap ka gham aur dard door karne ke liye aap ko alag karne ka faisla kiya. Magar Aap ne farmaaya ki ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Mujhe kabhi aap se juda mat karna. Main sirf ye chaahti hu ke qayaamat me main aap ki zauja bankar uthu.’

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Aap ko Hazrate Aa’isha Siddeeqa se khaas lagaaw tha.
Aap ne apne hisse ki raat ko Hazrate Aa’isha Siddeeqa radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ko de di taake Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam raazi rahe.

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Hajjatul Wida ke mauqe par Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath Hajj ada kiya aur Wuqoof e Arafa ke baad Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne jaeef hone ki wajah se Aap ko Muzdalifah ke liye dusre logo se pehle aage rawaana kar diya.

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Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke wisaal ke baad Aap ne safar karna chhod diya yaha tak ke Hajj ya Umrah ke liye bhi nahi jaati thi. Aur Qura’n ke farmaan ke mutaabiq amal kiya jis me farmaaya gaya hai ke ‘Aur Apne gharo me sukoon se qayaam pazeer rehna aur puraane jaahiliyat ke daur ki tarah zaib o zinnat ki numaa’ish mat karna aur namaaz qaa’im rakhna aur zakaat dete rehna.’ (33 Surah al-Ahzaab, Aayat 33).

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Aap bahot sakhi the aur hamesha khairaat karti rehti thi. Aap ke paas jo bhi maal bataure hadiya aata wo Aap ghareebo aur haajatmando ko taqseem kar deti.

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Aap ka wisaal 5 Shawwaal 23 Hijri (August 644 A.D.) ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Jannatul Baqi, Madeena munawwara me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Ummul mo’mineen Hazrate Sawdah bint Zam’ah radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha aur tamaam Ahle bait aur Ashaaba ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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