Ummul-Mumineen Umme-Saudah Bint Zama (RA)

DEMISE OF HAZRAT KHADIJAH RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER)

After the demise of Hazrat Khadijah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER), the Holy Prophet Muhammad  was much worried and grief stricken. He had to look after his child and attend to the household chores, adding considerably to the agony of the death of his loving wife.  This also caused hindrance in his Prophetic mission.  Seeing him worried and distressed, Hazrat Khawlah bint Hakeem RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER), wife of Hazrat Uthman bin Maz’oon may Allah be pleased with them, suggested to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) that he badly needed a companion to help him in running his house and looking after his children, and proposed the name of Hazrat Sawdah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER) who was an elderly widow. 

DEMISE OF HAZRAT SAKRAN

Hazrat Sawdah RADI ALLAHU ANHA (ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH HER) and her late husband Hazrat Sakran may Allah be pleased with them, were early converts to Islam, and also had the honour of having migrated to Abyssinia.  Therefore, they were very much close and dear to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam).  On return from Abyssinia, Hazrat Sakran (Radhiyallahu-Anhumay Allah be pleased with them) passed away.  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) was now left a forlorn widow with a baby. 

REASON OF MARRIAGE

On receipt of the suggestion, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) considered it carefully.  The mission of Prophethood now demanded much time, but due to him being preoccupied in household affairs, he could not devote enough time to his heavenly mission.  He therefore accepted the proposal also taking into consideration that an early convert to Islam may be helped and honoured, and approved Hazrat Khawlah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) to negotiate for his marriage with Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER)

THE PROPASAL AND MARRAIGE TO HAZRAT SAWDAH 

Khawlah (Radhiyallahu-Anha ) went straight to Hazrat Zum’aa bin Qais may Allah be pleased with them, the father of Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anhuma), and after exchanging compliments conveyed the message of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ).  Hazrat Zum’aa (Radhiyallahu-Anhumay Allah be pleased with them) was much pleased and remarked that:  
“Hazrat Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam)  comes from a very respectable family and is a perfect gentleman and that any father would feel proud of marrying his daughter to him.”  He further suggested to Hazrat Khawlah  that Hazrat Sawdah  should also be consulted in this connection.  
 Hazrat Khawlah then went to Hazrat Sawdah and conveyed the message of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam)  and added that she had already obtained the approval of her father for the marriage.  Hazrat Sawdah [Radhiyallahu-Anha ] expressed her consent and happiness in the marriage.  The marriage was settled and Hazrat Sawdah was married with Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ).  The Nikah Khutbah (sermon) was read by Hazrat Sawdah’s (Radhiyallahu-Anha) father himself.  Hazrat Sawdah  was 55 at the time of this marriage. 

By this marriage the house of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) was once more aglow with warmth and happiness.  Hazrat Fatimah and Hazrat Umme Kulsoom (Radhiyallahu-Anhuma ) were the two orphaned daughters of Prophet[s.a.w.]  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) used to love these two daughters very affectionately, so much so that nobody  could even doubt that she was not their real mother.  Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) had no children from the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam ) However, from her first husband (Hazrat Sakran may Allah be pleased with him) she had a son named Hazrat Abdur-Rahmaan (Radhiyallahu-Anhu).  He fell a martyr fighting in the battle of Jalula. 

.THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HAZRAT SAWDAH RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER) 

Five traditions are said to have been narrated by Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha)RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER).  Out of these one finds place in Bukhari Hazrat Sawdah (Radhiyallahu-Anha) RADI ALLAHU ANHA (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HER)was generous, hospitable, kind and affectionate.  Hazrat Umar (Radhiyallahu-Anhu) once sent her a purse full of Dirhams, she at once distributed those coins.  She was distinguished in self-sacrifice.  She was ready to fore go her rights and privileges for the sake of others.  She was also jovial by nature. She used to please the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) and her friends through healthy jokes and jest. 

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