Hazrat Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoom رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا

Name and Lineage:  Her blessed name is ‘SAYYIDAH UMM-E-KULSOOMرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا ’ and her genealogy is as follows:  “Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  daughter of Sayyid-ul-Mursaleen Hazrat Muhammad  صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم son of Abdullah son of Abdul Mutallib son of Hashim son of Abd Manaf son of Qusai son of Kalib son of Marwah son of K’ab son of Lo’i son of Ghalib son of Fahr son of Malikرضوان اللہ تعالٰی علیھم اجمعین ” 

She is the third-blessed daughter of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  and she was younger than Hazrat Ruqayyah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا. She was also born to Hazrat Khadijaرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  and she grew up in the supervision of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  and Hazrat Khadija رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا. She was brought up in the blessed lap of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم .

When the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم announced to the Prophethood, all these sisters embraced Islam with their mother Hazrat Khadija رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا. 

First Nikah (marriage) and Divorce:  Before announcing of the Prophethood, Rasool Allahجل جلالہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  performed the Nikah of Hazrat Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  with Utaybah son of Abu Lahab. After the declaration of  Prophethood, the revelation of the holy Quran began. When Surah Al-Lahab revealed, Abu Lahab and his wife were condemned in it, then, Abu Lahab said to his son Utaybah, divorce the daughter of Muhammad صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  so Utaybah divorced her. 

Marriage of Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا :  The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  said, “ما انا ازواج بناتی ولکن اللہ تعالٰی یزوجھن” I do not give my daughters in the nikah of anyone at my will. Rather, Almighty Allah makes the decision Himself of their marriage. (Al-Mustadrak Al-Hakim, V. 4, P. 94)  When Hazrat Ruqayyah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا passed away, her demise was a great shock for Hazrat Usman Ghani رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and he was immersed in sorrow all the time. Therefore, one day the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  saw him in the state of grief and then, he صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, “مالی اراک مغموما” Why are you grieved? Sayyiduna Usman Ghani son of Affan رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ requested O Rasool Allahعزوجل و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم ! the mountain of trouble that has fallen upon me did not fall on anyone else. The blessed daughter of Rasool Allah  جل جلا لہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم who was in my Nikah passed away, which broke my waist and a very close relationship that I had with you, ended. The Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  consoled him and then said that Jibrailعلیہ السّلام  came to me and gave this news that Allah Almighty has ordered me to give Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  in your nikah. The dower, which was set for Hazrat Ruqayyah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا, will be according to the same. (Ibn-e-Majah, Asad-ul-Ghaba, V. 5, P. 316, Kanz-ul-Ummal, V.6, P. 573) Therefore, the nikah of Hazrat Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  was performed with Hazrat Usman Ghaniرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  in the second Hijri and her departure (Rukhsati) took place in Jamadi-ul-Akhir. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Saad, V. 8, P. 52 & Asad-ul-Ghaba La bin Aseer Al-Jazri, V. 5, P. 316) 

Unprecedented Husband:   One day, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  went home of Hazrat Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  and said, daughter! Where is Usman (رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ)? Hazrat Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  respectfully replied that he has gone to some work. Then, he صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, how did you find him as husband? Hazrat Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  told, respected fatherصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم ! He is a very good morals and the high-ranking husband. He صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said, daughter! why doesn’t this happen? he is very similar to her grandfather Hazrat Ibrahimعلیہ السّلام  and her father Hazrat Muhammadصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم in the world. These words are also found in another Hadith that Hazrat Usman Ghaniرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ  is the most similar in my all companion علیھم الرّضوان in my morals and habits. 

Demise of Hazrat Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا :  The blessed daughter of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  Hazrat Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا passed away in the month of Shaban-ul-Muazzam in 9 Hijri. Hazrat Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoomرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا  stayed in his nikah for six years. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Saad, V. 8, P. 52)  After the demise of Hazrat Sayyidah Umm-e-Kulsoom رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  arranged himself for her bathing and shroud arrangements. Hazrat Asma daughter of Umais, Sayyidah Safiyyah daughter of Abdul Mutalib, Layla daughter of Qanif and Umm-e-Atya Ansariaرضوان اللہ تعالٰی عنھنّ gave her a bath. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Saad, V. 8, P. 62 and Asad-ul-Ghaba, V. 5, P. 216)    After bath and shroud, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  came along with his companionsعلیھم الرّضوان. Huzoor صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم led the funeral prayer and he prayed to the forgiveness for her. Then, she was buried into the cemetery of Jannat-ul-Baqi. (Tabaqat Ibn-e-Saad, V. 8, P. 62, Sharah Mawahib-al-Ladunniyyah Lil Zarqani, V. 3) 

After the death of Hz Ruqayyah (RA), Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) was married to Hz Uthman ibn Affan in the year 03 AH (624 CE). As a result, Hz Uthman (RA) earned the title of Dhu al-Nurayn (“The Possessor of Two Lights”), because he married two daughters of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Hz Umm Kulthum (RA) lived with her husband Hz Uthman (RA) for six years, but the marriage remained childless. She witnessed several stages during the rise of Islam – the socio-economic boycott and the hardships faced in Mecca, the migration to Medina, as well as the glorious conquest of Mecca in the year 08 AH (629 CE).

She passed away in the year 09 AH in the month of Sha’ban (November/December 630 CE), at the age of 29 years. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) tearfully conducted her funeral prayers, and she was laid to rest next to the grave of her sister, Hz Ruqayyah bint Muhammad (RA).

The blessed Tears of Rasool Allahجل جلا لہ و صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم :  Hazrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ said that the Holy prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم  was near to the grave at the occasion of her burial. The blessed tears continued from the sacred eyes of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم, due to the deep grief.  References:  [Seerat-e-Mustafa صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and Jannati Zewer] مزید

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