Ummul-Mumineen Umm-e-Salma Bint Abe Umayya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

Her name was Hind binte Abe Umayya, but she is very well known as Umm-e-Salma (RA). She belonged to a very respectable family and was famous for her knowledge of Islam and her wisdom. She was first married to Abdullah (RA) bin Abdul Assad Makzoomi, who was known as “Abu-Salma”. He was the cousin of our Holy Prophet (pbuh). His mother was Barat binte Abdul Mutallib. He was the one who accepted Islam at its very early stage. He was very brave and kind hearted. Only ten persons were ahead of him in accepting Islam. He was also the foster-brother of the Holy Prophet (pbuh).
Umm-e-Salma (RA) had the honour to be the most lucky woman who accepted Islam at its early stage. Her father Abe Umayya bin Abdullah (RA) bin Umro bin Makzoom was very generous and was very famous in spending money on the poor. It is said that those who travelled with him never took their store of the food but Abe Umayya used to feed all his fellow travellers. Her mother was Aatika binte Amer Rabiya bin Malik bin Khazima. She inherited this quality of generosity from her parents. She was very happy and enjoyed the life when she was married to the brave, wealthy and kind hearted Abdullah (RA) bin Abdul Assad. But it could not continue for a long time, their family members where angry and treated them very rudely when they heard about accepting Islam.

The Holy Prophet (pbuh) advised the Muslims to migrate to “Abyssinia” when the teasing became unbearable. Umm-e-Salma (RA) and Abullah (RA) were also to take up this immigration. This was the first batch of Immigrants to “Abyssinia” which consisted of 20 persons of whom 4 were women as below:

  1. Uthman Bin Affan (RA) husband of (Ruqayya bint Muhammad (pbuh).
  2. Abu Hazeefa bin Atba (RA) husband of (Sahla (RA))
  3. Abu Salma Abdullah bin Abdul Assad Makzoomi (RA) husband of (Umm-e-Salma (RA)).
  4. Amir bin Rabea (RA) husband of (Laila (RA))
  5. Zubair bin Awam (RA)
  6. Massab bin Omair (RA)
  7. Abdur-Rahman bin Owf
  8. Uthman bin Owf (RA)
  9. Abu Satrat bin Abi Rham (RA)
  10. Hatib bin Omero (RA)
  11. Sohail bin Wahab (RA)
  12. Abullah bin Masood (RA)
  13. Ruqayya bint Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)
  14. Sahla bint-Sohail (RA)
  15. Umm-e-Salma Hind bint Abi Omaiya (RA)
  16. Laila bint Abi Hashma (RA)
The second batch of Immigrants followed them which consisted of 83 men and 19 women. Jaffer bin Abu Talib (RA) was in the second batch. Umm-e-Salma (RA) and her husband were happy there in “Abyssinia” and they had a beautiful daughter Zainab and a son named “Umar” also second daughter “Durra” was born there. The king of “Abyssinia” extended all eminities and facilities to the immigrants. But, the Qurayesh of Mecca were very angry and they sent Umra bin Aas and Abdullah bin Rabiya to “Abyssinia” and they requested the king to hand over all the immigrants to them as they have embraced Islam while rejecting their ancestral religion. They may be dangerous to him if they are allowed to leave there. The king of “Abyssinia” said he will not hand them over unless he heard them by themselves.
Jaffer bin Abu Talib (RA) made an excellent speech against those who were trying to bring them back in front of King. He said 
“We were adorning the staleness eating, enjoying wine and breaching peace was our favourite hobby, we never took care of our neighbours and relatives. Our stronger man would sarrow the weaken one. In such circumstances “Allah (S.T.)” sent a Prophet (pbuh) from our linage who is very well known as “Trustworthy” and kind to one and all. He taught us to pray one God and represent ourselves as “Trustworthy” and to always speak the truth to look after the rights of the relatives and the neighbours to refrain from talking “Harram” and not to ill-treat and give respect to the women of the community not to have eyes on the property of the orphans. He asked us to establish “Salat” and give “Zakat” to the poor and to observe fasts during the month “Ramadan”. We accepted him teachings and embraced Islam “Alhamdullillah”. We changed our lives and became the followers of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Our society did not tolerate this and became our enemy.
Jaffer bin Abu Talib (RA) also informed the king the view and belief of the Muslims about Essa & Maryam. The king was satisfied and ordered that the immigrants can leave in his country with peace. The mission of the Qurayesh of Mecca was failed. All these details of this incident have been narrted by Umm-e-Salma (RA).
Umm-e-Salma (RA) narrates that they came back to Mecca when they heard that Umer bin Khattab (RA) embraced Islam and the atmosphere there was calm but this was not so when they came to Mecca and they had to accept the prevailing situation. She once made up her mind again to migrate to “Abyssinia” but Holy Prophet (pbuh) asked them to migrate to Madina-al-Munauwara. She prepared herself for migration to Madina-al-Munauwara. Abu Salma brought a camel for this purpose. The family members of her objected for her departure and detained her at Mecca. Also the members of the family of Abu Salma came there and snatch my children and said that they would look after the children at Mecca. Only Abu Salma left for Madina-al-Munauwara and Umm-e-Salma (RA) and her children had to stay at Mecca. Umm-e-Salma (RA) was very much upset and worried at this separation. At last the family members of Umm-e-Salma (RA) took pity on her and the children were also brought by them and given to her. She was allowed to go to Madina-al-Munauwara. She undertook the journey to Madina-al-Munauwara all alone and reached Madina-al-Munauwara. Uthman bin Talah (RA), who was also going to Madina-al-Munauwara and helped her very nicely and accompanied her till she met Abu Salma. Uthman bin Talah (RA) embraces Islam at the time of “Suleh Hudabiah”.
Abu Salma (RA) took part in the battle of “Badr” and had honour to participate in the battle of “Ohad”. He was badly injured in this battle and his arm was hit by a lance. The injury was so severe that it did hear. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) appointed him as the leader to face and fight the attack of Banu Assad. Abu Ubaida bin Jarrah (RA) and Saad bin Abi Wiqas were also there with him. Abu Salma (RA) did not care for the wound he had and fought very bravely defeating the enemy and returned to Madina-al-Munauwara with great amount of booty in the year 4 Hijra. The injury did not allow him to live. He prayed Allah (S.T.) to give a very good substitute for family after his death when the Holy Prophet (pbuh) visited him at his house. He (pbuh) also prayed that Umm-e-Salma (RA) may have a very good husband who should look after her very nicely. Umm-e-Salma (RA) used to proclaim that never in life she had seen a familiy in Islam which suffered what the family of Abu Salma did nor even I have seen a nobleman than Uthman bin Talah (RA).
After the completion of the waiting period, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) proposed to Umm-e-Salma (RA) she had three excuses (a) I am a very jealous woman for she deeply loved her husband Abu Salma. (b) I have children and (c) I am old. The Prophet (pbuh) said that he (pbuh) was older than her. Allah (S.T.) and His Messenger would look after her children, as for her jealousy, He (pbuh) would pray Allah to remove this from her thus she was married to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in the year 4 Hijra. The prayer made by Abu Salma (RA) to Allah (S.T.) to give her a better husband was thus accepted by Allah (S.T.)
Umm-e-Salma (RA) reports that she rejected the offer of marriage offered by her by both Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) and Umer Farooq (RA). She was a very great scholar of Islam, sagacious and wise woman. When the Prophet (pbuh) commanded the people to slaughter their sacrificial animals and get their heads shaved at the “Hudabiah”. The people were suffering distress for nothing. He (pbuh) came to his (pbuh) tent and feeling indignant. He (pbuh) told to Umm-e-Salma (RA) that he (pbuh) had commanded the people to slaughter their scarificial animals and get their heads shaved but there is no response from them.

Umm-e-Salma (RA) said “O Prophet of Allah: You can not make these 1500 people do what they don’t want, Just do your own duty which Allah (S.T.) has imposed on you. Go ahead and perform your own rites in an open place so that every one of them can see you.. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) stepped out of the tent and offered the slaughter of the camel. The people immediately came forward and did the same as the Prophet (pbuh) was doing. When the Prophet (pbuh) returned from Tabuk a part of revelation was sent to him (pbuh) when he (pbuh) was with Umm-e-Salma (RA).Umm-e-Salma (RA) had been feeling much concerned over this matter. The above said revelation as:


And stay quietly in your houses and make not a dazzling display like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Apostle. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you ye Members of the Family and to make you pure and spotless.

(Surah 33 “Al-Ahzab”, Ayahs 33)

Also the verses revealed when the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was with Umm-e-Salma (RA). Those verses states the Pardon granted to Kaab and others who stayed at home and did not participate in the battle of ‘Tabook’ without a valid excuses. Umm-e-Salma (RA) was so happy with this revelation that she asked the permission from the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to inform in the night itself, but the Prophet (pbuh) informed them after the dawn prayer (Fajr Prayer).


Others (there are who) have acknowledged their wrong-doings: they have mixed an act that was good with another that was evil. Perhaps Allah will turn unto them (in mercy): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

(Surah 9 “At-Tauba”, Ayah 102)
 

(He turned in mercy also) to the three who were left Behind: (they felt guilty) to such a degree that the earth seemed constrained to them for all its speciousness and their (very) souls seemed straitened to them and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah and no refuge but to Himself. Then He turned to them that they might repent: for Allah is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.

(Surah 9 “At-Tauba”, Ayah 118)
 
 
She was very pious and learned. She knew reading and writing. She had the opportunity to accompany the Holy Prophet (pbuh) on his (pbuh) journeys. She was with him (pbuh) at the battle of ‘Mariah,Khaibar,Fateh Mecca,Taif and Hunain’. She was also with the Prophet (pbuh) at the time of “Hudabiah”. When the Prophet (pbuh) fell ill and moved to the house of A’isha Siddiqua (RA), Umm-e-Salma (RA) often went there to see him. One day when he was very indisposed. She started crying, the Prophet (pbuh) forbade her to do so by saying as “This is not the way of Muslims”. She loved the Prophet (pbuh) very much and the Prophet (pbuh) also loved her mobility and gentleness.
Umm-e-Salma (RA) narrated 378 ‘Ahadith’. She led a very simple and pious life. She also very generous and made other people incline towards generosity. Once Abdur Rahman bin Auf (RA) came and said “O Mother! So much wealth has came to me that I fear ruin”. Umm-e-Salma (RA)advised him to spend it in the name of Allah (S.T.).
She had some of the hair of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) with her and she used to show it to the people. Angel Jibrael once came to see the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in the presence of Umm-e-Salma (RA)as reported by Salman Farsi (RA) that “Angel Jibrael came in the shape of Wahea Kalbi, the companion of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Umm-e-Salma (RA) had authority on the matters to divorce etc. Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) used to consult her.

She expired during the period of yazid bin Mauwiya at the age of 84 years in the year 62 Hijra. Abu Hurairah (RA) led her burried in “Jannatul-Baqi”(Graveyard).

MAY ALLAH (S.T.) BE PLEASED WITH HER.

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Ummul Mo’mineen Hazrate Umme Salama, Hind radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha :
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Aap ki wilaadat 596 A.D. me Makka me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Abu Umayya Suhail ibn Mugheera al-Makhzumi aur waalida ka naam Atikah bint Amir ibn Rabi’ah hai.

Aap ke waalid Quraish ke Banu Makhzum qabeele se ta’alluq rakhte hain.
Aap ke waalid ‘Zaad-ur-Rakib’ (the one who provides food to travellers) ke laqab se mash’hoor the.

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Aap ka nikaah Hazrat Abu Salama, Abdullāh ibn Abdul Asad al-Makhzumi radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu se hua jo Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki phuphi Barrah ke bete the.
Abu Salama Abdullāh se aap ke 2 bete aur 2 betiya hue : Salama, Umar, Zainab aur Durra.

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Elaan e Nabuwwat ke baad Aap ne apne shohar ke saath Islaam apnaaya jab sirf chand log hi musalman hue the. Quraish ne Aap par zulm karna shuru kiya.
3 Nabwi (613 A.D.) me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke farmaan par Aap ne Habasha (Abyssinia) ki taraf hijrat ki. Muhaajireen ke is giroh (qaafile) me 11 musalman mard aur 4 aurte thi.

Kuchh arse baad Musalman Makka waapas aaye to Quraish ne phir se un ko takleef dena shuru kiya.

5 Nabawi (615 A.D.) me Aap ne dusri martaba Habasha (Abyssinia) ki taraf hijrat ki. Muhaajireen ke is giroh (qaafile) me 87 mard aur 17 aurten thi.
Kuchh arse baad Makka waapas aaye to Quraish ne phir se un ko takleef dena shuru kiya.

Jab Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke farmaan par musalman Hijrat karke Madeena jaane lage tab Aap ke qabeele waalo ne Aap ko rok liya aur Abu Salama ke qabeele waalo ne aap ke bete ko le liya. Chunaanche Abu Salama tanha hi hijrat karke Madeena aa gaye. Baad me Banu Umayya ek shakhs ke samjhaane par qabeele waalo ne Aap ko aazaad kiya aur jab Aap ko apna beta waapas mila to aap bhi hijrat karke Madeena aa gai.
Jab aap Makka se 3 mile door Uṡmaan ibn Talha se mulaaqaat hui. Us waqt wo musalman nahi hue the. Unho ne Aap ko pehchaan liya aur jab pata chala ke Aap tanha Madeena jaa rahi hain to wo aap ki aur bache ki hifaazat ke liye Makka se Madeena tak humraah aaye aur aap ko Quba me Banu Amr ibn Awf ki hifaazat me diya.

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Jung e Uhad me Hazrat Abu Salama shadeed jakhmi hue.
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Moharram 4 Hijri me Banu Abdul Asad ibn Khuzaymah ke khilaaf Jung e Qatan me 150 musalmano ke saath muslim lashkar ke sardaar banaakar bheja. Jung e ke dauraan puraane jakhm khul gaye aur un ke haalaat bahot aleel ho gaye aur bistar se uthna bhi mushkil ho gaya.
Abu Salama ne Aap se kaha ke ‘Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya hai ke jab kisi shakhs par koi museebat aaye to use kehna chaahiye ke Inaa lillāhi wa inna ilaihi raajioon ya’ni Beshak hum ALLĀH hi ke hain aur hum bhi us ki taraf lautkar jaana hai. Aur ye dua karni chaahiye ke Aye hamare Rab, Is ke badle mujhe wo ata farma jo sirf tu ata kar sakta hai.’
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam jab iyaadat ke liye tashreef laaye aur Abu Salama ke liye dua farmai. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki maujoodgi me Hazrat Abu Salama ka inteqaal hua.

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Madeena ke Ansaar ashaaba ne Aap ki madad ki.
Iddat khatm hone ke baad Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq aur Hazrat Umar faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne Aap ko nikaah ke liye paigaam bheja to aap ne inkaar kiya.
Jab Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Aap ko nikaah ka paigaam bheja to aap ne arz kiya ‘Mujhe dar hai ke mujh me aisi aadat ho jis se aap ko naraaz kar du aur ALLĀH ta’ala ke azaab me mubtila ho jaaun aur dusri baat ye hai ke mere 4 bache hain.’ Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Main ALLĀH ta’ala se dua karunga ke tumhari un aadato ko badal de aur tumhare pariwaar ab mera pariwaar hoga.’

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4 Hijri (626 A.D.) me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath Aap ka nikaah hua tab Aap ki umr 29 saal ki thi aur Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki umr 57 saal thi.

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Aap bahot ibaadat guzaar aur parhezgaar thi.
Aap Ilm aur Husn e akhlaaq me be-miṡaal thi.

Aap Haafiz e Qur’an thi.

Aap se 378 ahaadeeṡ marwi hai.

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Hazrat Ali ki waalida Hazrate Faatima binte Asad ke inteqaal ke baad Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Sayyeda Faatima Zahra ki zimmedaari Aap ko ata faramai.

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Aayat e Tat’heer Aap ke ghar me naazil hui.
Us waqt Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam Sayyeda Faatima ke saath Aap ke ghar par tashreef farma the. Unho ne Hazrate Ali, Hazrate Hasan wa Husain ko bhi bulaaya. Aur sab saath milkar khaana khaa rahe the. Tab Hazrate Jibreel alaihis salaam ye aayat lekar aaye. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Ali, Sayyeda Faatima, Hazrate Hasan aur Husain ko apne paas bulaakar chaadar odhaai aur farmaaya ‘Aye ALLĀH! Ye mere Alhe bait hain. In par tera khaas karam ata farma.’
Aap ranjeeda hui. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne wajah puchhi to aap ne farmaaya ‘Aap ne hume alag kar diya.’ Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam farmaaya ‘Tum bhi Ahle bait me se ho.’

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Ek martaba Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se arz kiya ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Qur’an majeed ki aayaten sirf mardo ke baare me hi naazil hoti hain, aurto ke baare me nahi.’ Is par ALLĀH ta’ala ne aayat naazil farmaai (33 Surah al-Ahzaab, Aayat 35) ‘Beshak musalman mard aur musalman aurte aur mo’min mard aur mo’min aurte aur farmaan bardaar mard aur farmaan bardaar aurte aur sache (sidq waale) mard aur sachi aurte aur sabr waale mard aur sabr waali aurte aur aajizi waale mard aur aajizi waali aurte aur sadqa (khairaat) karne waale mard aur sadqa karne waali aurte aur rozadaar mard aur rozadaar aurte aur apni sharmgaaho ki hifaazat karne waale mard aur hifaazat karne waali aurte aur kasrta se ALLĀH ka zikr karne waale mard aur zikr karne waali aurate ALLĀH ne in sab ke liye bakhshish aur azeem ajr tayyaar farma rakha hai.’

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Ek martaba Aap ne arz kiya “Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Dunya ki khastoon afzal hai ya jannat ki hoor?” Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne irshaad farmaaya “Dunya ki khaatoon ko jannat ki hoor par wohi fazeelat haasil hogi jo abre (baahar waala kapda) ko astar (andar waala kapda) par haasil hoti hai.” Aap ne arz kiya “Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Uski kya wajah hai?” Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne irshaad farmaaya “Un ki namaaze, rooze aur doosri ibaadate jo unho ne ALLĀH azz wa jall ke liye ki hogi.”
(Tabraani, Majmua-uz-Zawaid, Juzz e Aashir, Safa -417/418)

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Ek martaba Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam Aap ke makaan me tashreef farma the. Itne me ek shakhs mulaaqaat ke liye aaya. Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath us shakhs ke saath guftagu ki. Jab woh chala gaya to Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Aap se puchha ‘Aap ne us shakhs ko pehchaana?’ Aap ne farmaaya ‘Woh Dihyah al-Kalbi the.’ Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Woh Jibr’eel alaihis salaam the.’

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Ek roz Hazrate Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki god me tashreef farma the.
Hazrate Umme Fazl binte Haariṡ radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha bhi paas baithi thi. Unho ne dekha ki Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki dono chashmaane mubarak se aansoo beh rahe the.
Hazrate Umme Fazl ne arz kiya ‘Ya Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam! Yeh aansoo kaise hai?’
To Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ki ‘Jibr’eel ne mujhe khabar di hai ki mere is bache ko meri ummat qatl kar degi. Jibr’eel ne jaha yeh shaheed hoga us sar-zameen ki surkh mitti laakar mujhe di hai.’
Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne us mitti ko sungha aur farmaaya ‘Is mitti se mujhe boo e Ard e Taf (Karbala) aati hai.’

Phir wo mitti Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrate Umme Salama radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ko de di aur farmaaya ‘Is mitti ko apne paas rakho jab yeh mitti khoon ban jaaye to samajh lena mera beta shaheed ho gaya.’

Hazrat Umme Salma radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha ne us mitti ko ek shishi me band kar liya phir jis din Hazrat Imaam Husain radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha Karbala me shaheed hue usi roz yeh mitti band shishi me khoon ban gai.

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Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne kai mauqe par Aap se mashwara kiya tha.

Aap Sulaih Hudaibiyah ke mauqe par Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath thi.

Aap Junge Khaibar, Fateh Makka, Jung e Taa’if, aur dusri jung me Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath thi.

Hajjatul wida me bhi Aap Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke saath thi.

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Aap ta’aleem e deen karti thi aur logo ke mas’ale ke faisle bhi farmaati thi.

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Tamaam Azwaaj e mutahhirat me Aap ka wisaal sab se aakhir me hua.

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Aap ka wisaal 3 Rabi uṡ Ṡaani 64 Hijri (683 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ki namaaz e janaaza Hazrat Abu Huraira radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ne padhai.

Aap ka mazaar Jannatul Baqi, Madeena munawwara me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Ummul mo’mineen Hazarte Umme Salama radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

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