Ummul-Mumineen Safiyah Bint Huyaiy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

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Ummul mo’mineen Hazrat Safiya bint Huyay radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha :
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Aap ki wilaadat 610 A.D. me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Huyay ibn Akhtab aur waalida ka naam Barra binte Samawal ibn Adiya hai.

Aap ke waalid Yahudi qabeele Banu Nadeer ke sardaar the.
Aap ki waalida Yahudi qabeele Banu Qurayza se thi.

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Aap ki shaadi Salam bin Mishkam se hui. Us se tallaaq ke baad 627 A.D. me Aap ki shaadi Kinana ibn Abil Haqeeq Rabi se hui.

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Ek martaba Aap ne khwaab me dekha ke Aasmaan se chaand aap ki god me aa gaya. Jab Kinana ko is ke baare me bataaya to us ne kaha ke “Yeh is baat ki taraf ishaara karta hai ki tum Arab ke sardaar se nikaah karne ki khwaahish rakhti ho.” Aur aap ke munh par waar kiya. Jis ka nishaan Aap ke chehre par baaqi reh gaya.

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3 Hijri (625 A.D.) me Banu Nadeer ne galti se 2 musalmano ko qatl kar diya. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam chand ashaaba ke saath un se guftagu ke liye tashreef laaye. Huyay ibn Akhtab ne apne saathiyo ke saath Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko qatl karne ki saazish ki. Hukme ilāhi se Jibr’eel alaihis salaam ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko aagaah kar diya. Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam guftagu rad karke waapas chale aaye.
Is ke baad Banu Nadeer ko Madeena se baahar nikaala gaya. Wo Khaibar me aakar muqeem hue.

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Moharram 7 Hijri (May 628 A.D.) me Junge Khaibar me Aap ke waalid aur bhai qatl hue aur phir aap ke shohar Kinana qatl hue. Aap ko Hazrat Dihyah al-Kalbi ko diya gaya. Aap qabeele ke sardaar ki beti thi. Chunaanche Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Aap se nikaah karne ki darkhaasht ki. 3 din tak Khaibar me thehre. Phir jab Aap haiz se faarigh hui to Khaibar se rawaana hone ke baad maqaame Sadd al-Sahba par Aap ko musalman banakar Aap se nikaah kiya. Waleema me ashaaba ko Hais (ghost ka bana khaas khaana) khilaaya gaya.
Madeena pahunchne ke baad Aap Haariṡa ibn Nomaan ke makaan me thehri.

Deegar Azwaaje Mutahharaat Aap ko yahudi ki beti kehti thi. Aap ne Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ko is ke baare me bataaya to Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya “Agar koi aisa kahe to us se keh dena ke Hāroon alaihis salaam mere waalid hain, Moosā alaihis salaam mere chacha hain aur Muhammad sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam mere shohar hain.”

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Aap bahot ibaadat guzaar aur parhezgaar aur sakhi thi.
Aap kaṡrat se tilaawate Qur’an karti thi aur tilaawat ke dauraan Aap ki aankho se aansoo jaari rehte the.

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Ek martaba Aap ki kaneez ne Ameer-ul-mo’mineen Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko fariyaad ki ke “Aap Sanichar ko zyada pasand karti hain aur yahudiyo se milti hain.” Jab Hazrat Umar Faarooq ne Aap se is ke baare me puchha to Aap ne bataaya ke “ALLĀH ta’ala ne mujhe Sabath (sanichar) se afzal Jum’aa ka din ata farmaaya hai aur Mere Yahudi rishtedaar milne aaye to un se milna padta hai.” Hazrat Umar Faarooq mutmaeen hokar laut gaye.
Aap ne apni kaneez se shikaayat karne ki wajah puchhi to us ne kaha ke “Mujhe shaitaan ne behka diya tha.” Aap ne foran use aazaad kar diya.

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35 Hijri me Kufa, Basra aur Misr (Egypt) ke baaghiyo ne Ameer-ul-mo’mineen Hazrate Uṡmaan Ghani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke makaan par ghera daala to Aap ne Hazrate Uṡmaan Ghani ke ghar me khaana aur paani pahunchaane ki koshish ki magar Aap nakaam hui.

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Aap ka wisaal 14 Ramazaan 50 Hijri (October 670 Hijri) ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Jannatul Baqi, Madeena munawwara me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Ummul mo’mineen Hazrat Safiya bint Huyay radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha aur tamaam Auliya Allāh aur Ahle bait aur Ashaaba ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.

Safiyah (RA) was the daughter of Huyaiy bin Akhtab, who was the chieftain of th tribe of “Banu Nazeer”. She was first married to Salam bin Mishkam and then second married to Kanana bin Abi Al-Haqeeq. Kanana bin Abi Al-Haqeeq was killed in the battle of “Khaibar”. Safiyah (RA) was among the prisioners of war. It is reported that the famous companion Wahia Kalbi (RA) requested to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) for a slave girl from the spoils of the war. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) permitted him to have his own choice. He selected Safiyah (RA) but the other companions requested to the Prophet (pbuh) to have Safiyah (RA) for himself as she was the daughter of the chief. He (pbuh) asked Wahia Kalbi (RA) to choose other girl.
The Prophet (pbuh) then gave her the choice of joining her people after freedom or accepting Islam and coming into matrimonial relationship with him. She was very happy to marry him (pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh) then first set her free and married her. Her freedom was considered as her dowry.
Safiyah (RA) wasn only 17 years old at the time of this marriage. This marriage was celebrated at “Al-Sabha”. Abu Ayub Anasari (RA) guarded the camp whole night. The next day ordinary “Walima” was arranged. The feast consisted of “Hais” a dish of dates. She was very intelligent and beautiful. She loved the Prophet (pbuh) with all her heart and soul.
When the Prophet (pbuh) felt illness she said with extreme sorrow tht his illness could come her. The Prophet (pbuh) married with her to damp the animosity of the jews. He was so kindly, gracious and sympathetic to Safiyah (RA) that he never alluded to what her father had done him.
Safiyah (RA) narrated: When the Prophet (pbuh) migrated to Madina-al-Munauwara, her father and uncle went to see the Prophet (pbuh) and find out whether he (pbuh) was the true Messenger of Allah (S.T), as mentioned in the scriptures. They came back and had this conversation “What do you thing about him (pbuh)? Asked my uncle. “He is the same Prophet (pbuh) as told in the Holy Boooks” said my father. Then “What is to be done?” then the reply came that they must oppose him with all their might.
Safiyah (RA) was a devoted believer, punctually performed all rituals. She was used to spend much of her time in reciting the Holy Quran and it is reported that she used to weep while reciting Quran. She was taunted by some of the other wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) being a “Yahudia”. The Prophet (pbuh) admonished them when Safiyah (RA) complained to him (pbuh).
Safiyah (RA) stationed in the house of Harisa bin Noman in Madina-al-Munauwara, where all the other wives of the Prophet (pbuh) and the ladies of the town visited to her. She was very generous and she gave her jewellery to Fatima (RA) bint Muhammad (pbuh) and the othr wives of the Prophet (pbuh) when she came to Madina-al-Munauwara after her marriage.
The Prophet (pbuh) saw a sear on her face and enquired, “What is this?” She said “One day I had a dream that a moon rose from “Yathrab” (a town near Madina) and fell in my lap. I mentioned this to my husband Kinan. He grew angry and slapped me on my face. She had very kind and gentle behaviour from the Prophet (pbuh) when they came to Madina-al-Munauwara from “Khaibar” (a fort) after the marriage. She also exhibited kindness and gentle behavior with the family of the Prophet (pbuh). She tried her level best to live peacefully and happily with A’ish Siddiqua (RA), Hafsah (RA), Zainab (RA) and Juwairiah (RA).
Her maid servant once said to Umer Farooq (RA) that she had a strong predilection for “Sabbath-Saturday” and that she had not yet give up her love for the jews. Umer Farooq (RA) himself visited to her and told what her maid had said to him. Safiyah (RA) explained “O Umer (RA)! Allah (S.T.) granted me friday as a substitute for “Sabbath” and as for jews I have love for them as they are my kinsman and relatives. This replly satisfied Umar (RA). She asked the maid servant as to why she so complained, the maid servant accepted that she was incited by the Salam. Safiyah (RA) sent her free.

Safiyah (RA) died in the year 50 Hijra at the age of 60 years. She lived with the Holy Prophet (pbuh) for nearly 4 years. She was burried in the “Janatul-Baqi”(Graveyard).

MAY ALLAH (S.T.) BE PLEASED WITH HER.

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