Hazrat Zayd b. al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī (Arabic: زيد بن الحسن بن علي) is the son of Imam al-Hasan (a) Some historical sources stated that he was present in the Battle of Karbala and he was taken captive at the end. Zayd b. al-Hasan was a reliable hadith narrator and amongst the companions of Imam al-Sajjad (a).
Abu l-Hasan or Abu l-Husayn was the kunya of Zayd b. al-Hasan. He was the oldest son of Imam al-Hasan (a). Umm Bashir bt. Abi Mas’ud al-Badri was the mother of Zayd who had another child from Imam al-Hasan (a) named Umm al-Hasan. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq and Al-Shaykh al-Mufid mentioned that Zayd had another sister named Umm al-Husayn.
The birth date of Zayd b. al-Hasan is unknown and historian stated the birth date of him. He passed away in 120/738 at the age of 100, 95 or 90. It can be assumed he was born between 20/640 to 30/650-51.
According to Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Zayd b. al-Hasan was a strong, generous self-assured man who was praised by poets. People came from different areas to learn from him. Al-Irbili introduced Zayd as a generous, self-assured and decent man.
According to some sources, when Zayd b. al-Hasan came to Suq al-Zuhr (a market which was held around noon) people gathered around him as they were amazed by his strong and bulky body; they were mentioning that he was a descendant of Prophet (s).
Al-Shaykh al-Tusi regarded Zayd b. al-Hasan a companion of Imam al-Sajjad (a) and Ibn Hibban regarded him a thiqa(reliable hadith narrator) and accepted his narrations. Ibn Hajar in his book Tahdhib al-tahdhib stated that Zayd was a member of Banu Hashim who was a generous and noble man.
Hazrat Zayd’s cousins, Hazrat Hasan b. al-Hasan and Ibrahim b. al-Hasan were carrying the coffin and Hazrat ‘Abd Allah b. al-Hasan al-Muthanna known as ‘Abd Allah al-Mahd was walking in front in the funeral, respecting him others also were walking on foot in his funeral until they carried his body to his home and after ghusl al-mayyit buried him in al-Baqi’.
he was regarded a respected man. After his demise some poets composed poems on his death including Qudama b. Musa al-Hajami.
After the martyrdom of Hazrat ‘Abbas b. ‘Ali (a), his wife Lubaba bt. ‘Ubayd Allah b. ‘Abbas married Zayd b. al-Hasan. They had two sons Muhammad and Hasan and a daughter Nafisa; his generation continued only by Hasan b. Zayd. Hasan had two children who played important roles in social affairs of the time in Abbasid era. Hasan b. Zayd was appointed as the governor of Medina by Mansur. Some sources stated that Zayd had a son named Yahya who is buried in Egypt.
Notable Members of Zayd’s Family
Hasan b. Zayd b. al-Hasan, the governor of Medina, appointed by Mansur al-Dawaniqi
Sayyida Nafisa bt. Hasan b. Zayd
‘Abd al-‘Azim al-Hasani
Muhammad b. Hasan b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Ibrahim b. Hasan b. Zayd b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali; he launched an uprising in the time of Mu’tasim.
Hasan b. Zayd b. Muhammad b. Isma’il b. Hasan b. Zayd known as Da’i Kabir who rebelled in Tabarestan.
Hasan b. Qasim b. ‘Ali b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. al-Qasim b. Muhammad al-Bathani b. al-Qasim b. Hasan b. Zayd known as Da’i Saghir who was killed in 317/929.
Qasim b. ‘Ali b. Isma’il who was a commander of Hasan b. Zayd’s army.