Hazrat Syeda Umme Rubab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

 

UMM”e Rubab<sa> the wife of Imam Hussein<as> and the mother of Sakeena<sa>, and Abdullah{Ali-Asger} Umm”e Rubab<sa> was the daughter of Imru”ul Qays ibn Aws and her mother was Maysar Amr ibn Tha’labah,and sister of Umme Farwa her original name was [SALIMA] and her sister was [SALAMA ]she has many nicknames like;”Salama, “Marziya, Mayasura  “Umm ul Rida, and “Banu, she was from the tribe of Banu kinanah both sisters were married the same day Umme Farwa<sa> was blessed [Kasim] after a year but Umme Rubab<sa. she was blessed Sakina after 7 years,after that heartrending tragedy on Ashura in Karbala she was taken as a captive along with the rest of women and children to Kufa and Damascus, grief and sadness caused her to pass away she was the second lady of Ahlul Bayt<as> to die after they came back from the prison from sham to Medina she die under 3 months and she was best poem writer that in prison Sakeena<sa> would ask her mother in prison [zindan ] at night “O mother recite for me any poem, when she came back to Medina every day the women from Madina came outside her house and listens the poem and they wept and some of them use to go inside her house and comb her hair, she did not comb her hair after Ashura,, I want to share this poem of Umm e Rubab.<sa> {BANU}…She has composed says; “The person who was light and others asked him for light, was killed in Karbala without being buried, O son of the prophet<saww>, may God bless you with a suitable reward in place of us, you were protected from impairment or loss you were like a strong and firm mountain which I took shelter in, you were kind with us like a father and mother now who is the shelter for me a widow and poor, who is it that every destitute person can take refuge in him I want no spouse in place of him, till the time when I am buried among the sand and dirt”.. Umme Rubab<sa> real name before marriage to Aba Abdullah e Hussain<sa> was [slama] she was from and she was one of the Arab best poet and one of the best writer of poems of her time After marriage she was the best mother of her time When Aba Abdullah e Hussain<as> asked her give me baby Asghar<as> let me take him in maktal and ask for water, she knew it was her last time to hold baby Asghar<as> in her lap she gave it to Imam Hussain<as> but when Imam Husain<as> was thinking how should he go inside the tent with a dead body of Ali Asgher<as> she said;”O My Lord do not hesitate, please come in and bring my son.Imam Hussein<as>, entered inside the tent and handed Ali Asghar<as>, to Bano.<sa>, syeda Zainab<.sa>, Umm e Kulsoom<.sa>, all came inside the tent saw; Banno<sa>started reciting the poem; “my heart is weeping for you,instead of water, you got a bloodbath,it did not stop their on the night of Ashura she came in maktal to find the dead body of her baby Asger,, Lady zainab<sa> told Lady kulsoom<sa> count all the Ladies and childrens, Lady kulsoom<sa> said Rubab<sa> is missing, They two sister started searching Rubab<sa> when Bano<sa> saw two sisters looking for her,she said;”Please do not be angry to me,I thought may be Asghar<as. has some life left so then I can give her some milk, because my chest is heavy and whenever my chest is heavy I know that baby Asghar is thirsty, maybe I can give him milk, all holy Ladies<sa> started weeping,in the morning of the 11th she was holding the baby Asghar<as> body on her lap when all other Ladies went on the side of their martyrs, she was saying;Now you have to stay with your Baba jaan,but O my son I will never forget you, let me lull you in my lap for the last time then she placed him on the chest of Imam Hussain<as> on the way from karbala to sham she was the only lady among all who was lashed by hunter 36 x times than any other holy Ladies in her caravan,when they were in prison on the night before the death of sakeena<sa> she Sakina<sa>came to her mother and said;”O Mother Baba jaan will come to take me tonight he told me in dream. Bano started to weep. sakeena came to his brother sajjad<as> and said; Akhi jahan I have a dream our baba jaan said he will take me tonight. so promise me that you will look after my Ammi jaan I now i will never go back and after the holy Ladies<sa> were released from the prison for another place to stay on the night she refused and said how can I leave my sakeena alone in the darkness of this prison you all now sakina cries in darkness”– [ Ref- when the skies weep the blood-pg-164,

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“Hazrat Bibi Rubab s.a Bint e Umra ul Qais … Kerbala se Shahadat Tak”

Hazrat Bibi Rubab s.a ka Kerbala se Waapis aa kr faqat Eik Mamool Tha. Ap s.a Madinah me Apny Ghar mein Dhoop mein Betthi rehtin. Ap s.a her waqt Apny Bety Babul Khawaej Shahzada Ali Asghar a.s ki Yaad mein aansu bahatin. Na Sirf Ap s.a bal kay Saani e Zahra s.a or Imam Sajjad a.s ka bhi Mamool raha.

9 Rabi Ul Awwal ko Jab Ibn e Saad Maloon ka ser Imam Sajjad a.s k Paas Aya to Imam a.s ne Soag Barha dia.

Lekin Rubab s.a k Dil ko to Sakoon Sirf Asghar a.s hi day sakta tha. Imam Sajjad a.s ne frmaya:
“Ay Pyari Waalida! Ab To Qatil mara gaya hai Ab To thanda Paani Pi Len or Saey Mein Aa Jaen”

Bibi Rubab s.a ki Aankho ki Furat Brh gae.
Ap s.a ne jwab dia:
“Sajjad a.s! Insaf se batao… Mere Waali a.s ka Lasha Dhoop mein pra rha… Mera Asghar a.s bhi Naizy pr raha. Meri Sakina s.a b Zindan mein chl bassi. Kya Is Qatil (l.a) k mrny se Mera Waali a.s Wapis Aa Gya? Kya Mjhy Mera Asghar a.s Mil Gaya? Kya Meri Sakina s.a ki Qaid Chhoot Gae? “

Yh sun Ker Masoom a.s ka Khoon Jari Ho Gya Aur Dono Maa a.s Beta a.s Isi Trah Girya krty hue Ghsh mein Aa Gy.

Saani e Zahra s.a ne Sajjad a.s ko Housh Kraey tab tak Madar e Baysheer a.s Is Jahan se kooch frma gaen thi.

Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilehe Rajioon
— at Karbala’, Iraq

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HAZRAT UMM RABAB (S.A.), WIFE OF IMAM HUSSAYN (A.S.)

Hazrat Rabab (s.a.) also known as Umm Rabab (a.s.) , was the wife of the King of Martyrs, Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and the mother of the “ Princess of Karbala”, Hazrat Sakina (s.a.) and the ” Little Victor of Karbala”, Hazrat Ali al-Asghar (a.s.).

She was the daughter of the chief of the tribe of Bakr bin Wael, Imru’al Qays. It is reported that she was a learned woman. She and her father both were fond of poetry.

She had an exceptional faith in Imam Hussayn (a.s.). Her sacrifice and dedication is note worthy in the tragedy of Karbala. When she left Madinah, along with the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), Hazrat Ali al-Asghar (a.s.) must have been about one month old. Although, Hazrat Fatima al-Sughra insisted that the little Ali al-Asghar (a.s.) may be left with her in Madinah.

The travelling from Madinah to Karbala was very difficult and one can imagine how painful it must have been to a mother of two children aging one month and four years; Hazrat Sakina (s.a.) was about four years old.

Even at Karbala, when water supply was cut-off by the brutal Yazidi forces from 7th of Muharram, there is no report of any narration in the books, of any complaint from Umm Rabab (s.a.) about an infant’s thirst in the desert of scorching heat.

On the Day of Ashura, when Imam Hussayn (a.s.) asked Umm Rabab to bring Hazrat Ali Asghar (a.s.) so that he may get some water for the infant, Hazrat Umm Rabab’s trust in Imam Hussayn (a.s.) is unimaginable. The barbaric people, who had mercilessly slaughtered the family and friends of Imam Hussayn (a.s.) in one day, would be kind enough to quench the thirst of the infant. Umm Rabab was the symbol of reliance, confidence, dedication, patience and sacrifice. In this action, Hazrat Umm Rabab was no less than Hazrat Hajira (a.s.) when she was left alone in the desert of Makkah with her little son, Hazrat Isma’eel (a.s.). She must have given the benefit of doubt about the so called Muslims and thought that a slight ray of humanity must have been left in them. But in a matter of few minutes that apprehension was shattered when Hurmalah (l.a.) released a three-pronged arrow towards the delicate neck of Hazrat Ali Asghar (a.s.) which pierced through the infant’s throat and injured Imam Hussayn (a.s.)’s hand. When Imam Hussayn (a.s.) brought the infant and Hazrat Umm Rabab (s.a.) witnessed the slaughtered baby, she said: “Does infants are slaughtered like camels!” Because such three pronged arrows were used to slaughter (Nahar) camels. After some time, when she witnessed the tiny head of Hazrat Ali Asghar (a.s.) on the top of a spear, her heart must have been shattered. But she remained a symbol of patience!

It is reported that when the caravan of Ale Muhammad (a.s.) returned to Karbala, she refused to go back to Madinah and did not sit in a shade. We can imagine the state of her mind; her husband, the King of Martyrs Imam Hussayn (a.s.) was brutally slaughtered and his body remained without being covered or properly washed and buried! Her “Little Victor of Karbala” Hazrat Ali Asghar(a.s.)’s tiny body was exhumed by the barbaric Yazidi army from the fresh grave prepared by Imam Hussayn (a.s.) and his tiny head was severed and raised on top of a spear like other martyrs. Her “Princess of Karbala” Hazrat Sakina (s.a.) was brutally fastened on the back of a camel on way to Damascus.When the camel ran fast, she was bleeding along the route to Damascus. The blood dried on her dress and when she died in the dungeon of Shaam (Syria), Imam Zayn al-Abedin (a.s.) had to bury her beloved sister in the same dress because it was completely attached to her skin! Can we imagine the enormity of atrocities, opressions and shameful behavior of the people who paid back the “Compensation of Prophet Hood” to the Chief of Prophet’s Progeny!

The famous poet Aale Raza had written about Hazrat Umm Rabab (s.a.) on the eve of “Shaam-e-Ghareeban”:

“Na Is Tarah koi Kheti Hari Bhari Ujri; Tumhari Mang Bhi Ujri Hai Kokh Bhi Ujri – Meaning no harvest has ever been destroyed like the destruction of the Garden of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (s.a.); Your sacred husband was martyred and your both children were also martyred!”

Lineage

Al-Rabab was the daughter of Imru’ al-Qays b. ‘Adi. Her father was ‘Arab Christian from Syria who converted to Islam in the time of the second caliph. According to sources, Hind al-Hunud, the daughter of Rabi’ b. Mas’ud b. Musad b. Husn b. Ka’b was her mother.[1]

Characteristics

According to al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin: “As quoted from Hisham b. al-Kalbi in al-Aghani, al-Rabab was among the best women in the aspects of beauty, eloquence, and wisdom.”

Marriage

It is narrated due to fondness toward ‘Ali b. Abi Talib (a), Imru’ al-Qays accepted the marriage of his three daughters with Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), and Imam al-Husayn (a).

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid mentioned the names of the children of Imam al-Husayn (a), and also his wives, where al-Rabab is named as his wife.[4] Their marriage is narrated as when Imru’ al-Qays came to the mosque and converted to Islam in the time of Umar b. al-Khattab, he saw Imam Ali (a) and his sons, al-Hasan (a) and al-Husayn (a), on the way back to his house. Imam Ali (a) said to him: I am Ali b. Abi Talib, the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (s), and they are my sons. We request to marry your daughters. Then Imru’ al-Qays accepted their request and let his daughter Mahya marry Imam Ali (a), Salma (according to al-Baladhuri: Zaynab) marry with Imam al-Hasan (a), and al-Rabab marry with Imam al-Husayn (a).

Apparently, Awf was the only narrator of the cited event, whose father’s name was mentioned in Ansab al-ashraf as Haritha, and in Tarikh madina al-Dimashq (History of Damascus) and in al-Aghani as Kharija. As stated in Ansab al-ashraf, Umm Ya’la was the child of Imam ‘Ali (a) and Mahya, Imam al-Hasan and Zaynab did not have a child, while Sukayna was the child of al-Rabab and Imam al-Husayn.

Because this event was only narrated by only one source, also al-Shaykh al-Mufid did not mention the name of Umm Ya’la, as a child of Imam Ali (a), therefore, accepting this event and this request of marriage seems highly improbable. At least it raises questions which are unanswered in this narration.

Children

Al-Rabab gave birth to two children from Imam al-Husayn (a), Sukayna and ‘Abd Allah. ‘Abd Allah (‘Ali al-Asghar) was martyred in the Battle of Karbala in the arms of his father, while he was an infant.[5]

Fondness of Imam al-Husayn (a) toward al-Rabab

According to narrations Imam al-Husayn (a) adored al-Rabab, he (a) even wrote poems to her:

I swear I love the house in which al-Rabab and Sukayna are living

I loved them dearly and I sacrifice all my belongings to them

And no one can disapprove my admiration toward them.

Presence in the Battle of Karbala

According to narrations, al-Rabab was present in the Battle of Karbala, and was taken as captive to Syria. It is said, she witnessed the martyrdom of Ali al-Asghar in the arms of his father, Imam al-Husayn (a).[8] Ibn Kathir stated: “She accompanied Imam al-Husayn (a), and after his martyrdom she was heavily grieving.”

It is also said that she held the holy head of Imam al-Husayn (a) in the palace of ‘Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad and said:

Oh, Husayn; I will never forget you

your body was hurt by enemies’ spear

They betrayed him in Karbala and martyred him

Oh! Allah, bring drought to Karbala

After the Battle of Karbala

As stated in a number of narrations, al-Rabab stayed in Karbala, near the burial site of Imam al-Husayn (a) for a year and then returned to Medina. However, Qadi Tabatabai believes she came back to Medina after the incident. In addition, Imam al-Sajjad (a) would not let her stay in deserts of Karbala for a year. He also said: no narration has said with certainty that al-Rabab has stayed in Karbala for a year. Even Ibn al-Athir, who narrated it, did not mention the name of the narrator. As a result, this narration seems weak and improbable.[10]

When al-Rabab came back to Medina, she was offered requests for marriage and she refused them all; she said I want no other father-in-law after the Prophet Muhammad (s).[11]

Masqalat al-Tahhan narrated from Imam al-Sadiq (a): When Imam al-Husayn (a) was martyred, his Kilabiyya wife held mourning ceremonies and they all wept for Imam until their tears gone dry, except for one of the servants who was still constantly weeping for Imam al-Husayn (a). When she asked her about the reason, she replied: I drank Sawiq syrup. Afterwards she ordered to prepare the syrup as it helped to weep for Imam al-Husayn (a).

Demise

Ibn al-Athir wrote about al-Rabab: “After the Battle of Karbala, al-Rabab did not live more than a year during which she was mourning and weeping.”Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin stated that al-Rabab has passed away a year after ‘Ashura, in 62/681-2.