Hazrat Syed Shah Nimatullah Qadri Rehmatullahe alayhe

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Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri was the great Sufi saint of 16th century. Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri came to Kashmir from Kharzam a place near Iran and Iraq border. The shrine of Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri is decorated with papier mache which is done on the wall by the artisans of that time. Besides papier mache there is a Persian language inscriptions written on the walls of shrine.

Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri, 1582A.D, who entered the valley during the rule of Chaks, 1561-1586.A.D, and firms the foundation of the Sufi order in the valley of Kashmir. He first settled down at Srinagar and his arrival opened the gates for the other Sufis to come and to disseminate the message of unity among the masses.

Being the Sufi of eminence, he attracted the attention of Kashmiri people in and outside the areas of Srinagar and enlightened the people of valley according to Islamic principles. Within a short period he succeeded in inculcating the sentiments of fraternity and equity, coupled with sense of service to humanity, in the followers, irrespective of race, community, caste, creed and color. He stressed on the need of the development of man with the purification of mind through prayer and meditation. In Kashmir valley his teachings helped in eradicating several social evils by advocating religious tolerance and the concept of oneness of Allah.

The traditional culture of Kashmir underwent great changes by his arrival in the valley; especially the language underwent tremendous changes, because he used to deliver the sermons in Persian language. Hence the language was already the court language during the Sultanate rule period. The Persian language acted as medium of intellectual traffic to attract people. As such not only conversion process was started by using the Persian, but also as a vehicle of communication for motivation towards Islam, and the medium in which the literature was available. He not only pulled down the language barriers, but also made Islamic tradition more comprehensible to common people.

He disseminated the message of oneness, because all powers are rested with Allah. The real essence is above human knowledge. From the point of view of its attributes, it is a substance with two accidents one is creator and another is creature, one is visible and another is invisible. One has to obey Allah and those who obey the command, are the real Muslims.

Syed Nimatullah gave prime importance to worship. Whatever creature has been given life by the grace of Allah exists only for the purpose of worshiping him. Whatever has the power to speak has duty to worship him. He strongly warned men to worship Allah from the moment they attained the age of reason. He always insisted upon people to follow the guide lines, and if one does not turn towards Allah in the vigour of youth how can one do so in old age. He regarded a man’s desires as his great enemy. The first duty of worship is to control ones desires. He condemned anger, pride and greed, the source of which, according to him, is selfish desires. The proud should be sent to hell where they will become soft, like iron in the fire, one cannot attain truth, if one does not give up anger, pride and greed .

He insisted upon people to follow the path of peace and harmony, pleaded for tolerance fellow feeling, love and affection among all sections of the society. The simplicity, love of mankind and sympathy with human sufferings appealed to the people of the other communities and many became his devotees.

Mir Mirak Andarbi Khalifa Shah Naimutllah Qadri

Apart from the above Qadri saints, mention may be made of Mulla Shah Badakshani, stayed in Kashmir for more than 22 years. He was among the disciples of Mian Mir Qadri. In this way Suharwardi, Naqashbandi and Qadri saints were very important Sufi orders, which influenced Kashmir in several ways and prepared the way for the sufistic interpretation
of Islam, which was the hallmark of the Kubarawi and Rishi Silsilas (orders) of Kashmir.
The Wahdat-al-Wajud (Unity of Being) philosophy was advocated by almost all Sufis, which has several resemblances with Hindu Vedanta Darshan. Even the famous ‘Kubarawi, Sufi Saiyid Ali Hamadani (1314-1384) was an ardent h advocate of the same philosophy. Although Sayyid Ali’s teacher Allaudin Simnani was fiercely opposed to the theory of Wahdat-al-Wajud… He wrote a tract in defense of the Wajudi doctrine, entitled as Risala-I-Wujudiyya. He wrote two commentaries on Ibn Arabi’s acclaimed Fusus-al-Hikam. According to Farooq Bukhâri, Sayyid Ali was the first to introduce Ibn Arabi’s thoughts in South Asia. Syed Ali Hamadani belonged to the Kubrawi order of Sufis .It is well known that the Kubrawi and Suhrawardi saints made strenuous efforts to support the Sunni cause, “which the dominance of Shiis in politics in the second half of the sixteenth century had undermined.”
They were representing “orthodox” trend, which assumed various forms as its ramifications. They wanted to sustain “the contour of the structure of doctrinal Islam”, and their activities ranged from building mosques, constructing educational institutions”etc etc.
They provided patronage to “the learned divines to systematic inculcation of the virtues, norms and observances of Islam”.

Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri was the great Sufi saint of 16th century. Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri came to Kashmir from Kharzam a place near Iran and Iraq border.
The shrine of Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri is decorated with papier mache which is done on the wall by the artisans of that time. Besides papier mache there is a Persian language inscriptions written on the walls of shrine.
Syed Nimatullah Shah Qadri, 1582A.D, who entered the valley during the rule of Chaks, 1561-1586.A.D, and firms the foundation of the Sufi order in the valley of Kashmir. He first settled down at Srinagar and his arrival opened the gates for the other Sufis to come and to disseminate the message of unity among the masses.
Being the Sufi of eminence, he attracted the attention of Kashmiri people in and outside the areas of Srinagar and enlightened the people of valley according to Islamic principles. Within a short period he succeeded in inculcating the sentiments of fraternity and equity, coupled with sense of service to humanity, in the followers, irrespective of race, community, caste, creed and color. He stressed on the need of the development of man with the purification of mind through prayer and meditation. In Kashmir valley his teachings helped in eradicating several social evils by advocating religious tolerance and the concept of oneness of Allah.
The traditional culture of Kashmir underwent great changes by his arrival in the valley; especially the language underwent tremendous changes, because he used to deliver the sermons in Persian language. Hence the language was already the court language during the Sultanate rule period. The Persian language acted as medium of intellectual traffic to attract people. As such not only conversion process was started by using the Persian, but also as a vehicle of communication for motivation towards Islam, and the medium in which the literature was available. He not only pulled down the language barriers, but also made Islamic tradition more comprehensible to common people.
He disseminated the message of oneness, because all powers are rested with Allah. The real essence is above human knowledge. From the point of view of its attributes, it is a substance with two accidents one is creator and another is creature, one is visible and another is invisible. One has to obey Allah and those who obey the command, are the real Muslims.
Syed Nimatullah gave prime importance to worship. Whatever creature has been given life by the grace of God exists only for the purpose of worshipping him. Whatever has the power to speak has duty to worship him. He strongly warned men to worship God from the moment they attained the age of reason. He always insisted upon people to follow the guide lines, and if one does not turn towards God in the vigour of youth how can one do so in old age. He regarded a man’s desires as his great enemy. The first duty of worship is to control ones desires. He condemned anger, pride and greed, the source of which, according to him, is selfish desires. The proud should be sent to hell where they will become soft, like iron in the fire, one cannot attain truth, if one does not give up anger, pride and greed .
He insisted upon people to follow the path of peace and harmony, pleaded for tolerance fellow feeling, love and affection among all sections of the society. The simplicity, love of mankind and sympathy with human sufferings appealed to the people of the other communities and many became his devotees.

 

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