Name and lineage genealogy
His name was Syed Shah Musa Quaderi. He was well known and famous Sufi saints of Hyderabad. He was belonging to 21th direct descendent of Sheikh Abdul Quadir Jilani R.A., of Baghdad. So for this reason he is called Sadat (descendant of the holy prophet through his daughter Hazrat Fatima). His fathers’ name was Hazrat Syed Shah Mohiuddin alias Quader Pasha, who was the son of Hazrat Syed Tajuddin Abdul Razaq Quaderi and who was belongs to the sons Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Quader Jilani R.A., and who was son famous Qu’tub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of his time in the Deccan (South India) region and who did many great endeavours for the preaching and propagation of Islam in South India and around it and there was no such person during his time.
He was born in the city of Hyderabad in the year 1152 Hegira Islamic calendar year and his father was handed over to him to her sister who brought him up and she was a resident of street Mustaidpura in Hyderabad city. At the young age he was used to visit his father some time. He was a holy saint of his time of birth. At the age of seven years he adopted the system of practices of his ancestors. At his early age, he was used to take the pledge in the chain of Quaderia Sufi order for the small children. As per reference from his elder son Hazrat Syed Shah Ghulam Ali Quaderi al-Mousavi that among the boys who become his Murid (disciple) in their period of childhood again, they have renewed their pledge in their youth period and some persons were also there who have continued their pledge of the childhood without renewing it.
As per reference from the book ‘Miskuwat Nibiya ’ when his age was 14 years old and once he was visited his father and also he went to visit the tomb of his ancestors and at that time his father was there who was doing sweeping work in the tomb area and upon finishing the work he has called him in side of the tomb and he was touched the feet of his father with respect and honour and at that time his father caught his hand and was taken the pledge in the Quaderia chain of Sufi order and from that time he was obtained the wealth of Irdat (belief) and he also taught him about the details of Saluk (spiritual path ) to a person who is committed to a Murshid (spiritual master) in a Tariqa (spiritual path) of Sufism. Also known as a Salik (Arabic: سَالِك).
When he was 19 years old then he was awarded the post of the shrine custodian and to a large number of persons he taught him the rules and regulation of Sufi systems of teaching and preachings. Since the age of 19 years till 63 years he was used to busy in the following.
1.Riyazat (mystical exercise).
He was always use to perform congregational prayers regularly and he used to study the following books for the practical knowledge .
1.Fiqa (Islamic law) 2. Aqaid (faith).
The main door of the mausoleum.
Daily recitals (Zikar)
He used to keep all his daily recitals (Zikar) and practices in secret and not disclose the same to any other persons. If any visitor who used to visit him in the late night time, then he will feel upset with this matter.In the last period of his life he was discontinued visiting the mosque and used to perform the five congregational prayers in the house. In addition to the five congregational prayers he was used to perform a large number of supererogatoryprayers. It was observed many times that he was used to busy in the worship of supererogatory prayer from Eisha (night prayer) prayer till Tahajud (Night prayer is performed after Isha time). He was used to busy daily in his recitals on the regular basis and from his hands he never left the beads.
On 21th Ramadhan he visited his house last time and after this he was become a patient of illness of death on the first of Shawwal. In the year of his death, he was used to say that his age is now over sixty but still his line of life is not broken. On the first Shawwal on the Eid day he came out of the house and graced the disciple and other persons with his kind presence and on this day he complained some pain and went into the drawing room of al-Musavi and was returned back to his house and was complained severe pain so for this reason he was given treatment for the period of three days. Upon presentation of medicine to him after three days of his further treatment he told the disciples that he was used medicines for a period of three days as per practice (Sunnah) of Allah’s last prophet, but now he will not in need of the medicine and he is on the his journey of the next world so leave him on his condition.
He left this world on 21th Zeqad in the year 1215 Hegira Islamic year at the age of 63 years. His funeral prayer was organized in the Makkah mosque in Hyderabad and he was buried in the tomb of his father.The Sheikh’s grand tomb is located at the gate of the old bridge (Purana Pool) in Hyderabad’s old city area.
Close view of the mausoleum
His favour (Faiz) is still available there so for this reason, in the shrine the large numbers of devotees will be present there and several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings.
It is the experience of the day and night in the shrine area that the visitors are fulfilled with their desire and wishes and for needy person, it is the perfect place of fulfilling their wishes from this shrine. The visitors from near and far away places in large number will visit the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Shaikh’s name.
The Urs (death anniversary)
People from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) ceremony,which takes place on 21 of Zul-Qa`dah of Muslim calendar at the famous shrine (Dargah) of Syed Shah Musa Quaderi in Hyderabad every year. Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather there to seek blessings.
To write about this great Sufi saint is not only it is difficult and but it is very hard task as he was a great pious personality of his time in the area of the Deccan (South India) and for a long time he was engaged in religious discourses, sermons, and spiritual training of the people and he did also many great endeavours for the preaching and propagation work of Islam in Deccan (South India) and around this region and there was no such personality during his time.