Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fateh (Persian: رکن الدین ابوالفتح), commonly known by the title (Shah) Rukn-e-Alam (“Pillar of the World”) (1251–1335), was an eminent Sufi saint from Multan in modern-day Pakistan who belonged to SuhrawardiyyaSufi order.
Shah Rukne Alam was the son of Pir Sadar-Al-Din Arif. He was born in Multan on Friday, the 9th of Ramadan 649 Hijri (26 November 1251). He was the grandson and successor of Sheikh Baha-ud-din Zakariya. Shah Rukn-e-Alam died on Friday, the 7th of Jumada al-awwal 735 Hijri (3 January 1335). He was buried in the mausoleum of his grandfather, according to his own will. After sometime, however, his coffin was transferred to the present mausoleum. Shah Rukn-e-Alam conferred his spiritual succession to Sheikh Hameed ud Din al Hakim, buried at Mau Mubarak in Rahim Yar Khan, who was his Ataleeq-e-Awwal, Khalifa-e-Awwal and was married to his aunt, the daughter of Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya.
Interior view of Tomb
The saint is still revered today and his tomb is the focus of the pilgrimage of over 100,000 pilgrims from all over South Asia. Shah Mehmood Qureshi current Sajjada Nashin and custodian of the Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam. The tomb was built between 1320 and 1324 CE in the pre-Mughal architectural style. The tomb is said to have built by Ghias-ud-Din Tughlak (r.1320-1325 AD) during his governorship of Depalpur, between 1320 and 1324 CE and was given by his son, Muhammad bin Tughluq to the descendants of Shah Rukn-e-Alam for the latter’s burial in 1330. In the 1970s, the mausoleum was thoroughly repaired and renovated by the Auqaf Department. The entire glittering glazed interior is the result of new tiles and brickwork done by the Kashigars of Multan. The tomb is on the tentative list as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Shah Rukan e Alam, named after the saint, is one of the autonomous towns of the city of Multan.
A daily train service, Shah Rukn-e-Alam Express, between Multan and Karachi was named after him. It was suspended on February 2011 due to lack of locomotives. 
Hazrat Shaikh Rukn-ud-deen Abul Fat’h Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Aap ki wilaadat 9 Ramazaan 649 Hijri (26 November 1251 A.D.) ko Multan me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Shaikh Sadr-ud-deen Aarif bin Shaikh Baha-ud-deen Zakariya Multani rahmatullāhi alaihi aur waalida ka naam Bibi Raasti binte Sultaan Jamaal-ud-deen Mohammad al-Farghani shai.
Aap Asad ibn Haashim al-Quraishi ki nasl se hain, jo Hazrat Ali radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke naana hain.
Bachpan me ek baar farsh par khel rahe the. Hazrat Baha-ud-deen Zakariya bhi waha tashreef farma the. Aap ne khelte hue waha rakha hua daadajaan ka amaama mubarak uthakar apne sar par rakh liya aur muskurane lage. Ye dekhkar aap ke waalid saahab ne adab sikhaane ki garz se unhe rokna chaaha. Magar Hazrat Baha-ud-deen Zakariya ne mana farmaaya aur kaha ‘Ye bacha is ka haqdaar hai. Jab ye bada hoga to ye amaama isi ko milne waala hai.’
Aap ke bachpan ke zamaane me ek Martaba Shaikh Baha-ud-deen Zakariya rahmatullāhi alaihi ki baargaah me ek aurat haazir hui aur arz kiya ke ‘Huzoor! Dua farmae ke ALLĀH ta’ala mujhe aulaad ata farmae.’ Hazrat ne aankhen band kar li aur thodi der ke baad farmaaya ‘Teri qismat me koi aulaad nahi hai.’
Wo aurat maayoos hokar waapas jaa rahi thi ke Raaste me Hazrat Rukn-ud-deen se mulaaqat hui. Aap bacho ke saath khel rahe the. Aap ne us aurat ko rote hue dekhkar wajah puchhi. Us aurat ne saari baat batai.
Aap ne farmaaya ke ‘Jaisa me sikhaata hu waise hi karna magar daada jaan ke saamne mera naam mat lena. Waapas jaakar yun kaho ke agar qismat me likha hota to wo mujhe mil hi jaata. Magar aap ki khidmat me haazir hone ka kya faayda hua?
Wo aurat Hazrat Baha-ud-deen Zakariya ki baargaah me waapas gai aur jaisa aap ne sikhaaya tha wo arz kar diya.
Hazrat ne muskura kar farmaya ke ‘Umr chhoti hai aur baate oonchi karta hai.” Phir us aurat se farmaaya ‘Kal aana, aaj raat main ALLĀH ki baargaah me dua karunga.’ Subah jab wo aurat aai to Hazrat ne farmaaya ‘ALLĀH ke fazl se main tumhe ek beta nahi, do nahi balke 7 bete ata karta hu.’
Aur Hazrat ki dua se us aurat ko ALLAH ta’ala ne 7 bete ata kiye.
Aap ki khaanqaah aur madrasa me Hindustan ke aur Chin, Turkistaan, Marv-un-nahar, Khurasaan, Iraq, Shaam, Misr aur Hijaaz se log faiz haasil karne aate the.
Aap ki khaanqaah ke lanagar me rozaana hazaaro ki ta’adaad me logo ko khaana khilaaya jaata tha.
Aap apni mehfil me dars o naseehat kiya karte. ALLĀH ta’ala ne Aap ke zariye bahot saare logo ko hidaayat ata farmai.
Aur aap ne apne faiz se be-shumaar logo ki haajat puri farmai aur beemaaro ko shifa ata farmai.
Hazrat Mehboob e Ilāhi Nizaam-ud-deen auliya rahmatullāhi alaihi se Aap ki bahot gehri dosti thi. Aap un se mulaaqaat karne ke liye kai baar Multan se Delhi tashreef laate the. Aur Hazrat Nizaam-ud-deen auliya ki wasiyat ke mutaabiq un ki namaaz e janaaza bhi Aap hi ne padhaai.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Baha-ud-deen Zakariya Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
(Aap ke waalid) Hazrat Shaikh Sadr-ud-deen Aarif rahmatullāhi alaihi ne bhi Aap ko khilaafat ata farmaai hai.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Hameed-ud-deen Hakeem Hankari (Raheem Yaar Khan) rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Hazrat Makhdoom Jahaaniyan Jahaangasht Sayyed Jalaal-ud-deen Husain rahmatullāhi alaihi (Uch),
(3) (Aap ke bhai) Hazrat Makhdoom Shaikh Maulana Imaad-ud-deen Ismāeel Quraishi rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(4) Hazrat Sayyed Asad-ud-deen Aaftaab-e-Hind rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(5) Hazrat Shaah Yousuf Gardezi rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 7 Jamaadi ul awwal 735 Hijri (3 January 1335 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Multan (Pakistan) me hain.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Rukn-e-aalam Shaikh Rukn-ud-deen Abul Fat’h Suharwardi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.