Dargah of Hazrat Shah Junaid Ahmad Qadri peer R.A.
The biggest and the oldest building of Ghazipur city, is Tomb of Hazarat Shah Junaid Ahmad Qadri peer R.A. He is ranked to a very high order among other Sufi saints and Auliahs in eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Thousands and thousand of people participate in the ‘Urs’ 24 RAMZAN , celebrated here in memory of the Saint every year.
Sufis represented the inner side of the Islamic creed, which stresses on self-realisation, beautification of the soul through piety, righteousness and universal love for all. The Sufis consider that there is a particular Divine Attribute that dominates the being of every prophet and saint, such that they can be said to be the incarnation of that attribute. All of the Prophets are manifestations of the Divine Unity and Perfection, but Prophet Muhammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is its supreme manifestation. The aim of Sufism is the cultivation of Perfect Beings who are mirrors reflecting the Divine Names and Attributes.
In Sufism, a perfect being is also called a Wali (saint), a word that literally means ‘sincere friend’. All who have been prophets have also been saints. The superstructure of Sufism is built upon the concept of teacher, pir or murshid.
To be initiated into the Sufi cult one is required to have implicit faith in his teacher and consider his commands as divine and the path shown by him as the straightest. Sufism had succeeded in inculcating the sentiments of fraternity, equality and equity, coupled with sense of service to humanity, in the followers, irrespective of race, community, caste, creed and colour.
In the earlier stages, it emphasised only on the Love of God but later it also stressed on the need of the development of man with the purification of mind, through prayer and meditation. In India, Sufism helped in maintaining communal harmony and social stability by advocating religious tolerance and by borrowing spiritual techniques and practices from other religions, which were not against the principles of Islam and which were conducive to spiritual attainments. Sufism has adapted extensively from the Vedanta school of the Hindu philosophy.
The musical and ecstatic aspect of Sufism is called Sama. This is a particular kind of devotional dance akin to Kirtana and was introduced by Jalaluddin Rumi, the great . The Sufi, while being spiritually enraptured, gives the attention of his or her heart to the Beloved. With particular movements and often special and rhythmical music, he engages in the selfless remembrance of God. In this state, the Sufi becomes unaware of everything but God. Sufisidentify two types of Sama poetry – first praising God (this is called Hamd), Prophet (this is called Naat) and the Sufi saints (this is called Manqabat) and the second focussing on spiritual emotion or mystical love, ecstatic states and on separation and union. The Sama poetry is mostly sung in the form of Qawwali. Music of Sama is set within metric framework, accompanied by Dholak, Tabla, Sarangi, Harmonium and Sitar.
Abul Fazl gave a list of the Sufi orders in India, which comprises dozens of silsilahs. The prominent among these include the Chistiya, Qadriya, Naqsbandiya and the Suhrawardiya. The silsilahs were generally led by the Sufi saints who lived in Khanqahs or hospices along with their disciples.
The Qadriya Order:
This ascetic order of Sufism was instituted in 561 AH by Saiyid Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani, popularly known as Pir Dastagir, whose shrine is in Baghdad. It was introduced in India by Shah Niamatullah (d.1430 AD) and was later promoted in an organised manner by Syed Makhdum Muhammad Gilani (d.1517 AD). The Qadriyah Khanqahs are mostly located in western U.P.and eastern U.P.,especially Jaunpur and Ghazipur.The famous sufis Hazrat Shah Junaid Qadri and his son Hazrat Shah Abdullah Qadiri belong to this order.