Name and Lineage:
His name is ‘SHAH ABDUL AZIZ’ and title is ‘Siraj-ul-Hind’, similarly his historical name is ‘Ghulam Haleem’. His genealogy is as follows: “Shah Abdul Aziz son of Shah Waliullah son of Shah Abdur Raheem son of Shah Wajihuddin Shaheedعلیھم الرّحمہ.” His genealogy goes to Ameer-ul-Momineen Hazrat Sayyiduna Farooq-e-Azamرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہwith thirty-four connections.
Date of Birth: He was bornat the home of Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi in Delhi at dawn on Monday in 25 Ramadan-ul-Mubarak, 1159 AH/ October 10, 1746 AD.
Acquisition of Knowledge: He completed all the intellectual and traditional knowledgefrom his respected father and father’s khulafa. Especially of them, Sheikh Ajmal Shah Muhammad Ashiq Phalti and Maulana Muhammad Ameen,he got the religious beneficences from them.He memorized the Holy Quran in childhood and graduated in all the knowledge at the age of fifteen years.
The Arrival of the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلمinto Taraweeh prayer:
After the completion of the Holy Quran, he recited it in the Taraweeh prayer for the first time. As soon as Taraweeh prayer completed, a person who wore an Arabic dress came and asked, where is the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم?The people who were present there people ran and surrounded him; then asked him, what are you saying andwhat is your name? He replied, my name is Abu Hurairahرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ. The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم said to me, “We will go to listen the Holy Quran of Abdul Aziz Dehlvi and then, sent me to do some work so I got late. After saying that he went. [Kamalat-e-Azizi, P. 19]
Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat): He got the allegiance and khilafat from his respected father Hazrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and he was appointed as the successor of his respected father at the age of seventeen years. After demise of Shah Waliullahعلیہ الرّحمہ , Hazrat Maulana Shah Muhammad Fakhruddin Dehlvi Chishtiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ performed the conventional ceremony of ‘Dastar Bandi’(turban-tying ceremony)in the Soyam gathering (on the third day of the demise)of Muhaddith-e-Dehlviعلیہ الرّحمہ .
Character and Peculiarities: He was tall and he had an emaciated body, wheat color, handsome appearance, rounded beard according to Sunnah as well as had the prestigious nature.He had the complete awareness ofthe apparent and spiritual sciences. He was an embodiment of knowledge and practice and the true example of ascetic and piety. He had polite nature, good manner as well as the happy moodin everything.Scholars of that time used to refer to him.Despite of the current and non-current knowledge, he had the consummate expertise in many other intellectual and traditional knowledge.His memory was very strong, that is why, he memorized the thousands Hadiths as well as Arabic couplets etc. He had the great proficiency in the interpretation of dreams and his speech was so intelligible and influential. He also had anunique personality in Jurisprudence, Hadith and knowledge of exegesis. All his supporters and opponents used to admire him. Some part of his exegesis,which name is ‘Tafseer-e-Azizi’, which is the example of its own, is still existing today. In the refutation of Shias, he wrote such a book ‘Tohfa Isna Ashriya’ and Shias Scholars are still unable to give its answer until today.He spent whole life in teachings and religious services. Particularly, he spread the beneficence of Hadiths in India. The credentials series of the most Scholars reached to him and towards Shah Waliullah through himعلیھم الرّحمہ. There was not any science and art at that time, in which, he is not expert. Maulana Zafaruddin bihariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said, “Attributes of Mujaddid were found in Hazrat Maulana Shah Abdul Aziz Sahibرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ because he was the master of knowledge, grace, ascetic and piety personality of the last 12th century.He was the popular Scholar around the worldand in the early days of 13th century, he was very famous throughout India. He spent his life in teaching, writing Fatawa, books, preaching& supporting of Islam and refuting the people who had the bad beliefs.(Mujaddid-e-Azam, P. 42) Rasool Allah صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم is
Hadhir & Nadhir: Under this holy verse “وکون الرسول علیکم شہیدا”, Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith-e-Dehlviرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ said: “Rasool Allah صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم is witness on you because he knows the status of every Muslim which he has,through the ‘Noor-e-Nabuwwat’ and he also recognizes the reality of his faith.He also is aware of his obstacle,which obstructs the development of his levels.Even, the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلمknows and recognizes his sins, faith levels, good and bad deeds and his sincerity and hypocrisy. the evidence of the Holy Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلمin the world and the Hereafter,is acceptable and obligatory in the favor of Ummah according to Shariah order.” (Tafseer Azizi, Para 2) Note:The enemies and dissenters of Islam, Raafidis, Kharijite and non-conformist people made many distortion into the books of Hazrat Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith-e-Dehlviعلیہ الرّحمہand the distortions had started in the life of Shah Sahibعلیہ الرّحمہas the Scholars explained it in their books. (Shah Waliullah and his family)
Demise: At the age of eighty years, he passed away on Saturday in 9 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram, 1239 AH/ 5 June, 1823 AD and his Shrine is the resort of all in Delhi.
Hazrat Shaah Abdul Azeez Mohaddeeṡ Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Siraaj-ul-Hind (Light of India), Hujjatullāh (Evidence of ALLĀH).
Aap ki wilaadat 25 Ramazaan 1159 Hijri (11 October 1746 A.D.) ko Delhi me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Shaah Qutb-ud-deen Ahmad urfe Waliullāh Mohaddeeṡ bin Maulana Shaah Abdur Raheem Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur waalida ka naam Bibi Iraada binte Shaah Ṡanaullāh hai.
Aap Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ne apne waalid Hazrat Shaah Waliullāh Mohaddeeṡ Dehlwi se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap bachpan me hi Haafiz e Qur’an hue.
17 saal ki umr me Aap ke waalid ke inteqaal ke baad Aap ne Shaikh Noorullāh Budhanvi, Khwaja Muhammad Ameen Kashmiri aur Shaah Muhammad Ashiq bin Ubaidullāh Phulti se ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap ne apne waalid se Muwatta aur Mussawwa aur Mishkaat-ul-Masaabih ki ta’aleem haasil ki. Apne waalid aur bhai Shaikh Muhammad se Hisn-e-Hisin aur Shima’il Tirmizi ki ta’aleem haasil ki. Aap ne Sayyed Ghulaam Husain Makki se Sahih Bukhari (Kitaab-ul-Hajj tak), Zahoorullāh Muradabadi se Jaami Tirmizi aur Sunan Abi Daawūd, Muhammad Jawwad Phulti se Sahih Muslim ka kuch hissa aur Sunan lbn Majah, Maulwi Jarullāh se Maqaasid Jaami-ul-usool aur Musalsalat, Shaikh Noorullāh aur Khwaja Muhammad Ameen se Sihah Sittah ke baaqi hisse ki taaleem haasil ki.
Aap Hadeeṡ, Tafseer, Fiqh, Usool-ul-Fiqh, Sarf, Nahw, Aqaa’id, Mantiq, Kalaam, Tawaarikh, aur Ilm e Riyaazi ke maahir hue.
Aap ne Qur’an majeed ka Urdu tarjuma kiya.
Aap ne apne waalid ka tafseer e Qur’an ka adhura kaam shuru kiya. Aap ne Surah al-Maa’idah ki Aayat No. 8 se shuru karke Surah al-Hujuraat ki Aayat No. 13 tak tafseer ka kaam kiya.
Aap Madrasa Raheemiya (Delhi) me Mudarris bane.
Aap bahot achhe muqarrir the. Aap har Itvaar, Mangal aur Jum’aa ko taqreer farmaate. Aap ki majlis me bahot badi ta’adaad me log haazir hote.
Aap ki yaad-daasht bhi bahot tez thi. Aap kisi bhi kitaab me se koi bhi hissa padhkar use foran bayaan kar sakte the.
Aap 13wi sadi ke Mujaaddide Islaam hain.
Aap ne Shia ke galat aqaa’id ko rad kiye aur Ahle Sunnat wal Jama’at ki azeem khidmat ki. Aap puri zindagi logo ko taaleem e deen karte rahe. Aakhri kuchh saal me aap shadeed beemaar ho gaye tab bhi aap ne dars wa taalim ka kaam jaari rakh.
Aap ke shaagirdo me Aap ke bhai Shaah Abdul Qaadir, Shaah Rafi-ud-deen aur Shah Abdul Ghani aur aap ke daamaad Maulana Abdul Hay aur aap ke nawaase Maulana Shaah Muhammad Is’hāq bin Afzal Umri Dehlawi saamil hain.
In ke ilaawa Aap ke mash’hoor shaagird :
(1) Sayyed Shaah Aal e Rasool Qaadri Barkaati Marherawi
(2) Maulana Shaah Fazl-e-Rahmān Gunj-muradabadi,
(3) Mufti Sadr-ud-deen Aazurdah
(4) Sayyed Ahmad Bareilwi
(5) Maulana Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi
(6) Maulana Muhammad Ali
(7) Maulana Ahmad Ali
(8) Maulana Meer Mehboob Ali Dehlawi
(9) Mufti Ilāhi Bakhsh Kandhalwi
(10) Sayyed Qamr-ud-deen Sonipati
(11) Maulana Sayyed Qutb-ul-Huda Rae-barelwi
(12) Shaah Ghulaam Ali Mujaddidi Dehlawi
(13) Shaah Abu Sa’eed Dehlawi
(14) Shaah Ahmad Sa’eed Dehlawi
(15) Shaah Basharatullāh Mujaddidi Behra’ichi
(16) Shaah Panaah Ata Chishti Salonwi
(17) Shaikh Zahoor-ul-Haq Phulwarwi
(18) Maulana Buzurg Ali Marehrawi
(19) Maulana Shaah Muhammad Ya’aqoob Dehlawi.
Aap ki kihi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :
(1) Taufa e Isna Ash’ari (Gift to the Twelvers),
(3) As-Sirr al-Jalil fi-Mas’alatil Tafzil
(4) Fataawa Azeez
(5) Tafseer-e-Azeezi (Faarsi)
(11) Al-Ujsalatun Nafi’a
Aap ke 2 bete aur 3 betiya hain.
Saahabzaade : Ibaan-ud-deen, Qutub-ud-deen;
Saahabzaadiya : Aa’isha, Mayram, Rahmat.
Aap Hazrat Shaah Qutb-ud-deen Ahmad Waliullāh Mohaddeeṡ Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hai.
Aap ke waalid se Aap ko Naqshbandi, Qaadri, Suhrawardi aur Chishti silsila ki khilaafat mili hai.
Aap ke khalifa :
Hazrat Sayyed Ahmad Bareilwi rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 7 Shawwaal 1239 Hijri (5 June 1824 A.D.) ko Subah ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Delhi me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaah Abdul Azeez Mohaddeeṡ Dehlwi rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.