May Allah Sanctify His Soul
“The sound of the flute is the image of God’s call to man.
“We were all part of Adam and heard those melodies in Paradise.
“Though water and clay have covered us with doubt, we still remember something of those sounds.
“But since they are mixed with the dust of sorrows, how should these high and low notes produce that joy?”
He was a Reviver of this Order and a Reviver of the true path of the Sunnah. He derived great spiritual benefit from his great ancestor, Sayyidina `Umar al-Faruq , and from his grandfather, Sayyidina Ahmad al-Faruqi (q). With the blessings of the Prophet he was able to spread this order far and wide.
He was born in 1055 H./1645 AD. He was raised in the home of his father, Muhammad Ma’sum, and he was nursed with the milk of the knowledge of his father, his grandfather and his blessed ancestors. During his father’s life he sat on the Throne of Guidance and he followed the footsteps of his precedessors. His house became a light for the scholars of the religion, who came like moths from all around. As his subtle knowledge grew, his fame rose ever higher in the heavens, reaching the orbits of the Knowers, until he was able to decipher the Symbols of Hidden Knowledge and to open the Treasure of Heavenly Affairs. He spread the external and internal knowledge, and he joined together the Beginners and the Adepts, and he taught the Knowledge of Taste (dhawq).
On the orders of his father he moved to the city of Delhi to spread the knowledge of the sharica and the light of the araqat. The Sultan himself, Muhammad Alamagir, became his student, and consequently the people of the Court, the Sultan’s ministers, and all the princes became his followers. With the support of the Sultan, it was not long before the entire kingdom accepted him. He embodied the Sunnah of the Prophet and inspired love for the sharaca throughout the nation. By means of the deep knowledge which filled his heart, he hoisted high the flag of Islam and removed the traces of ignorance and tyranny from the kingdom.
Through the blessings of Shaykh Sayfuddan’s companionship, Allah made the Sultan succeed in all his affairs and prevented harmful and unlawful conduct from occurring in the realm. The Sultan banished tyrants and oppressors. He kept the company of the Shaykh, following him as a student. Through the Shaykh’s encouragement, he was able to memorize the Holy Qur’an. He spent his late night hours fulfilling the obligations of the araqat, reciting the Dhikr, while his daylight hours he spent looking after the affairs of his kingdom.
The Shaykh endeavored to eliminate all forms of misery and tyranny from the kingdom by means of the Sultan, and achieved tremendous success, until the whole of India was living in peace. He achieved such a position of reverence, that all sultans and princes would stand in his presence out of respect for him.
One day a man was standing with the other princes and Sultans in the presence of the Shaykh, and an insinuating whisper came to his heart, saying, “That Shaykh is so arrogant.” The Shaykh looked at him and said, “You are right, because my Pride is from Allah’s Pride.”
Once a man denied the truth of the Shaykh’s words. That night he saw a dream in which a group of men came and attacked him. They beat him and beat him, asking “How dare you deny the speech of the Shaykh when he is the Lover of God?” He awoke to find himself in severe pain. He hastened to the presence of the Shaykh and asked his forgiveness.
In his khaniqah (center for retreat), every day around 6,000 seekers slept and ate from the food he was providing.
One day he heard from his neighbor’s house the sound of the ney (bamboo flute). He was so enchanted by the sound of it that he fainted. When he came to he said, “Do you think that I am empty of compassion and emotion? No, those who listen to the ney and feel no compassion and emotion are empty. But when we hear something beautiful, we are so touched that we are immediately transported to the Divine Presence.”
To the saints, God’s call is heard without any admixture of the “dust of sorrows” and that is why they faint when they hear it.
One day a leper came and asked him for his supplication that he be healed. He blew on him and immediately the disease disappeared.
He died in 1095 H./1684 AD. and he was buried in the city of Sirhind. He passed on the secret of the Golden Chain to Nur Muhammad al-Badawani (q).
Hazrat Khwājā Saifuddīn Fārūqī Sirhindī, may Allah sanctify his soul, was born in 1049 AH and passed away on 19 or 26 Jamādā al-Awwal 1096 AH (1685).
He was the 5th son of Hazrat Khwājā Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi, who was the chief spiritual successor to Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf-e-Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi.
Although all his brothers were great shaykhs of the Mujaddidi order, Shaykh Saifuddin’s silsilah is the most widespread and most Naqshbandi branches today are descended from his spiritual legacy.
He was the spiritual guide to Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and trained him in the Naqshbandi Sufi tariqah. His Maktubat (collection of letters) contain 18 letters directly addressed to Aurangzeb. He also directed Aurangzeb to implement Islamic Shariah rule in India.
Hazrat Mirza Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān narrates that one night, when the Shaykh woke up for Tahajjud prayer, he heard the sound of flute. He fainted and collapsed and his hand was injured. When he gained consciousness, he said people accuse me of being impassible, rather they are impassible as they don’t get overwhelmed (spiritually) by music.
He used to celebrate the Urs (annual Sufi celebration) of his father independently at the Khanqah of Sirhind. He also built the tomb over the noble grave of his father Imam Muhammad Ma’sūm which was funded and managed by the princess Roshan Ārā Begum (d. 1082 AH), sister of the emperor Aurangzeb. This princess was also among his disciples and was under his spiritual guidance. She reached high stages of the Naqshbandi Sufi path and was even allowed to train other women in this noble tariqah.
He had strong love of his father and grandfather, and would often read the following verse when visiting the shrine of his grandfather Imam Rabbani:
من کیستم که با تو دم بندگی زنم
چندین سگان کوئی تو یک کمترین منم
“Who am I to claim your servitude? I am not but the least of the dogs of your place.”
He had eight sons and six daughters. His eldest son Shaykh Muhammad Āzam succeeded him. Three eldest sons received Sulook from him and became shaykhs of the Naqshbandi tariqah. His sons are:
- Shaykh Muhammad Āzam Sirhindi, d. 1114 AH, author of Faiz al-Bārī Fī Sharah Sahīh al-Bukhārī (not available anymore) and other books.
- Shaykh Muhammad Hussain Sirhindi, d. 1116 AH
- Shaykh Muhammad Shu’ayb Sirhindi, d. 1121 AH
- Shaykh Muhammad Īsā Sirhindi
- Shaykh Muhammad Mūsā Sirhindi
- Shaykh Kalimatullāh Sirhindi
- Shah Muhammad Usmān Sirhindi
- Shah Abdur-Rahmān Sirhindi
His deputies include the following.
- Shaykh Muhammad A’zam, his eldest son
- Shaykh Muhammad Husain, his second son
- Shaykh Muhammad Shu’aib, his third son
- Sayyid Nūr Muhammad Badāyūnī, d. 1135 AH, Delhi
- Makhdoom Ibrāhīm Thattvī, Thatta (Sindh)
- Makhdoom Abul Qāsim Thattvī, Thatta (Sindh), d. 1138 AH, biography in Sindhi
- Makhdoom Muhammad Ashraf Thattvī, Thatta (Sindh)
- Shāh Sikandar Kābulī
- Sūfī Sadruddīn
- Shaykh Abul Qāsim
- Shaykh Abbās Bashtī, near Kabul (Afghanistan)
- Mawlana Najm ad-Din Sultanpuri, son of Mawlana Badr ad-Din Sultanpuri who was deputy of Imam Muhammad Ma’sum (Maqamat-i Masoomi)
- Shaykh Ali ibn Abd-Allah al-Aidarous, from whom the noble Path went to Yemen
- Mughal Princess Roshan Ara, who was granted deputyship for spiritual training of royal women.
Thousands of other people benefited from him, including many khulafa of his father and other shaykhs. His khulafa are numerous, but not all names are recorded.
Khwājā Saifuddīn wrote letters to many prominent people including the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and other royal family members, many of his deputies and deputies of his father and his disciples. His son Shaykh Muhammad Āzam collected 190 of those letters, which were published by Dr Ghulam Mustafa Khan from Karachi. These letters are available online on maktabah.org.
The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Hāfiz Muhammad Muhsin Dihlawī.
A few photographs of his noble shrine in the holy city of Sirhind (India) are presented here.
The dome of the shrine of Khwaja Saifuddin Sirhindi, in Sirhind, India