Hazrat Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) was a very great Sufi mystic who, through his strenuous spiritual strivings and service to the dervishes, attained nearness to his creator. His spiritual impact was such, that whoever stayed in his company for three days, became a perfect sufi and was given the ability to perform miracles. The mureeds of Hazrat SHEIKH SHIBLI (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Hazrat JUNAID BAGHDADI (Radi Allahu Anhu) used to pay him regular visits, and join in him in sama mehfils, and the moment they looked at the face of Khawaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), they used to enter a state of “wajd”.
Hazrat Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) was an Islamic scholar of a very high calibre, and always loved the seeking of knowledge. His Murshid, Hazrat Khwaja Sheikh Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) used to tell him that Divine knowledge is that type of knowledge, that is beyond human intelligence. Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Rasi Allahu Anhu) was blessed with this divine knowledge by Allah.
BAI’AT & INSTRUCTION UNDER HIS MURSHID
Once, Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) tried to test the knowledge of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), and questioned him of a certain matter. To that one question, Khwaja Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), gave 700 answers. Seeing the oceanic knowledge of his, Hazrat Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), humbled himself and became the mureed of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu).
His murshid then ordered him to recite his (Khwaja Muhammad Chisti’s) name seven times and look towards the sky, and thereafter, recite it seven times again and look towards the ground. When he looked towards the sky, he could see the “Arsh” of Allah, and when he looked towards the ground, he could see till the abyss. His murshid then taught him the “Isme Azam”, which was given by Hazrat KHIZR (Alaihis salaam), through which all the spiritual knowledge was disclosed to him.
Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) remained under the spiritual training of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) for 40 years. During this period he remained engrossed in the zikr of “La Ilaha Illallah”. He fasted regularly, and after every three of four days, he broke his fast with eating not more than three morsels of food. He kept aloof from the worldly people, and remained in the company of the dervishes.
Khilafat in the Chistiya Silsila
After this 40 year period of strenuous spiritual striving, Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), bestowed upon him the mantle of Khilafat of the Chistiya Silsila. After bestowing upon him the khilafat, his murshid addressed him by saying,”O NASIRUDDIN, You have adorned the garb of the Chistiya Masters. It is now compulsory upon you to follow strictly upon the code of ethics of our masters. You should consider yourself the lowest, and everybody else greater than you. You should always love and respect the poor and down-troden people, because for us, showing love for the poor, is showing love for the King of Madina Munawwara, Rasoolallah Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam.”
Accepting these instructions of his spiritual guide, he retired into seclusion.
Life of Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu)
Once, a person asked the Great Khwaja, “O Master! People, due to their sins, will be thrown into the fire of hell, but what will happen to the sinful fuqara?”
The Master replied, “The Prophet Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam said that the fuqara, due to their sin, will enter hell, but the fire of hell will have no effect on them because they are protected by the mercy of Allah. Thereafter, they will enter paradise, but until their enemies are not pleased with them, no dervish will enter paradise.”
The Master then said, “When the enemies of the fuqara will see what favours Allah has bestowed on the fuqara, they will automatically become pleased with them. Then Allah will say to the enemies of the fuqara, ‘O enemies of my friends, since you have become pleased with them, you too enter paradise’.”
Hazrat Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) used to celebrate the Urs of his Murshid, and during this period he used to get food prepared for the distribution to the poor. It is said that whichever poor person visited the home of the Shiekh, they always returned pleased. He never gave place to the king in his assembly, and never let a rich man sit above a poor man. Like all the Mashaa’ikh-e-Chist, he also loved the listening of sama. His mehfils used to be attended by the ulema, fuqara, and leading mashaa’ikh. He never allowed the worldly people to enter his mehfil-e-sama, and whichever worldly person entered by force, he immediately became a “majzoob” and renounced the world and became a dervish engrossed in the worship of his creator. During the mehfil-e-sama, when Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) cried, it had such an effect on the people attending, that they used to enter a spiritual state and began crying.
Concerning sama, a person once asked Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu), “O Grand Master, if sama is a thing that connects a servant with his Creator, then why did Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi Radi Allahu Anhu make tauba over sama?”
The Master replied, “He did not make tauba over sama. He gave up sama because those people like Hazrat Shibli Radi Allahu Anhu, who were worthy of sama, were not present there with him, and it is important to listen to sama with those who are worthy of it. That is why he gave up it’s listening.”
Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) swore an oath and said, “If Hazrat JUNAID BAGHDADI was in Chist, or I went to his mehfils in Baghdad, he would never have made tauba over sama.”
(NB! He did not make tauba over sama thinking it to be an impermissible act, BUT, because there were none present that could understand the secrets of sama, he refused to listen to it anymore.)
Hazrat Khwaja Yusuf Chisti (Radi Allahu Anhu) passed away in Jamad’il Awwal 459 AH. His mazaar is situated in Chist, in Afghanistan. He bestowed the khilafat of the Chistiya Silsila upon his beloved mureed, Hazrat Khwaja Moudood Chishti (Radi Allahu Anhu).