Hazrat Khwaja Haaji Dost Muhammad Kandahari rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Aap ki wilaadat 1216 Hijri (1802 A.D.) me Kandahar (Afghanistan) ke qareeb hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Khwaja Mulla Ali Durraani hai.
Aap ne apne gaanv me ibtidaai ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir majeed ta’aleem ke liye Kabul gaye.
Bachpan se Aap ko Tasawwuf ka shauq tha aur Auliya Allāh se bahot mohabbat thi.
Ek martaba Aap dusre talba ke saath Baaba Wali ke mazaar par jaa rahe the. Raaste me ek Majzub se mulaaqaat hui. Us majzub ne sab ke liye koi baat ki. Jab Aap ki baari aai to us majzub ne kaha ke ‘Ye ladka bada hokar Wali e kaamil banega. Is ki peshaani par ma’arifat ki alaamat nazar aa rahi hai.’
Jab Aap Hajj ke liye tashreef le gaye to Makka mukarrama me kai saal tak muqeem rahe. Phir Madeena munawwara gaye aur waha ta’aleem haasil ki.
Ek martaba Aap ne Hazrat Abdullāh Mujaddidi Naqshbandi urfe Shaah Ghulaam Ali Dehlawi ke baare me suna. To Aap ne Delhi jaane ka iraada kiya. Aap Qandahar, Ghazni aur Kabul hote hue Peshawar pahunche to Aap ko khabar mili ke Hazrat Shaah Ghulaam Ali Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi ka wisaal ho gaya hai.
Ye sunkar Aap bahot ghamgeen ho gaye. Aur Kandahar waapas laut gaye. Aap ne Kandahar aur Kabul me mazeed ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap ke dil me be-intiha ishqe ilāhi tha. Aap akṡar rote rehte aur kai martaba rote rote be-hosh ho jaate.
Phir Aap Baghdad Hazrat Ghauṡe aazam Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani ke mazaar par gaye aur faiz haasil kiya.
Phir Shaikh Abdullāh Herati rahmatullāhi alaihi (Hazrat Maulana Khaalid Baghdadi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke khalifa) ke saath Heart gaye aur 3 mahine tak Hazrat ki khidmat me rehkar faiz haasil kiya. Phir Baghdad waapas aaye aur Shaikh Muhammad Jadeed rahmatullāhi alaihi (Hazrat Maulana Khaalid Baghdadi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke khalifa) ki khidmat me rehkar faiz haasil kiya.
Phir Hazrat Shaah Abu Saeed Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi (Hazrat Shaah Ghulaam Ali Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke khalifa) se mulaaqaat ke liye waapas aaye. 1249 Hijri (1834 A.D.) me Aap Mumbai me Hazrat se mile. Wo Hajj ke liye jahaaz me jaa rahe the. Unho ne apne saahabzaade aur Hazrat Shaah Ghulaam Ali Dehlawi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke khalifa Hazrat Shaah Ahmad Saeed Faarooqi ke paas jaakar ta’aleem wa faiz haasil karne ke liye farmaaya.
Aap Delhi gaye aur Hazrat Shaah Ahmad Saeed Faarooqi rahmatullāhi alaihi se mile to Hazrat ke nooraani chehre ko dekhkar Aap ko khub sukoon mila. Aap Hazrat ke mureed hue aur Hazrat ki khidmat me rehkar ta’aleem wa faiz haasil karte rahe. 14 mahine baad 1251 Hijri (1836 A.D.) me Hazrat ne Aap ko khilaafat ata farmai.
Aap Hazrat ke farmaan par Kandahar waapas aaye. 1258 Hijri (1842 A.D.) me Afghanistan ke Sultan Shaah Shuja ne qatl o gaarad shuru kiya to Aap ne Kandahar ko chhod diya. Phir Hazrat ke farmaan par Moosā Zai Shareef, Dera Ismāeel Khan tashreef laaye aur khaanqaah taameer karke ta’aleem aur faiz ata karte rahe.
1273 Hijri (1857 A.D.) ke gadar ke nakaam hone ke baad Angrez hukoomat ke zulm se bachne ke liye Hazrat Khwaja Shaah Ahmad Saeed Mujaddidi Madeena munawwara ki taraf rawaana hue. Dauraane safar Hazrat Aap ki Khaanqaah Moosā Zai Shareef (Dera Ismāeel Khan) me 18 din thehre.
Hazrat ne Aap ko Delhi jaakar Khaanqaah e Mazhariya ki zimmedaari sambhalne ke liye farmaaya ya apne kisi khalifa ko Delhi bhejne ke liye farmaaya. Aap ne Hazrat Maulana Raheem Bakhsh Ajmeri ko Delhi bheja.
Aap ne Maulwi Abdullāh ko 30 khat likhkar Wahaabi aqeede ko chhod den eke liye mashwara diya tha. Jinhe ‘Maktubaat’ me jama kiya gaye hain.
Aap Hazrat Khwaja Shaah Ahmad Saeed Mujaddidi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aur ‘Naqshbandi Mujaddidi’ silsila ke Shaikh hain.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Uṡmaan Damani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(2) Hazrat Maulana Amaanullāh Herati rahmatullāhi alaihi
(3) Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Aadil rahmatullāhi alaihi (Zhob, Balochistan)
(4) Hazrat Maulana Raheem Bakhsh Ajmeri
(5) Hazrat Maulana Ghulaam Hasan rahmatullāhi alaihi (Dera Ismāeel Khan)
(6) Hazrat Maulana Sher Muhammad rahmatullāhi alaihi (Kulachi)
(7) Hazrat Shaikh Mulla Qitaar Akhundzaada rahmatullāhi alaihi
(8) Hazrat Peer Sayyed Muhammad Shaah Jeelaani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(9) Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Deen rahmatullāhi alaihi
(10) Mawlana Nizaam-ud-deen rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 22 Shawwaal 1284 Hijri (17 February 1868 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Moosā Zai Shareef, Dera Ismāeel Khan (Pakistan) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Haaji Dost Muhammad Kandahari rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Dost Muhammad Qandahārī Naqshbandī (1801-1868), may Allah sanctify his soul, was the chief deputy and spiritual successor to Shāh Ahmad Saeed Mujaddidi Faruqi (d. 1860), and lived in the 19th century in areas currently in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
He was born to Khwājā Mullā Alī of Durrānī family in 1216 AH (1801/1802 C.E) near Kandahar, Afghanistan. Starting his early education in his parental village, he later moved to Kabul to seek further education in Islamic sciences.
While studying, he also developed a strong love and passion for the way of Sufism and the love of Awliya. Once he went to the shrine of Baba Wali along with other students. On the way there, they met a Majzūb (a saint) who told something for everyone. When his turn came, the majzūb said: “This student will be a man of perfection and among the saints, and will become a perfected walī (saint), as the signs of Marifah are evident in his forehead.”
Later, he went to the Haramain (the holy cities of Makkah and Madinah) and stayed there for many years. There, he would perform the Hajj and afterwards go to the illuminated city of Madinah and study there. He had heard about the great saint and shaykh of that time Shah Abdullah alias Ghulam Ali Dehlavi Naqshbandi who lived in Delhi. Thus he left for Delhi, traveling through Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul. When he reached Peshawar, he heard about the demise of the shaykh. This news saddened his heart and he turned back from there to Kandahar and Kabul to seek further education.
During this time, his heart had been alighted in the love of Allah and he would often cry and weep for long times. Sometimes, he would fall unconscious for many days. His heart was burning and his soul was restless. To extinguish his spiritual thirst, he went to Baghdad to the holy shrine of Ghaus al-Azam Sayyidina Abdul Qadir Jilani, may Allah be pleased with him. Later he went to Herat in the presence of Shaykh Abdullah Herati, a khalifa of Mawlānā Khālid Baghdādī Kurdī who was one of the most important deputies of Shah Abdullah Dehlavi. After spending there three months, he came back to Baghdad and stayed in the company of Shaykh Muhammad Jadeed, another khalifa of Mawlana Khalid. But considering that his spiritual restless could not be calmed down anywhere, he finally set out for the company of Shah Abu Saeed Dehlavi, the chief khalifa and successor of Shah Abdullah Dehlavi.
He reached in Mumbai in 1834 and met the shaykh who was waiting for the ship to leave for the pilgrimage of Hajj. The shaykh advised him to go to his son Hazrat Shah Ahmad Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi (who was also a khalifa of Shah Abdullah Delhavi) and receive spiritual training and Fayd from him. Thus he journeyed to his final destination Delhi and came to the presence of Shah Ahmad Saeed, the leading shaykh of the Naqshbandi tariqa there. When he looked at the shining face of his shaykh for the first time, all his restlessness and burning of heart was extinguished and all his worries came to an end.
He received Fayd and blessings and Sufi training from his master and shaykh Shah Ahmad Saeed and was awarded absolute khilāfah after 14 months (in 1836). He was trained and perfected in the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi tariqa, the golden Sufi order, but also received authority of seven other Sufi orders, namely Qadri, Chishti, Suhrawardi, Qalandari, Kubravi, Maddari and Shattari tariqas.
The complete chains of these orders are listed in biographical works of the masters of this tariqa. The golden chain of the Naqshbandi order up to Imam Rabbāni Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi is presented here:
- Hazrat Khwājā Dost Muhammad Qandahārī
- Hazrat Shāh Ahmad Saeed Mujaddidī Fārūqī
- Hazrat Shāh Abū Saeed Mujaddidī Fārūqī
- Hazrat Shāh Ghulām Alī Dehlavī
- Hazrat Mirzā Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān
- Hazrat Sayyid Noor Muhammad Badāyūnī
- Hazrat Hāfiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavī
- Hazrat Khwājā Saif ad-Dīn Sirhindī
- Hazrat Khwājā Muhammad Ma’soom Sirhindī
- Hazrat Imām Rabbānī Mujaddid Alf Sānī Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī Fārūqī
His shaykh sent him back to Afghanistan to teach the Mujaddidi tariqa to the people. He soon got famous and thousands of people turned to him for spiritual guidance, including the scholars and Sufi shaykhs. He established three permanent khanqahs where he would stay in different parts of the year. His final khanqah which also became his burial place was at Mūsā Zaī Sharif, in district Derā Ismāīl Khān, present-day Pakistan.
His shaykh once said that Hājī Dost Muhammad is to me as Mawlana Khalid Baghdadi was to my shaykh. He had hundreds of deputies even within the life of his shaykh who spread the tariqa to many areas in Afghanistan and present-day Pakistan. His chief khalifa and spiritual heir was Hazrat Khwāja Muhammad Usmān Dāmāni (d. 1897).
A few names among his prominent khulafa are:
- Hazrat Khwāja Muhammad Usmān Dāmāni (d. 1897)
- Hazrat Mawlana Amān-Allah Herāti
- Hazrat Mawlana Muhammad Ãdil, Zhob, Balochistan
- Hazrat Mawlana Rahīm Bakhsh Ajmeri
- Hazrat Mawlana Ghulam Hasan, Derā Ismāīl Khān
- Hazrat Mawlana Sher Muhammad, Kulāchi
- Hazrat Shaikh Mulla Qitār Akhundzādā (d.1300 AH)
- Pīr Sayyid Muhammad Shāh Jīlānī, a descendant of Shaykh Abdul-Qādir Jīlānī quddisa sirruhū
He passed away on 22 Shawwal 1284 AH (16/17 February 1868) and was buried in Mūsā Zaī sharīf, the noble khānqāh established by him , in district Derā Ismāīl Khān, now in Pakistan.His letters (Maktūbāt), written in Persian, have been published, and their Urdu translation is also available with the name Tuhfa-e-Ibraheemiya.
The blessed cap of Shaykh Dost Muhammad Qandahari
The blessed shirt of Haji Dost Muhammad Qandahari
Stamp of Shaykh Dost Muhammad Qandahari, used for stamping books and letters etc.
Another stamp of Shaykh Dost Muhammad Qandahari