Khwaja Ghulam Fareed Sahib (Urdu/Shahmukhi/Seraiki: خواجہ فرید, Punjabi Gurmukhi ਖ਼ਾਜਾ ਫ਼ਰੀਦ, Hindi ख़्वाजा फ़रीद) or Khawaja Farid (1845-1901) was a Seraiki poet, mystic and Sajjada nashin (Patron saint) of the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. He was born and died at Chacharan Shrif but buried at Kot Mithan. He was the son of Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh. His mother died when he was five years old and he was orphaned at age twelve when his father died. He was educated by his elder brother, Fakhr Jahan Uhdi. He was a scholar of that time and wrote several books. He knew Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi, Panjabi, Braj Bhasha, and Seraiki. He was a poet of Seraiki and Urdu. He also wrote some poems in Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha. He was an imperialist poet. He opposed British rule in Bahawalpur. He said to ruler of Bahawalpur in his poem, “You rule yourself on your state and finish police station of British from your state.”
Khawaja Ghulam Farid, the top most spiritual poet in Siraiki Language, was born in 1845 A.D. at Kot Mithan, in a family of Arab settlers who had come to this country along with the Arab forces. Maulana Khuda Bux had two sons, Khawaja Farid-ud-Din and Khawaja Fakhar-ud-Din. It is said that when Khawaja Ghulam Farid was a child, Maulana Muhammad gave him the first lesson of the first alphabet “ALIF” and asked him to say “ALIF”. He repeated the same again and again till every-one present there was enveloped by a trance. Some qawali singers were invited and they too recited the same word on their musical instruments. The trance remained in sway for a considerable time. Khawaja Farid’s mother died when he was only four years of age. He was looked after by his eider brother. At the age of eight, he had committed to memory the whole of the holy Quran. Thereafter Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan took the child to his palace at Ahmad Pur Sharqia for imparting him religious knowledge by some renowned scholar. At the age of thirteen, Khawaja Farid became the disciple of Khawaja Fakhar-ud-Din, his elder brother. When he crossed 28 years of his age Khawaja Fakhar-ud-Din died. He left for Ruhi where the remained for about eighteen years. It was a typical wilderness but suitable for a recluse saint. It was very beneficial for connection with Kot Mithan or Chachar. About this wilderness of Ruhi, we often read in his lyrics. He performed Haj Baitullah in 1876. Khawaja Farid was conversant with seven languages Viz, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Multani, Sindhi, Hindi and Sansakrat. He led a life of purity and was utterly devoted to the righteous path of the Holy Prophet of Islam. May his soul ever rest in peace. The lyrics of Khawaja Farid speak of the sadness of his separation from God and Muhammad, the beloved of Allah. He never reckoned himself away from his goal. But at times he felt a great separation and so he cried, groaned and sang in his ecstacy of the love which united him to his creator but with a veil in between them. The body acts as a most obedient slave, the sould gives life to the body and the spirit infuses the mechanical power in man. All these faculties he utilised only for the sake of Allah to approach Him, the only Goal for the man to attain. The spiritual yearing, purification and elevation depends on so many factors which have been explained by saints and spiritualists. The shortest way to the creator is Love and Khawaja used this Method of attaining sublimation. All the attributes of Allah, we know are the off- shoots of Love. Khawaja Farid expressed this love in his fine verses.
Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Fareed رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
Name and Lineage: His name is ‘HAZRAT KHAWAJA GHULAM FAREED’ and his titles are ‘Malik-ush-Shuara, Fard-e-Fareed, Qadir-ul-Kalam and Shair-e-Haft Zaban’. His genealogy is as follows: “Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Fareed son of Hazrat Khuda Bakhsh son of Hazrat Khawaja Ahmed Ali son of Hazrat Qazi Muhammad Aqil (Khalifa of Hazrat Qibla Alam Maharvi) son of Makhdoom Muhammad Shareef son of Makhdoom Yaqoob son of Makhdoom Noor Muhammadعلیھم الرّحمہ ”. His genealogy reaches to the second caliphate Hazrat Sayyiduna Umar Farooqرضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ .
Date of Birth: He was born at ‘Chachran sharif’ on Monday on the 26th of Dhul Qadah in 1261 AH/ 25 November, 1845 AD. Acquisition of Knowledge: He memorized the Holy Quran at the age of eight years and during this his respected father passed away. He got inward and outward knowledge from his elder brother Hazrat Khawaja Fakhr-e-Jahan Ghulam Fakhruddin and other renowned Scholars علیھم الرّحمہ, and he reached to the higher perfection. Allegiance and Caliphate (Khilafat): He became the Mureed of his elder brother and after his demise, he was selected as the successor of his brother.
Character and Peculiarities: He was the owner of comprehensive and great personality. Such personalities are born centuries later. After demise of Khawaja Sahib, such renowned, accomplished and effective personalities were not born in this region. He was the proficient poet of Saraiki language and depth of feelings are found in his ecstatic poetry. His “Kafian” (a type of mystical poem) is still unique in effectiveness and his poetry is the treasure of gladness as well as the source of love & mystic knowledge. For that reason, Doctor Allam Iqbal said, “Khawaja Fareedرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and his poetry are existing in which nation, not to be found love in that nation, is amazing.” Because he was a great supporter of the issue of “Unity of Existence”. That’s why, the interpretation of this issue is significantly found in his poetry. He expressed his ideas in Urdu, Persian, Sindhi and Saraiki language. The study of his printed Diwan shows his eloquence, ingenuity and elaborate imagination. He used to act upon the Shariat and Sunnat strictly and he would persuade others to do the same. He would continue trying to eliminate the bad rituals. While expressing his displeasure at the improper deeds of men and women of his time, he said, “Women come in front of non-Mahrams by putting shawl on their shoulders and they consider it cause of pride. Many bad customs have created at the occasion of weddings. For example, men and women dance together by making a circle. During circle, they clap and play the drum. In addition to this, many other forbidden and fatal works are performed. Muslims have adopted the Ineffective works of disbelievers. When they are prevented from such activities, then they say our ancestors whatever used to do, is enough for us.” There was no end of his generosity, he was fixed the monthly stipends to the poor people of nearby and distant areas. Many of orphan children and widow women used to live in prosperity under his patronage and he would not send to any needy person empty hand. Despite being the successor, he continued giving the lesson of inward and outward knowledge. Especially, the Dars (teaching) of The books of Hadith and Tasawwuf (Sufism) was continued and the great Scholars would remain present at his service. When he would speech on whatever issue, then he would present a lot of rational and traditional proofs regarding it and attendees Scholars would had to confess his great knowledge. His knowledge expertise can be assessed from this incident that Maulana Muhammad Shakir Dervi Sahib was a great Scholar and teacher of his time, he also got the opportunity to acquire knowledge from him. One day a friend asked him that how much knowledge have you gained so far? In response to it, he started explaining to “لاالہ الااللہ” and I considered myself as a student of the school in front of him but it did not end the explanation of these holy words. (Encyclopedia, V.4, P.233) When Maulana Ghulam Dastagir Qasoori objected to some texts of “Braheen-e-Qatia” and Maulvi Khalil Ahmed Anbethvi debated on those phrases. The Judge of this case was Nawab of Bahawalpur who was Peer-o-Murshid of Nawab Muhammad Sadiq Abbasi. He gave the verdict that these controversial texts represent the Wahhabism and are against the Maslak-e-Ahle Sunnat. Due to his verdict, he was expelled from the state of Bahawalpur. (Taqdees-ul-Wakeel) His disciples and devotees circle was too broad. General and special people used to get the benefits from him and many renowned Nawab and rich men would feel proud to become his devotee and servant. Millions of people benefited from his teaching of Monotheism and guidance. Many people became the perfect Sufi by completing the Sulook destination. He used to be careful about giving the Khilafat. He said, “It is must for the Sheikh that he should not give the Khirqa-e-Khilafat to a Mureed unless he complete the Sulook destination.” He had the great love with the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم and he held the position of “Fana Fi Rasool” (annihilation in the Prophet صلی اللہ تعالٰی علیہ وسلم). He expressed it in his poetry frequently. He said: میڈا عشق وی توں میڈایار وی توں میڈا جسم وی توں، میڈی روح وی توں میڈے فرض فریضے حج زکوٰتاں میڈا زہد عبادت طاعت تقویٰ میڈادین وی توں ایمان وی توں میڈا قلب وی توں، جند جان وی توں صوم صلوٰۃ ا ٓذان وی توں علم وی توں عرفان وی توں
Demise: He passed away on the 6th of Rabi-al-Thani in 1319 AH/ 1st July 1901 AD and his Shrine is the resort of all at ‘Kot Mithan Sharif’ (Dera Ghazi Khan Division). گزریا وقت ہَسَن کھِلن دا اوکھا پینڈا یار ملن دا آیا وقت فرید چلن دا ہن جان لباں تے آئی اے
Malik-ush-Shuara, Fard-e-Fareed, Qaadir-ul-Kalaam.
Aap ki wilaadat 26 Zil Hijja 1261 Hijri (25 November 1845 A.D.) me Peer ke roz Chacharan me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh bin Khwaja Ahmad Ali hai.
Aap Hazrat Umar Faarooq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ke pardaada Arab fauj ke saath ke Hind me aaye the.
Aap 5 saal ke the tab aap ki waalida ka inteqaal hua.
12 saal ki umr me aap ke waalid ka inteqaal hua.
Is ke baad Aap ke bhaai Khwaja Ghulaam Fakhr-ud-deen ne aap ki parwarish aur tarbiyat ki.
8 saal ki umr me Haafize Qura’n hue.
Is ke baad Nawaab Saadiq Muhammad Khan Aap ko Ahmadpur Sharqia apne mahel me le gaye aur ulama ke paas aap ko taaleem shuru ki.
13 saal ki umr me Aap apne bhaai Khwaja Fakhr-ud-deen rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed hue.
28 saal ki umr me Aap ke bhaai aur Peer o murshid ka wisaal hua.
Is ke baad Aap Ruhi tasheef le gaye aur 18 saal tak waha muqeem rahe.
1292 Hijri (1876 A.D.) me Aap ne Hajje Baitullāh ada kiya.
Aap bahot parhezgaar aur ibaadat guzaar the.
Aap Arabi, Faarsi, Urdu, Punjabi (Saraiki), Sindhi, Braj Bhasha, aur Sanskrit ke maahir the. Is liye ‘Shaayar-e-Haft zabaan’ kehlaate hain.
Aap ke mash’hoor kalaam :
(1) Deewaan-e-Fareed (Saraiki [1882 A.D.], Punjabi [1883 A.D.], Urdu [1884 A.D.])
(2) Manaaqabe Mehboobia (Faarsi Nashr)
(3) Fawa’id Fareedia (Faarsi Nashr).
Aap (apne bhai) Hazrat Khwaja Ghulaam Fakhr-ud-deen Fakhr-e-Jahaan Chishti rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aur ‘Chishti Nizaami’ silsila ke Shaikh hain.
Nawaab Qaisar Khan Magassi Balochistani, Nawaab Saadiq Khan Bahawalpuri, aur Mirza Ahmad Akhtar Mughal Aap ke mureed the.
Aap ka wisaal 9 Rabi uṡ Ṡaani 1319 Hijri (July 1901 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Chachran ke qareeb Mithan Kot (Punjab / Pakistan) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Ghulaam Fareed Chishti rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.