Hazrat Khwaja Abdullah Ansari r.a

Hazrat Shaikh Abu Ismaïl Abdullah al-Herawi al-Ansari or Khajah Abdullah Ansari of Herat (1006–1088) (Persian: خواجه عبدالله انصاری‎) also known as Pir-i Herat (پیر هرات) (sage of Herat) was a Persian[7] Sufi[8] saint of Arab origin[9][10]who lived in the 11th century in Herat (then Khorasan, now Herat province, Afghanistan). One of the outstanding figures in Khorasan in the 5th/11th century: commentator of the Qur’an, traditionist, polemicist, and spiritual master, known for his oratory and poetic talents in Arabic and Persian.[11]

Tomb in Herat

He was born in the Kohandez,[11] the old citadel of Herat, on 4 May 1006.[citation needed] His father Abu Mansur, was a shopkeeper who had spent several years of his youth at Balkh.[11] Abdullah was the disciple of Shaikh Abul Hassan Kharaqani, for whom he had deep respect and faith, as he has said: “Abdullah was a hidden treasure, and its key was in the hands of Abul Hassan Kharaqani.”

He practiced the Hanbali school of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence. His shrine, built during the Timurid Dynasty, is a popular pilgrimage site.

He wrote several books on Islamic mysticism and philosophy in Persian and Arabic. His most famous work is “Munajat Namah” (literally ‘Litanies or dialogues with God’), which is considered a masterpiece of Persian literature. After his death, many of his sayings that had been transmitted by his students along with others that were in his written works were included in the Tafsir of Maybudi, “Kashf al-Asrar” (The Unveiling of Secrets). This is among the earliest complete Sufi Tafsirs of Quran and has been published several times in 10 volumes.

He excelled in the knowledge of Hadith, history, and Ilm ul-Ansaab. He used to avoid the company of the rich, powerful and the influential. His yearly majlis-e-wa’az was attended by people from far and wide. Whatever his disciples and followers used to present to him was handed over to the poor and the needy. He is said to have had a very impressive personality, and used to dress gracefully.

Khwajah Abdullah Ansari of Herat was a direct descendant of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, being the ninth in line from him. The lineage is described, and traced in the family history records,[12] as follows;

Abu Ismail Khajeh Abdollah Ansari, son of Abu Mansoor Balkhi, son of Jaafar, son of Abu Mu’aaz, son of Muhammad, son ofAhmad, son of Jaafar, son of Abu Mansoor al-Taabi’i, son of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.

In the reign of the third Caliph amongst the Khulafaa-e-Rashideen of Islam, Uthman ibn Affan, Abu Mansoor al-Taabi’i took part in the conquest of Khorasan, and subsequently settled in Herat, his descendant Khwajah Abdullah Ansari died there in 1088.

The Hanbali jurist Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya wrote a lengthy commentary on a treatise written by Ansari entitled Madarij al-Salikin.[13] He expressed his love and appreciation for Ansari in this commentary with his statement “Certainly I love the Sheikh, but I love the truth more!’.[14] Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya refers to Ansari with the honorific title “Sheikh al-Islam” in his work Al-Wabil al-Sayyib min al-Kalim al-Tayyab [15]

Books (in Persian and Arabic)
Kashf al-Asrar wa ‘Iddat al-Abrar (Quran exegesis) (Arabic : کشف الاسرار و عدة الابرار)
Munajat Namah (Persian: مناجات نامه)
Nasayeh (Persian: نصایح)
Zad-ul Arefeen (Arabic: زاد االعارفین)
Kanz-ul Salikeen (Persian: کنز السالکین)
Haft Hesar (Persian: هفت حصار)
Elahi Namah (Persian: الهی نامه)
Muhabbat Namah (Persian: محبت نامه)
Qalandar Namah (Persian: قلندر نامه)
Resala-é Del o Jan (Persian: رساله دل و جان)
Resala-é Waredat (Persian: رساله واردات)
Sad Maidan (Persian: صد میدان)
Resala Manaqib Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (ِArabic: رسالة مناقب الإمام أحمد بن حنبل)
Books (in Arabic)[edit]
Anwar al-Tahqeeq
Zem al-Kalam
Manāzel al-Sā’erīn
Kitaab al-Frooq
Kitaab al-Arba’een

The Shrine of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari in Herat, Afghanistan
The Shrine of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari in Herat, Afghanistan

The Shrine of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari in Herat, Afghanistan

Khwaja Abdullah Ansari
(1006-1088)  

“Khwaja Abdullah Ansari (1006-1088) , one of the most respected of early Persian Sufis, was born in Herat [a western city in modern Afghanistan]. He is the author of many books on Islamic mysticism and philosophy in Persian and Arabic. His most famous work, Monajat Namah – Intimate Conversations with God -, is considered a masterpiece of Persian literature. After his death, his students and disciples compiled his teachings of the ‘Commentaries on Quran'[Tafsir Quran], and named it “Kashful Asrar”[Unveiling of the Mysteries]. One of the major early writers of Persian mystical literature, Ansari is best loved for this collection of simple flowing sentences long used as a devotional handbook. In his very human dialogues with God, Ansari speaks of a love and longing for his Creator as well as the frustration at his own human frailty.”
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Alqaab :
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Shaikh-ul-Islaam, Zain-ul-Ulama, Peer-e-Herat.

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Aap ki wilaadat 2 Sha’abaan 396 Hijri (4 May 1006 A.D.) ko Kohandez, Herat (Afghanistan) me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Abu Mansoor Balkhi bin Ja’afar al-Ansaari hai.

Aap Sahaabi e Rasool Hazrat Abu Ayyoob Ansaari radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.

Aap ke pardaada Hazrat Abu Mansoor al-Taabi’i bin Abu Ayyoob Ansaari rahmatullāhi alaihi Ameer-ul-mo’mineen Hazrat Uṡmaan Ghani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ke zaamane me jihad ke dauraan Herat tashreef laaye the aur wahi sukoonat pazeer hue the.

Aap ke waalid dukaandaar the aur kuchh saal Balkh me muqeem rahe the.

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4 saal ki umr me Aap ke waalid ne Aap ki ta’aleem shuru ki.
9 saal ki umr me Aap ne Hazrat Abu Mansoor Azdi aur Abu Fazl Jarudi ki mehfil me haazir hokar Hadeeṡ ki ta’aleem haasil karna shuru kiya.
410 Hijri (1019 A.D.) me Aap ke waalid ke inteqaal ke baad Hazrat Yahyā bin Ammaar Sayban aur Hazrat Shaikh Ammu ne Aap ki [arwarish wa tarbiyat ki.

14 saal ki umr me Aap ne Hazrat Yahyā bin Ammaar Sayban aur Hazrat Shaikh Ammu ki mehfil me haazir hokar ta’aleem haasil karna shuru kiya.
Aap ne Hazrat Abul Hasan Basrī Sejzi aur Hazrat Mohammad Taqi Sajistani se bhi ta’aleem haasil ki.
417 Hijri (1026 A.D.) me 21 saal ki umr me Aap Nishapur (Iran) yashreef le gaye aur Hadeeṡ aur Fiqh ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Kuchh mahine baad Aap Herat waapas aaye.
Hazrat Yahyā bin Ammaar Sayban rahmatullāhi alaihi ne Aap ko khilaafat ata farmai.

422 Hijri (1031 A.D.) me Hazrat Yahyā bin Ammaar Sayban rahmatullāhi alaihi ka wisaal hua.

424 Hijri (1033 A.D.) me Aap Imaam Abul Fazl bin Sa’ad rahmatullāhi alaihi ke saath Hajj ke liye rawaana hua. Baghdad tak pahunchne ke baad aage raasta dushwaar hone ki wajah se Herat waapas aaye.
425 Hijri (1034 A.D.) me Aap dobaara Hajj ke safar par rawaana hue. Raaste me Nishapur me Ibn Baaku ki khaanqaah me Abu Saeed bin Abul Khair se mulaaqaat hui.
Is baar bhi qaafila Ray se aage na jaa saka.
Waapasi ke safar me Damghan me Hazrat Shaikh Abul Abbaas Ahmad Qassaab Amoli rahmatullāhi alaihi aur Hazrat Khwaja Abul Hasan Ali al-Kharaqani rahmatullāhi alaihi se mulaaqaat hui.
Hazrat Khwaja Abul Hasan Ali al-Kharaqani rahmatullāhi alaihi ne Aap ko samjhaaya ke ‘Jo Rab Hijaaz me hai wo hi Herat me hai. Tum Herat me hi rehkar ibaadat wa riyaazat karo aur ta’aleem e deen karte raho.’

426 Hijri (1035 A.D.) me Aap Nobadan me 62 sufiya wa masha’ikh ki mehfil me haazir hue to sab ne Aap ka isteqbaal kiya.

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Aap Qur’an, Hadeeṡ, Tafseer, Falsafa, Ilm-ul-Ansaab aur Shaayari ke maahir the.

Aap Hanbali mazhab ke muqallid the.

Waapas aakar Aap ne Kohandez me ta’aleem wa faiz ata karna shuru kiya.
Kai saal tak Aap Hadeeṡ ki ta’aleem dete rahe.
Aap ki Majlis-e-wa’az me door door ke ilaaqe se log shirkat karte the.

Aap Umara aur hukmaraano se hamesha door rehte.
Aur mureedeen aur moataqeeden se jo hadiya pesh karte use ghareebo aur mohtaajo ko taqseem kar dete.

Aap Ash’ari aur Motazilla jaise bad-mazhab firqe ke bad-aqeede ke khilaaf logo ko ta’aleem dete the.

430 Hijri (1038 A.D.) me Sultaan Mas’ood ne Aap ko apne darbaar me haazir hone ke liye kaha. Aap ke jawaab se mutmaeen hokar us ne Aap ko bari kar diya.
Saljuq hukoomat ke dauraan Aap Sakivan tashreef le gaye aur 433 Hijri (1041 A.D.) se 435 Hijri (1043 A.D.) tak waha muqeem rahe.
Phir waapas aakar Aap ne Tafseer e Qur’an ka kaam shuru kiya.
438 Hijri (1046-47 A.D.) me Aap ko 6 mahine tak Pusanj me qaid karke rakh gaya.

445 Hijri (1053 A.D.) me Sultaan Togrel Beg ne wazeer Abu Nasr Kondori ke mashware par Ash’ari firqe waalo par sakhti karna shuru kiya. Is ke baad Aap amn o sukoon se rehne lage. Abul Hasan Bakarzi aur Abul Qaasim Zuzani al-Baari aur deegar ulama Aap ki mulaaqaat ke liye aate. Abul Aala Saeed bin Sayyaar ne Aap ko masjid me wa’az karne ki ijaazat di.
Sultaan Togrel Beg ke inteqaal ke baad 456 Hijri (1064 A.D.) me Ash’ari phir se apna zor dikhaane lage. 458 Hijri (1066 A.D.) me wazeer Nizaam-ul-mulk ne Aap ko Balkh bhej diya. Kuchh arse baad Aap jab waapas aaye to unho ne phir se Aap ko pareshaan karna shuru kiya.
462 Hijri (1069 A.D.) me Khalifa al-Qaa’im ne ijaazat di aur Aap khaanqaah me Abul Khair Abdullāh bin Marzuq, Abu Nasr al-Mo’tamin Saji, aur Mohammad bin Taahir Maqdesi ke saath 11 saal tak ta’aleem wa tadrees karte rahe.

473 Hijri (1080-81 A.D.) me Aap na-bina ho gaye. Hazrat Husain Kutubi ne Aap ki dekh-bhaal ki. Aap ke khaadim Abul Waqt Abdul Awwal Sejzi, Abul Fat’h Abdul Malik Karuḵi, aur Abu Ja’afar Mohammad saydalani ne Aap ki ta’aleem wa naseehato ko likhna shuru kiya.

Ramazaan 478 Hijri (1086 A.D.) me ek aalim ke saathiyo ne Aap ke ghar ko jala diya aur aap ko maarkar jakhmi kar diya.
20 Ramazaan 478 Hijri (12 January 1086 A.D.) ko Aap ke shaagirdo aur us aalim ke saathiyo ke bich me fasaad hua. Sultaan ko jab is ka paa chala to us ne 2 mahine baad Aap ko Maa wara un-Nahr (Transoxiana) jaane ke liya kaha. Jab Aap apne shaagirdo ke saath Nisapur ko hokar Merv ki taraf jaa rahe the tab Nizaam-ul-mlk ne Balkh jaane ke liye kaha. Waha logo ne Aap ka istiqbaal kiya. Kuchh mahine baad Aap ko Marv-al-Rud jaane ke liye kaha gaya. Thandi ka mausam waha guzaarne ke baad Aap 14 Moharaam 480 Hijri (21 April 1087 A.D.) ko Aap Herat waapas tashreef laaye. Aur tafseer-e-Qur’an ka kaam karte rahe.

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Tasannif :
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Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaaben :

Faarsi :
(1) Kashf-ul-Asraar wa Iddat-ul-Abraar (Tafseer-e-Qur’an majeed)
(2) Munaajaat Naamah
(3) Nasaayih
(4) Zaad-ul-Aarifeen
(5) Kanz-ul-Saalikeen
(6) Haft Hisaar
(7) Ilāhi Naamah
(8) Mohabbat Naamah
(9) Qalandar Naamah
(10) Sad Maidaan
(11) Risaala-e-Dil o Jaan
(12) Risasla-e-Waaridaat
(13) Risaala Manaaqib e Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal.

Arabi :
(1) Anwaar al-Tahqeeq
(2) Zim-ul-Kalaam
(3) Manaazil-ul-Saa’ereen
(4) Kitaab -ul-Farooq
(5) Kitaab-ul-Arba’een.

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Aap Hazrat Yahyā bin Ammaar Sayban rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Hazrat Khwaja Abul Hasan Ali al-Kharaqani rahmatullāhi alaihi ne bhi Aap ko khilaafat ata farmai hai.

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Aap ka wisaal 22 Zil Hijjah 480 Hijri (19 March 1088 A.D.) ko hua.

Aap ka mazaar Gazar Gah, Herat (Afghanistan) me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Abdullāh Ansaari rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.