Hazrat al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad r.a

Miqdad ibn Amr al-Bahráni – Married to Rasulullah’s cousin.

Miqdad ibn Amr al-Bahráni (Arabic: هرائي البعمرو بن مقداد ‎) was one of the Sahabah Rasulullah SAW. Also known as Miqdad ibn  Al Aswad RA is among Muslims was regarded as one of the most respected Sahabah. Miqdad ibn Al Aswad RA was one of the Muhajirun.


Immigration to Madinah
Miqdad ibn Al Aswad RA belonged to an Arabian tribe named Bahraoriginally from Hadhramaut Yemen. Miqdad ibn Al Aswad RA escaped from his tribe after injuring someone and inhabited Mecca. In Mecca, Miqdad ibn Al Aswad RA belonged to a man named al-Aswad Al Kindi. Miqdad ibn Al Aswad RA was a very brave young man when he went to Mecca. In Arabia people loved brave and strong men, Aswad Alkindi did not have any children, So one day he stood amongst all tribes of Quraish and said “I am declaring that from this day on Miqdad as my son, and his name is now Miqdad ibn Al Aswad Alkindi after I die he will inherit me” So, people started calling him Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA, rather than Miqdad ibn Amr. It was a way Arabs showed their love towards someone. Islam rose from the top of the Hira Mount. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA became twenty-four years old. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA heard about Muhammad’s mission. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA hurried to believe in the new religion. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA kept his Islam a secret, and was part of the Muhajirin who fled from the punishments of Quraish. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA met Muhammad secretly. Thus, Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA was among the earlier Muslims. He always felt the Muslims’ sufferings.

Rasulullah SAW ordered his companions to immigrate to Madinah. They immigrated one by one or group by group. After some time, he received orders from Allah to immigrate to Madinah also. When he reached Madinah, Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA rejoiced by seeing him reaching Madinah safely.

Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA was one of the last to migrate to Madinah, when he got there Rasulullah SAW invited him to stay with him.

Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA shared a story of an event that occurred whilst staying with Rasulullah SAW.

“One day we had gone out and we came back, three of us came back to Rasulullah’s house where we were staying. Every day there’ll be milk left for us to drink, on that day I was very hungry. So everyone drank their share but I was still very hungry.

Shaytaan came to me, and told me to drink Muhammad’s share too, he kept encouraging me to do it, after I’d done so I was now worried as to what to do. So I pretended to sleep whilst I thought of a plan, but then Rasulullah SAW came in.”


Upon hearing this, Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA got up; he wanted to be the one to feed Rasulullah SAW. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA went to the goat and noticed even though the goat had been milked earlier, the udders were full. He milked the goat till Rasulullah SAW drank to his fill, and al Miqdad drank. It was a miracle from Allah SWT.When Rasulullah SAW saw someone has drink his milk, he made a dua “O Allah feed the one who feeds me, and quench the thirst of the one who quenches my thirst”

Miqdad Ibn AlAswad Al Kindi RA Married to Rasulullah’s cousin.

Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA also had the honor of being related to Rasulullah SAW by marriage. After having trouble getting married, got married to Rasulullah SAW cousin.

But what makes Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA stand out beyond this is of this incident that happened during the Battle of Badr. Rasulullah SAW and the companions never set out for war, prior to the battle of Badr. They had actually set out to recover a caravan of theirs from Abu Sufyan.However,  the Quraish were prepared to fight.

This unexpected turn of events called for an important decision and quick resolve, as the Muslims had not come out to fight.

Rasulullah SAW consulted his Companions, saying “O people give me your counsel.”

Saidina Abu Bakr RA stood and spoke well, and then Saidina Umar Ibn Al-Khattab RA stood and spoke well. Rasulullah SAW then repeated his request, saying, “O people give me your counsel.”

This is when Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA came forth, and he was the only Companion who was riding a horse at the time.


Happy expression appeared on Rasulullah SAW face. Then Rasulullah SAW said to the Ansar: “What shall I do”?Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA loyalty towards Rasulullah SAW could be seen at the battle of Badr, when Miqdad ibn Aswad Al-Kindi stood up then said: “O Rasulullah, execute that (plan) which Allah has shown to you, for we are with you. By Allah, we will not say to you as the children of Israel said to Musa: “So go you and your Lord and fight you two, we are sitting right here.” Instead, we say to you, ‘go you and your Lord and fight: we are with you and will fight.’ And by the One who sent you with the truth, if you led us to Birkul-Ghimad (a place on the outlying regions of Yemen) – we would fight alongside with you against those who come before it (and there were many tribes separating Al Madinah and Birkul-Ghimad), until you reached it. And we will indeed fight at your right and from your left, and from before you, and from behind you – until Allah makes you victorious.“

Saad ibn Maadh answered: “Rasulullah, we’ve believed in you, we’ve believed you. We’ve confessed to what to have said as the truth. We’ve promised to hear and obey! Then, Rasulullah SAW, go on what you’ve wanted! By Allah! If you asked us to cross the Red Sea, we would do”!

It was the first battle against the unbelievers; it was named the battle of Badr, when the tribes of Quraish came out to fight Rasulullah SAW 1400 against 313 followers of Rasulullah. The Muslims were full of enthusiasm. They got ready to face the polytheists with hearts filled with faith.

The polytheists tried to kill Rasulullah SAW to destroy Islam totally. But the sincere companions such as Ali bin Abi Talib, al-Miqdad, Al-Zubair, Musa’ab ibn `Umair, Abu Dujana al-Ansari, Sahal bin Hunaif, and others resisted the polytheists bravely. They defended Rasulullah SAW against them.

Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA deeply believed in Allah and teachings of Rasulullah SAW. One day, Rasulullah SAW said: “Allah has ordered me to love four (persons), and He has told me that He loves them. The persons are Ali, al-Miqdad, Abu Dharr al-Ghiffari, and Salman al Farisi.”

Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA taught people the Qur’an. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA reading became famous all over Damascus. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA stayed loyal to Allah and Muhammad and died at the age of ninety.On another occasion long after the demised of Rasulullah SAW, it is reported that a man met Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA, and said I’d love to look into your eyes because you were able to see Rasulullah SAW. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi RA replied, said Thank Allah that you are a Muslim today! because if you were there at the time of Rasulullah SAW just to see him, there were so many people who saw him and are now in Jahannam. So don’t wish you were from amongst those who saw him, because you don’t know if you saw him which side you’d have been on.”

Selected Hadiths narrated and attributed to Miqdad Ibn Amr Al Aswad RA

Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 4, Ablutions (Wudu’)

Hadith no: 178

Narrated: Ali

I used to get emotional urethral discharges frequently and felt shy to ask Allah’s Apostle about it. So I requested Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad to ask Rasulullah SAW about it. Al-Miqdad asked him and he replied, “On has to perform ablution (after it).”

Relevance: 26.3311

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 1, The Book of Purification

Hadith no: 157

Narrated: Ali

“I felt too shy to ask Rasulullah SAW about prostatic fluid because of Fatimah (R.A), so I told Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad to ask about it, and Rasulullah SAW said: ‘Perform Wudu for that.’” (Sahih)

Relevance: 20.6507

Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 54, Jihad (Fighting for the cause of Allah)

Hadith no: 85

Narrated: As-Saib bin Yazid

I was in the company of Talha bin Ubaidullah, Sad, Al-Miqdad bin Al-Aswad and Abdur Rahman bin Auf and I heard none of them narrating anything from Rasulullah SAW  but Talha was talking about the day (of the battle) of Uhud.

Relevance: 19.4816

Found In: Sunan Abu Dawud Chapter No: 1, Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Hadith no: 208

Narrated: Urwa

Ali bin Abi Talib said to al-Miqdad, and made a similar statement as above. Al-Miqdad asked Rasulullah SAW. Rasulullah SAW said: He should wash his penis and testicles. Abu Dawud said: The tradition has been narrated by Al-Thawri and a group of narrators from Hisham on the authority of his father from al-Miqdad, from ‘All reporting from Rasulullah SAW.

Relevance: 18.5012

Found In: Sahih Muslim Chapter No: 3, The Book of Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid)

Hadith no: 595

Narrated: Ibn Abbas

We sent al−Miqdad b. al−Aswad to Rasulullah SAW to ask him what must be done about prostatic fluid which flows from (the private part of) a person. Rasulullah SAW said: Perform ablution and wash your sexual organ.

Relevance: 17.743

Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 3, Knowledge

Hadith no: 134

Narrated: Ali

I used to get the emotional urethral discharge frequently so I requested Al-Miqdad to ask Rasulullah SAW about it. Al-Miqdad asked him and he replied, “One has to perform ablution (after it).” (See Hadith No. 269).

Relevance: 17.3743

Found In: Imam Malik’s Muwatta Chapter No: 20, Hajj

Hadith no: 40

Narrated:

Yahya related to me from Malik, from Jaafar ibn Muhammad, from his father, that al-Miqdad ibn Al-Aswad once went to see Ali ibn Abi Talib at as-Suqya, where he was feeding some young camels of his with a mash of meal and leaves, and he said to him, “This man Uthman ibn Affan is telling people that they cannot do hajj and umrah together.” Al-Miqdad said, “Ali ibn Abi Talib went off with bits of meal and leaves on his forearms – and I shall never forget the sight of the meal and the leaves on his arms – and went to see Uthman ibn Affan and asked him, ‘Are you saying then that people cannot do hajj and umrah together?’ Uthman replied, ‘That is my opinion.’ Whereupon Ali got angry and went out saying, ‘I am at your service, O Allah; I am at your service for a hajj and an umrah together.’ ” Malik said, “Our position (here in Madinah) is that someone who does hajj and umrah together should not remove any of his hair, nor should he come out of ihram in any way until he has sacrificed an animal, if he has one. He should come out of ihram at Mina, on the day of the sacrifice.”

Relevance: 17.2856

Found In: Imam Malik’s Muwatta Chapter No: 2, Purity

Hadith no: 55

Narrated:

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu’n Nadr, the mawla of Abdullah ibn Ubaidullah, from Sulaiman ibn Yasar from al Miqdad ibn Al-Aswad that Ali ibn Abi Talib told him to ask Rasulullah SAW, what a man should do, who, when close to his wife, had a flow of prostatic fluid. Ali explained that the daughter of Rasulullah SAW  was living with him then and he was too shy to ask for himself. Al-Miqdad said, “I asked Rasulullah SAW about it, and he said, ‘When you find that, wash your genitals with water and do wudu as for prayer.'”

Relevance: 14.4384

Found In: Sunan Abu Dawud Chapter No: 2, Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)

Hadith no: 613 

Narrated: Abdullah bin Masud

Alqamah and Al-Aswad sought permission from Abdullah (ibn Ma’sud) for admission, and we remained sitting at his door for a long time. A slave-girl came out and gave them permission (to enter). He (ibn Ma’sud) then got up and prayed (standing) between me (Al-Aswad) and him (Alqamah). He then said: I witnessed Rasulullah SAW doing similarly.

Relevance: 14.0568

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 4, the Book of Ghusl and Tayammum

Hadith no: 438

Narrated: Ali

“I felt too shy to Rasulullah SAW about Madhi because of Fatimah, so I told Al-Miqdad to ask him, and he said: ‘Wudu (is required) for that.’” (Sahih)

Relevance: 11.0781

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 7, The Book of the Adhan (The Call to Prayer)

Hadith no: 652

Narrated:

(Another chain) from Ibrahim, from Al-Aswad, with similar narration. (Sahih)

Relevance: 10.651

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 4, The Book of Ghusl and Tayammum

Hadith no: 439

Narrated: Ali

“I sent Al-Miqdad to Rasulullah SAW to ask him about Madhi, and he said: ‘Perform Wudu and sprinkle water over your private part.’” (Sahih) Abu Abdur-Rahman said: Makhramah (one of the narrators) did not hear anything from his father.

Relevance: 10.3322

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 8, The Book of the Masjids

Hadith no: 721

Narrated: Sulaiman

“I heard Ibrahim (narrate) from Alqamah and Al-Aswad from Abdullah,” and he narrated something similar. (Sahih)

Relevance: 10.318

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 1, The Book of Purification

Hadith no: 153

Narrated: Ali

“I said to Al-Miqdad: ‘If a man is intimate with his wife and excretes prostatic fluid but does not have intercourse – ask Rasulullah SAW about that, for I am too shy to ask him about it since his daughter is married to me.’ So he asked him, and he said: ‘Let him wash his male member and perform Wudu as for Salah.’” (Daif)

Relevance: 10.2337

Found In: Sahih Muslim Chapter No: 3, the Book of Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid)

Hadith no: 594

Narrated: Ali

I felt shy of asking about prostatic fluid from Rasulullah SAW  because of Fatimah. I, therefore, askedal−Miqdad (to ask on my behalf) and he asked. Rasulullah SAW said: Ablution is obligatory in such a case.

Relevance: 10.1373

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 6, the Book of the Times (of Prayer)

Hadith no: 577

Narrated: Abu Ishaq

“I heard Masruq and Al-Aswad say: We bear witness that Aishah said: ‘When Rasulullah SAW was with me after Asr, he would pray them (these two Rakahs).’” (Sahih)

Relevance: 10.1073

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 7, The Book of the Adhan (The Call to Prayer)

Hadith no: 653

Narrated: Muharib bin Dithar

Al-Aswad bin Yazid narrated to me from Abu Mahdhurah that the final words of the Adhan are: ‘La ilaha illallah (there is none worthy of worship except Allah).’” (Sahih)

Relevance: 9.9051

Found In: Sunan An-Nasai Chapter No: 4, The Book of Ghusl and Tayammum

Hadith no: 440

Narrated: Sulaiman bin Yasar

“Ali bin Abi Talib sent Al-Miqdad to Rasulullah SAW to ask him about a man who notices Madhi. Rasulullah SAW said: ‘Let him wash his penis then perform Wudu.’” (Sahih)

Relevance: 9.7302

Found In: Sunan Abu Dawud Chapter No: 2, Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)

Hadith no: 614

Narrated: Yazid ibn al-Aswad

Jabir ibn Yazid ibn Al-Aswad reported on the authority of his father: I prayed behind Rasulullah SAW. When he finished the prayer, he would turn (his face from the direction of the Kabah).

Relevance: 9.6165

Found In: Sunan Ibn Majah Chapter No: 1, The Book of the Sunnah

Hadith no: 149 

Narrated: Ibn Buraidah

that his father said: “Rasulullah SAW said: ‘Allah has commanded me to love four people, and He told me that He also loves them.’ He was asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah, who are they?’ He said: “Ali is one of them,’ and he said that three times, ‘and Abu Dharr, Salman and Miqdad.’” (Da’if)

Relevance: 9.4107

…and many more hadiths.