Hazrat Agah Mohammed Dawood Sahu Abu al-Alali r.a



    His ancestors were famous and well known personalities from Iran. They were migrated from Iran to Deccan (South India) and were settled down in Balkonda village of Nizambad district during the period of Golconda Kingdom. The rulers of Hyderabad government also respected them greatly and granted  them two villages and Rupees 250 as Mansib (grant) as well  as military awards to their pious personalities of their family members.

Blessed birth.

   He was born in Balkonda village of Nizambad district in the year 1249 Hegira and his name is well known  and famous as Agah Mohammed Dawood  and his father’s name  is  Agah Mohammed Haider   and who the son of  Agah Mohammed Quader.


   Since his childhood, he has been much interested in the following things. 1. He was a lover of Fakirs. 2. He was a lover of Sufism.  From the earliest age he was not interested in the relations of the world and its people.

Bay’ah (allegiance).

      Upon seeing his above condition, his father  Aga Mohammed Haider, who was a disciple of  Hazrat Shah Mohammed Hasan took him in the company of his Murshid (spiritual teacher)  for his training and education there and Hazrat Mohammed Hasan took from Bay’ah (allegiance)  from him and included him among his disciples. Due to this reason there was great change which appeared on him.

Mystical exercises.

   Upon becoming his master’s disciple his daily recital and practices were increased very much and also he adopted following things.

  1. Contentment (Qana’at):

2.Tawakal (trust on Allah).

   He always used to present in the company of his spiritual master day and night and used to busy in the recital and practices, meditation as per his instructions of his Sufi master.

Caliphate and saintly dress.

      Upon watching his hard work and endeavours  his spiritual master has awarded him caliphate and saintly dress.

   Upon death of Hazrat Mohammed Hasan his following two caliphs were becoming famous and well known.

1.Hazrat Agah Mohammed Dawood.

2.Hazrat Hafiz Mir Shamsuddin Ali.

      In this matter the details of the event are as follows. That once on 12th Rabil Awwal  the meeting was in progress and upon the end of his speech Hazrat Mohammed Hasan has called Aga Mohammed Dawud and at that time he was at Houz (water reservoir) so he has drawn attention of his disciples that he wants to say something to them and in this matter and asked them are they all agree with him ? So all of them told him that  they will abide his kind advice in this matter. He was asked to bring Kala (cap) of  Hazrat Shah Mohammed Izzatullah and award the same to Aga Mohammed Dawood and also he has called Hafiz Shamsuddin and told that he is perfect personality as he is Hafiz ( one who knows the Holy Quran by heart) as well as Syed (descendant of the holy prophet through his daughter Hazrat Fatima) and perfect person in Islamic (Sharia) law so  for these reasons I will award his  Kala (cap) to him. For this reason Hafiz Shamsuddin  was standing and began weeping and he told him that he is not eligible for this great honour. So he asked him to sit down and addressed the gathering as follows.  “From today onwards you all should accept these two persons as my heirs and successors and then he has shown them his palm and pointed them his finger of Sadat (first finger) and his center finger and like these two of his fingers are  Agah Mohammed Dawood and Shamsuddin Ali for me.”


   Upon obtaining the caliphate from his spiritual master  his endeavours and practices were increased in the following things. 1.Darwashi (Sufism). 2.Love of Allah.

   For the above reason he used to like and live in the lonely places and  he  has lost his interest in the world and its people. His age was 16  or 17 years old  and at that time  due to the passion he did not use to care for eating food and dress. He has spent 12 years while eating bread of Jawar (millet) and Dal (split pulse) without salt and he never used to eat meat. He was a great lover of his spiritual master and so he used to think services of his master most important and necessary thing. He used to presence in the company of master with great respect and honour.

Physical features.

   He was a good looking person with good height and wide, broad  forehead  and his collar of skin was mixed  red and white and eyes were Nashili (intoxicated) and his beard was thick. He always used to wear a simple dress of handloom cap on his head and  handloom shirt  and  thick cloth Thaband (coloured sheet  means to cover the lower part of the body). When he used to go outside, then he used to wear  Deccani (South Indian) Dastar (turban) and Angarkha (narrow sleeved coat) and short trouser and wear ordinary sleepers in his foot. Upon his father’s death there was renewed of estate grants and his seat was allocated in the king’s court, but he did not interested in all these things. But he was much interested in recital  and practices of Batini (innermost).

Religious service.

   He was established one school which is well known and famous as Madrasa Yatami (orphan school) in which there was  provision  of free education and training  with him. Whatever presents and donations received from the school education were spent for the welfare of  orphan students for their dress and boarding expenses.  He was used to  perform the annual Urs (death anniversary) ceremony of his spiritual master on  the grand scale.


     His character is well known  and  famous for the following things.

1.Good manners.2.Farg Dil (generosity).3.Maravat (politeness).4.Large hearted-ness.5.Puntuality for congregational prayers.6.Miracles and Kashaf (revelation).7.Lover of learned persons.8.Lover of ecstasy.

    On his dining cloth there were used to present 10 to 20  poor and  some guest persons always. There  were a large number of his disciples and devotees. He used to take allegiance from his disciples in chain of Naqashbandia and Quaderia. He was used  to behave  well with his disciples and devotees as friends. He was perfect person also in poetry and his poetic name was well known and famous as Sahu.  In His poetry  work is included about Sufism and Natiya  (in praise of holy prophet) subjects.


   His miracles and great events are well known and famous and among them one miracle is as follows. Once on the occasion of  annual Urs (death) ceremony of Hazrat Shah Mohammed Hasan his disciple Mohamed Ibrahim Khan Sadiq Siddiqui came to see him after morning prayer and the Sheikh was still inside of his room. Some other persons were also there to visit him. So for this reason the above disciple while thinking that still the Sheikh is inside of his room so he should go to  the shrine building for his visit there and  also can come back there and visit the Sheikh later. So  for this reason he left from there and he has watched that one small boy of 5 years old was also walking by his side and when he entered the shrine building and prostrated there and then he stood there and saw that his master Agah Dawood was there in his simple dress so that man kissed his foot so he was smiling there.


   He left this world on 15th Rabil Awwal on Thursday in the year 1324 Hegira at the four ‘o’clock evening time.  Next day  the funeral prayers was arranged in Makkah, Mosque in which large number of people were present. The ruler of Hyderabad Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan was also attended his funeral prayer. After the funeral prayer, he was buried in the shrine area of Hazrat Shah Mohammed Hasan on Agahpura street and  he was buried in the mausoleum of his spiritual master. In the mausoleum there are 3 graves are there which belongs to his successors and among them in the middle grave he is resting on it. On the eastern side of the grave, his son Agah Mohammed Hasan alias Miya Sahib and western side his grandson’s grave is available.

Steet Agaha Pura.

   The area around his mausoleum is well known and famous as Agha Pura street. On outside of the way to the shrine the following two structures were constructed by him.

Badi Kaman (big arch)  was constructed in the year 1304 Heigra, Kaman  (arch) Agaha Pura  was constructed in the year 1322 Hegira.

The Urs (death anniversary).

      Every  year on the 14th  Rabi Awwal to 16th Rabi Awwal   the Urs ceremony is celebrated. On this occasion people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) which takes place on the above dates of Muslim calendar at the famous mausoleum of Hazrat Agah Mohammed  Dawood Sahu Abul Alai every year.  During the Urs (death anniversary)  the visitors in large number will visit the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of  the Sheikh’s name. In this way the above ceremony will be arranged on the grand scale  and the visitors will visit the mausoleum from near and far away places. His 100 years Urs (death anniversary) ceremony was  organized on 14,15,16 Rabil Awwal  in the year 2003 A.D.