Abd ‘Allah Ibn Amr RA- Shaded by The Angel Wing
Shaded by Angels!
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As (died 684 CE/65 AH, the son of ‘Amr ibn al-‘As) was a companion of Rasulullah SAW. ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’As was the author of “Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah” (“The Truthful Script”, Arabic: الصحيفة الصادقة), a hadith compilation document which recorded about one thousands of Muhammad’s narrations.
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’as embraced Islam in the year 7 AH a year before his father did, Amr ibn al-‘As. Rasulullah SAW used to show preference to Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr RA due to his knowledge. ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’As was one of the first companions to write down the Hadith, after receiving permission from Rasulullah SAW to do so. Abu Hurairah RA used to say that Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr RA was more knowledgeable than him.
‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’As RA work Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah remained in his family and was used by his grandson ‘Amr ibn Suhaib RA. Ahmad ibn Hanbal RA incorporated the whole of the work of Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr RA in his voluminous book Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal thereby covering up for the missing Al-Sahifah al-Sadiqah which was written in the days of Rasulullah SAW.
When the seventy Ansar gave their allegiance to Rasulullah SAW in the Second Pledge of ‘Aqabah, ‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Hiram, also known as Abu Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah RA, was one of them. Rasulullah SAW chose some leaders among them, ‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr was one of these leaders. Rasulullah SAW made him the leader of his people, the Bard Salamah. When they returned to Al-Madinah, he sacrificed himself, his money, and his family in the service of Islam. After Rasulullah SAW’s Hijrah to Al-Madinah, Abu Jabir RA found utmost enjoyment in accompanying Rasulullah SAW day and night.
In the Battle of Badr, Abu Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah RA went out fighting like a hero. At Uhud he dreamed of his death before the Muslims went out to battle. He was overwhelmed by a true sense that he was not coming back, and his heart was full of joy. Abu Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah RA called to him his son Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah RA, the noble Companion, and said, “I see myself killed in this battle. Maybe I’ll be the first martyr among the Muslims. By Allah, I’ll leave no one that I like more than you after Rasulullah SAW. I am in debt, so pay my debts and make your brothers your own concern.
The next morning the Muslims went out to encounter the Quraish that had come in an uproarious army to invade their peaceful city. A dreadful battle raged, at the beginning of which the Muslims achieved rapid victory. It could have been a decisive victory but for the archers, whom Rasulullah SAW had ordered to stay at their positions and never to leave them, who were tempted by this quick victory over the Quraish. They left their positions on the mountain and were pre-occupied with gathering the booty of the defeated army. The Quraish quickly gathered its scattered remnants when it found the Muslims’ back completely exposed. They surprised them by a quick attack from behind, changing the Muslim victory into defeat.
During this bitter fight, ‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr RA died as a martyr. When the Muslims went to find their martyrs after the fighting had ended, Jabir Ibn ‘Abd Allah RA went to search for his father. Jabir ibn Abd Allah RA found him among the martyrs, whom the polytheists had made a dreadful display of along with other heroes. Jabir RA and some of his family were crying over the martyr of Islam ‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Hiram RA when Rasulullah SAW passed by. Rasulullah SAW said, “Cry over him or not, the angels are here to shade him with their wings!”
‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr RA‘s belief was strong. His love, or even eagerness, to die in the cause of Allah SWT was his greatest ambition. Afterward, Rasulullah SAW announced the great news that depicted his great fondness of martyrdom. One day Rasulullah SAW said to ‘Abd Allah’s son Jabir, “O Jabir, Allah has never spoken to anyone but from behind a veil, but He has spoken to me face to face. He said, ‘O slave, ask Me to give you.’ Rasulullah SAW said, ‘O Allah, I ask You to return me to earth, to be killed again in Your cause.’ Allah answered him, “I said before: They will not return to them.’ He said, ‘O Allah, then inform those after me of the blessings you have bestowed on us.’ So exalted Allah sent down:
“Think not of those who are killed in the way of Allah as dead, Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them of His Bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them, but are left behind (not yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve>” (3: 169-170).
When the Muslims were identifying their pious martyrs after the Battle of Uhud and the family of ‘Abd Allah Ibn ‘Amr had identified his corpse, his wife carried him, together with her brother who was martyred also, on her camel. She began taking them back to Al-Madinah to bury them there. Likewise did some other Muslims for their martyrs. But the crier of Rasulullah SAW caught up with them and announced Rasulullah SAW order: Bury the martyrs on their battle-ground. So they all returned with their martyrs.
Rasulullah SAW was supervising the burial of his martyred Companions who had fulfilled their promise to Allah and sacrificed their precious souls as humble offerings to Allah and Rasul. When it was ‘Abd Allah Ibn Hiram’s turn to be buried, Rasulullah SAW called, “Bury ‘Abd Allah Ibn -Amr and ‘Amr Ibn Al-Jamuh in one grave; they were loving and sincere to each other in this world.”
Now, during the moments of preparing the happy grave to receive the two noble martyrs, let us have a loving look at the second martyr, ‘Amr Ibn Al-Jamuuh.
Hadiths Attributed To Abd Allah Ibn Amr RA
Found In: Imam Malik’s Muwatta Chapter No: 29, Divorce
Hadith no: 38
Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Bukayr ibn Abdullah al-Ashajj from an-Numan ibn Abi Ayyash al Ansari from Ata ibn Yasar that a man came and asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As about a man who divorced his wife three times before he had had intercourse with her Ata said, “The divorce of the virgin is one. Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As said to me, ‘You say one pronouncement sepaRAtes her and three makes her haRAm until she has married another husband.’ “
Found In: Sahih Muslim Chapter No: 1, Faith (Kitab Al Iman)
Hadith no: 260
that when ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr and ‘Anbasa b. Abi Sufyan were about to fight against each other, Khalid b. ‘As rode to ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr and persuaded him (not to do so). Upon this Abdullah b. ‘Amr said: Are you not aware that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had observed:” He who died in protecting his property is a martyr.” This hadith has been narRAted by Muhammad b. Hatim, Muhammad b. Bakr, Ahmad b. ‘Uthman Naufali, Abu ‘Asim, Ibn JuRAij.
Found In: Sunan Ibn Majah Chapter No: 11, The Chapters on Marriage
Hadith no: 1891
Abdullah was asked about a man who married a woman and died without having consummated the marriage with her, nor stipulating the dowry. Abdullah said: “The dowry is hers, and the inheritance id hers and she has to observe the waiting period.” Ma’qil bin Sinan Al-Ashja’I said: “I saw the Messenger of Allah (saw) pass a similar ruling concerning Birwa’ bint Washiq.” (Sahih)Another chain from ‘Alqamah, from Abdullah, with similar wording.
Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 8, Prayers (Salat)
Hadith no: 467
Narrated: Umar or Ibn Amr
The Prophet clasped his hands, by interlacing his fingers. NarRAted ‘Abdullah that Allah’s Apostle said, “O ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr! What will be your condition when you will be left with the sediments of (worst) people?” (They will be in conflict with each other).
Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 26, Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Hadith no: 743
Narrated: Abdur Rahman ibn Yazid
I went out with Abdullah , to Mecca and when we proceeded to am’ he offered the two pRAyers (the Maghrib and the ‘Isha’) together, making the Adhan and Iqama sepaRAtely for each pRAyer. He took his supper in between the two pRAyers. He offered the Fajr pRAyer as soon as the day dawned. Some people said, “The day had dawned (at the time of the pRAyer),” and others said, “The day had not dawned.” ‘Abdullah then said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘These two pRAyers have been shifted from their stated times at this place only (at Al-Muzdalifa); first: The Maghrib and the ‘Isha’. So the people should not arrive at Al-Muzdalifa till the time of the ‘Isha’ pRAyer has become due. The second pRAyer is the morning pRAyer which is offered at this hour.’ ” Then Abdullah stayed there till it became a bit brighter. He then said, “If the chief of the believers hastened onwards to Mina just now, then he had indeed followed the Sunna.” I do not know which proceeded the other, his (Abdullah’s) statement or the departure of Uthman. Abdullah was reciting Talbiya till he threw pebbles at the JAmrat-al-Aqaba on the Day of Nahr (slaughtering) (that is the 10th of Dhul-Hijja).
Found In: Imam Malik’s Muwatta Chapter No: 9, Shortening the Prayer
Hadith no: 82
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that one of the muhajirun in whom he saw no harm asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As, “Can I pRAy in a place where camels are watered?” Abdullah replied, “No, but you can pRAy in a sheep-pen.”
Found In: Imam Malik’s Muwatta Chapter No: 25, Game
Hadith no: 10
Yahya related to me from Malik from Zaid ibn Aslam that Sad al-Jari, the mawla of Umar ibn al-Khattab asked Abdullah ibn Umar about fish which had killed each other or which had died from severe cold . He said, “There is no harm in eating them.” Sad said, “I then asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al Aas and he said the same.”
Found In: Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 31, Fasting
Hadith no: 199
From Abdullah bin Amr, The Prophet said (to ‘Abdullah), “Fast three days a month.” Abdullah said, (to the Prophet) “I am able to fast more than that.” They kept on arguing on this matter till the Prophet said, “Fast on alternate days, and recite the whole Qur’an once a month.” Abdullah said, “I can recite more (in a month),” and the argument went on till the Prophet said, “Recite the Quran once each three days.” (i.e. you must not recite the whole Quran in less than three days).