Mir Mohammed Muayyinul Islam, (1550-1635) popularly known as Sain Mian Mir was a famous Muslim Sufi saint who resided in Lahore specifically in the town of Begampura (in present-day Pakistan). He belonged to the Qadiri order of Sufism. He was born at Sevastan (Sindh) August 11, 1550. He spent most of his life in and around Lahore.
He never accepted any gift sent by Emperor Jehangir, Emperor Shah Jehan, their Ministers or nobles. He died on 17th Rabiulawwal 1045 Hijri and according to his will was buried beside Mian Natha Ji who was one of his bosom friends in the village of Hashimpur.
Perhaps, his most famous disciple was Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who had a grand tomb built over Mian Mir’s grave, which still is gracefully standing today. The construction of the tomb was in progress when Aurangzeb occupied the throne. He had the red stones that had been purchased by Dara Shikoh for Mian Mir’s tomb removed, using them in the Badshahi Mosque of Lahore which now faces the Lahore fort.
Thus Mian Mir’s Mazar (tomb) was not built according to the wishes of Dara Shikoh. At the command of Maharaja Ranjit Singh the tomb was repaired and renovated with Rs. 500 being granted from the royal exchequer. The Maharaja attended the fair yearly making large contributions. The fair is still held every year and it is now with the wakf Department.
Mian Mir ji is still highly respected by all in Lahore city. His shrine in Lahore still attracts hundreds of devotees each day.
Baba Sain Mir Mohammed Sahib (c. 1550 – 22 August 1635), popularly known as Mian Mir or Miyan Mir, was a famous Sufi Muslim saint who resided in Lahore, specifically in the town of Dharampura (in present-day Pakistan). He was a direct descendant of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab. He belonged to the Qadiri order of Sufism. He is famous for being a spiritual instructor of Dara Shikoh, the eldest son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He is identified as the founder of the Mian Khel branch of the Qadiri order. His younger sister Bibi Jamal Khatun was a disciple of his and a notable Sufi saint in her own right
Dara Shikoh with Mian Mir and Mullah Shah Badakhshi
Born 1550,Lahore, Punjab (modern-day Pakistan). died 1635Lahore
Mian Mir and Emperor Jahangir
Mian Mir was a friend of God-loving people and he would shun worldly, selfish men, greedy Emirs and ambitious Nawabs who ran after faqirs to get their blessings. To stop such people from coming to see him, Mian Mir posted his mureeds (disciples) at the gate of his house.
Once, Jahangir, the Mughal emperor, with all his retinue came to pay homage to the great faqir. He came with all the pomp and show that befitted an emperor. Mian Mir’s sentinels however, stopped the emperor at the gate and requested him to wait until their master had given permission to enter. Jahangir felt slighted. No one had ever dared delay or question his entry to any place in his kingdom. Yet he controlled his temper and composed himself. He waited for permission. After a while, he was ushered into Mian Mir’s presence. Unable to hide his wounded vanity, Jahangir, as soon as he entered, told Mian Mir in Persian: Ba dar-e-darvis darbane naa-bayd (“On the doorstep of a faqir, there should be no sentry”).Pir Mian Mir, replied in Persian: Babayd keh sag-e-dunia na ayad (“They are there so that the dogs of the world/selfish men may not enter”).
The emperor was embarrassed and asked for forgiveness. Then, with folded hands, Jahangir requested Mian Mir to pray for the success of the campaign which he intended to launch for the conquest of the Deccan. Meanwhile, a poor man entered and, bowing his head to Mian Mir, made an offering of a rupee before him. The Sufi asked the devotee to pick up the rupee and give it to the poorest, neediest person in the audience. The devotee went from one dervish to another but none accepted the rupee. The devotee returned to Mian Mir with the rupee saying: “Master, none of the dervishes will accept the rupee. None is in need, it seems.”
“Go and give this rupee to him,” said the faqir, pointing to Jahangir. “He is the poorest and most needy of the lot. Not content with a big kingdom, he covets the kingdom of the Deccan. For that, he has come all the way from Delhi to beg. His hunger is like a fire that burns all the more furiously with more wood. It has made him needy, greedy and grim. Go and give the rupee to him.”
Death and legacy
After having lived a long life of piety and virtuosity, Mian Mir died on 22 August 1635 (7 Rabi’ al-awwal, 1045 according to the Islamic Calendar). He was eighty-eight years old.
His funeral oration was read by Mughal prince Dara Shikoh, who was a highly devoted disciple of the Saint. There is a hospital named after him in his hometown Lahore, called Mian Mir Hospital.
He was buried at a place which was about a mile from Lahore near Alamganj, that is at the south-east of the city. Mian Mir’s spiritual successor was Mullah Shah Badakhshi.
Mian Mir’s Mazar (Mausoleum) still attracts hundreds of devotees each day and he is revered by many Sikhs as well as Muslims. The tomb’s architecture still remains quite intact to this day. His death anniversary (‘Urs’ in Urdu language) is observed there by his devotees every year. successor was Mullah Shah Badakhshi. Mian Mir’s Mazar (Mausoleum) still attracts undreds of devotees each day and he is revered by many Sikhs as well as Muslims. The tomb’s architecture still remains quite intact to this day. His death anniversary (‘Urs’ in Urdu language) is observed there by his devotees every year.
And I have uploaded the Urdu version of the book on archive.org. This translation of the most ancient and celebrated Urdu Sufi book about Sufi’ism will, I hope, be found useful not only by the number of students familiar with the subject at first hand but also by many readers who are interested Sufi old books.
From the above facts and details, if the readers will start reading this book’s first page and will not stop its reading till they will reach its last page as in this book some interesting events and as well as other great miracles and endeavors of holy saint are added and this holy saint to have passed away from the world some 4,00 years ago.
Even though this is small book, but due to its importance it is so great due to coverage of so many interesting events and positive information in it so it is like an ocean of knowledge and information of the holy saint and who have passed away from the world upon doing his great endeavours and many hard tasks for the preaching and propagation work of Islam in the foreign land so this book is small one but it will present the ocean of knowledge and information for the guidance of people towards the right path of Islam. This is an old book in which there are advises and instructions, especially available for Taleb (student) and it refers to a person who is committed to a Murshid (spiritual master) in a Tariqa (spiritual way) of Sufism and it is also known as a Salik (Arabic: سَالِك), a Mureed is an initiate into the mystic philosophy of Sufism and all these details and sayings of the great Sufi Saint and Sufi master Hadrat Mian Mir are added in this book. And also in this book, there are some great achievements which are not yet known to the general, persons and other persons are published in a very interesting style so for this reason, the readers will find great interest and attention in this matter.
This book is edited and formatted as per the great book ‘Muslim saints and Mystics’ (Tadhkirtal Aliyah by Farid al-din Attar) which is very famous in the Western world among the English knowing persons. So, for this reason, there will be some small differences in it while comparing with the Urdu books and its literature. The aim of this book is to present in the Western world where there are great search and demand of the books of Sufism and biographies of holy saints who lived and spent their entire lives for the preaching and propagation of Islamic religion in all corners of the world as per tradition and practice of Allah’s last prophet.
To write about this great saint Hadrat Mian Mir is not only it is difficult and but it is very hard task as he was not only a great pious personality of his time in the Indian sub-continent but he was also a great personality who is well known for many of his great achievements and miracles so in brief his cadre is highest and his spiritual personality is great and who did many great endeavours for the preaching and propagation of Islam in the above areas with hopes of its expansion to other adjoining and distant territories and there was no such personality during his time.
It is my great honor and pleasure to translate this book from Urdu to English, so I request the readers to read this book because in it there are many revelations of the secrets which are added in this book for which I shall be highly obliged to all of its readers in this matter.
In the preface of the book ‘Tadhikra Awliya’ (Muslim Saints & Mystics), Attar mentions three books which he recommends for those ambitious to attain a full understanding of the pronouncements of the Sufis but in this book also there are many revelations of the secrets which are available for the students of the Tariqa (spiritual path) of Sufism.