Keeping the Company of the Pious People

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Nahmaduhu wa Nusalli ‘alaa Rasulihil Kareem,

wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Awliyaaihi ajma’een.

Allahu ta ‘ala has commanded us to keep the company of pious people, to visit them to learn from them, to benefit from them and to do benefit [help] to them.  Our salvation lies in obeying the commands of Allahu ta ‘ala and His Beloved Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammad Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim

Allahu ta ‘ala says:

   

وَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ ۖ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَنْ ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا [١٨:٢٨]

And keep thy soul content with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face; and let not thine eyes pass beyond them, seeking the pomp and glitter of this Life; nor obey any whose heart We have permitted to neglect Our Dhikr [remembrance], one who follows his own desires, whose case has gone beyond all bounds. Suratul Kahf, 28th Ayah.

The circumstances behind the sending down of this ayah are as follows;

Sayyidinaa Salman al-Farisi Radhi Allahu anhu who said: “Those whose hearts were to be reconciled (al-mu’allafati qulubuhum) – were ‘Uyaynah ibn Hisn, al-Aqra’ ibn Habis and their families – who came to the Messenger of Allah, Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if only you could sit at the front of the assembly and remove these people – meaning: Salman al-Farisi, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari and other poor Muslims – and their smelly outer garments – because the only thing they had on them were these woolen outer garments – from us, then we could sit with you, talk to you and learn from you!’ [1]

As a response, Allah, exalted is He, revealed (And recite that which hath been revealed unto thee of the Scripture of thy Lord. There is none who can change His words, and thou wilt find no refuge beside Him. Restrain thyself along with those who cry unto their Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance) [18:27-28] up to His words (Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers Fire…) [18:29], threatening them with hell.

The Prophet, Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, stood up and went looking for them. He found them at the back of the masjid making dhikr of Allah, exalted is He. He said: ‘Praise be to Allah Who did not take away my soul until He commanded me to content myself with men of my community. It is with you that I live and with you that I die’ ”. (…and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance…) [18:28]. [Asbaabun Nuzul al Wahidi]

Allahu ta ‘ala mentions in Suratul Kahf the journey of Sayyidinaa Musa ‘alaihi salaam in search of knowledge:

Behold, Sayyidinaa Musa said to his attendant, “I will not give up until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travel.”  Suratul Kahf 60th ayah.

Imam Jalaaluddin Suyuti Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi mentions in “Tafsir Jalalayn” That the attendant of Sayyidinaa Musa  alaihi salaam, Yusha bin Nun used to follow him around serve him and learn from him as a student, keeping his company.  This is the attendant who accompanied Sayyidinaa Musa on his journey to Meet Shaykh Khidhr ‘alaihi salaam.

“And, mention, when Sayyidinaa Musa , son of Amram (‘Imrān), said to his attendant, Joshua son of Nun (Yūsha‘ bin Nūn), who used to follow him around, serve him and acquire knowledge from him, ‘I will not give up, I will not stop journeying, until I have reached the juncture of the two seas — the point where the Byzantine sea and the Persian sea meet, beyond the east, — though I march on for ages’, for a very long time before reaching it, if it be far.” [Tafsir Jalaalayn]

Further Allahu ta ‘ala say in Suratul Kahf:

“So they found one of Our servants, on whom We had bestowed Mercy from Ourselves and whom We had taught knowledge from Our own Presence.”

Sayyidinaa Musa said to him: “May I follow thee, on the footing that thou teach me something of the (Higher) Truth which thou hast been taught?”

(The other) said: “Verily thou wilt not be able to have patience with me!”

“And how canst thou have patience about things about which thy understanding is not complete?”

Sayyidinaa Musa said: “Thou wilt find me, if Allah so will, (truly) patient: nor shall I disobey thee in aught.”   Suratul Kahf 65-68 Ayaah

Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti Rahmatullah ‘alaihi mentions;

“So [there] they found one of Our servants, namely, al-Khidr, to whom We had given mercy from Us — according to one opinion this [mercy] was prophethood; according to another it was authority (wilayat), and this [latter] is the opinion of the majority of scholars — and We had taught him knowledge from Us (‘ilman is the second direct object), in other words, some knowledge of unseen things [‘Ilmul Ghayb].”

Al Imam Bukhārī Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi reports the [following] hadīth: ‘Sayyidinaa Musa was delivering a sermon among the Children of Israel and was asked, “Who is the most knowledgeable of people?” to which he [Sayyidinaa Musa] said, “Myself”. God then reproached him for not having attributed [his] knowledge as [coming] from Him. God then revealed to him the following: “Truly, there is a servant of Mine at the juncture of the two seas; he is more knowledgeable than you”.

Sayyidinaa Musa then asked, “My Lord, how do I reach him?” He [God] said, ‘Take a fish with you and place it in a basket and [the place] where you lose the fish will be [the place] where he is.” He [Sayyidinaa Musa] took a fish and placed it in a basket and departed together with his lad Joshua son of Nun until they reached the rock. [There] they placed their heads back and fell asleep. The fish began to move about in the basket, until it escaped from it and fell into the sea, and it made its way into the sea in an amazing manner. God then held back the flow of the water [preventing it] from [engulfing] the fish, forming a kind of arch over it.

When he awoke, his companion [Joshua] forgot to inform him of [what had happened to] the fish, and so they journeyed on for the remainder of that day and night until on the morning [of the second day] Sayyidinaa Musa said to his lad, ‘Bring us our breakfast’, to where he says, and it made its way into the sea in an amazing manner’. He [Bukhārī] said, ‘For the fish, it [the way into the sea] was [by] ‘burrowing’ (saraban), and for Sayyidinaa Musa and his lad it [this way] was ‘amazing’ (‘ajaban) …’ [and so on] to the end [of Bukhārī’s report].  [Tafsir Jalaalayn]

Imam An Nawawi mentions in “Riyadh as Saliheen”;

Sayyidinaa Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: After the passing of Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) said to `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him): “Let us visit Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her) as Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to visit her”.

As we came to her, she wept. They (Abu Bakr and `Umar (Radhi Allahu anhumma) said to her, “What makes you weep? Do you not know that what Allah has in store for His Messenger (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is better than (this worldly life)?” She said, “I weep not because I am ignorant of the fact that what is in store for Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) (in the Hereafter) is better than this world, but I weep because the Revelation has ceased to come”. This moved both of them to tears and they began to weep along with her. [Muslim]. [2]

Abu Sayyidinaa Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) saying, “The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one blowing the bellows. The owner of musk would either offer you some free of charge, or you would buy it from him, or you smell its pleasant fragrance; and as for the one who blows the bellows (i.e., the blacksmith), he either burns your clothes or you smell a repugnant smell”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Al–Haafidh ibn Hajar al Asqalaani Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi, commenting on this Hadeeth said, “There is in this Hadeeth prohibition of keeping the company of those who can harm one in religious and worldly matters; and an encouragement for keeping the company of those who can benefit one in these matters.”

This Hadith enjoins us to sit in the company of the pious people and avoid those of bad character.  The pious people like the shop keeper selling attar [attarwala] will leave an impression on the visitor. Likewise the company of the people of bad character will also leave an impression.   By visiting and associating with the pious friends of Allahu ta ‘ala and the Ulema al Haqq one can only benefit. Whereas keeping the company of impious people who flaunt the commandments of Allahu ta ‘ala and His beloved (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim), will only lead one down the path of destruction, as one must eventually take on their manners, beliefs and characteristics.

May Allahu ta ‘ala protect us from falling in with the company of the impious people.  May Allahu ta ‘ala allow us to understand the importance of and allow is to be in the company of the pious friend of Allah from among the ‘Ulama and the Awliya.  May Allahu ta ‘ala allow us to be those who help them and love them, support then and benefit from the Ameen.

Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala alaa Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadin wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Ashaabihi wa Awliyaa-e-he wa Ummatihi ajma’een, birahmatika Yaa Arhamar Rahimeen.


[1] Uyaynah and the likes of him including Umayya bin Khalaf did not want to sit in the company of the poor Sahaabahs.  They felt that because of their wealth and status among the people in the society that they deserves to sit closest to the Holy Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim.  They thought they were better than Salman al Farisi and Abu Dharr Radhi Allahu anhumma, though the opposite was the reality.

[2] Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with her) belonged to Ethiopia and was a slave-girl of the Prophet’s father (`Abdullah bin `Abdul-Muttalib). After the passing away of `Abdullah, Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with him) remained with the Prophet’s mother, Aminah, and took great care in his upbringing. Subsequently, the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) set her free and then she was married to Zaid bin Harithah (May Allah be pleased with her).

This Hadith shows that this blessed Sahaabiya spend company with the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) and he (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to visit her.  This hadith also gives the justification for weeping over the death of the pious and also shows that it is desirable to visit such persons to whom one’s friends go to pay respect. The incident mentioned in this Hadith also shows the love that the Companions of the Prophet (Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) had for him.

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Concerning the special qualities of the Day of ‘Ashura’

Allah (Exalted is He) has told Us:

The number of the months in the sight of Allah is twelve months.

[They were already inscribed] in the Book of Allah on the day when He created the heavens and the earth;    four of them are sacred.] 9:36

The Month of Muharram is one of the four sacred months. {al-ashhur al-muharrama} in the sight of Allah (Exalted is He). It includes the day of Ashura, and Allah (Exalted is He) enormously enhances the recompense of those who worshipfully obey Him on that day.

As we are reliably informed by [Sayyidinaa] Shaikh Abu Nasr [Muhammad ibn al-Banna], Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once said:

If someone observes a day of fasting during Muharram, for every such day he will be credited with thirty days.

According to another traditional report, transmitted by Maimun ibn Mihran on the authority of [Sayyidinaa] Ibn Abbas (May Allah ta’ ala be pleased with him and his father), Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] also said:

If someone fast on the day of Ashura in Muharram, he will be granted the spiritual reward of ten   thousand angels [malak]. If someone fasts on the day of ‘Ashura’ in Muharram, he will be granted the spiritual reward of ten thousand angels [malak]. If someone fasts on the day of ‘Ashura; in Muharram, he will be granted the spiritual reward of ten thousand martyrs [shahid], as well as the spiritual reward of ten thousand pilgrims [hajj] and visitants [mu’tamir]

If someone strokes the head of an orphan with his hand on the day of ‘Ashura’ for every hair on the orphan’s head, Allah ta ála will promote him by one degree in the Garden of Paradise.

If someone provides a believer [mu’min] with a meal to break his fast on the night of ‘Ashura’, it will be just as if the entire Community [Umma] of Muhammad   had broken fast as his guests, and had filled their stomachs to capacity.

“O Messenger of Allah”,   his listeners exclaimed, ‘ it would seem that Allah ta’ ala has given preference to the day of ‘Ashura’ over all the other days!’ “Yes,” said he   as he went on to explain:

Allah (Exalted is He) created the heavens on the day of ‘ Ashura’. He created the mountains on the day of ‘ Ashura. He created the oceans on the day of ‘ Ashura’. He created the Pen [Qalam} on the day of ‘Ashura’. He created the Tablet [Lawh] on the day of ‘Ashura’. He created Adam (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’, and He caused him to enter the Garden of Paradise on the day of ‘Ashura’.

[Sayyidinaa]Abraham [Ibrahim] [peace be upon him] was born on the day of ‘Ashura, and Allah ta’ala delivered him form the fiery furnace on the day of ‘Ashura’, then He redeemed his son from being sacrificed on the day of ‘Ashura’. He caused Pharaoh to drown on the day of ‘Ashura’. Allah (Exalted is He) relieved [Sayyidinaa]Job [Ayyub] (peace be upon him) of his trials and tribulations on the day of ‘Ashura’.

Allah [Exalted is He] relented toward Sayyidinaa Adam (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’. Allah [Exalted is He] accepted the dua’ of [Sayyidinaa]David [Dawud] (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’. Jesus {Isa] (Peace be upon him) was born on the day of ‘Ashura’. The Day of Resurrection [Yawm al-Qiyama] will occur on the day of ‘Ashura’.

According to another version of this report, likewise transmitted on the authority of [Sayyidinaa] Ibn Abbas (may Allah ta’ala be pleased with him and his father), Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] said:

If someone fast on the day of ‘Ashura’, Allah will record in his favor the worshipful service [ibada] of sixty years devoted to fasting by day and keeping vigil by night. If someone fasts on the day of ‘Ashura’, he will be granted the spiritual reward of a thousand martyrs [shahid]. If someone fasts on the day of ‘Ashura’, Allah ta’ala will record in his credit column the recompense of the inhabitants of the seven heavens.

If someone provides a believer [mu’min] with a meal to break his fast on the night of ‘Ashura’, it will be just as if the entire Community [Umma] of [Sayyidinaa] Muhammad [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] had broken fast as his guests, and had filled their stomach to capacity.

If someone strokes the head of an orphan with his hand on the day of ‘Ashura’, for every hair on the orphan’s head, Allah ta’ ala will promote him by one degree in the garden of Paradise.

“O Messenger of Allah,   exclaimed [Sayyidinaa] Umar ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), Allah (Exalted is He) has treated us with favor, by granting us the day of ‘Ashura’!” The Prophet   then said:

Allah (Exalted is He) created the heavens on the day of ‘Ashura’, and the earth likewise. He created the mountains on the day of ‘Ashura’, and the stars likewise. He created the Heavenly Throne [Arsh] on the day of ‘Ashura’ and the Pedestal [Kursi] likewise. He created the Tablet [Lawh] on the day of ‘Ashura’, and the Pen [Qalam] likewise.

He created Gabriel on the day of ‘Ashura, and the angels likewise. He created [Sayyidinaa] Adam on the day of ‘Ashura’. [Sayyidinaa]Abraham [Ibrahim] was born on the day of ‘Ashura’, and Allah ta’ala delivered him from the fiery furnace on the day of ‘Ashura’, then Allah ta’ala redeemed his son from being sacrificed on the day of ‘Ashura’. He caused Pharaoh to drown on the day of ‘Ashura’.

He raised Idris (peace be upon him) up to heaven on the day of ‘Ashura’. He relieved Job [Ayyub] of his agony on the day of ‘Ashura’ He raised Jesus [Isa} (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’, and Jesus was born on the day of ‘ashura’. Allah ta’ala relented toward Adam (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’, and He accepted the dua’ of David [Dawud] (peace be upon him) on the day of ‘Ashura’. Allah ta’ala granted kingship to Solomon [Sulaiman] on the day of ‘Ashura’.

The Lord (Exalted is He) established Himself upon the Heavenly Throne [‘Arsh] on the day of ‘Ashura’. The Day of Resurrection [Yawm al-Qiyama] will occur on the day of ‘Ashura’. The first rain fell from the sky on the day of ‘Ashura’. The first gift of mercy [rahma] came down from above on the day of ‘Ashura’.

If someone performs the major ritual ablution [ightasal] on the day of ‘Ashura’, he will never experience any illness, apart for the sickness of death. If someone anoints his eyelids with antimony (Khul) on the day of ‘Ashura, he will not suffer inflammation of the eyes throughout the entire course of the year.

If someone pays a visit to a sick person on the day of ‘Ashura’, it is just as if he had visited all the children of [Sayyidinaa] Adam. If someone gives [a thirsty person] a drink of water on the day of ‘Ashura, it is just as if he had never disobeyed Allah ta ‘ala for a single instant.

If someone performs four cycles of ritual prayer (salla arba’a raka’at) on the day of ‘Ashura, reciting in each cycle the Opening Sura of the Book [Fatihat al Kitab], one time, and the Sura that begins with “Qul Huwa ‘llahu Ahad [Say: He is Allah, One!’] fifty times, Allah (Exalted is He) will forgive him the sins of fifty bygone years, and of fifty years that are still in the future Allah (Exalted is He) will also build for him, in the midst of the heavenly host [al-mala’al-‘la], a thousand palaces of light.

[Sayyidinaa] Abu Huraira (may Allah ta’ala be pleased with him) once said:

It was made incumbent upon the Children of Israel (Bani Isra’il) to fast on one day in the year, namely, the day of ; Ashura’, the tenth of Muharram, so they devoted it to fasting, and on it they treated their dependents with special generosity. If someone uses his wealth to treat his dependents with special generosity on the day of ‘Ashura;, Allah will treat the person with special generosity throughout the rest of the year. If someone devotes the day to fasting, it will count in his favor as the atonement [kaffara] of forty years. If someone spends the night of ‘Ashura; in viligant worship, and enters upon the morning in a state of fasting, he will die without knowing the agony of death.

According to a tradition [hadith] reported by [Sayyidinaa] Ali [ibn Abi Talib] (may Allah ennoble his countenance), Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once said:

If someone spends the night of Áshura; in vigilant worship, Allah (Exalted is He) will let him live as long as he wishes.

According to a report transmitted by [Sayyidinaa] Sufyan ibn Uyina, on the authority of [Sayyidinaa] Ja’far al-Kufi, it was Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn al-Muntashir – reputedly one of the finest characters in the Kufa of his time – who told him that the Prophet [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim]once said:

If someone treats his dependents [íyali-hi] with special generosity on the day of Áshura;, Allah (Exalted is He) will treat that person with special generosity throughout the rest of the year.

“He gave us that information fifty years ago,” said [Sayyidinaa] Sufyan (may Allah bestow his Mercy upon him). and since then we have experienced nothing but prosperity.”

As reported by [Sayyidinaa]’Abdullah [Ibn Mas’ud al-Hudhali] (may Allah be well pleased with him), Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once said:

If someone treats his family [ahli-hi] with special generosity on the day of ‘Ashura’, Allah (Exalted is He) will treat that person with special generosity throughout the rest of the year.

One of our worthy forefathers [salaf] is said to have declared: ‘If someone fasts on the day of adornment [Yawm az-zina], meaning the day of ‘Ashura’, he will thereby make up for all the fasting that he has failed to keep in the course of the whole year. And if someone gives a charitable donation on that day, he will thereby make up for any charitable donation [sadaqa that he has failed to give in the course of the whole year”

It was Yahya ibn Kathir (may Allah bestow His mercy upon him) who said:

“If someone anoints his eyelids on the say of ‘Ashura’, using a mixture of kohl [kuhl] and musk [misk], he will have no reason to complain of any problem with his eyes until that same day in the year ahead.”

As we are reliably informed by Shaikh Abu Nasr [Muhammad ibn al-Banna’], it was Abu Ghaliz ibn Umayya ibn Khalaf al-Jamhi who said:

“The Prophet [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once spotted a sparrow hawk [surad] on the roof of my house, so he said: “This is the first bird to keep the fast on the day of ‘Ashura’.”

It was [Sayyidinaa]Qais ibn ‘Ubada who said: “Even the wild beasts used to fast on the day of ‘Ashura’.

[Sayyidinaa] Abu Huraira (may Allah be well pleased with him) is reported as having stated that Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once said:

The most meritorious fasting, after the month of Ramadan, is [fasting in] the month of Allah which they call the Sacred Month [al-Muharram]. And the most meritorious ritual prayer [salaat] – after that which is prescribed as an obligatory duty [mafruda], and that which is performed in the middle of the night – is the ritual prayer [salat] of the day of ‘Ashura’.

[Sayyidinaa]Ali [ibn Abi Talib] (may Allah ennoble his countenance) is reported as having stated that the Prophet

In Allah’s Sacred Month [al-Muharram], Allah ta’ala has relented toward certain people, and He will also relent toward others.

[Sayyidinaa] Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him and with his father) is reported as having stated that Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] once said:

If someone fast on the last day of Dhu’l-Hija and on the first day of Muharram, he will have sealed the old year with fasting, and ushered in the new year with fasting, and Allah Almighty and Glorious is He), will grant him the atonement [kaffara] of fifty years.”?

According to a report from [Sayyidinaa]’Urwa [the Prophet’s wife] [Sayyidatinaa] Á’isha (may Allah be well pleased with her) once said:

“‘Ashura’ was observed as a day of fasting by Quraish in the [re-Islamic] days time of ignorance [al-Jahiliyya]. Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim] devoted it to fasting, while he was in Mecca, but when he moved to Medina, he made the Fast of Ramadan an obligatory religious duty. so, if anyone wishes to do it, he may keep the fast on the day of ‘Ashura’, and if anyone so wishes, he may abstain from observing it.”

[Sayyidinaa] Ibn Abbas (may Allah be well pleased with him and with his father is reported as having said:

“When Allah’s Messenger [Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim]moved to Medina, he discovered the Jews [al-Yahud] were observing the day of ‘Ashura’ as a day of fasting, so he inquired about that practice of theirs, and they told him: ‘This is the day on which Allah (Almighty and Exalted is He) rendered Moses [Musa] and the Children of Israel [Bani Isra’il] victorious over the people of Pharaoh, so we devoted it to fasting in his honor . ‘The Prophet   responded to this by saying” ‘We are more worthy of Moses [Musa] than you are! ‘Then he commanded [the Muslims] to observe it as a day of fasting. “

Safeguard your good works by guarding the tongue.

Al Hamdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen, was Salaatu was Salaamu ‘alaa Sayyidil Mursaleen, Habibunaa wa Nabiyyunaa wa Mahmudunaa wa Mawlaanaa Muhammadinil Mustafaa, Khaatimul Anbiyaa-i wal Mursaleen, wa Imaamul Mittaqeen wa Shafee’il Mudhnibeen, Rasuli Rabbil ‘Alameen, wa Qaaidil Ghurril Muhajjaleen, wa ‘alaa ‘Aalihi wa As-habihi wa Azwaajihi wa Dhurriyaatihi wa Ahli Baytihi wa  sallima tasliman kathiran, kathiraa. Ya Khayrul Naasireen.

Guarding the Tongue

Wa Qaal Allahu ta ‘ala fi Kalaamihil Qadeem, ba’da ‘authu Billahi min ash shaytanir rajim, Bismillahir Rahmanir

كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ ۗ

You are the best of peoples, raised up from mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding evil, and you believe in Allah.

Allahu ta ‘ala says in Suratul Ibrahim, 34th Ayah:

   

وَآتَاكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَإِنْ تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ لَا تُحْصُوهَا ۗ إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ [١٤:٣٤]

And He gives you all that ye ask for. But if you attempt to count the favors of Allah, you will never be able to number them. Indeed, man is given up to injustice and ingratitude. Suratul Ibrahim, Ayah 34:
The tongue is one of many gifts that Allah Subhana Hoo has bestowed upon His servants. Although the tongue is a small, its impact on the one using it may have a large impact for either good or evil.  With this small piece of flesh one may find his path to Jannah or Jahannam.  As with everything that Allahu ta ‘ala has given us we must show our gratitude, our shukr by not misusing or abusing this precious gift.

If we use it to comply with the orders of Allahu ta ‘ala laid out in al Qur’an Majid, and the Sunnah of the Holy Last Messenger Sayyidinaa Muhammad al Mustafa Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, it becomes a source for earning divine ni’mah [favor] in this world and in the in Hereafter.  Conversely if this piece of flesh the tongue is used in disobedience to the commandments of Allahu ta ‘ala and Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, and does not display thankfulness [shukr], it will lead us down the path of destruction, and we will have no one to blame but ourselves. Shukr, being thankful to Allahu ta ‘ala for his ni’mah means not using the gifts He bestows upon us by the opposing Him.

The sins of the tongue can be small [saghira] or enormous [kabirah]. Some of the sins of the tongue take person out of Islam. Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said in the hadith related by al Imam at-Tirmidhiyy Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi:

Innal mar’-a layatakallimu bil- kalimati laa yaraa biha ba’-san yahwee-bihaa fin naari khareefaa

“A person may utter a word he thinks harmless, which results in his falling the depth of seventy (70) years into Hellfire
Among the sins of the tongue considered to be major sins are gossip or backbiting (ghibah) and tale-bearing (namimah). Ibn Abid-Dunyia related that Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, said:

Khaslataani maa in tajammilal khalaa-iqu bimithli-himaa, husnul khuluqi wa  twoolus samt

“One can greatly beautify himself with two habits–good manners and lengthy silence.”

Here Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim is alluding to remaining silent and not speaking except for what is good, such as Dhikr, Tilaawatul Quran Majid, Salaaat ‘alan Nabiyy [Darood Sharif] and teaching others what is good.

Imam Bukhariyy and Imam Muslim Radhi Allahu ‘anhumma related from  Sayyidinaa Abu Hurayrah Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, that Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said:

Man kaana yu’minu Billahi wal Yawmul Aakhiri, falyaqul khairan aw liyasmut

“Let the one who believes in Allah and the Last day, either utter good words, or let him be silent

Allahu ta ‘ala said in Surat al-Isra’, 36 ayah:

   

وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا [١٧:٣٦

And pursue not that of which you have no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of feeling will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).

Allahu ta ‘ala is warning us that we will be held accountable for what we hear, what we see and what we feel as well as what we believe.

At-Tirmidhiyy narrated a saying of the Holy Last Messenger  Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim to Sayyidinaa Mu’adh Ibn Jabal Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, in which he said:

“Wa hal yakubbun naasa fin naar ‘alaa wujuuhim, illaa hasaa-idu alsinatihim

And what will cause mankind to fall on their faces into the fire other than what their tongues have reaped?”

Allahu ta ‘ala warns us in al Qur’an Majid that he has appointed angels over us writing down our deeds.  Hikmah dictated that the wise man or woman heed these warning signs before  he or she crashes headlong into the wrath  of Allahu ta ‘ala.

Again Allahu ta ‘ala said in Surat Qaf, Ayah 17- 18:

إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ [٥٠:١٧

Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and noted them), one sitting on the right and one on the left.

     

مَا يَلْفِظُ مِنْ قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ [٥٠:١٨]

Not a word does he utter but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it).
These ayatul kareemah, and ahadith, emphasize the importance of matters relating to the tongue.  Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim advises us in a hadith related by Imam at-Tirmidhiyy Radhi Allahu ‘anhu:

Man samata najaa

“The one remains silent will be saved.”

Here Nabiyyul Adhim Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim is giving us the glad tidings of salvation on Yawmul Qiyaamah if we guard the tongue.  Silence doesn’t mean refraining from speaking out against evil, as this is a duty and command of Allahu ta ‘ala.

Imam al-Bayhaqiyy Rahmatullahi ‘alaihi, relates that  Sayyyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim  said:

“You shall be saved as long as you are silent, for if you speak, it will either be in your favor or stand against you.”
Among the eminent ‘Ulema of Islam who were compelled to write extensively about it, was Imam al-Ghazaliyy Rahimuhullah, who said about the tongue:

“The tongue is a great endowment from Allah; though small in size, its crime is enormous.”

A person on the one hand may utter words of hamd and shukr [praise and thankfulness] for which he earns reward. While on the other hand one might utter words of kufr that takes them outside the pale of Islam, thereby loosing the reward of all his previous good deeds.

Al Imam an-Nawawiyy Radhi Allahu ‘anhu relates:

Qiss Ibn Sa’idah and Aktham Ibn Saifiyy met together. One of them asked the other, “Generally how many errors have you found the sons of Adam commit?” The other replied, “I have counted 8000 such errors, but let it be known, we cannot count them all. However, there is one good trait that would cover up for all of these errors and mistakes: To have control over one’s tongue.”
Imam Ash-Shafi’iyy Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, in addressing his companion, ar-Rabi’, said:

“Do not haphazardly speak without a need. Once uttered, you no longer control the words, but they control you.”

That is, once you speak a word it will be to your benefit if it is good, but if it is sinful, then it will be written against you unless tawbah [repentance] with sincerity is performed.
Sayyidina ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud Radhi Allahu ‘anhu said:

“The tongue is the thing that deserves imprisonment most .”

Dhun-Nun al-Misriyy (Ibrahim Ibn Tawbah)Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, when asked about the one who controls and protects his heart the most, replied:

“The one who controls his tongue the most.”

Just as words of goodness reflects what is in the heart, so too sinful or blasphemous words also reflect the condition of  the heart.

Concerning Ghibah and Naminah and Buhtan

Our perfect Murshid Sultan Muhyuddin al Imam Sayyid Mubarik ‘Ali Gilani hafidhahumullah in “Baabul Mushaahidah wal Hudhoori” educated  us about the shaytanic qualities that may lead to the possession of mankind by shaytan wa iyyadhu billah. His eminence delved in detail great detail into the qualities that corrupt the heart and causes possession by shaytan and the shayateen.  He hafidhullah mentions specific vices of the tongue and heart that causes the worshiper to become so much putty so to  speak in the paws of shaytan, witting and unwittingly.

Shaykhunaa Sultan Muhyuddin hafidhuhullah specifically mentions Gheebah, Nameemah, Bukhl, Hasad, Buhtan etc. as evils which he characterizes as shaytanic qualities. To this end, for more than 30 years he has been fighting to purify and heal Muslims of these shaytanic qualities with the healing Ayaah of al Qur’an Majid. Yet the Ummah is still consumed with these shaytanic qualities and many of us submitting to the enemy shaytan have given up the fight.

Concerning  the spiritual disease known as Gheebah [backbiting and slander], Allahu ta ‘ala says:

   

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَبْ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا ۚ أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَحِيمٌ [٤٩:١٢]

“O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion: for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other gossip behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? No, ye would abhor it. But fear Allah: For Allah is Tawwabur Rahim, [One who relents to the repentant Most Merciful].  Surat al-Hujurat, Ayah 12”

In this ayatul karimah, Allahu ta ‘ala has ordered us to refrain from prying into the affairs of others, and ghibah or backbite. To illustrate the seriousness of the matter Allahu ta ‘ala has compared backbiting with eating the flesh of one’s dead brother.  Here Allahu ta ‘ala illustrates the ugliness of this sin as a means to warn us and to guide us away from it, mentioning that He is the one who relents to the repentant one and he is Most Merciful.

Imams Bukhariyy and Muslim both relate from Sayyidinaa Abu Musa al-Ash’ariyy Radhi Allahumma, that he asked   Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim:

Ya Rasulullah, ayyul Muslimeena afdhal? Qaal, man yaslamul Muslimoona min yadihi wa lisaanih”

Yaa Rasulullah, which of the Muslims is the best? He Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim replied, “He from whose hands and tongue the Muslims are safe.”

In another hadith related by Imam Abu Dawud radhi Allahu ‘anhu reported by Sayyidinaa Anas Radhi Allahu ‘anhu he said:

“Rasulullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said, “On the night I ascended to the skies on [Laylatul Mi’raj], I passed by people who were scratching their faces and chests with nails made of brass. I asked Jibril who those people were, and Jibril replied, “The ones who were eating the flesh of other people.”

This is a direct reference to those who commit gossip (ghibah).

When Rasulullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim spoke about gossip (ghibah), he gave a very specific definition. In a hadith related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’iyy, and at-Tirmidhiyy, from Sayyidinaa Abu Hurayrah,

“An Nabiyy Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, was asked, “What if that thing I mentioned was something truthful about him?” The Prophet said, “If it was in him, then you have committed gossip, backbitten him (ghibah), and if it was not in him, then you have committed al-buhtan [slander] which is a sin more enormous than gossip (ghibah).”

Gossip backbiting (ghibah) is mentioning about your brother something would cause him distress if he were to hear it. This covers those who are living as well as those who have passed away. This is a general principle covering all aspects of your brother’s life. Negative comments concerning his outward appearance, physical characteristics, means of livelihood, lodging etc., all fall under the purview of ghibah.

Rasulullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim equates  Ghibah with ribaa by saying that the highest form is ribaa, a major sin, is imputing  backbiting or gossiping about a muslim what is not true.

Not only is backbiting Haraam, but listening to the gossip of the one backbiting (ghibah) is also Haraam.  Allahu ta ‘ala describes the Muslims who truly have Taqwa by saying in Surat al-Qasas, Ayah 55:

وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا اللَّغْوَ أَعْرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَقَالُوا لَنَا أَعْمَالُنَا وَلَكُمْ أَعْمَالُكُمْ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَا نَبْتَغِي الْجَاهِلِينَ [٢٨:٥٥]

“And when they hear gossiping talk, they turn away there from and say: “To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not to be with]the ignorant.”

Allahu ta ‘ala has categorized those who sit in circles and backbite and slander as being Jaahileen, [Ignorant, and foolish, uneducated, uncultured people].  The truly educated and culturally refined are those who have actually benefitted from the ‘Ilm Allahu ta ‘ala has given them.  They are those who refuse to frequent the company of the Jahileen [ignorant]. The Jahileen are those who find more time to backbite and slander others, more time to seek out the imperfections of others and very little time seek out and correct their own imperfections. As such, the Jahileen from among the Muslims as well as the Kuffar have been severely reprimanded by Allahu ta ‘ala and his Rasul Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim.  The way of the Muttaqi is to show ones disapproval by excusing oneself with salaams [if the group backbiting are Muslim] and leave the majlis.

At-Tirmidhiyy  related that Rasulullah Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said:

“Man radda ‘an ‘aridhi akheehi, radd Allahu ‘an wajhihin naara yaawmal qiyaamah.”

“Whoever protects his brother from Ghibah [backbiting], Allah will protect his face on Yawmul Qiyaamah.”

Therefore, if one is in a gathering of people and someone is committing ghibah [backbiting or slandering], then it is fardh on the others in attendance to stop this. If they are unable to stop it by speaking out against it or by force, then they must leave that gathering and hate the gossip in their hearts. In this way they escape being sinful.  If they remain and listen to the ghibah, they are a party to the same sin.

It was related that the famous Wali of Allahu ta ‘ala, Sayyidinaa Ibrahim Ibn Adham Radhi Allahu ‘anhu was once invited to a banquet. When the guests were seated, some people mentioned the name of a person not in attendance by saying his presence was not pleasant anyway.  Sayyidinaa Ibrahim Ibn Adham Radhi Allahu ‘anhu immediately reacted by saying:

“This is what I have done to myself; I have allowed myself to be present in a session with people who commit gossip (ghibah).”

He immediately left that banquet without eating anything, and he continued to abstain from eating for three days.

Furthermore, if a Muslim committed enormous sins and then repented to Allah, it is not permissible for any of us to mention these sins because he already repented.   The one who commits ghibah [backbiting] is the sinner whereas the one being backbitten has repented and is being given whatever good deeds, such as Tilaawaat of Qur’an Majid, Dhikr, Salaah ‘alan Nabiy [Darood Sharif] Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, the backbiters and slanderers have performed. SubhaanAllah!

It is related that Sultan Imam Hasan al Basri, Imam ‘Ali’s Karam Allahu wajhahu khalifa in Basra was informed that an ‘alim consumed with envy and jealousy because of the gifts Allahu ta ‘ala had bestowed upon him, would regularly engage in backbiting and slandering  Imam Hasan al Basri radhi Allahu ‘anhu.  Upon hearing this, the Imam had a tray of sweets prepared and  sent to the ‘alim involved in the slander.  This action of the Imam caught the ‘alim quite by surprise.  He enquired as to why the Imam was sending him this tray of sweets, being well aware of his own actions against the honor and character of the Imam due to extreme jealousy.

The Imam informed the ‘alim that as he had made a gift of all his good works [‘amilu saalihah] by backbiting and slandering him, so too he was duty bound to return a gift with a gift and  hence the tray of  sweets was sent on his behalf.

The criterion for judging the Muslim is by his current relationship with his Rabb. As related by al-Hakim in his book, al-Mustadrak, Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, in highlighting this matter, said:

Man ra-ay ‘awrata fasatarahaa kaana, kaman ihyaa maw-oodatan fee qabrihaa

“The reward of the person who covers up the previous mistakes of a Muslim is similar to the reward of the person who rescues a girl buried alive.”

The prevailing state of the one who repented of past evil deeds is that Allah Subhana Hoo has forgiven him and this is why we don’t mention it.

During the Khilaafat of Sayyidinaa Umar Ibn al-Khattab Radhi Allahu ‘anhu, a man came to him and said:

“In the Era of Ignorance [ayyamul jaahiliyya], I buried my daughter alive, however, at the last moment I took her out. Then Islam spread, and we became Muslims. Time passed, and then this daughter of mine fornicated and later attempted to commit suicide by slitting her wrists. Afterwards she repented a valid repentance. Some people asked me for her hand in marriage. I told them her story so that I would not cheat them about my daughter.” ‘Umar scolded that man and told him: “You have spread that which Allah ordered covered about your daughter. Let me warn you: If you tell anyone about this story again, I shall punish you in a manner that will make you an example for all the people.”

From this story we understand that once a Muslim repents from his sins, it is Haraam [unlawful] to mention these sins about him. Therefore, the prevailing condition of the person must always be the prevailing perception of him.

There are certain cases the’ Ulema of Islam excluded from being a sinful gossip (ghibah). These are classified into six categories, and one would not be sinful for committing (ghibah) if his case fell into one of these six:

1. To go to the Muslim judge or one with jurisdiction to tell him about an injustice done to him in order to help him take his right.

2. To talk about a person’s sins that he dislikes mentioned, in order to seek help in preventing the person from continuing their sins. Hence, one is not sinful if he knows a Muslim who is committing a particular sin, and informs another of that matter so that the latter will help the sinful Muslim refrain from committing those sins. This would mean going to those in authority who could actually render support and assistance to the sinful Muslim. Sometimes times a person carrying grudge against another will use this as a pretext to dishonor his brother.  Such a person deceives himself by claiming that he is intent upon to helping his brother clear himself of his sin.  Ghibah cannot be justified under such circumstances.
3. To inform a Mufti about someone else’s sin that he dislikes mentioned for the purpose of seeking the judgment of that particular matter. For example, if a man to tell the mufti that his wife leaves the house without a valid reason without his permission, this does not make him sinful if he is seeking to know what his rights are in such a case. However, the scholars said in such a case, one is recommended not to mention names, but to phrase the question in the third person. For example, to say: “What is the judgment according to the Shari’ah if one’s wife left the house against her husband’s permission without valid Shar’I reason?”

4. To depict a person with one of his attributes that he dislikes mentioned with the purpose of identifying him. For example, it is allowed for someone to tell his son to go and give some money to ‘the one-legged man next door,’ to clarify for the son exactly which man is meant.

5. To tell about another person’s sins which he himself openly declares. Hence, it is not sinful for one to tell about a person who himself declares he drinks alcohol or does so publicly.

6. To warn other Muslims against a sinner. This is a very important issue. It is an obligation to warn against those who prey upon Muslims. If, for example, one knows of a robber targeting a route along which Muslims intend to travel, one would be sinful if he kept silent and did not warn the Muslims of this, thereby letting them fall prey to the robber. Furthermore, it is more of an obligation to warn against those who cheat Muslims in their Deen than to warn against those who cheat in the worldly matters. If one knows of anyone who cheats the Muslims in their Deen, by falsely claiming to be knowledgeable, teaching them blasphemy, and/or giving them answers to Islamic questions that are incorrect [such as the yazidi-salafi-wahhabiyya etc do], then it is an obligation to warn the Muslims against them.

Imam al-Hakim radhi Allahu ‘anhu related a sahih hadith as agreed upon by Imam adh-Dhahabiyy, that Rasulullahi Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said:

“Ithaa ra-ayta ummati tahaabu an taqoola lidhaalim, anta dhaalim, faqad tuwudda’a minhum”

“When you see my Ummah fearful of telling the unjust person [Dhaalim], ‘You are unjust,’ then know the support of Allah is withdrawn from them.”
Tale-Bearing (Namimah)

Tale-bearing, (namimah) is defined as spreading words among believers with the purpose of stirring up enmity and problems between them This matter is forbidden. It is unlawful and sinful. Allah dispraised such people in the Qur’an in Surat al-Qalam, Ayah 11-12:

وَلَا تُطِعْ كُلَّ حَلَّافٍ مَهِينٍ [٦٨:١٠]

هَمَّازٍ مَشَّاءٍ بِنَمِيمٍ [٦٨:١١]

Heed not the type of despicable men,- ready with oaths,

A slanderer, going about with calumnies [stories meant to dishonor others],

These ayaahtul karimah highlight ugly nature sin of tale-bearing (namimah). In the hadith related by al Imam Bukhariyy,relates  hadith concerning Namimah wherein Sayyidinaa Rasuli Akram sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim said:

Laa yakdhulul jannaata qattaatun

“The one who commits tale-bearing (namimah) shall not enter Paradise with the first group.”

That is, the Muslim who died without repenting of his sin of tale-bearing (namimah) will be tortured in Hellfire before entering Paradise.

Furthermore, that the reasons for most of the torture in the grave are gossip (ghibah), tale-bearing (namimah), and not clearing oneself from urine.

I ask Allahu ta ‘ala to protect us from falling into ghibah, namimah, buhtan and all sins that lead us away from his Rahmah. May Allahu ta ‘ala  endow us with the propensity to forgive those who have sinned against us, and the propensity in those we have sinned against to forgive us.

Ghufraanaka Rabbanaa wa ‘ilaykal masiyr

Wa sall Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaa Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadin wa Aalihi wa Sahbihi wa Sallim

Sayyidinaa Imam ‘Ali Ibn Abu Talib Asadullah ul Ghaalib Karam Allahu ta ‘ala wajhahu

Sayyidinaa Imam ‘Ali Ibn Abu Talib Asadullah ul Ghaalib Karam Allahu ta ‘ala wajhahu


Extracted From
Tadhkira Mashaikh-e-Qadiriya Ridawiya by Mawlana Abd al-Mujtaba Ridawi
English Translation: Chain of Lights by Aftab Qasim Ridawi (Durban – South Africa)

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Wa Sall Allahu ta ‘ala ‘alaa Sayyidinaa wa Mawlaana Muhammadin wa ‘alaa Aalihi wa Ashaabihi wa Dhurriyaatihi wa walidih  Shaykh Sultan  Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani wa walidi Shaykh  Sultan Sayyid Mubarik ‘Ali  Shah Jilani  Hashimi wa Barik wa sallim

BLESSED NAME: His name is Ali and is known as Abu al-Hassan and Abu Turab and his titles are Murtuda, Asadullah and Haidar-e-Karraar.

HIS FATHER: His father was Abu Taalib and Grandfather were Abdul Mutallib. Abu Taalib is the uncle of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim.

HIS MOTHER: His mother’s name was Faatima bint Asad, bin Haashim, bin Abd Munaaf. Her Janazah was performed by Rasoolullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, and he gave his blessed Qamees (Kurta) to be used as her kaffan (shroud). He prepared her grave and first he himself laid down in her grave, so that it will be comfortable for her in the grave, and so that she may be adorned in the Garb of Jannat. [Noor al-Absaar]

MIRACULOUS EVENTS IN THE WOMB OF HIS MOTHER: When Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was in the womb of his mother, then she used to see astonishing dreams. She says, “When I was pregnant with Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, some bright people came to me and gave me glad tidings, and for as long as he was in womb, I felt very different, and whenever I intended to prostrate before the idols, I would have a severe pain in my stomach. In this way, I could not prostrate to any idol.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS BIRTH: Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was born on a Friday. Some narrations quote the date as the 13th of Muharram and others state the 13th of Rajab. His birth occurred 30 years after the incident of Feel. He was born inside the Holy Kaa’ba, and none has been blessed with this excellence before him. [Noor al-Absaar]

His mother said, “When he was born, he did not drink milk for three days, and this, caused great sadness in my home. This message reached Rasoolullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. The Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim arrived and took Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu in his blessed arms and showed great love to him. He then placed his tongue in the mouth of Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and Sayyidina Ali suckled on the tongue of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim and thereafter started to drink milk.”

When Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was five years old, the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim kept him at his blessed home and took care of him. He was thus groomed in the home of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim until he was ten years old.

HIS FEATURES: Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was of excellent built and not very tall in height. He was tan in colour and very handsome. His face was very beautiful and would always be shining like the full moon. He had huge, black shining eyes. His shoulders were broad and well-built like that of a lion. His beard was long and full. His body was very muscular, and his body was covered by a lot of hair.  His hands and wrists were very strong and firm. If he gripped anyone with his hands, the person would not be able to breath. His thighs and legs were also very strong and firm. He walked very swiftly in the manner that the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim walked. He was so healthy, that if he wished, he wore summer clothes in winter and winter clothes in summer. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

FAMILY TREE: Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu son of Abu Taalib son of Abdul Mutalib son of Abd Munaaf son of Qasi son of Kilaab son of Marrah son of Lawi son of Ghaalib son of Fahar son of Maalik son of Nuzar son of Kinaana. [Tareekh al-Khulafa]

HE ACCEPTS ISLAM: Almighty Allah commanded the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim to propagate Islam amongst his family first and to correct their habits and behaviour. This, the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim did and he first invited to Islam, Bibi Khadija Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. He also invited Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu who happily accepted Islam. He was the first amongst the youth (children) to accept Islam. [Ikmaal fi Asmaa ar-Rijaal]

HIS EXCELLENCE: Allama ibn Hajr Makki Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu writes in Zawaajir, that Sayyidina Ameer Muawiyah Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu asked Zar’raar to explain the qualities of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. He said, “His knowledge was vast. He was Aarif billaah, and strict in the issues of Deen. His spoke words of righteousness which differentiated right from wrong. His every decision was full of justice. He did not desire the pomp and splendour of this world. The night and the silence of the night was very dear to him. He would often cry in the fear of Almighty Allah, and he would sometimes be in deep meditation. He was always quick in assisting others. He always shunned his nafs. He preferred thick clothing.  He ate any food that was present, and did not give preference to its taste. When he was amongst us, he seemed like one of us and did not care about his status. Whenever anyone called him, he went to them. Even though he was so humble and we were so close to him, we still were very afraid to talk to him. He always respected those who were inclined to religious affairs. His friends were the poor and the needy. Even if a person was very famous and was guilty, he knew that his case would not be compromised by Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. A weak person never feared that he would look down upon him, due to his weakness.”

Zar’raar then swore an Oath (Qasm) and said, “I saw that when it became dark and even the stars were hidden, he was standing in the Mimbar and firmly holding his beard and was in a state as if a snake had bitten him. He was weeping and calling out to Almighty Allah. He was saying, ‘O Materialistic World, O Materialistic World! You have turned towards me. You have looked at me. Stay away from me! Stay away from me! Go and try to deceive someone else. I have given you three irrevocable divorces, in other words I have left you, because your age is less, your pleasures are destructive and there is much fear by being with you.’ He used to be sad about himself and would spend his time weeping the fear of Allah.”

When Sayyidina Ameer Muawiyah Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu heard this, he began to weep so bitterly that tears ran down to his beard, and he could not stop weeping, until he wiped his tears with his sleeves. The entire gathering also wept. Sayyidina Ameer Muawiyah then said this as he wept, “Allah have mercy on Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. I swear by Allah, he was just as you have explained him to be.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

He is the fourth Khalifa of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim and a lot has been said by great scholars in his praise. His praise is also present in the verses of the Quran and in the Hadith of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. Sayyidina Imam Muhammad Ghazzali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu write in Ihyaa al-Uloom that on the night of Hijrat, when Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was asleep in the blessed bed of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, Almighty Allah sent wahi to Sayyidina Jibraeel and Sayyidina Mikaeel (alaihimus salaam) that, “I have made the two of you brothers to one another and I made the age of one from amongst you more than that of the other. Is there any from amongst you that will give part of your age to the other?”

None answered from both of them. Almighty Allah said, “The both of you are not the example of Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu.  I have made him the brother of my Beloved Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. Look, he is asleep in the bed of his brother and is willing to sacrifice his life for him. Both of you go to earth and protect him from his enemies. Sayyidina Jibraeel u descended and stood at the head side of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and Sayyidina Israfeel u stood at his feet, protecting him for the entire night.” It was on this, that Almighty Allah revealed the verse, “Some person sells his life in pleasing Allah, and Allah is Most compassionate towards his servants.” (Surah Baqara) [Kashful Mahjoob, Page 260]

Sayyidina Ibn Abbas Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu reports that once Sayyidina Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu were very ill.  The Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina Umar (radi Allahu anhum) came to visit the children. On leaving the Sahaba-e-Kiraam requested that Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu take some Nazr (vow) on behalf of the children. Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, Bibi Faatima Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and their female servant all took the vow to keep three fasts each, so that Almighty Allah may bless both the children with shifa. All three of them kept the first fast, but there was nothing in the house for Iftaar. Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu then bought three portions of flour on credit from a jew called Sham’oon. He gave one portion to Bibi Faatima Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, who made five breads with the flour. As the time of Iftaar arrived, and they were about to eat, a beggar came to their door and said, “Salaam upon you O Ahle Bait of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. I am a poor Muslim from amongst the poor Muslims. Please feed me with something and Allah shall feed you from the bounties of Jannat.” When they heard this, all of them gave their bread to him, and they slept just by drinking water. The next day, they sat for Iftaar when they heard someone say, “I am an Orphan. Please assist me.” Again, all of them gave their share of food to him. This happened on the third day again, when a captive asked for food, they gave all their food to him. When morning came, Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu took Imam Hassan and Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhum) to visit the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. When he saw how weak the children were, he went to Bibi Faatima Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and saw that she too had become weak. This caused much sadness to the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. It was then, that Sayyidina Jibraeel Alaihis Salam descended with this verse of the Quran, “And they feed the poor, orphan and captive in His love.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol 1, Page 145]

This verse of the Holy Quran was also revealed in praise of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, “Those who spend their wealth in charity during the night and the day, (both) discreetly and openly. For them, they have a generous reward by their Lord. They have no fear nor do they have any grief.”

Sayyidina ibn Abbas Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu states that Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu had only four dirhams with him. He distributed one dirham as charity at night and one dirham in the day. He then gave one dirham discreetly and one dirham openly. It was on this, that the above mentioned verse of the Quran was revealed. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol 1 Page 147]

Sayyidina Dharr bin Hubaish Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu reports that Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu said, “I swear in His Name who caused a tree to explode from a seedling and who created life, that the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said to me, ‘O Ali! Only he shall have true love for you, who is a Momin and he who has enmity against you is a hypocrite.’” [Sahih al-Muslim]

Sayyidina Imraan bin Haseen Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu reports that the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said, “Ali is mine and I am his, and he is the beloved of all the believers.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Sayyidina Sahl ibn Saad Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “On the day of Khaibar, the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said, ‘Tomorrow I shall give this flag in the hand of that person, through whom Almighty Allah shall grant us victory. That person loves Allah and His Rasool Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, and Allah and His Rasool Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim love him.’ When morning came, all the companions of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim came into the court of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim hoping that they would be the one who shall be chosen in whose hand the flag shall be given, but the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim asked, ‘Where is Ali bin Abi Taalib Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu?’ It was said that his eyes were sore through an infection. The Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said, ‘Call him’ He was thus called and the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim put his blessed saliva into his eyes and they became well, as if they were never sore. He Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim then gave the flag in his hand.” [Sahih Bukhari – Sahih Muslim]

HIS CHARACTER: The life of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was a beautiful example of good character. It is stated that even though he was blessed with an exalted status, he never showed himself to be above others. He always lived a very simple and humble life. He also helped with the household chores. He would often be seen sewing a patch in his torn clothing. Even when the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim had commanded the Sahaba to dig a trench, Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu worked like an ordinary labourer.

HIS KINDNESS AND GENEROSITY: He was a very kind and generous personality. He never caused pain to anyone. Even if someone committed an error, he explained to him with great kindness and love. Sayyidina Abu Dhar Ghaffari Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was very exalted, brave, Truthful, soft hearted and kind. The desire to help the poor flowed in him like the huge waves of the sea. He used to travel far away from home, to assist the sick, old, poor, orphans, crippled and downtrodden.”

HIS BRAVERY: Sayyidina Abbas Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu is the bravest amongst the people.” It is for this reason that he is known as “Ashja’un Naas”. Volumes can be written only on the bravery of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. Sayyidina Abu Dharr Ghaffari Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu reports that before Hijrat, when the kufaar were planning to martyr the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. (The incident of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu sleeping that night on the blessed bed of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim has already been explained in this book) and it also showed his bravery and his faith in the Holy Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. He partook in all the great battles except in the Battle of Tabook. During one battle, Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and Sayyidina Zubair bin Al Awaan Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu killed 700 kufaar of the Banu Quraiza, in one day. [Madarij an-Nabuwwah]

Sayyidina Abu Raafi’ Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says that during the battle of Khaibar, the shield of Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was damaged. He went forward in the Love of Allah and His Rasool Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim and uprooted the Door of the Fort of Khaibar with his bare hands and used it as a shied. After the battle, forty strong men together could not move the door from where it has kept by Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. [Zarkani, Vol 2, Page 230 – Taareekh al-Khulafa, Page 33]

BAY’AT AND KHILAAFAT: Ibn As’ad says that all the people of Madinah Munawwarah took the oath of allegiance at the hands of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. Sayyidina Ali’s Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu Khilafat lasted for 4 years 8 months and 9 days. [Tareekh al-Khulafa]

HIS VAST KNOWLEDGE: Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu attained great knowledge from the holy court of Rasoolullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. Sayyidina Abu Amar reports from Abu Tufail, that Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu said, “Ask me whatever you wish from the Quran. There is no ayat that I am not aware of. I even know whether it was revealed during the day or night, or it was revealed on soft our mountainous land.” [Jaami’ al-Manaqib]

Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu narrated five hundred and eighty six Ahadith (Sayings) of Rasoolullah Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. His knowledge, wisdom and decisions were so great that Sayyidina Umar a-Farooq Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “The best judge amongst all the saHaba is Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu.”

Sayyidina Saeed ibn Habeeb Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “There was no person in Madinah Munawwarah except Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu who could say, ‘Ask me what ever you want to know’”

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Mas’ood Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was also the possessor of great knowledge, but he too used to openly announce the following, “None has more knowledge of the Fara’idh than Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and none has more understanding than him.” Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “If I wished to compile the commentary of Sura Fateh, then I would be able to load 40 camels with books (from this tafseer).”

LOVE FOR SAYYIDINA ALI: The Muhaditheen have recorded that Sayyidina Ali al-Murtuda Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu said, “The Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said the following words about me, ‘You have a special attachment with Sayyidina Esa Alaihis Salam. The Jews hated him so bitterly that (Allah forbid) they accused his pure mother Bibi Maryam Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and the Christians went over the limitations in his love to such an extent, that (Allah forbid) they called him the son of Allah. Beware, since there will also be two groups in your case. One will be those, who in your love will hold you in such esteem, that they will transgress the limitations and the other group, will be those who will have dislike for you, and they shall target you with their accusations.’”

From these blessed words, it is evident that both the Kharijis and Shi’as are Misled and that the proper ones are the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’at, who show great love to Sayyiduna Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and yet we do not transgress the limitations.

HIS POETRY: In eloquence and command of language, there is none that can be equal to the people of Arabia. They have the ability to render beautiful impromptu verses of prose. Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was also a very great poet. He wrote Praises to Allah, and many poems in praise of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, which can be found in the books of history and Seerah. A few stanzas of his poems are being presented for attaining blessings.

Radheena Qismatal Jabaari feena
Lana ilmuw wa lil Juhhaali Maalu

“We are pleased with that which our Lord has distributed
That, he blessed me with knowledge and the ignorant with wealth.”

Li Annal Maala Yufni Anqareebin
wa Innal ilma Yabqaa Laa Yazaalu

“Because very soon, the wealth will become less and be finished
And knowledge will remain, for there is no end for it.”

WIVES AND CHILDREN: There are numerous opinions of the Ulama on the wives of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and how many they were. However, his first wife was Bibi Faatima Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, the daughter of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim. He was not allowed to remarry as long as she was in his Nikah. His second wife was Bibi Imaama, who was the grand daughter of the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim and the daughter of Sayyida Zainab Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. He married her because Bibi Faatima Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu asked him to do so before she passed away. His third wife was Sayyidina Aasma bint Umais Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. She was married to his brother Sayyidina Jaafar Tayyaar Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. After his demise, she married Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and after his demise, she came into the Nikah of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. His fourth wife was Sayyidina Khaula bint Jaafar bin Qais Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. His fifth wife was Umm al-Baneen Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, His sixth wife was Umme Habeeb bint Rabiaa Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, His seventh was Sayyida Laila bint Mas’ood Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, His eight wife was Umme Sa’ad bint Urwah and his ninth wife’s name is not known. There are numerous narrations concerning the number of children. Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu said twelve sons and nine daughters. Allama Muhammad Mia Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu has mentioned 18 sons and 18 daughters.

INCIDENTS RELATING TO HIS SHAHAADAT: The shahaadat of Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was a very painful event in the history of Islam. Three Kharijies, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muljim, Bark bin Abdullah Tameemi and Amr bin Bukair Tameemi, planned to martyr Sayyidina Ali, Sayyidina Ameer Muawiyah and Sayyidina Amr ibn al-A’as (Ridwaanullahi ta ‘ala ‘alaihim ajma’een) on the same day. These traitors planned to attack these Sahaba Kiraam Ridwaanullahi ta ‘ala ‘alaihim ajma’een) on the 17th of Ramadaan 40 Hijri. Bark went to Syria and attacked Sayyidina Ameer Muawiyah Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu who was only injured and was not martyred. Bark was captured. His hands and feet were cut off, and he was set free. Amr bin Bakeer went to Egypt to martyr Sayyidina Amr ibn al-‘Aas Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. On that day, Sayyidina Amr Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was ill and he appointed Sahl Aamiri or Khaarija to perform the Namaaz. Thinking that he was Sayyidina Amr Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu, Ibn Bukair attacked and killed him. He was captured and taken to Sayyidina Amr Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and was killed. Early that morning Sayyidina Ali awoke and told Sayyidina Imam Hussain Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu that he had seen the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim in his dream. He said, “I told the Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim that I had attained no comfort from his Ummah. The Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim said that I should curse the tyrants, and I made this dua, ‘O Allah! Take me away from these people and put me amongst better people and put such a person in my place who will be very bad for them.”

Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was still talking to Sayyidina Imam Hasan Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu when the Muazzin announced the time for Salaah. Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu walked towards the Masjid for Salaah and as he entered the Masjid, Ibn Muljim the cursed came from behind a pillar and struck Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu on his blessed face, with a sword that was dipped in poison. The people in the Masjid arrested him and brought him before Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu. He said, “Imprison him, but make a soft bed for him and give him good food. If I survive, then I have the right to forgive him or avenge what he has done and if I pass away, then kill him also.”

Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu passed away on the 21st of Ramadan from the severe injury caused by the attack on him. He passed away at the age of 63.

HIS FINAL ADVICE: Before his wisaal, he called Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhum) and said, “Iadvice you to remain pious and do not wish for the world even if it wishes for you. And if you lose any worldly belonging, then do not cry over it. Have mercy on the orphans, and help the weak.” He then turned to one of his sons, Sayyidina Muhammad bin Hanafiyah Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu and gave him the same advice. He then read the Kalima and his soul travelled from this mundane world in to the heights of the hereafter. Inna Lillaahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raaji’oon!!

GHUSL AND KAFFAN: Sayyidina Imam Hasan, Imam Hussain and Abdullah ibn Jaa’far (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een) gave him ghusl and tied his kaffan, which was three pieces of cloth. Sayyidina Imam Hasan Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu lead his Janaaza Salaah. [Taareekh al-Khulafa]

MAZAAR-E-PAAK: There are numerous narrations relating to his Mazaar Shareef, but the most famous narration is that it is in Najf Ashraf in Iraq.

THE AQIDA OF THE AHL AS-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA’AH

Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu was blessed with many beautiful qualities and splendours. It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’ah that Sayyidina Ali Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu is the fourth Khalifa of Islam, which the Shias reject and thus oppose the other Khulafa. The belief of the Shias in this issue of Khilafat and in other related issues is totally corrupt. The Ahle Sunnat Wa Jama’at should stay away from them and keep them away from us. The Great Imam Aa’dham Abu Hanifa Sayyidi Nau’man bin Thaabit Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “The most exalted amongst the people after Huzoor Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim are Sayyidina Abu Bakr, then Sayyidina Umar, then Sayyidina Uthman, then Sayyidina Ali (Ridwaanullahi Ta’aala Alaihim Ajma’een).”

Dar Qutni have recorded in his Sunan that Syeduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho said, “Whoever says that I (Ali) am more excellent than Abu Bakr and Umar, I shall punish him with the Hadd of a Slanderer.” [as-Sawaa’iq al-MuHarriqah, Page 91]

The same narration is recorded in the famous Asma ar-Rijal book of Shia Madh’hab named, Rijal-e-Kashi, Page Number 338, Printed in Karbala.

The son of Sayyiduna Ali, Imaam Muhammad bin Hanafiyya narrates: ‘I asked my father who was the best of people after the Holy Prophet and he answered “Abu Bakr”. I asked him who is the best of people after Abu Bakr and he replied, “Umar”‘ [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 518]

Sayyidina Abdullah bin Salma reports from Sayyiduna Ali, ‘After the Noble Messenger, the best of people is Abu Bakr, then the best of people is Umar’ [Sunan Ibn Majah, Page 11]

Sayyidina Imam Jalal al-Din Suyooti Alaihir raHma records that Syeduna ALI Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho said, “The most exalted amongst the people after Beloved Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim are Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina Umar. And it is impossible for a heart of a Momin that My Love and Hatred towards Abu Bakr and Umar Radi ALLAHu Anhum resides together.” [Tarikh al-Khulafa, Page 122]

Sayyiduna Gawth al-Aa’zam Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilaani Radhi Allahu ta ‘ala anhu says, “The Aqida of the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’ah is this, that the Ummah of the Prophet Muhammad Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim is the Greatest of all Ummahs, and from the Ummah, the greatest are the Asharah al-Mubasharah. These are ten personalities, namely, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, Zubair, Abdur Rahman bin Auf, Sa’ad, Sa’eed and Abu Ubaidah Al Jarah (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een). From these ten, the most exalted are the Khulafa ar-Raashideen. From the four of them, the most exalted is Abu Bakr as-Siddique, then Umar al-Farooq, then Uthman al-Ghani and then Ali al-Murtuda.” (Ridwaanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een).

Amazing Incidents after the Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam

Amazing Incidents after the Martyrdom of Sayyiduna Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam


Extracted with slight editing from:

Aaina-e-Qiyamat (The mirror unto the day of Reckoning)
by Ustaz-e-Zaman Mawlana Hasan Rida al-Qadiri Alaihir raHmah

It is recorded that when this blessed head arrived before the unclean Yazeed, he began to touch it with his cane. At that moment, a Christian ambassador from Rome was also present. When he saw this, he remarked surprisingly,

“In a church on one of our islands, there a hoof which is said to belong to Nabi Esa’s donkey. Every year, people come from far and wide to see this hoof and also take oaths through it. We also respect it as you people respect the Kaba. However, what have you done with the son of your Prophet Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim? I bear witness that you people are indeed misguided.”
Another Jew remarked that,

“There were seventy generations which separated me from Nabi Daud (as family) and yet, the Jews still respected me. And yet, you people have yourselves killed the son of the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim.”

In the evening, this caravan travelled onwards towards Madina Sharif. On arrival in Madina Sharif, it brought with it a scene from Qiyamat. Every house was filled with grief and sadness.

It is said that immediately after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam, blood actually rained down from the sky. A person called Nasra Azdayah admits that,

“When we awoke in the morning, every container in the house was filled with blood. The sky was so dark during the day that even the stars could be seen. Whatever stone was turned in Syria, below it was blood.”

In one narration it is stated that

“This darkness in the sky lasted for nearly seven days and the walls seemed like it was covered by red colour similar to a flame. It seemed like there was a continuous storm among the stars and they were also smashing against each other.”

Abu Sa’eed says that

“Whatever stone was overturned in the world, below it was fresh blood. The sky rained blood. In the lands of Khurasan, Kufa and Syria, the houses and walls were dripping with blood.”
The Ulama declare that this redness which is seen during the dawn was never present before the actual Shahaadat. This redness remained in the corner of the sky, then become apparent everywhere.

 The frightful end of those who took part in the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam

Abu Shaykh narrates that whoever took part or assisted in the martyrdom of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam, each and every one became victims of some tragedy.

Once, an old man proudly boasted that nothing had ever happened to him. When he was trying to set a light, suddenly fire engulfed him. He began to scream, “Fire, fire” and jumped into the Tigris. However, he could not manage to put off the fire until finally he went to his final destination which was the fire of hell.

Mansoor bin Ammar narrates that

The killers of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam became victims of such immense thirst that no matter how much they drank, they could not quench their thirst.

Sadmi narrates that

“A person once invited him to Karbala and people were speaking among themselves that whoever was responsible for the martyrdom of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam had died a disgraceful death. The person who had invited me declared that he had also been involved in this and that nothing had ever happened to him. The following night, while he was preparing a fire, suddenly the fire engulfed him and he was burnt beyond recognition”. The narrator admits that when he saw the body, it was burnt to ashes.

Imam Zuhri admits that,

“Some were killed, some became blind and the faces of some became black.”

Imam Waaqidi narrates that,

“There was once an old man who was present during this incident but was not involved. Suddenly he became blind. When he was asked the reason for this, he replied that he had seen the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim in his dream. The sleeve of the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim was folded and in his blessed hand was a sword. In front of the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, ten of the killers of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam lay dead. He then turned to the old man and said angrily, “By been present, you had increased their numbers. He then placed a drop of the blood of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam on my eye and when I awoke, I found that I was blind.”
Sabat ibn al-Joza narrates that

“The person who had hung the blessed head of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam on his horse, after a few days, his face became blacker than coal. When people asked him the reason for this and also mentioned to him that his face used to always look bright and fresh, he replied that, ‘Every night, two people approach me and grabbing me by my shoulders, they throw me into a flaming fire with my head over the fire. The flames continue to lick away at my face.’ It is said that he had a very bad death.”

An old man admits that

Once he saw the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim in a dream in front of which there was a tray of blood. People were then presented to the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim and each person is stained with this blood. When this old man approached the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim, he admitted that, “I was not present.” However, the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim replied, “But this is what you wished in your heart.” The Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim then pointed at him with his right index finger and in the morning, he found that he was blind.

Imam Haakim narrates that once the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim declared to Jibreel-e-Ameen,

“Almighty Allah has declared that in retaliation for the death of Nabi Yahya bin Zakariyah, I have killed seventy thousand and in revenge for Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam, I have killed seventy thousand and another seventy thousand.” [Al Mustadrak, Vol. 3, Page 485, Hadith no. 4408]
All praise is due to Almighty Allah in that He has taken his retribution from ibn Ziyad for the sake of Imam Hussain ‘Alaihi Salaam. It is stated that when he was killed with his companions, all their heads were placed and people came to see. The narrator declares that,

“I saw a snake suddenly appear. After going through all the heads, it finally came to the unclean head of ibn Ziyad.  It went through one nostril opening and appeared through the other nostril. This continued for a few times.”

Mansoor narrates that,

“I saw a person in Syria once whose face resembled that of a pig. When I asked him the reason, he replied, that, ‘I used to curse Hadrat Ali and his pure family. One night, I saw the Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim in my dream and Imam Hasan ‘Alaihi Salaam complained about him. The Holy Last Messenger Sall Allahu ‘alaihi wa Aalihi wa sallim cursed him and spat on his face. Suddenly his face took the shape of a pig.”

wa al-‘Ayadhu Billahi Ta’ala!!