Rabia of Basra
Rābiʿa al-ʿAdawiyya al-Qaysiyya (Arabic: رابعة العدوية القيسية) (714/717/718 — 801 CE) was a Muslim saint and Sufi mystic.She is known in some parts of the world as Hazrat Bibi Rabia Basri, or simply Rabia Basri.
Birth: According to Fariduddin Attar, when Rābiʻa was born, her parents were so poor that there was no oil in house to light a lamp, nor even a cloth to wrap her with. Her mother asked her husband to borrow some oil from a neighbor, but he had resolved in his life never to ask for anything from anyone except God. He pretended to go to the neighbor’s door and returned home empty-handed. At night Muhammad s.a.w appeared to him in a dream and told him,Said to have been born between 714 and 718 CE (95 and 98 Hijri) in Basra,Iraq of the Qays tribe. much of Rābiʻas early life has been recounted by Farid ud-Din Attar, a later Sufi saint and poet. She herself left no written works about her life. She was the fourth daughter of her family and therefore named Rābiʻa, meaning “fourth”. Although not born into slavery, her family was poor yet respected in the community.
“Your newly born daughter is a favorite of the Lord, and shall lead many Muslims to the right path. You should approach the Amir of Basra and present him with a letter in which should be written this message: ‘You offer Durood to the Holy Prophet one hundred times every night and four hundred times every Thursday night. However, since you failed to observe the rule last Thursday, as a penalty you must pay the bearer four hundred dinars'”.
Life: However, after the death of her father, famine overtook Basra. She parted from her sisters. Rabia went into the desert to pray and became an ascetic. She is often cited as being the queen of saintly women, and was known for her complete devotion in the form of “pure love of God.” As an exemplar among others devoted to God, she provided a model of mutual love between God and His creation; her example is one in which the loving devotee on earth becomes one with the Beloved.
O God! If I worship You for fear of Hell, burn me in Hell
and if I worship You in hope of Paradise, exclude me from Paradise.
But if I worship You for Your Own sake,
grudge me not Your everlasting Beauty.
Death: Rābiʻa died in her 80s in Basra in 185 AH/801 CE, where her tomb was shown outside the city.
Philosophy: Often noted as having been the single most famous and influential Sufi woman of Islamic history, Rābiʻa was renowned for her extreme virtue and piety. A devoted ascetic, when asked why she performed a thousand ritual prostrations both during the day and at night, she answered:
“I desire no reward for it; I do it so that the Messenger of God, may God bless him and give him peace, will delight in it on the day of Resurrection and say to the prophets, ‘Take note of what a woman of my community has accomplished'”.
She was intense in her self-denial and devotion to God. As an explanation of her refusal to lift her head toward the heavens [to God] as an act of modesty, she used to say: “Were the world the possession of a single man, it would not make him rich … [B]ecause it is passing away.”
She was the one who first set forth the doctrine of Divine Love known as Ishq-e-Haqeeqiand is widely considered to be the most important of the early Sufi poets.
Much of the poetry that is attributed to her is of unknown origin. After a life of hardship, she spontaneously achieved a state of self-realization. When asked by Shaikh Hasan al-Basrihow she discovered the secret, she responded by stating: “You know of the how, but I know of the how-less.”
One of the many myths that surround her life is that she was freed from slavery because her master saw her praying while surrounded by light, realized that she was a saint and feared for his life if he continued to keep her as a slave.
Feminist theory based on the life of Rabi’a al-Adawiyya
Several aspects of the Sufi religion suggest that Sufi ideologies and practices have stood as counters to dominant society and its perception of women and the relationships between men and women. The stories detailing the life and practices of Rabi’a al-Adawiyya show a countercultural understanding of the role of gender in society. Her role as a spiritual and intellectual superiority is depicted in several narratives. In a Sufi narrative, Sufi leader Hasan al-Basri explained, “I passed one whole night and day with Rabi’a … it never passed through my mind that I was a man nor did it occur to her that she was a woman…when I looked at her I saw myself as bankrupt [i.e. as spiritually worth nothing] and Rabi’a as truly sincere [rich in spiritual virtue].”
Know about some famous Women Sufis Dargahs / Mazar Shareefs of India and click the links given below for more details :-
1) Amjer Shareef : – Hazrata Bibi Hafiz Jamal ( Rahmatullahi allaiha )
The Mazar of Bibi Hafiz Jamal daughter of Khwaja Sahib, is situated to the south of the Shrine. There is a small dome with a kalas on top of it. The doors of this tomb are plated with silver.
2) Amroha – Hazrata Daadi Bakhoee (RA) – Sister of Hazrat Shah Wilayat(RA)
Of course, when we mention the shrine of Dada Shahwilayat, one cannot forget his sister, Daadi Bakhoee.This lady was to be married to a prince, but when she realized that her family couldn’t match the earthly splendor of that of the prince, she prayed to God to be taken away. Legend has it that the earth opened up and embraced this daughter, leaving a tiny piece of here braid sticking out of the ground.From thence a tree grew, it branches entwined like that of a braid, bearing sugarcoated fruits, which can be plucked from the branches even today.
3) Bihar – Dargah-e-Hazrata Bibi Kamaal Sahiba , Kako ( Jehanabad )
The village is the headquarters of the block of the same name and is situated on the Jehanabad-Biharsharif road, about 10-kms east of Jehanabad railway station. According to a local legend, Ram Chandra’s stepmother, Rani Kaikeyi of Ayodhya lived here for sometime and the village took its name after her. The village has also a Mazar of Hazrat Bibi Kamaal Sahiba, a great Muslim lady saint. It is said that this lady was the aunt of Hazrat Makhdum Saheb of Biharsharif and possessed divine powers.
4) Bangalore – Hazrata Ameena Bibi Dadi Maa Saheba (RA) – Azwaja-e-Hazrat Khwaja Lalu Bhai Qasir Chisthy (RA)
Bangalore – Dargah-e-Hazrata Mastaani Maa (RA):
BISMILLAH HIR RAHMAN NIR RAHEEM
ALA INNA AULIYA ALLAH LA QAUFUM ALAIHIM WALAHUM YAZANOON.
DARGAH NAME : – HAZRATHA MASTANI MAA (RA)
PLACE : TANNERY ROAD, BANGALORE.
STATE : KARNATAKA.
Hazratha Mastani Maa (RA) is a very famous Women Sufi in Bangalore.
The Two Famous Women Sufis in Bangalore are Hazratha Sayedani Bi Bi (RA) in City Market and Hazratha Mastaani Maa (RA) in Tannery Road. Both are Prominent Sufis and both the dargahs are very famous.
Mastani Maa (RA) came and settled in Bangalore. She was a Majzoob Sufi and noted for many miracles. Mastani Maa (RA) had big iron rings in the hand and legs which was from her tareeq. Many people use to take blessing from this great elderly Sufi Women and she use to bless and love people who use to give respect to her.
She use to never sleep in the nights and was always in Zikr status many a times.
People use to see many Miracles of Mastani Maa (RA). Some people who love her use to sit with her and spent their time, a few people and some children sat one night and they didn’t had food and stayed with Mastani Maa (RA) , she was in Zikr status in the night and told the people go to their houses but they like to spent that night. With her. Mastani Maa came to knew that they didn’t had food and the people were hungry. There was a empty vessel lying Mastanai Maa told some people to keep some bricks and keep the vessel for cooking, there were no rice and nothing to prepare the food in such a dark night, she put fire to sticks below the vessel and told people to put all trees leaves which were lying down the ground, then the vessel was filled with dry leaves, mud, stones etc. and she put some water and instructed all to have dinner and not to disclose the matter to anyone.
All the people saw the vessel was full of fried rice and the rice were very tastely and all were surprise to see this miracle from this great personality.
Even many auliyas reported regarding Mastani Maa (RA) that she was a Majzoob sufi women.
Hazrath Khwaja Qaseer Chisty (RA) ( Khalifa-e-Khwaja-e-Bangalore ) had send some of his disciples to attend the funeral and report about the face of Mastani Maa after her Wisal. The disciples of Hazrath Khwaja Qaseer Chisty (RA) reported that Mastani Maa’s (RA) face was yellow after the wisal, then Khwaja said she was a great sufi and achieved good status in wilayat.
The dargah Shareef of Mastani Maa is the centre of many areas and this is the only dargah in the entire area which attracts people from many surrounding areas like Tannery Road, D.H Halli, Jeevanahalli, Muslim Colony, Arabic College, Frazer town etc.
The Urs e shareef is celebrated in a grand manner every year.
Bangalore – Dargah-e-Hazrata Syedaani Bi (RA):
Bangalore – Also find Mazar-e-Shareef of Beloved Wife of Hazrat Tawakkal Mastaan Baba (RA) in Hajj House Compound in Richmond Road, Bangalore and Two sons of Hazrat Tawakkal Mastaan Baba (RA) . Here the Dargah Shareef is referred as Dargah of Syeds ( Syedaah ki Dargah ). Women Sufi the beloved wife of Hazrat Tawakkal Mastaan Baba (RA) is very powerful Spiritual personality and noted for quick mannats success of Womens or Girls if they come to this great mother’s ( Maaji’s ) ziarat in Richmond Road . You can also do ziarat of Mazar-e-e-Syedani Bi Bi ( Mother of Hazrat Hameed Shah Qadri (RA) in Cottonpet Hazrat Hameed Shah Complex.
5) Chennai – Mazar Shareef of Wife of Hazrat Dastageer Baba (RA)
6) Delhi – Dargah-e-Hazrata Bibi Fatima Sam (RA), Delhi &
Dargah-e-Hazrata Mai Saheba (RA) – Mother of Hazrat Nizamuddin Awliya (RA), Delhi.
7) Faizabad – Mazar e Shareef of Hazrata Badi Bau (RA)
8) Hyderabad – Dargah-e-Muqadasa Hazratha Pikhki Bi Bi (RA),
One Of The Dargah Of Pahadi Shareef, Hyderabad.
9) Jabalpur – Dargah-e-Hazrata Zarina Begum (RA)
10) Kashigaon – Bi Bi Fathima (RA) – Daughter of Hazrat Gauhar Shah Baba (RA)
11) Kudchi – Dargah-e-Hazrata Ashraf Jahan Maa Saheba (RA)-Kudchi Shareef-Karnataka.
12) Beemapalli – Kerala – Famous Dargah Hazrata Sayeedunissa Bee Amma (RA)
13) Mangalore – Famous Dargah of Hazrata Saidani Bi Bi (RA) near R.T office.
14) Massani – Punjab – Hazrata BiBi Pak Daman
15) Murugamalla – Most Famous Hazrata Pachaa Bibi – known as Dargah of Amma Jan & Bawa Jan (RA)
16) Nellore – Dargah-e-Syeda BiBi- in Front of Bara Shaheed Dargah.
17) Secunderabad – Famous Dargah-e-Hazrata Syedani maa saheba(RA) of Secunderabad
18) Mandya District – Dargah Shareef of Hazratha Jalal Fathima Bathool Bi Bi (RA)
This Dargah / Mazar e shareef is on the way to Sea Samdar Ki Dargah Shareef
( in between Mardan-e-Gaib (RA) Dargah and Chichaa Ba Ki Dargah )
19) Rahmatabad – 53 kms from Nellore – Hazrata Syead Amma Jan (RA)
[ Beloved wife of Hazrat Khwaja Rahmatullah known as Nayab-e-Rasool (RA) ]
Kindly note the Dargah of Hazrat Nayab-e-Rasool (RA) in Rahmatullah is very famous and noted for Spiritual Healings, Removal of Jinnat and Balayats and other aligments. Hazrata Amma Jan (RA) herself gives punishment to the Jinnats which womens get hazari after coming to this great dargah and many get recovered from their problems which is a Zindah Karamat today here in Rahmatabad Shareef which is 53 kms from Nellore and there is good bus services in this regions.
20) Tirchy Shareef – Mazar-e-Shareef of Hazrata Maama Jigni (RA)
In Chickamangalur is a famous Chilla of Maama Jigni (RA) where Syedina Hazrat Dada Hayath Qalandar ( Qaddus Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ) taught her Quran in 40 days and this famous place is known as Chilla of Hazrat Maama Jigni where Roti Baagi Ki Fateha is famous in this area. To reach this beautiful place one has to take taxis from Gawi Mubarak of Hazrat Dada Hayath Qalandar (Qaddus Allahu Sirra ul Azeez ) in Chickmangalur Dada ka Pahad. In Gawi Mubarak of Dada Peer During Chilla-Kashee Maa Jigni Roti ( bread ) use to come from Ghaib ( Asmaan- sky ) through a Roof place which can be seen in the Gawi Mubarak of Dada Pahad.
Note : All Auliya-e-Kalimileens ( Sufi Saints ) of Allah are termed as Spiritual Fathers of the people and their wives ( Zohja-e-Muttaharas ) get the darjah of Spiritual Mothers because of their wifeship ( Zohjayiyat ) and Khidmats ( services ) to the Auliya Allah.