Martyrdom of Other shohada then Bani Hashmi on 10th Muharram in Karbala

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Martyrdom of Burayr bin Khuzayr

(Tabari) Thus the battle started. Azdi says that Yusuf bin Yazeed related to me from Afeef bin Zuhayr bin Abi Akhnas, who was present at Karbala. He says that Yazeed bin Ma’qal, who was from the tribe of Bani Umayrah bin Rabi’ah, which is a branch of Bani Salimah of Abdal Qays, came forward.

He told Burayr, “O Burayr bin Khuzayr! Do you see as to what Allah has done to you.” Burayr replied, “By Allah! Allah has dealt fairly with me and has brought forth evil for you.” Yazeed said, “You speak a lie, and you never lied before. Do you remember once when I was walking along with you in Bani Lawzan, you told me that Usman bin Affan had killed himself, while Mu’awiyah bin Abu Sufyan was a misguided man and the one who leads others astray, while the true and Righteous Imam and guide is Ali bin Abi Talib”?

Burayr replied, “I bear witness that this is (still) my belief.” Yazeed bin Ma’qal said, “I bear witness that you are among the astray.” Then Burayr said, “Then do you desire that we imprecate one another, while invoking the curse of Allah upon the one who lies. Then the one on the right path should kill the one who is upon the wrong, then I shall come out to fight with you.”

The narrator says that both of them came out into the battlefield and lifting their hands invoked the curse of Allah upon the liar and that the righteous one should kill the evil. Then they started fighting one another. There were exchange of swords between them, when Yazeed bin Ma’qal dealt a light and ineffective blow on Burayr. Then Burayr dealt a blow upon his head, which cut his head and reached his brain. He rolled down upon the ground like a ball, while the sword of Burayr was stuck in his head, and he was lifting it up and down to pull it out.

Then Razee bin Manqaz Abadi attacked Burayr and grappled him. Both of them struggled until Burayr threw him down and sat on his chest. Then Razee called out, “Where are my defenders”? Hearing this Ka’ab bin Jabir bin ‘Amr Azdi advanced to assist him, when I said, “This is Burayr bin Khuzayr, the reciter of the Qur’an, who taught us the Qur’an in the Mosque.”

He attacked Burayr with his spear. When Burayr felt the point of the spear, he threw himself upon him and bit his nose. But Ka’ab sunk his spear into him and drew it till his heart, while the entire point of the spear entered his back. Then he hit him on the head and started attacking him with his sword until he killed him (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Afeef bin Zuhayr bin Abi Akhnas says, that it is as if I see Razee, who was scattered on the ground, arising while brushing off the dust from his cloak and telling Ka’ab that, “O brother (from the clan) of Azd! You have favored me and I shall never forget it.”

Yusuf bin Yazeed says, that I asked Afeef whether he had really witnessed it with his own eyes, to which he replied that, “I have seen it with my own eyes and heard it with my own ears.”

When Ka’ab bin Jabir returned back, his wife, and his sister, Nawar bint Jabir told him, “You have sided with the opponents of the son of Fatima (a.s.), and have killed the chief of the Qur’an Reciters? By Allah! I shall never ever speak to you from now on.” And Ka’ab bin Jabir recited the following couplets: “You ask regarding me and shall be informed regarding the morning of Imam Husayn (a.s.), when the spears were being thrust, that did not I commit the act which you despise? When it could not be imagined that day as to what I would do, I had with me my spear, which did not falter and a white shining sword, which was sharp-edged and fierce, then I unsheathed it and attacked a group, whose Religion was not the same as mine, which was the obedience to the son of Harb, when I had not witnessed anyone similar to them in their age before them, who had fought fiercely in the battle, they are those who safeguard their honor, then they bore pa­tiently against the spears and swords and stepped into the battlefield, I wish this had profited them, then when you meet Ubaydullah, give him this message that I am obedient to the Caliph and compliant of his words, then it is I who killed Burayr and favored the son of Manqaz, when he called for assistance.”

Martyrdom of ‘Amr bin Qartah Ansari

Then ‘Amr bin Qartah advanced and attacked, while defending Imam Husayn (a.s.), and he was saying: “The battalion of Ansar knows that I am a pro­tector of the territory of promise, I strike with a sharp-edged sword similar to a youth, my self and household is lowly in front of Husayn.”

Here Imam Husayn (a.s.) is considered more than one’s household, thus vilifying Umar bin Sa’ad, who while talking to Imam had said that,

“My house shall be destroyed ……. etc.” (as related in Section 15 of this book).

Sayyid ibn Tawoos relates, that after the martyrdom of Muslim bin Awsaja, ‘Amr bin Qartah Ansari came forward and pleaded with Imam to permit him to go to the battlefield. When Imam permitted him, he attacked with such force, which was similar to that of the one who yearns for Paradise. Thus he strived to serve the Master of Heavens, until he killed a group of people from the army of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad.

There was no arrow, which would advance towards Imam, except that he stopped it with his hands, and there was no sword which would come towards Imam, except that he took it upon himself. Then Imam did not receive any wounds until ‘Amr was alive. When he was totally wounded, he turned towards Imam and said, “O son of the Prophet of Allah! Have I fulfilled my (duty of) obedience”? Imam replied,

“Verily yes, you shall be the one to go to Paradise before me. Then offer my salu­tations to the Prophet of Allah (S) and tell him that I am on my way following you.”

Then ‘Amr fought bravely until he attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

(Tabari, Kamil) It is related that ‘Amr’s brother, Ali bin Qartah, was in the army of Umar bin Sa’ad. When he saw his brother fall, he called out, “O Husayn! O liar and the son of a liar”! (Allah’s refuge) “You have misguid­ed my brother and deceived him until you killed him.” Imam replied,

“Allah did not mislead your brother, in fact he was bestowed with guidance, while it is you who are misguided.”

The accursed said, “May Allah kill me if I do not kill you or die while struggling against you.” Saying this he attacked Imam and Nafe’ bin Hilal Muradi came and stood facing him. Then he at­tacked him with a spear and threw him upon the ground, his companions came to his rescue and took him away. Then he treated his wounds and was cured.

(Tabari) Azdi says that Nazr bin Saleh Abu Zuhayr Abasi says that when Hurr bin Yazeed went and united with Imam Husayn (a.s.), a man from Bani Tameem, named Yazeed bin Sufyan said, “By Allah! If my sight falls upon Hurr, I shall kill him with my spear.” When the two armies were attacking and killing one another, Hurr was attacking in the forefront, while reciting the words of Antara: “With my charger’s neck and breast I will launch myself at them again and again, until (the beast is ) clothed in blood.” And he was reciting the following Rajaz: “I am Hurr, a host to the guest, I strike your necks with a swift sword, in defense of the one, who has alighted at the ground of Kheef (in Mina), while I do not regret over it.”

The narrator says that the tail and brows of his horse were wounded by swords, and blood was flowing through it. Haseen bin Tameem, the head of the police force of Ibn Ziyad, who had dispatched him to assist Umar bin Sa’ad and made him the commander of the police under the command of Yazeed bin Sufyan, told Yazeed bin Sufyan, “This is Hurr bin Yazeed, whom you desire.” He then advanced towards Hurr and said, “O Hurr bin Yazeed! Do you desire combat”? Hurr replied in the affirmative and he came towards him. Haseen said that, “By Allah! It is as if his life was in the hands of Hurr, who instantly killed him.”

Hisham bin Muhammad relates from Abu Makhnaf, who says that Yahya bin Hani bin Urwah told me, that on the tenth (of Muharram), Hilal bin Nafe’ was attacking, while reciting the following couplets: “I am the son of Hilal! My Religion is the Religion of Ali”! A man named Mazahim bin Hurays came towards him and said, “I am upon the Creed of Usman.” Nafe’ replied, “However, you are upon the creed of the Shaitan”, saying this he attacked him and ultimately killed him.

Then ‘Amr bin Hajjaj turned towards the army and called out, “O foolish men! Do you know whom you have been fighting with? You are fighting the valorous Kufans, who are ready to sacrifice their lives. Thus no one should go to fight single-handedly with them, for they are only a few left and a short time remains. By Allah! Even if you attack them with mere stones, they shall perish.” Then Umar bin Sa’ad said, “Verily whatever you have said is true and his opinion is accepted.” Then he declared that no one should go for a single combat with them.

It is narrated that ‘Amr bin Hajjaj advanced towards the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and said, “O Kufans! Hold steadfastly to those who listen to you and your community, and do not hesitate to kill the man who has turned out of the Religion and has disobeyed the Imam.” Imam Husayn (a.s.) said,

“O ‘Amr bin Hajjaj! Do you incite people against me? Have we turned away from the Religion, while you are steadfast upon it? By Allah! When you die with these (evils) deeds of yours, you shall then know as to who has turned away from the Religion, and who is worthy of (the fire of) hell.”

Martyrdom of Muslim bin Awsaja

Then ‘Amr bin Hajjaj attacked the right wing of the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.), along with the right wing of the army of Umar bin Sa’ad, from the side of the Euphrates and they fought for sometime. Muslim bin Awsaja Asadi was the first one among the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) to attain martyrdom. Then ‘Amr bin Hajjaj and his companions returned back.

(Manaqib) It should be noted that Muslim bin Awsaja was the agent of Muslim bin Aqeel (a.s.) in Kufa. He was given the charge to collect the funds, buy ammunitions and accept allegiance (on behalf of Imam Husayn).

Muslim fought valiantly in the battle of Karbala, while reciting the follow­ing Rajaz: “If you inquire about me, (know that) I am a male Lion, (I am) from the chiefs and notables of the branch of Bani Asad, thus the one who oppresses us has deviated from the Right Path and from the Religion of the Self Sufficient, Omnipotent (Lord).”

He fought abundantly with the enemies and forbore upon the fight of the army until he fell down.

The narrator says that when the clouds of sand sank, Muslim was seen smeared in blood. Imam Husayn (a.s.) went to his head, when he was yet alive. Imam said,

“May your Lord have mercy upon you, O Muslim bin Awsaja! Of the believers are the men who are true to what they covenanted with Allah, of them is he who fulfilled his vow and of them is he who awaits (its fulfillment), and they have changed not in the least” (Surah al-Ahzaab, 33:23).

Then Habib bin Mazahir came to him and said, “It is very unpleasant for me to see you smeared in mud and blood O Muslim! May you receive the glad tid­ings of Paradise.” Then Muslim replied in a soft voice, “May your Allah give you glad tidings of fairness too.” Habib said, “If I had not known that I too would have to follow your path (of Martyrdom) and reach you, it would have been my pleasure to ask you to will to me regarding your heart’s desire, until I fulfill the rights of your relatives and your co-religionists.”

Muslim replied, “I recommend this Master for you”, he said pointing towards Imam Husayn (a.s.), “then you should ransom your life over him.” Habib replied, “By the Lord of Ka’bah! I shall surely do that.” It was not late when he died in their hands. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him). And one of his slave girls was heard calling out, “O son of Awsaja! O master!”

The companions of ‘Amr bin Hajjaj applauded, “We have killed Muslim bin Awsaja.” Then Shabas turned towards his associates and said, “May your mothers mourn over you! You kill yourselves with your own hands and are separating from your own selves for the sake of others. Then you are rejoic­ing because you have killed Muslim bin Awsaja? By Him in whom I believe! I have seen him (Muslim) in the battlefield with honor for the Muslims. I have seen him in the battle in the plain of Azarbayjan at the time when no Muslim had moved from the places, he had already killed six polytheists. And when such a man dies, you rejoice over it”? The murderers of Muslim bin Awsaja were Muslim bin Abdullah Zababi and Abdul Rahman bin Abi Khash­kar Bajali.

Then Shimr attacked the left wing of the Imam’s army. They stood in front of him and his army and pushed them back with their lances. Then Imam and his companions were attacked from all sides and Abdullah bin Umayr Kalbi, who had previously killed two men, was martyred. Hani bin Sabat Hazrami and Bukayr bin Hayy Tamimi killed him (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him) and he was the second Martyr among the companions of Imam. Then the companions of Imam fought valiantly with the Kufan army. Their horse­men, being thirty-two, attacked the Kufan army from all sides and split all of them.

It is as if Abu Tufayl says regarding them: “What an army is this, similar to the waves, similar to the powerful beasts like Leopards and Lions, there are the old, the youth and the chiefs, who are mounted upon the Horses, escaping from whose midst is very hard, when the rays of the sun sets below their standard, it’s powers dims the eyes, their slogan is similar to that of the Prophet, while their standards by which Allah, the Beneficent avenges the schemers.”

It is as if it is said regarding them: “Astonishment that the clear-cut swords and spears see months in the hands of this group, and they are men, and astonishment that the fire burns upon their palms even though their hands are oceans.”

(Tabari) When Urwa bin Qays, who was the commander of the horsemen, saw this situation that his horses were split from all sides, he sent Abdul Rahman bin Haseen to Umar bin Sa’ad with the message that, “Do you not see that since today morning my horsemen have been dragging along with these little group of men? Dispatch the foot-soldiers and the archers towards them.” Then Umar bin Sa’ad turned towards Shabas bin Raba’ee and said, “Will you attack Husayn”? Shabas replied, “Glory be to Allah! Do you intend sending the chief of the towns and the master of the Kufans with the archers? Do you not find anyone else who could do this job”?

Shabas disliked fighting Imam Husayn (a.s.). Abu Zuhayr Abasi says that during the period of the caliphate of Mus’ab bin Zubayr, I heard him (Shabas) say that, “Allah will never bestow goodness upon the people of Kufa and will not reach them towards felicity. It is not surprising that we fought in the ranks of Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.) and after him with his son (Imam Hasan) against the children of Abu Sufyan for five years. Then we pounced upon his son Husayn, who was the best from among the dwellers of the earth, and we fought against him in the ranks of the children of Mu’awiyah and the son of Sumayyah, the adulteress. Disgrace, and what a disgrace”!

Then Umar bin Sa’ad called for Haseen bin Tameem and dispatched him with the foot soldiers and five hundred archers. They proceeded further until they reached Imam Husayn (a.s.) and his companions. Then they shot their arrows towards them and impoverished their horses and all of them came on foot.

Azdi says that Nameer bin Wahlah relates from Ayyub bin Mashrah Haywanee, that he always said that, “By Allah! I was the one who impoverished the horse of Hurr bin Yazid. I shot an arrow which pierced it’s belly, it gave a cry and rolled up itself (on the ground). Suddenly Hurr charged like a Lion and leapt upon them with his sword in hand saying: “Even though you have cut off the legs of my horse, I am more valorous than a male lion.” By Allah! I have not seen anyone like him, who inflicted the ranks.”

The chiefs of his clan asked him, “Have you killed Hurr”? He replied, “No, by Allah! I have not killed him. Rather another person had killed him and I did not desire killing him.” Abu Wadak asked him the reason, to which he replied, “For he was included among the devout men. By Allah! If this deed of mine be a sin, then if I have to go to the presence of Allah with the responsibility of injury and presence in the army it is easy, than that I go to his presence with the sin of their murder upon my neck.”

Abu Wadak said, “You too shall go to the presence of Allah with the sin of their murder. Then tell me, that if you pursued one of their horses and shot an arrow towards another, then you stood facing them and repeated this act of yours numerous times, and you encouraged your fellow army-men.

Then if you were attacked and you had to flee away while some of your companions fol­lowed your example, resulting in the collaboration of you all with them in their murder, then all of you are equal partners in their blood.” Nameer said, “O Abu Wadak! You are disheartening us from the mercy of Allah. Then on the day of Qiyamah if you had been in charge of our accounts, may Allah not forgive you if you do not forgive us.”

It is better that we relate regarding them: “Does this nation desire the intercession of the Grandfather (of Husayn) on the day of Qiyamah after having murdered Husayn, no never, by Allah! They will find no intercessor and they will be engulfed in the wrath in Qiyamah.”

(Tabari) They fought with them valiantly until the noon. The Kufan army could not attack from any other side accept one, because their tents were joint together. When Umar bin Sa’ad saw this, he ordered his men to attack the tents from the left and right sides, to dig them up and to surround them. Three four persons from among the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) stood up to guard the tents.

Then they would attack the invaders from in between the tents and whoever would come to dig the tent or plunder it, would be killed or they would shoot an arrow and injure him. Then Umar bin Sa’ad ordered, “Do not go near the tents, nor dig or plunder them, rather burn them.” Then they burnt the tents and held back their hands from dig­ging or plundering them.

Imam Husayn (a.s.) said,

“Let them burn the tents, for if they do so, the fire will act as a prevention against them.”

It happened as said, and a group of them fought with them from one side.

(Tabari) The wife of (Abdullah bin) Umayr Kalbi ran out into the battle­field and sat at the head of her husband (who was already martyred, as has been related earlier) cleaning the dust from him, and said, “May Paradise be pleasant for you.” When Shimr saw her, he commanded his retainer named Rustam, “Hit her upon the head.” He dealt a blow upon her head which split open, and she attained martyrdom at that very spot. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon her).

Then Shimr bin Ziljawshan attacked until he reached a particular tent of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and striking it with his lance said, “Bring me fire, so that I may burn it along with what it contains.” Hearing this the womenfolk started shrieking and came out of the tents in panic.

Then Imam Husayn (a.s.) called out in a loud voice saying,

“O son of Ziljawshan! Do you ask for fire to be brought so as to burn the tent along with my family? May Allah burn you in the fire (of hell).”

Azdi says that Sulayman bin Abi Rashid relates from Hameed bin Muslim that he said, that I told Shimr bin Ziljawshan, “Glory be to Allah! This does not suit you. Do you desire tasting the wrath of Allah by killing the children and ladies? By Allah! The commander will be pleased with you only with the killing of the men.”

Then Shimr asked me as to who I was. And I said, “I shall not disclose who I am.” I said this, for by Allah, I feared lest he would malign me in the presence of the sovereign. Then a man came to him, whose orders he obeyed more than of Shabas bin Rabee’, and said, “I have not heard a more evil speech from you before, nor have I seen a more degraded situation that you have placed yourself in. Then have you now started frightening the women”?

I saw that hearing this Shimr was ashamed of himself and retreated back. Then Zuhayr bin Qayn attacked him and his companions with a group of his ten companions until they had pushed them away from the tents and they went far away, and they killed Abu Uzrah Zababi, one of the companions of Shimr, seeing this the entire army at­tacked them putting them to loss. Many of the companions of Imam started falling down, and if one or two of them fell it (their loss) would be easily visible, while those of the enemies would not, because of their large numbers.

Reminding for Prayers by Abu Samamah Saedi and the Martyrdom of Habib bin Mazahir

(Tabari) When Abu Samamah ‘Amr bin Abdullah Saedi saw his companions being killed one after the other, he turned towards Imam Husayn (a.s.) and said, “O Aba Abdillah! May I be your ransom! I see that this army has advanced closer to you. But Allah willing, they shall not be able to kill you until they have killed us. And I desire that I go to the presence of Almighty Allah having recited the Prayers (in your lead), whose time has already approached.” Then Imam lifted up his head and said,

“You have reminded the (time of) Prayers, may Allah join you with the worshippers and the reci­ters, and verily this is the prime time for Prayers.”

Then he said,

“Tell them to lift their hands off us until we have finished reciting the Prayers.”

Hearing this Haseen bin Tameem said, “Your Prayers are not accepted.” Habib bin Mazahir replied, “You think that the Prayers of the Progeny of the Prophet of Allah is not accepted, while the Prayers of you, a wine-bibber, is accepted”?

Then Haseen bin Tameem attacked him and Habib bin Mazahir came to meet his challenge. Habib dealt a blow on the front of his head, which sank in and Habib threw him down (from his horse). Then his companions came to his rescue and took him away. Habib bin Mazahir then said, “I swear that if we would have been similar to you in quantity or even half of that, you would have turned your back from us, O men of ill origin and impotents”!

That day Habib was saying: “I am Habib and my father is Mazahir, who is a horseman of the battlefield when it is fierce, you are well-equipped and large in quantity, but we are more obedient, forbearing (than you), our proofs are exalted while truth apparent, and (we are) more pious and peni­tent than you.”

Habib bin Mazahir attacked severely (Malhoof) until he had killed sixty-two men. (Tabari) Then a man from the clan of Tameem attacked him and dealt a blow with his sword on his head and killed him (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him). The name of his murderer was Budayl bin Sareem, who was from Bani Aqafan. Then another man from the clan of Tameem attacked him with a lance and threw him on the ground. When he tried to stand up, Haseen bin Tameem struck him on the head with his sword and he (again) fell down, then the person from Bani Tameem alighted from his horse and cut off his head.

Seeing this Haseen said, “I too am a partner in his murder along with you”, to which he said, “By Allah! No one except me has killed him.” Haseen said, “Then give me his head so that I may hang it in the neck of my horse so that people may see and understand that I too have participated in his murder. Then you may take it back and carry it to the presence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad, for I am not desirous of the reward (which he will offer you in lieu of the murder of Habib).”

The man refused to do so until his people made him agree. Then he gave the head of Habib to Haseen, who hung it in the neck of his horse and started taking the rounds in the ranks, and then returned it back.

The Tamimi man placed the head of Habib on his horse and carried it to the palace of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad. The son of Habib named Qasim, who was nearing adolescence, saw the head of his father and recognized it, he followed him and went inside the palace and came out with him until his sight fell on him. He said, “O dear son! Why are you following me”? The child replied that there was nothing. The person told him, “What is the matter, tell me”?

To which the child said, “This head which is with you is that of my father. Give it to me so that I may bury it”. The man said, “O dear son! The commander would not be pleased to it’s burial and I desire that the commander reward me amply for this.” The child replied, “But Allah will give you a bad punishment for what you did. For by Allah, you have killed such a man who was better than you”, saying this the child started weeping.

Days passed by and the boy grew up. He had no other grief except to remain in pursuit of the murderer of his father so as to get him un­aware and revenge the death of his father. At the time of Mus’ab bin Zubayr, in the battle of Bajmira’, this boy entered his army. He saw his father’s killer in a tent and followed him and waited in ambush for him. He entered his tent, when he was taking a nap in the afternoon, and striking him with his sword killed him.

Azdi says that when Habib bin Mazahir was killed, Imam Husayn (a.s.) was bent. Then he said,

“I surrender myself and my faithful companions to Allah’s accountability.”

It is stated in some books of Martyrdom (Maqatil) that the Imam said,

“Your achievement is due to Allah O Habib! You were a man of distinction, that you completed reciting the entire Qur’an in one (single) night.”

Martyrdom of Hurr bin Yazid

The narrator says that Hurr started reciting the following Rajaz: “I have sworn not to be killed until I do not kill, and I shall not be wounded except by advancing further, I will attack them with a sharp-edged sword, I shall not retreat back nor will I flee (from the battlefield).”

Furthermore he recited the following couplets: “I am Hurr, a host to the guest, I strike your necks with a swift sword, in defense of the one who has alighted at the ground of Kheef (in Mina), while I do not regret over it.”

He held such a sword in his hand whose edge was raining death. It is as if Ibn Mu’taz says about him, “I possess a sword which radiates death, then it is not unsheathed, except that it starts spilling the blood.”

Hurr, along with his companion Zuhayr bin Qayn, attacked obviously. If while fighting, one of them would get surrounded by the enemies, the other would come to his defense and rescue him. They continued doing so until the foot soldiers attacked Hurr from all sides and killed him. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him)

Ubaydullah bin ‘Amr Badi, who was from the clan of Bani Kinda, says that, “Do not forget Sa’eed bin Abdullah nor Hurr, who along with Zuhayr aided at the need of the hour.”

Fattal Naishapuri, in his Rawzatul Wa’ezeen, while quoting the Martyrdom of Hurr bin Yazeed says, that when Imam Husayn (a.s.) came to the head of Hurr, blood was flowing from him. He said,

“Well done O Hurr! You are at liberty in this world as well as the hereafter, as your mother has named you.”

Then he recited the following couplets: “What a best Hurr is the Hurr of Bani Riyah, and the best Hurr during the exchange of spears, the best Hurr who was generous with regard to his life when Husayn called out in the morning.”

Shaikh Saduq too relates similarly from Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (a.s.).

Shaikh Abu Ali in Muntahal Maqal says that Hurr bin Yazid bin Najiyah bin Sa’eed is from (the clan of) Bani Yarboo’.

Sayyid Ne’matullah Jazaeri Tustari writes in his Anware No’maniyyah, that a group of trustworthy men narrated to me that when Shah Isma’il Safawi gained control over Baghdad, he came to visit the Shrine of Imam Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala. He heard some people vilifying Hurr and hence came to the head of his grave and ordered it to be exhumed. People witnessed that Hurr was sleeping in his grave freshly drenched in his blood, and a ker­chief was tied on his forehead.

Shah Isma’il tried to unfasten the kerchief from his forehead, which according to the historical reports was tied by Imam Husayn (a.s.). When the kerchief was untied, fresh blood started pouring out until the grave was filled with it. Then when the kerchief was tied at it’s place, the blood stopped. Then again they tried to untie that kerchief, but blood started pouring out. They tried to stop the blood by other means, but could not do so until they ultimately tied the same ker­chief. Thus the fine status of Hurr was confirmed to them, and Shah ordered a mausoleum to be erected on his grave and appointed a servant to look after it.

The Honorable Traditionist Shaikh Muhammad bin Hasan Hurr Ameli, the author of Wasaelush Shi’ah, was from the progeny of Hurr bin Yazeed ar Riyahi, as has been quoted by Shaikh Ahmad in his Durrul Mulook.

(Tabari) Abu Samamah Saedi killed his cousin, who bore enmity with him, and then recited the Zuhr Prayers in the method of Salat al Khawf1 in Imam Husayn (a.s.)’s lead.

(Malhoof) It is stated in another narration that Imam told Zuhayr bin Qayn and Sa’eed bin Abdullah to stand in front of him so that he may lead the Zuhr Prayers. They did so while Imam lead the Prayers with half of his companions.

It is related that Sa’eed bin Abdullah Hanafi stood in front of the Imam and thus became the target of their arrows. Wherever Imam would turn, Sa’eed would stand in front of him until he was totally wounded and then fell down. He said, “O Allah! Send your curse upon them similar to the tribes of Ad and Thamood. O Allah! Deliver my greetings to Your Prophet, and make him aware about the pain and wounds that I have borne, for I crave Your reward while defending the progeny of Your Prophet.” Saying this he breathed his last (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him). Thirteen wounds of arrows were upon his body, apart from the wounds of lances and swords.

Ibn Nima says that some say that Imam Husayn (a.s.) and his companions recited the Prayers individually with signs.

Tabari, Ibn Aseer and others state that after finishing the Zuhr Prayers, they attacked fiercely and neared Imam Husayn (a.s.). Then Sa’eed stood armoring the Imam and defended him from all sides thus becoming a target of the enemies. Arrows started coming from all sides until he fell down. It is written in the related salutations of the Martyrs: Peace be upon Sa’eed bin Abdullah Hanafi, who, when Imam gave them permission to leave him, said, “No, by Allah! We shall not leave you alone.” Then you faced your death and defended your Imam, and you witnessed the grace of Allah in the place of residence. May Allah gather us along with you in the ranks of the martyrs. And may Allah provide us your friendship in the exalted position of the magnificent ones.

We say: Reflect upon these words which prove the exalted status possessed by this Felicitous Martyr, and other martyrs of Karbala, which is beyond the imagination of the intelligent ones. While this is enough (proof) of their grace.

Ibn Nima too has related the martyrdom of the above referred Sa’eed in the words of Tabari and Ibn Aseer. Then he says that then Umar bin Sa’ad sent ‘Amr bin Hajjaj with the archers. They shot arrows towards the remaining companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and killed their horses. The situation reached such that Imam had no horsemen left with him, and he said,

“Will the young horses be under the banner of others besides us, when we are the chiefs of their masters? Then when a calamity desires entering our town, we posses the power to turn it away, no one walks in the width of the porch with a shining sword, and none from among our group guards him.”

(Tabari) Zuhayr bin Qayn fought valiantly and he was saying, “I am Zuhayr and am the son of Qayn, I will bar you from Husayn with my sword, for he is one of the two grandsons of the Prophet who is a virtuous and chaste Proge­ny, there is no lie in that he is the Prophet, I shall kill you and shall not regret over it, and I wish my self could be divided into two (so that I may fight with you twofold).”

(Tabari) Then Zuhayr placed his hand upon the shoulder of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and said, “Proceed further, for you are a guided one and are a guide. Today you shall meet your grandfather the Prophet and (Imam) Hasan and Murtaďa Ali (a.s.), and a well-equipped young man with two wings, Ja’far your uncle, and Hamza the alive martyred Lion of Allah.”

(Maqtal of Muhammad bin Abi Talib) Then he attacked until he killed one hundred and twenty men. (Tasleeyatul Majalis, Tabari, Kamil) Then Kaseer bin Abdullah Sha’abi and Muhajir bin Aws Tamimi attacked him and threw him upon the ground. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessing be upon him). When Zuhayr fell from his horse, Imam Husayn (a.s.) said,

“O Zuhayr! May Allah not keep you away from Himself, and may Allah send his wrath upon your killers as He did to those who were turned into monkeys and pigs.”

Martyrdom of Nafe’ bin Hilal

Naf’e bin Hilal Jamali (or Bajali) had engraved his name on his arrows and dipped them in poison and shot them one after the other towards the enemies saying, “I shoot these arrows whose teeth contains signs, while it will not benefit those who fear, they are smeared in poison which keeps the enemies in motion, and it’s striking fills the earth with blood.”

He shot the arrows one after the other until they were exhausted and his quiver became empty. Then he placed his hand upon his sword and said, “I am a youth of the Yemeni tribe of Bajalah, I follow the Religion of Husayn and Ali, I shall be martyred today and this being my heart’s desire, and I shall meet my actions.”

Tabari says that he killed twelve men from the companions of Umar bin Sa’ad, apart from those whom he wounded, until both his arms were severed. Then he was arrested by Shimr, who called his companions to drag him to Umar bin Sa’ad. Umar bin Sa’ad told him, “Woe be to you! What have you done to yourself”? Nafe’ replied, “Verily my Allah knows my intentions.” The narrator says that blood was flowing on his beard while he was saying, “By Allah! I have slain twelve men among you, excluding those whom I have wounded, while I do not reproach myself for this. And if my hands would have been present, and my wrists would have been there, you would not have arrested me.”

Shimr told Umar bin Sa’ad, “May Allah straighten your affair, kill him.” Umar replied, “You have brought him, then kill him if you de­sire.” Hearing this Shimr unsheathed his sword and Nafe’ said, “If you are a Muslim, you would have despised meeting Allah with our blood upon your neck. Praise be to Allah, who has destined our death at the hands of the most accursed of the creation.” Then the accursed (Shimr) killed him. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessing be upon him).

Then Shimr attacked the army of Imam while saying, “Leave him, O Lion of Allah, leave Shimr, so that he may strike at them with his sword and will not flee, and he is a bitter tree and a fatal poison for you.”

Martyrdom of Abdullah and Abdul Rahman Ghifari

When the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) perceived their loss and realized that they themselves were incapable of defending the Imam and his rela­tives, they hastened to lay their lives in the presence of Imam Husayn (a.s.). Then Abdullah and Abdul Rahman, the sons of Urwa Ghifari, came to the Imam and said, “Peace be upon you O Aba Abdillah! The enemy has reached us and have hastened towards you from all sides, hence we desire to be killed before you and sacrifice our lives for you.” Imam replied,

“Welcome! Come closer to me.”

They came closer to the Imam and started fighting with the enemies in his side. One of them said, “Verily the Bani Ghifar and Khandaf, as also Bani Nizar knows, that I fight the adulterous group with my clear-cut and swift sword, O nation! defend the sons of noble fathers against the enemies with Eastern swords and sharp spears.”

(Tabari) The narrator says that two Jabirite men, named Sayf bin Haris and Malik bin Abd, who were cousins and foster brothers, came closer to Imam Husayn (a.s.) while they were weeping. Imam asked them,

“O sons of my brother! Why do you weep? By Allah! I desire that your eyes would be glowing.”

They replied, “May Allah make us your ransom! We do not weep on account of ourselves, rather we weep for you. We see that you have been surrounded, while we are incapable of defending you.” Imam replied,

“O sons of my brother! May Allah reward you fairly for this conscience and sym­pathy.”

(Manaqib) Then they advanced further saying, “Peace be upon you O son of the Prophet of Allah”, and Imam too replied their salutations. Then they attacked and were ultimately martyred. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon them).

Martyrdom of Hanzalah bin As’ad Shabami

(Tabari, Kamil) Then Hanzalah bin As’ad Shabami came and stood in front of Imam Husayn (a.s.) (Malhoof) and started defending him with his face and neck from arrows, lances and swords (Tabari, Kamil) while calling out,

“O my people! Verily I fear (that it may fall) on you the like of that (what befell) the parties, the like of (what befell) the people of Noah and Ad and Samood and those (who came) after them, and Allah intends not injustice unto (His) servants. And O my people! I fear for you the Day of Calling out (each other). The Day on which you shall be turned back retreating, (when) for you there shall be no savior from (the wrath of) Allah, and whomsoever Allah allows to stray, for him shall not be any guide. (Surah al-Ghaafir 40:30-33)

O people! Do not kill Husayn, lest Allah may crush you with His wrath. While the one who lies is indeed disappointed.”

(Tabari, Kamil) Imam called out to him,

“O son of As’ad! May your Allah have mercy upon you! They have become worthy of the wrath from the time they have neglected your invitation towards right before the battle, and from the time they stood up against you, and considered lawful shedding the blood of your companions. Then what escape do they have, after having killed your virtuous brothers”?

Hanzalah said, “You have spoken the truth, may I be your ransom! It is now time to go to the other home and unite with the brothers.” (Tabari, Malhoof) Imam replied,

“Yes, go towards that which is better for you than the world and whatever it contains. Go towards the kingdom which will not wear out.”

Hearing this Hanzalah replied, “Peace be upon you O Aba Abdillah! May Allah’s blessings be upon you and your family. May Allah acquaint us with you in Paradise.” Imam replied,

“So be it.”

Then Hanzalah proceeded further (Malhoof) and fought valiantly and forbore the fear of battle, until he was martyred. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

(Tabari) Then the two Jabirite brothers advanced further saying, “Peace be upon you O son of the Prophet of Allah.” Imam replied,

“And Peace be upon you.”

They fought until they were martyred. (May Allah’s Mercy and Bless­ings be upon them).

Martyrdom of Shawzib and Abis

The narrator says that Abis bin Abi Shabib Shakiri came to Shawzib, who was his relative, and said, “What is your heart’s desire”? He replied, “What do I desire? I desire to fight alongside you, while defending the grandson of the Prophet of Allah (S), until I am martyred.” Abis replied, “I had desired the same regarding you. Then proceed further to­wards the Imam so that he may include you among his companions as the other proceeding you have done, so that I too may consider you. And at this moment, if there would have been with me someone else nearer to me than you, I would have sent him to the battlefield before me, so as to mourn his death and earn abundant reward. This is the day of our last actions, for after today there will be no actions but only accounting.” Then Shawzib advanced further and saluted the Imam and fought, until he was martyred. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Shakir is a clan of Yemen and a branch of the clan of Hamadan, which reach­es Shakir bin Rabi’ah bin Malik. Abis himself was from the above clan, while Shawzib was his retainer, meaning that Shawzib was staying along with him or was his confederate and not his servant or a freed retainer, as is assumed by some. On the contrary, our Shaikh, the Traditionist (Husayn) Noori, the author of Mustadrakul Wasael, says that perhaps the status of Shawzib might be higher than that of Abis, for it is said regarding him, that he (Shawzib) was one of the foremost in Shia’ism.

(Tabari) Then Abis bin Abi Shabeeb told Imam Husayn (a.s.) that, “O Aba Abdillah! There in none upon the earth, among my relatives and others, who is more dear and beloved in my eyes than you. If I had the power to defend off oppression with anything more dear to me than my life, I would surely have done so. Peace be upon you O Aba Abdillah! I call upon Allah as my witness, that I am (steadfast) upon the path of your father and yourself.” Saying this he unsheathed his sword with a wound which was there on his forehead, and attacked the enemy.

Azdi says that Nameer bin Ramalah relates from Rabee’ bin Tameem Hamadani, who was present in the battle, that I saw Abis proceeding towards the battlefield and recognized him. I had seen him in numerous battles. He was a valorous man, hence I said, “O people! Behold this is a lion among the lions! He is the son of Abu Shabeeb! Thus no one should confront him.”

Thus Abis started calling out, “Is there no man among you”? Hearing this Umar bin Sa’ad said, “Pound him with stones.” Then people started hurling stones at him, and when Abis saw this, he removed his armor and helmet. Allah’s praise upon the one who said, “He fearlessly meets his neck with the clear-cut spears, and he considers his head to be a helmet, when the spears advance, he wears no other armor except that of chastity.”

And a Persian Poet has said, “He removed his armor saying that I am a moon and not a fish, and he removed his helmet saying that I am not a rooster, and he came out without any armor or helmet, to embrace death nakedly, similar to a bride.”

Then he attacked the enemies, (the narrator says that) it is as if I see him pushing back a group of two hundred men. Then they advanced towards him from all sides and killed him (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him). I saw his head in the hands of a group of people who were quarreling among themselves that they had killed him. Then they came to Umar bin Sa’ad, who said, “Do not quarrel, for he is not killed by any one man”, and dispersed them back.

Martyrdom of Abul Sha’sa Kindi

Azdi says that Fuzayl bin Khadeej Kindi narrated to me, that Abul Sha’sa Yazeed bin Ziyad (or Muhajir) Kindi, who was from the clan of Bani Bahdula, knelt down in front of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and shot a hundred arrows to­wards the enemies, out of which only five arrows missed the target, while he was a master archer. Whenever he shot an arrow, he exclaimed, “I am the son of Bahdula! A horseman of Arjalah”! Imam Husayn (a.s.) said regarding him,

“O Allah! Make firm his archery and offer Paradise to him as his reward.”

When he had exhausted all the arrows, he arose and said, “Only five of my arrows have gone waste, while it is known to me that I have killed five men.” Abul Sha’sa Kindi was among the group to be martyred formerly. On that day he was reciting the following Rajaz: “I am Yazid and my father is Muhajir, I am more valorous than a Lion of the thicket, and I strike the rebels expertly with the spear, O Lord! I am a helper of Husayn, and am the one to disassociate and separate from the son of Sa’ad, and my right hand possesses a clear-cut and destructive sword.”

Yazid bin Muhajir was one of those who had come along with Umar bin Sa’ad from Kufa to fight against Imam Husayn (a.s.), but when he saw that they refused to accept Imam’s plea, he entered the fold of Imam and fought for him and attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Martyrdom of a collective number of companions of Imam Husayn (a.s)

As regards Umar bin Khalid Saydawi, Jabir bin Haris Salmani, Sa’ad the retainer of Umar bin Khalid, and Mujme’ bin Abdullah Aezi, they came out with their swords in the beginning of the battle. They attacked the Kufan army and entered their ranks. The enemies too responded to their attack and surrounded them while separating them from their companions. Seeing this Abbas bin Ali (a.s.) hastened towards them and rescued them from their clutches. Then when again the enemies advanced further, they attacked them and fought, until they all attained martyrdom at one place. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon them).

Martyrdom of Suwayd bin ‘Amr bin Abi Muta’

Azdi says that Zuhayr bin Abdul Rahman Khas’ami narrated to me that the last person (among the companions) to remain with Imam Husayn (a.s.) was Suwayd bin ‘Amr bin Abi Muta’. He fought with the enemies, until he was totally wounded and fell unconscious upon the ground among the martyrs. When he regained consciousness, he heard that Imam Husayn (a.s.) was mar­tyred and he arose in fright. They had taken away his sword, but he had a dagger with him and he lifted it up. He fought with them for sometime until he was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him). His murderers were Urwah bin Bata‘ Tughlabi and Zayd bin Raqqad, while he was the last martyr (in the battle of Karbala).

Sayyid ibn Tawoos, while praising him says, that he was a nobleman and recited Prayers abundantly. Then he fought like a ferocious lion and re­mained firm until he fell down (unconscious) among the martyrs.

I, (the author) say that there is difference of opinion in the narration of the Shi’ah and Sunni historians, traditionists and the authors of Maqtal, regarding the sequence of the martyrdom of the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.), their total number, and their Rajaz. Some of them have discussed the former ones in the end and the latter ones in the beginning. Some have mentioned their names and Rajaz only, while still others have mentioned regarding the martyrdom of some and left some.

Till here I have relied upon the reports of the ancient reliable histor­ians, thus a group of the martyrs have been left out, whose martyrdom have yet to be discussed. Henceforth I discuss their martyrdom on the sequence given by Shaikh Muhammad bin Ali bin Shahr Ashob, as quoted in his book Manaqib.

According to this sequence, first Hurr entered the battlefield followed by Burayr bin Khuzayr, while their martyrdoms have already been discussed. Then Wahab bin Abdullah bin Habbab Kalbi came out into the battlefield. His mother too was accompanying him on that day, who told him, “Arise O son! And defend the grandson of the Prophet of Allah (S).” Wahab replied, “Verily I shall not act miserly.” Thus he came out into the battlefield while saying: “If you do not know me, I am from Bani Kalb, very soon you will see me and my sword, and will behold my attack and influence in bat­tle, I will seek my revenge after the revenge of my companions, and I will ward off grief and affliction before my grief, to fight me in the battle­field is not a joke.”

He attacked the Kufan army and killed a group among them one after the other. Then he returned back to his mother and wife and stood facing them and said, “O mother! Are you pleased now”? She replied, “I shall not be pleased until you attain martyrdom in the presence of Imam Husayn (a.s).” Then his wife said, “I request you in the name of Allah not to bereave me.” Hearing this his mother said, “O dear son! Do not accept what she says, go and fight in the way of the grandson of the Prophet, so that he may inter­cede for you on the day of Qiyamah.”

Wahab returned back saying: “I swear to you O Umm Wahab, to strike them with spears and sword, similar to the swordsmanship of a youth who believes in the Almighty, so as to give a taste of the bitter battle to this nation, I am valorous and a youth possessing a clear-cut sword, I am not fearful during battle, Allah, the Wise, is sufficient for me.”

Then he lay siege until he had killed nineteen horsemen and twelve foot-soldiers. Both his hands were severed, seeing this his mother lifted a peg of the tent and ran towards him saying, “May my parents be your ransom! Strive in the way of the Household of the Prophet of Allah.” Wahab proceed­ed further so as to return her back to the tents, when she caught hold of his shirt and said, “I shall not return back until I am killed along with you.” When Imam Husayn (a.s.) saw this he said,

“May Allah reward you favorably due to the right of my family! Return back to the ladies, may Allah have mercy upon you.”

Hearing this the woman returned back and Wahab fought until he was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

The wife of Wahab came and sat at his head and started wiping the blood from the face of her husband. When Shimr saw her, he commanded his retainer to strike her with his club. He did so and she was the first woman to attain martyrdom in the ranks of Imam Husayn (a.s.) (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon her).

It is stated in Rawzatul Wa’ezeen and Amali of Shakh Saduq, that formerly Wahab bin Wahab and his mother were Christians, and they had accepted Islam at the hands of Imam Husayn (a.s.). They accompanied the Imam to Karbala, and on the day of Ashura’ Wahab mounted his horse, while a peg of the tent was in his hands. He fought until he had killed seven or eight men among the enemies. Then he was arrested and taken to Umar bin Sa’ad, who ordered him to be beheaded.

Allamah Majlisi says, that he saw in a narration that Wahab was formerly a Christian, then he along with his mother accepted Islam at the hands of Imam Husayn (a.s.). When he entered the battlefield, he put to sword twenty-four foot soldiers and twelve horsemen. Then he was arrested and brought to Umar bin Sa’ad who told him, “What a marvelous valor you possess.”

Then he ordered him to be beheaded. He was beheaded and his head was thrown towards the tents of Imam Husayn (a.s.). His mother lifted his head up and kissed it, then she threw it towards the army of Umar bin Sa’ad, which hit a man and killed him. Then she lifted up a peg of the tents and killed two others until Imam Husayn (a.s.) saw her and said,

“O mother of Wahab! Return back. You and your son will be along with the Prophet of Allah, while Jehad is lifted off from the women.”

Hearing this she returned back saying, “O Lord! Do not disappoint me.” Imam told her,

“May your Lord not disappoint you, O mother of Wahab”!

Then ‘Amr bin Khalid Azdi Saydawi came out into the battlefield and told Imam Husayn (a.s.), “O Aba Abdillah! I desire to be united with your companions, and I dislike to see you lonely and martyred.” Imam replied,

“Go forth, and very soon we too shall join you.”

He advanced further saying: “O self! Proceed towards the Beneficent Lord, with glad tidings of spirit­uality and sweet basil, today you shall receive favor for the virtues which you had performed, which is written down upon the Tablet near the Re­warder Lord, do not fear nor be frightful, for every living thing will face destruction, while patience has a more part in your peace, O group of Azd from Bani Qahtan.” Then he fought and was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

It is narrated in Manaqib that then his son Khalid followed him saying: “Have patience upon the death of Bani Qahtan, so as to acquire pleasure of the Beneficent Lord of Grandeur, Glory and Demonstration, and of Eminence, Longevity and Benevolence, O dear father! You have reached Paradise in the palace of the best of pearls.” He advanced further and fought until he too was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

After him Sa’ad bin Hanzalah Tamimi, who was from the noblemen in the army of Imam Husayn (a.s.), stepped into the battlefield saying: “Have patience upon the swords and spears, have patience upon it to enter Paradise, and reach the Hoor al Ein of delicacy, (like) the one who wishes victory and success, and it is not only doubt or guess, O self! Strive for tranquility and try to acquire righteousness.”

He lay siege and attacked severely and was ultimately martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then Umayr bin Abdullah Mazhaji came out reciting the following Rajaz: “The Bani Sa’ad and Mazhaj know, that during battle I am a ferocious Lion, I strike my sword upon the head of a well-equipped man, and throw the warrior upon the ground, and make him a morsel for the Wolf and a lame Hyena.” He continued fighting until Muslim Zababi and Abdullah Bajali killed him. (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Muslim bin Awsaja followed him, whose martyrdom has already been discussed.

Then Abdul Rahman Yaznee stepped into the battlefield saying: “I am the son of Abdullah from the progeny of Yazn, I am on the Religion of Husayn and Hasan, I strike you with the sword of a Yemeni youth, through which I desire the Audience of the Giver of Refuge.” And then attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

After him Yahya bin Saleem Mazani came out reciting the following Rajaz: “I will strike the army with a decisive sword, a swift sword which hastens towards the enemies, I am not inefficient nor frightful, and nor do I fear the approaching death.” And he too met with the same fate (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Qurrah bin Abi Qurrah Ghifari followed him reciting the following Rajaz: “The entire progeny of Ghifar rightly knows, as also the Bani Khandaf after the progeny of Nizar, that undoubtedly I am a Lion in the heat of the battle, and I pound and strike at the group of the adulterers with the sword, in defense of the Progeny of the Righteous.” He put to sword sixty-eight men, and was killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then Malik bin Anas Kahili stepped into the battlefield saying, “The child­ren of Ali are adherents of Allah, while the children of Umayyah are adher­ents of Shaitan.” Then he killed fourteen men, while some say that he killed eighteen and was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

I (the author) strongly perceive, that Malik bin Anas Kahili, referred to above, is none other than Anas bin Haris Kahili, the companion (of Prophet Muhammad [s.a.w.s.]). Ibn Aseer Jazari in Asadul Ghabah says that Anas bin Malik was one of the natives of Kufa. Ash’as bin Saleem relates from his father, who says that the Holy Prophet (S) once said,

“This son of mine (referring to Imam Husayn) would be killed at a place in Iraq, then whoever remains at that moment should assist him.”

Thus he was martyred along with Imam Husayn (a.s.).

Shaikh Ibn Nima in his Museerul Ehzan says that then Anas bin Haris Kahili came into the battlefield saying: “Our clan of Kahil along with Dawdan knows, as also Khandaf and Qays Aylan, that my nation is in trouble, O nation! Turn into a ferocious Lion, and welcome the nation with a swift sword, the Progeny of Ali are the followers of the Beneficent (Lord), while the progeny of Harb, the followers of Shaitan.”

I (the author) say that he is referred to as Kahili because of his ancestor Kahil. In the related Ziyarat-e-Nahiyah, it is stated thus: “Peace be upon Anas bin al Kahili as Asadi.”

Then ‘Amr bin Muta’ Jo’fi stepped out saying: “Today the striking of the sword is a pleasure for us, for the sake of Husayn the violent attack, by this means we desire success and refuge against the fire of hell, when there will be no expectation of refuge.” And he was killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

He was followed by Jaun bin Malik, the freed retainer of Abu Zarr Ghifari. (Malhoof) He (Jaun) was a black retainer. Imam Husayn (a.s.) told him,

“I give you permission to leave, for you were in our midst in our times of happiness, then do not imprison yourself in our way.”

Jaun replied, “O son of the Prophet of Allah (S)! I have been feeding at your place during the days of happiness (and security), then how can I desert you in hardship? By Allah! The smell of my sweat is dirty, my lineage low, while my color is dark. Then permit me Paradise, so that my smell may turn into a pleasant fragrance, my lineage noble and my face may be illuminated. By Allah! No, I shall not desert you until this black blood of mine mixes with your pure blood.”

Then he came out into the battlefield saying: “How do the polytheists find the striking of a black sword, in defense of the children of Muhammad (S)? I will defend them with my words and my hands, while I desire Paradise on the day of Qiyamah through this.” Then he was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

(Malhoof) He (Jaun) killed twenty-five men and was martyred. Imam Husayn (a.s.) came and stood near his head and said,

“O Allah! Illuminate his face, fragrant his smell, include him among the devout ones and make him known near Your Muhammad (s.a.w.s).”

Imam Muhammad al Baqir (a.s.) relates that when people came to the plain of Karbala to bury the martyrs, they found the corpse of Jaun after ten days from which fragrance of Musk was emanating.

Then Anees bin Ma’qal Asbahi came out reciting: “I am Anees the son of Ma’qal, and my right hand possesses a clear-cut sword, which I raise upon the heads in the heat of the battle, in defense of Husayn the honorable, endowed with distinction, the son of the Prophet of Allah, who is the best of all Prophets.” He killed above twenty men and attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

He was followed by Yazeed bin Muhajir (Abul Sha’sa Kindi), whose martyrdom we have already discussed.

Then Hajjaj bin Masrooq Jo’fi, the Muezzin (Prayer caller) of Imam Husayn (a.s.), stepped into the battlefield saying: “Proceed forward O Husayn, who are a guide and a guided one! Today you shall meet your Grandfather the Prophet, and your Father Ali, the possessor of munificence, whom we recognize through the Revelation.” He put to sword twenty-five men and was killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then Sa’eed bin Abdullah Hanafi, Habib bin Mazahir Asadi, Zuhayr bin Qayn Bajali and Nafe’ bin Hilal Jamali attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon them). (Their martyrdom have already been discussed).

Janadah bin Haris Ansari followed them while reciting: “I am Janad and am the son of Haris, I am neither fearful nor impotent, until my heirs inherit from me, today my body will lay upon the earth.” And then he was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then his son ‘Amr bin Janadah came out saying: “Strangle the neck of the son of Hind, and throw towards them this year the horsemen of Muhajereen and Ansar, who had dyed their spears in the heat of the battle against the polytheists during the days of Prophet Muhammad (S), and today they will be dyed with the blood of the adulterers, today they will be dyed with the blood of the base men, who have forsaken the Qur’an in defense of evil, they have come to avenge the blood of (the battle of) Badr, for which they have brought clear-cut swords and spears, I swear by my Lord, I will keep striking the mischievous people with my swift and clear-cut sword, it is rightly incumbent upon Azdi that daily he should meet the enemy, and throw him down and attack while proceeding further.” Then he fought and was killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Thereafter a youth, whose father had already been killed, came out into the battlefield. His mother told him, “O dear son! Step out and fight in the presence of the grandson of the Prophet of Allah (S).” When the youth stepped out, Imam saw him and said,

“The father of this youth has been killed, perhaps his mother would not like him to come out into the battle.”

The youth replied, “Rather my mother has ordered me to do so.” Then he stepped into the battlefield reciting the following: “My Master is Husayn and what a Best Master, who is the delight of the heart of the conveyor of good deeds and a warner Prophet (S), Ali (a.s.) is his father and Fatima (a.s.) his mother, do you know anyone who is his co-equal? His countenance is like a shining star, and his forehead like a full moon bright.”

When he was martyred (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him), his head was thrown towards the tents of Imam Husayn (a.s.). His mother lifted up his head and said, “Well done my dear son! O contentment of my heart! O coolness of my eyes”! Saying this she threw away his head towards a man who was killed by it. Then she lifted a peg of the tent and attacked them while saying: “I am a feeble and old maid of my master, whose (my) house is empty and who has turned frail and weak, but I will strike at you vio­lently, in defense of the children of the Noble Fatima (a.s.).” She killed two men by it, seeing this Imam called her back and prayed for her.

I (the author) strongly perceive that the youth was none other than the son of Muslim bin Awsaja Asadi. For the report as stated in Rawzatul Ehbab and Rawzatush Shohada, in context of the martyrdom of the son of Muslim bin Awsaja after the martyrdom of his father, is quite similar to this. (Allah knows best).

Then a Turkish retainer of Imam Husayn (a.s.), who was a memorizer (Hafiz) of the Qur’an, stepped out while reciting the following Rajaz: “The ocean will set on fire due to my striking with the sword and spear, and the atmosphere will become full of my shooting arrows, when the sword comes into my right hand, the heart of the envious bursts.”

He killed numerous men, and some say that he killed seventy men and then fell down from his horse. Imam Husayn (a.s.) came to him and wept and placed his cheek upon that of his retainer. He opened his eyes and saw the face of Imam (a.s.) and smiled and left for the heavenly abode (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

He was followed by Malik bin Dawdan, who came out saying: “This stroke towards you is from Malik who is a ferocious Lion, the stroke of the one who defends the liberal and honorable people, and who desires reward from Allah, the Possessor of favor.” And then attained martyrdom (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then Abu Samamah Saedi followed him while saying: “Condolence for the Progeny of Mustafa (S) and his daughters, due to the siege by the enemies of the son of Muhammad (S), the best of humans, condolence for Zahra (a.s.), the daughter of the Prophet and for her husband, who is a treasure of knowledge after the Prophet, condolence for the dwellers of the East and the West, and wail for the army of Husayn, the good doer, then who is there to reach my message to the Prophet and his daughter, that your son is fallen in trouble.” Then he fell a martyr. (May Allah’s Mercy and Bless­ings be upon him).

He was followed by Ibraheem bin Haseen Asadi, who was saying: “I will strike at your joints and calves with the sword, so that this nation spills my blood, and Abu Ishaq may attain martyrdom, by the nation I mean the mischievous sons of adulteress women.” Then he was killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

Then ‘Amr bin Qartah followed, whose martyrdom we have already mentioned.

He was followed by Ahmad bin Muhammad Hashmi, who was reciting: “Today I shall test my ancestry and my Religion, through my clear-cut sword which is in my right hand, and I shall defend my Religion in battle with it.” And was ultimately killed (May Allah’s Mercy and Blessings be upon him).

It is quoted in Manaqib, that the group of companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) who fell martyr in the first raid were:

(1) Na’eem bin Ajalan, (2) Imran bin Ka’ab bin Haris Ashja’ee, (3) Hanzalah bin ‘Amr Shaybani, (4) Qasit bin Zuhayr, (5) Kinanah bin Ateeq, (6) ‘Amr bin Mashee’ah, (7) Zarghamah bin Malik, (8) Amir bin Muslim, (9) Sayf bin Malik Namiri, (10) Abdul Rahman Arhabi, (11) Mujme’ A’ezi, (12) Habbab bin Haris, (13) ‘Amr Janda’ee, (14) Jallas bin ‘Amr Rasebee, (15) Sawar bin Abi Umayr Fahmi, (16) Ammar bin Abi Salamah Walani, (17) Mas’ood bin Hajjaj, (18) Abdullah bin Urwa Ghifari, (19) Zuhayr bin Basheer Khas’ami, (20) Ammar bin Hissan, (21) Abdullah bin Umayr, (22) Muslim bin Kaseer, (23) Zuhayr bin Saleem, (24) & (25) Abdullah and Ubaydullah sons of Zayd Basari, (26) Umroh, the retainer of Imam Husayn (a.s.), (27) & (28) two freed retainers of Imam Ali (a.s.), (29) Zahir ‘Amr, the Retainer of Ibn Humaq. (May Allah’s Mercy and Bless­ings be upon them).

In my (the author’s) opinion, the name of the (above referred) last person is quoted wrongly, while the correct one is Zahir, the Retainer of ‘Amr bin Humaq. Thus in the Ziyarat-e-Nahiyah, referring to the martyrs, and the related Ziyarat-e-Rajabiyah (as quoted in Misbahuz Zaer), it is quoted: “Peace be upon Zahir, the Retainer of ‘Amr bin Humaq Khuza’i.” Thus it is correct that the one referred to is the same.

The proficient Erudite Qazi Mo’man Misri says that ‘Amr bin Humaq was among the Emigrant companions (Muhajereen) of the Holy Prophet (S) and the Tabe’een for whom Paradise was proclaimed by the Prophet, and who remained (faithful) with Imam Ali (a.s.). ‘Amr remained alive after the death of Imam Ali (a.s.). Once when Mu’awiyah pursued him, he fled away to an island, along with him was another companion of Imam Ali (a.s.) named Zahir. Both of them dismounted at a valley and a snake bit ‘Amr at mid­night.

When it dawned, a tumor appeared and ‘Amr told Zahir, “Move away from me, for I have heard my friend the Holy Prophet (S) saying that the genies and men will be involved in my murder, and very soon I will be killed.” They were talking when suddenly they saw the necks of horses, who were in pursuit of ‘Amr. ‘Amr told Zahir, “O Zahir! Hide yourself, and then when they have killed me and taken away my head and left my body, you may bury me.”

Zahir said, “No I shall not do so, but I will fight them with my arrows and when they are exhausted, I too will be killed along with you.” ‘Amr replied, “Do what I tell you to do. Allah will give you success in that.” Thus Zahir hid himself and the people came and killed him. Then they beheaded ‘Amr and took his head along with them, this being the first head in Islam, which was raised on a lance. When they returned back, Zahir came out of his hiding and buried ‘Amr, after that he remained alive until he was martyred along with Imam Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala.2

Thus it is proved through this narration that Zahir was from among the distinguished companions of Imam Ali (a.s.). He was equal in rank to ‘Amr bin Humaq Khuza’i, the companion of the Prophet of Allah (S) and the disciple of Imam Ali (a.s.). He was a virtuous slave (of Allah), whom excessive worship had made old, body feeble and his color pale. He had the good fortune of burying ‘Amr, his felicity was favored until he made assisting Imam Husayn (a.s.) his sustenance, and attained martyrdom.

And among the progeny of Zahir is Abu Ja’far Zahir bin Muhammad bin Sinan, who was from among the companions of Imam Moosa al Kazim (a.s.), Imam Ali ar Ridha’ (a.s.) and Imam Muhammad al Jawad (a.s.).

Furthermore it should be noted that the historians have quoted the names of some persons, who were present on the tenth of Muharram to assist Imam Husayn (a.s.), but they saved themselves and fled away.

(1) A retainer of Abdul Rahman bin Abd Rabbah Ansari. And as has been stated earlier that he said that, “When I saw the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) falling down I fled away (in fright) leaving them behind.”3

(3) Marqa’ bin Tamamah Asadi. Tabari and Ibn Aseer say that he had spread his quiver of arrows upon the ground while kneeling down, and was fighting until a group of people from his relatives came to him and offered him protection and told him to return back to them. He returned back with them, and Umar bin Sa’ad took him to the presence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad and related to him regarding him. Ubaydullah banished him to Zarah. Firozabadi says that Zarah is a reed-bed and the name of an area in Misr and Tarabuloos, and is also a (name of the) mountain in Bahrayn, which has a water spring.

(5) Uqbah bin Sam’an. Tabari and Ibn Aseer say that Umar bin Sa’ad arrest­ed him and he was a servant of Rabab (a.s.), the wife of Imam Husayn (a.s.) and daughter of Imru al Qays Kalbi and mother of Sakinah (a.s.). When Umar inquired from him as to what position he held, he replied that he was a retainer and did not have authority, thus Umar released him.

(7) Zahhak bin Abdullah Mashriqi. We deem appropriate to relate about him. Loot bin Yahya Azdi says, that Abdullah bin Asim Hamadani has related to him that Zahhak bin Abdullah Mashriqi told him that: I along with Malik bin Nazr Arhabi came to the presence of Imam Husayn (a.s.). We saluted him and sat near him. Imam replied our salutations, then after welcoming us in­quired as to why we came there. We replied, “We have come here to offer salutations to you and pray regarding your well-being, besides renewing our sight of you. Besides we have come to inform you that the people of Kufa have united to fight you, thus you may take your decision.” Imam replied, “Allah is sufficient and the best Judge for me.” We related to him the vice of the people, then we made a farewell salute and prayed for his well-being, while asking his permission to leave. Imam said, “Why do you not assist me”? Malik bin Nazr replied that, “I am under debt and have child­ren”, while I said that, “I am indebted too even while having no children, then if you promise to excuse me at the time when my defending you would not be beneficial to you, I shall remain with you.” Imam replied that, “In that case you are free to do so”. Thus I remained behind with him.

Thus Zahhak bin Abdullah remained along with Imam Husayn (a.s.) till the day of Ashura’, and he has related reports from him regarding the day and night of Ashura’. He further says that: When I saw that all the compan­ions of the Imam have been martyred, while the enemies had laid their hands upon him and his family, and no one, except Suwayd bin ‘Amr Khas’ami and Basheer bin ‘Amr Hazramee was there. I came up to him and said, “O son of the Prophet of Allah! Do you remember what pact was made between us, and I had promised that until the fighters remain with you I shall fight along with them, if not I shall be free. And you had agreed to it.” Imam replied,

“You have spoken the truth, but then how will you save yourself? Then if you can do so, you are at liberty.”

At the time when the horses of the companions were being wounded, while arrows were being shot, I secretly hid my horse in one of the tents of the companions, and I defended on foot. Then I killed two persons in front of Imam and severed the hand of another. That day Imam told me several times,

“Do not severe the hands of anyone, may Allah not amputate your hands! May Allah reward you due to the Proge­ny of your Prophet.”

Then when he gave me the permission, I went and brought my horse from the tent and sat on it. Then I spurned it until it stood on its feet and I rushed from the midst of the army. They gave me the way until I galloped away, while fifteen horsemen started pursuing me, until I reached the village of Shafiyah near the bank of Euphrates.

They came near me and when I turned around, Kaseer bin Abdullah Sha’abi, Ayyub bin Mushreh Haywani and Qays bin Abdullah Saedi recognized me. They said, “This is Zahhak bin Abdullah Mashriqi, our cousin. We request you in the name of Allah to lift your hands off him.” Hearing this three men from among the Bani Tameem sided with them and others too followed suit, thus Allah saved me.

Abdullah bin Abbas rightly said, while being reprimanded for not siding with Imam Husayn (a.s.) (in Karbala), “Not a single person from among the companions (to be martyred in Karbala) could be deleted nor added. We knew them by their names even before meeting them.”

Muhammad bin Hanafiyah said, “Their [the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) (in Karbala)] names along with the names of their fathers was written with us. May my parents be their ransom, I wish I would have been along with them, I too would have reached the great achievement.”

The noble and trustworthy Shaikh Muhammad bin Hasan Saffar Qummi, who died in Qum in the year 290 A.H., relates in his book Basaerud Darajat from Huzayfa Ghifari, that when Imam Hasan (a.s.) entered into a peace treaty with Mu’awiyah and returned back to Madina, I was along with him. A Camel laden with load was along with him every time and Imam never let it go away from his sight. One day I inquired of him, “May I be your ransom O Aba Muhammad! What is this load which is never separated from you”? Imam replied,

“O Huzayfa! Do you not know what it contains”?

I replied in the negative. Imam Hasan (a.s.) replied,

“This is a register.”

I asked him as to what register was it. He replied,

“It is a register containing the names of our Shi’ah.”

I asked, “Please show me my name in it.” Imam told me to come the next morning. I went in the morning accompanied by my nephew, who knew to read, while I did not know to do so. Imam asked me as to why I had come early in the morning? I replied that I had come to see that what he had promised me. Imam Hasan (a.s.) asked,

“Who is this youth along with you”?

I said that he was my nephew and knew how to read, while I did not know. He signaled us to sit down. Imam ordered that the centre register be brought. The register was brought and when my nephew opened it to see, the letters therein shone. Then while reading, he suddenly said, “O uncle! Here is my name.” I said, “May your mother mourn you! Read my name.” After scrutiny he showed me my name and we were overjoyed, and this youth was martyred along with Imam Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala.

Receding to the account of the condition of the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.)

The books of martyrdom state, that the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) started coming to him one after the other and saying, “Peace be upon you O son of the Prophet of Allah”! Imam would reply to their salutations and would say,

“Very soon we too shall follow you.”

Then he recited the follow­ing verse of the Qur’an;

“Of the believers are the men who are true to what they covenanted with Allah, of them is he who fulfilled his vow and of them is he who awaits (its fulfillment), and they have changed not in the least.” (Surah al-Ahzaab, 33:23.)

“The cup of death rotates above them, and they have closed their eyes against the world, similar to an inebriate, their bodies have reached death upon the earth in his love, and they souls have ascended in the curtains upon the high heavens, then they have not occupied a place except near their friend, but they have not ascended due to anxiety.”

Sayyid ibn Tawoos says that the companions of Imam Husayn (a.s.) competed with one another to sacrifice themselves for him. They were such as has been said regarding them: “They are group who are called to defend at times of anxiety, and some of the soldiers are occupied in striking with the spears and some to gather the valorous, they have worn their hearts upon their armors, as if they preceded one another in sacrificing their lives.”

Shaikh Ibn Nima says regarding their valor, self-sacrifice and their defense (of the son of the Prophet of Allah): “When they lift up their wheatish colored lances and resolve firmly, then the Lions of the thicket flee away in fright, to the name of the mill-stone of the ferocious battle are warrior weapons, when they lay siege their adversaries are in a loss, when they dig their legs in the battlefield, then their promised place is the day of Qiyamah.”

Ibn Abil Hadeed in his Sharhe Nahjul Balagha says, that a person who was among the army of Umar bin Sa’ad in Karbala was asked, “Woe be to you! You have murdered the progeny of the Prophet of Allah”? To which he replied, “Put stones in between your teeth (keep quite)! If you had seen (that day) what we saw, you too would have done what we did. Valorous persons equipped with swords, who were similar to the male Lions, attacked us.

They would fling the valorous on the left and right and would fall upon death. They would not accept protection, nor be allured by wealth. There was nothing for them except acquiring dominion or death. If we had held back our hands from them even for a short time, they would have annihilated our entire army. What would we have done at that moment”?

Shaikh Abu ‘Amr Kashshi says that Habib was one of those seventy men, who had assisted Imam Husayn (a.s.). They were forwarding their chests in front of the lances and their faces (in front) of the edge of the swords. They were offered protection and abundant wealth, but they refused to accept the same saying, “We do not have any excuse to offer the Holy Prophet (S) that we remained alive while Imam Husayn (a.s.) was killed, until we all are killed.”

I (the Author) say that, “The companions of our Master Imam Husayn (a.s.) hold a great right upon all the Muslims. It is appropriate that here we quote a short couplet from their praises thus fulfilling an insignificant part of their rights, for they were similar to what has been said by their eulogizers. [Here the author quotes two couplets, which I forego]

Wahab Al Nasrani – The Christian Martyr

In the midst of the scorching deserts of Karbala and the deadly thirst, Hussain and his valiant 72 followers stood like a GREAT WALL against the hypocrites. Amongst these heroes is the young Wahab Al-Nasrani (The Christian), a brave Warrior who reverted to Islam before his martyrdom.

Zuhayr ibn Qayn al-Bajali

Dramatization of the Martyrdom of Zuhayr ibn Qayn one of the heroic companions of Aba Abdillah (A) Imam Husayn (A) on the day of Ashura (Muharram 10, 61AH) against the forces of the despotic tyrant Yazid ibn Muawiyyah headed by Omar ibn Sa’ad and Shimr ibn Dhil Jawshan on the plain of Karbala in Iraq.

This portion shows the night of Ashura when Aba Abdillah (A) removed any obligation to remain from the companions and the candles were blown out.

It shows the heroic statements of Zuhayr ibn Qayn to the army of Yazid and in particular to Ibn Sa’ad and Ibn Dhil Jawshan. It shows his fight, and the break he requested for prayers.

It shows that famous prayer of love that imam Husayn (A) led his followers in while a barrage of arrows from the Army of the enemies of Allah fell upon the prayers.

Ultimately it shows the final stand of Zuhayr ibn Qayn (A) against the forces of evil and his ultimate martyrdom.

Habib ibn Mazahir

Bibi Zainab said to her brother: “Brother Husayn! Thousands of soldiers are gathering to fight you. We have hardly 72 men with us. Do you not have anyone to come to your help?”

“My sister Zainab, many wanted to join me during the journey from Medina to Kerbala. I politely discouraged them because their intention was not truthful. Many joined and have run away during the journey because they were scared of dying.”

He continued: “Zainab! My sister! Falsehood can buy many supporters, but truth has only a few friends. The soldiers on the other side have been bought. They prefer happiness in this world than in the world hereafter. My 72 truthful men prefer happiness in the world hereafter and that is why they are with me.”

That night, Imam Husayn wrote a letter to his childhood friend, Habib lbne Mazaahir, who was in Kufa.

Kufa was blocked off and nobody was allowed to leave.
Habib Ibne Mazaahir did not know the whereabouts of Imam Husayn until the letter from Husayn arrived at his house. At the time he was having breakfast with his wife and a young son. Habib read the letter from Husayn. He kissed it and tears began to flow from his eyes. His wife asked him what was wrong. Habib said: “I have received a letter from my master, Husayn. He has asked me to join him in Kerbala. Yazid’s soldiers have surrounded him and are after his life.”

Habib’s wife said: “Habib! Your childhood friend has called you. Your master needs your help. What are you waiting for? Go Habib, before it is too late!”

Habib’s worry was how to escape from Kufa without being seen. He instructed his slave to take his horse to a farm outside the city and to wait for him there. The slave did as he was told. The slave took Habib’s horse to a farm outside the city. He waited for his master. His master was delayed.

The slave started talking to the horse: “O horse! Master Husayn is in trouble. He needs help. He has asked my master Habib to join him. Master Habib is late. Horse If he does not manage to escape from Kufa, I will ride on you and go to Husayn’s help.”

At Asr time, most of the men were in mosque. Habib managed to reach the farm where his horse was waiting.

He quickly mounted his horse and said to his slave: “Go, my friend, Go! I am freeing you from my services”

“Master! You are not being fair. I have served you faithfully for years. Now, I have a chance to serve the son of Bibi Fatemah, and you are asking me to go. Why are you denying me a place in Heaven’?”

Habib was taken aback by the words of his slave. He was pleased to hear that he had recognised the difference between the truth and the wrongful. He wanted to sacrifice his life for truth. Habib asked his slave to mount his horse. Together they galloped towards Kerbala. Habib reached Kerbala late in the evening. Imam Husayn greeted him with great affection.

Bibi Zainab heard that Habib had come. She asked her maid, Fizza, to convey her greetings to Habib.

When Habib heard that Bibi Zainab had sent greetings to him, he screamed out in grief and anger. He threw his turban down on to the ground. He slapped his face. Tears rolled down his cheeks as he spoke: “What a sad day! What has happened to the household of Bibi Fatemah? The princess! Grand-daughter of the Holy prophet, the daughter of Ali and Fatemah is sending her greetings to an ordinary person like me! Yazid! You beast, you tyrant! What have you done to the household of Bibi Fatemah?”

Days and nights of Moharram passed by, and Ashura came.

At dawn, Ali Akber gave Adhan for the last time. Yazid’s soldiers blew the trumpets to start the battle. One-by-one, Husayn’s companions went to the battlefield and gave their lives for Islam. Between Zohr and Asr time, Habib lbne Mazaahir came to Husayn. He said: “My Master, Husayn, allow me to go to the battlefield. Let me sacrifice my life for Islam.”

“Habib, my childhood friend. Stay with me. You give comfort to me, my friend.”

Habib persisted with his request. Eventually Husayn gave his permission. Husayn mounted his friend, Habib, on the horse. Habib lbne Mazaahir rode into the battlefield. He fought bravely but was finally over-powered. He fell to the ground. As Habib ibne Mazaahir fell to the ground, an enemy soldier came over and cut off his head. All the marytrs of Kerbala had their heads cut off, but Habib’s was the first to be cut off by the enemy. Habib’s head was not hung on the spearhead like that of the other martyr’s. Habib’s head was tied to a horse and pulled along the land of Kerbala.

Later on, in Shaam, Habib’s head was tied to a horse’s neck. A young boy, called Qasim, followed the horse wherever it went. One day, the man riding the horse asked the young boy Qasim: “Why are you following me around? What do you want? Qasim just looked at the head hanging from the horse’s neck. The man asked again: “Why are you staring at the head”.

“This head is the head of my father, Habib ibne Mazaahir; please give it to me so that I can bury my father’s head.” Habib’s head seemed to look at his son and say: “My son Qasim, you are thinking of burying my head. What about the head of Husayn on that spearhead?”