When Madina-al-Munauwara became the Capital of Islamic State and the flag of Islam was being hoisted in and around this city. In the month (Shaban) 5 Hijra the Holy Prophet (pbuh) received the news that the people ofwere gathering together against him (pbuh), and that their chief Harith bin Zarar was making plans for attacking. He was very strong and proudly. He had a very beautiful daughter and he gave her hands in marriage with Masfah bin Safwan.
The Holy Prophet (pbuh) sent Buraida bin Haseeb (RA) to conduct a detailed enquiry. He gave the report that all the people of “Banu Mustaliq” were bent upon a battle and that they were fully preplanned for the attack on Madina-al-Munauwara. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) made up his mind to meet “Banu Mustaliq”. He (pbuh) decided to lead a strong army of 700 companions. A’isha Siddiqua (RA) also accompanied him (pbuh). He (pbuh) met them at “Al-Muraausi” where there was a good water reservoir. In the fight, some of their men were killed and their women and children were made captives, their property was taken as spoils. Harith bin Zarar escaped from the battlefield Masfah bin Safwan was also killed.
When the captives were distributed among the participants, Juwairiyah (RA) was givin to Thabit bin Qais (RA). She was not in a position to get back her freedom by paying ransom. She was very beautiful and at the same time most straight forward and courageous woman. She approached the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and explained her position and requested for help; as reported by A’isha Siddiqua (RA) as: You can appreciate the plight in which I have beed landed. I feel to the lot of Thabit bin Qais (RA) and have given him “Mukatba” i.e. deed for her redemption) for my redemption. I have now come to seek your help in this matter. The Prophet (pbuh) said Would you like something better than this? I shall discharge your debt and marry you. She Merrily accepted the proposal thus she became “Ummul-Mumineen” i.e. the mother of the believers.
By virtue of this marriage the people of “Banu Mustaliq” were the relatives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The Muslims released those they were held. A’isha Siddiqua (RA) commented “I do not know any woman who was a greater blessing to her people than Juwairiyah (RA). Her original name was also “Barat” which the Prophet (pbuh) changed as Juwairiyah (RA).
Juwairiyah (RA) was verey beautiful and she used to spend her time in praying. She also made a corner of the room as Mosque and meditated there. She was very genius and had pleasing manners. Once the Prophet (pbuh) visited her in the early hours of the day, she was praying “Nawafil”. He calmly retreated. A little before to noon He (pbuh) again passed by her room and found her still on her prayer carpet. He (pbuh) stepped in and stayed for sometime then He (pbuh) said “Juwairiyah (RA), are you continually praying from morning? She Said “Yes, O Prophet (pbuh) of Allah!”. The Prophet (pbuh) told her that He (pbuh) would give her a special “Zikr” which if you pronounced it will fetch her more blessings than the “Nawafil” of the whole day.
It is reported that Harith also accepted Islam along with the other people of “Banu Mustaliq”. This was another blessing to the people of “Banu Mustaliq” because of Juwairiyah (RA). After the demise of the Prophet (pbuh) both Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) and Umer Farooq (RA) grated 12,000 Dirhams during their “Khilafat” (Governing). It is also reported that Umer Farooq (RA) wanted to give Juwairiyah (RA) and Safiyah (RA) only 6,000 Dirhams each as pension. But they refused to take and stating that Umar Farooq (RA) did not consider them on par with the other “Ummul-Mumineen”. Ultimately granted them also 12,000 Dirhams as pension.
She died in the year 50 Hijra at the age of about 65 years. Her funeral prayer was offered by Marwan bin Hakam.
MAY ALLAH (S.T.) BE PLEASED WITH HER.
Ummul mo’mineen Hazrate Juwairiya bint Haariṡ radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha :
Aap ko wilaadat 608 A.D. me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Haariṡ ibn Abi Diraar hai.
Aap ke waalid Banu Mustaliq qabeele ke sardaar the.
Banu Mustaliq qabeele waalo ne Madeena munawwara par hamle karne ki tajweej ki. Musalmano ko is ka pata chal gaya aur unho ne 700 muslimo ke lashkar ke saath kooch ki aur al-Muraisi tak pahunche. Pehle musalamno ki taraf se Banu Mustaliq apnaane ki daawat di gai. Magar Banu Mustaliq ne inkaar kiya aur jang ki tayyari ki.
Sha’abaan 6 Hijri (December 627A.D.) me maqaam e Muraisi par Banu Mustaliq aur musalamano ke bich jung hui. Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko muhaajireen ke sardaar banaaye gaye aur Hazrat Sa’ad bin Ubadah al- Khazraaji radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ko ansaar ke sardaar banaaye gaye. Jung me ek musalman shaheed hue aur Musalmano ne jung me fateh haasil ki.
Juwairiya ke shohar Musaafi bin Safwaan bhi jung me qatl hue. Aur Juwairiya ko dusre logo ke saath qaid kiya gaya. Aur Aap ko Ṡaabit bin Qays ko diya gaya.
Aap ke waalid Aap ko riha karaane ke liye bahot saare oont lekar Madeena pahunche. Madeena me daakhil hone se pehle unho ne un oonto me se apne pasandeeda 2 behtar mazboot oont ek waadi me chhupa diye. Jab Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam se mulaaqat hui to unho ne kaha ke ‘In oonto ko rakh lo aur meri beti ko aazaad kar do.’ Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne un se farmaaya ‘Aur un 2 oonto ka kya jo tum waadi me rakhkar aaye ho?’ Ye sunkar Haariṡ ibn Abi Diraar ko yaqeen ho gaya ke ‘Huzoor Mohammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ALLĀH ta’ala ke bheje hue Nabi e saadiq hain.’ Aur unho ne kalma padhkar Islaam apna liya.
Is duraan Aap Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ki baargaah me aai aur arz kiya ‘Main qabeele ke sardaar ki beti hu aur ab ghulaamo waala sulook bardaasht karna mere liye mumkin nahi. Aap meri najaat ka koi raasta bata’iye.’
Aap ki baat sunkar Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne farmaaya ‘Main behtar raasta bataata hu. Aap mujh se nikaah kar lo.’
Ye baat sunkar Aap behad khush hui. Aur Aap ne Islaam apnaaya.
6 Hijri (628A.D.) me Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alahi wa sallam ne Aap se nikaah kiya tab Huzoor sallallāhu alahi wa sallam ki umr 58 saal thi aur Aap ki umr 20 saal thi.
Huzoor sallallāhu alahi wa sallam ne Banu Mustaliq ke logo ko aazaad kar diya. Baad me un me se bahot saare logo ne Islaam apnaaya.
Aap ka naam ‘Barrah’ tha. Huzoor Rasool-Allāh sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Aap ka naam ‘Juwairiya’ rakha.
Aap bahot khubsurat, zaheen aur faseeh thi.
Aap bahot ibaadat guzaar aur parhezgaar thi.
Aap har mahine me 3 roze rakhti thi.
Aap ka wisaal 10 Safar 50 Hijri (670 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Jannatul Baqi, Madeena munawwara me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Ummul mo’mineen Hazrate Juwairiya binte Haariṡ radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anha aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.