Name and Lineage:His name is MUHAMMAD son of MUHAMMAD BUKHARI.
Homeland: He belonged to the ‘Khwarezm’. When his father passed away, he did not accept anything from the inheritance.
Acquisition of Knowledge: He was engaged in getting knowledge in a Madrasah of Bukhara. He got marriage with a daughter of Hazrat Khawajah Naqshband رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ during student life. When a desire of seeking the right way created in his heart, then he went to Hazrat Khwajah رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ and by abandoning traditional sciences, he derived a way.
Allegiance and Caliphate(Khilafat): He got the allegiance and khilafat from Hazrat Khwajah Bahauddin Naqshbandi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ .
Character and Peculiarities: He was the first khalifah and absolute successor of Hazrat Khwajah Naqshband رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . The saintly eyes of Hazrat Khwajah رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ particularly focused on him. He used to say to him to sit down close to him in religious gathering and he would pay attention to him again and again. Some people asked for that reason, he replied that I sit him close to me lest wolf might eat him. The wolf of his psyche is in ambushing position. For that, I keep on asking for his condition every moment. Therefore, he swiftly reached the higher status through the great attention of Hazrat Khwajah Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ . Hazrat Khawajah Sahib رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ used to entrust the training of many students to him in his life and would say, Alauddin reduced my burden. Much saintly blessings and signs appeared by Khawajah Sahib. Many students got the nearness and perfection’s status through his blessed company. Some saints stated that Qudwa-tul-Muhaqqiqeen who were his companions, used to say, unless I went to Sheikh Zainuddin’s company, I did not get rid of from the schism. Similarly, as long as I got the companion of Khawajah Alauddin Attar رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ , I could not recognize to Almighty Allah. Hazrat Khawajah Alauddin Sahi رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ has the specific saintly order that is called ‘Alaaiyah’. Hazrat Mujaddid-e-Alf-e-Thani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ mentioned it in his letters with detail. (Daftar-e-Awwal, Maktoob 290)
Demise: After Isha prayer, he passed away on Monday in 20 Rajab-ul-Murajjab 802 AH. His Shrine is in Chaghaniyan town.
Hazrat Khwājā Alā’uddīn al-Attār al-Bukhārī radiyAllāhu anhu (d.804H) was son-in-law and the chief deputy of the founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi order Hadhrat Khwaja Baha ad-Din Naqshband al-Bukhari radiyAllāhu anhu.
He passed away on Wednesday 20 Rajab 804 AH (23 February 1402). He is buried at Jafaaniyan, Transoxiana (Uzbekistan).
Among his deputies, the famous ones are the following:
- His noble son, Khwājā Hasan Attār quddisa sirruh (d.826 AH), who was also one of the leading shaykhs of the Naqsbhandiyyah. He left one son named Khwājā Yūsuf Attār and many other deputies who spread this noble path.
- Mawlānā Nizām al-Dīn Khāmūsh. He was a man of miracles. Among his deputies was Shaykh Sa’d al-Dīn Kāshgharī.
- Sayyid Sharīf al-Jurjānī (d.824 AH). He is the author of these books:
- Wahdat al-Wujūd (The Unicity of Being)
- Ta’rīfāt (Definitions)
Aap apne waalid ki taraf se miraaṡ me jo kuchh mila tha wo sab kuchh apne bhaaio ko dekar Bukhara aa gaye aur ta’aleem haasil ki.
Aap ne Hazrat Khwaja Sayyed Muhammad Baha-ud-deen Naqshband se Tasawwuf ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Ek raat ko Huzoor sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ne Hazrat Khwaja Sayyed Baha-ud-deen Naqshband ko khwaab me bashaarat dekar apni beti ka nikaah Ala-ud-deen Attaar se karaane ke liye farmaaya. Hazrat foran raat ko hi Qasr ul Aarifan se Bukhara tashreef laaye aur Madrasa me pahunche to dekha ke Ala-ud-deen Attaar chiraag ki roshni me tilaawat e Qur’an kar rahe hain. Aap tilaawat me is qadar mashgool the Hazrat andar aakar aap ke pichhe khade ho gaye tab bhi Aap ko pata nahi chala. Jab Hazrat ne aap ko khushkhabari sunaai to Aap ne kaha ‘Main to sab kuchh chhodkar aaya hu. Aap ki beti ke guzaare ke liye mere paas koi maal nahi hai.’ Hazrat ne farmaaya ‘ALLĀH ne tumhari qismat me jo likha hai wo tumhe zaroor ata farmaega.’
Aap ka nikaah Hazrat Khwaja Sayyed Muhammad Baha-ud-deen Naqshband ki saahabzaadi se hua.
Aap ke saahabzaade Khwaja Hasan Attaar hain.
Aap aksar waqt Peer ki khidmat me aur Ibaadat o riyaazat me guzaarte.
Aap Wali e kaamil hai aur Aalim un Aamil hain ya’ni apne ilm par mukammal amal karne waale.
Aap ilm e Rabbaani ke darakht ke be-misaal phal hain.
Aap Hazrat Khwaja Sayyed Muhammad Baha-ud-deen Naqshband rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Khwaja Hasan Attaar
(2) Khwaja Shaikh Ya’aqoob Charkhi
(3) Khwaja Maulana Nizaam-ud-deen Khaamosh
(4) Khwaja Sayyed Shareef al-Jurjani.
Aap farmaate hain :
(1) Agar Mureed ke dil me Peer ke liye itni mohabbat ho ke Peer ki mohabbat dusri tamaam mohabbat se badh jaaye to us ka qalb baatini ilm aur faiz paane ke qaabil ho jaata hai aur ye faiz is tarah jaari rehta hai ke na us ka aaghaaz hai na kinaara.
(2) Jab koi ALLĀH ke fazl se Dunya aur aakhirat ko bhul jaata hai to ye ‘Fana Fillāh’ hai aur agar ‘Fana’ ko bhi bhul jaata hai toye ‘Fana Fillāh’ ki asl (Essence) hai.
(3) Agar tum ye sochte ho ke tumhara sulook achha hai to tum galat ho, kyun ki khud ke sulook ko behtar samajhna ye bhi Takabbur ki ek qism hai.
2 Rajab 804 Hijri ko Aap ne farmaaya ‘Jald hi main is dunya ko chhodkar ukhra ki taraf jaane waala hu aur koi mujhe rok nahi sakega.’
Aap ka wisaal 20 Rajab 804 Hijri (23 February 1402 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Jafaaniyan, Transoxiana (Uzbekistan) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Khwaja Ala-ud-deen Mohammad Attaar rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.