Hazrat Syed Shah Raju Mohammed Mohammed al- Hussaini Qattal r.a

Name and his title

    His name is well known and famous as  Hazrat Syed Shah Yousuf al- Hussaini and his title is known as Qattal but he is very famous and well known as Shah Raju Qattal Hussaini. He is connected with Hazrat Khaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz of Gulberga in 8th generation.

Genealogical record.

1.Hazrat Syed Shah Raju  Hussaini.

2.Hazrat Syed Shah Safirullah Hussaini.

3.Hazrat Syed Shah Raju Hussaini of Bijapur.

4.Hazrat Syed Shah Safirullah Hussaini.

5.Hazrat Syed Shah Asadullah Hussaini.

  1. Hazrat Syed Shah Askerullah Hussaini.
  2. Hazrat Syed Shah Safirullah Hussaini.
  3. Hazrat Syed Shah Akberullah Hussaini.

9.Hazrat Khaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz of Gulberga.

Meaning of Qattal.

    The title of Qattal is attached with so many holy saints  and its meaning is to  have completion of Rah Saluk (mystic initiation). This title is added to the names of such Sufi saints who had done Jihad (struggle) with their Nafas (souls) and this is very great status and so with this title  the holy saints were becoming famous and well known. Shah Raju Qattal used to do jihad (struggle) with his Nafas (soul) and for this reason his name was becoming famous and well known as Qattal.

Birth, early education and training.

     He was born in the year 1002 Hegira in Bejapur city. When he was growing up and he has completed the stages of Zaheri (outside) and Batini (inside) education under  the supervision of his uncle Hazrat Syed Akber Mohammed Mohammed al-Hussaini and upon completion of the above education his uncle after his Bait (pledging spiritual allegiance)   has awarded him  caliphate.  He was great pious personally of his time in the Deccan (South Deccan)  region so he was well known and famous as man of miracles and knowledge of Allah  and he has  connection with   Khaja Bande Nawaz of Gulberga in the 8th generation.

    Even though this is small chapter but its importance  is so great due to  the coverage of many interesting events and positive information  in it so it is like an ocean of knowledge and information of  the above holy saint who passed away from the world upon doing  his great endeavours and  many hard tasks for the preaching and propagation of Islam in  Deccan area  so this  chapter is  small  one but  it   will present the ocean of knowledge and information for the guidance of people towards  the right path of Islam. Syed Shah Raju Qattal did many great endeavours and hard tasks in this matter  in  Hyderabad and around it so he was perfect in the following things. 1.Zahed (Ascetic). 2.Taqwa (piety). 3.Worship. 4.Mystic exercise. 5.Meditation. 6.Engagement.

Arrival in Hyderabad.

     During the last period of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah of Golconda Kingdom he was arriving in the city of Hyderabad along with his uncle Hazrat Syed Shah Akber Mohammed Mohammed al Hussaini and his uncle’s grave is available in outside of Ghazi Banda where he is famous there as a great Sufi saint of Deccan (South India) so for this reason people of the Deccan (South India) used to visit  the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of the Sheikh’s name.    Sultan of Golconda Abdullah Qutub Shah has shown him great respect and honour and granted him daily allowance and due to this reason he was free from economic struggle  so he was always busy in the worship and meditation of Allah.

His conduct and character.

As he was perfect in the following things.

1.Zuhed (Ascetic). 2.Taqwa (Piety). 3.Worship. 4.Mystical exercise. 5.Meditation. 6.Engagement.

     So for the above reasons  the large number of persons used to visit him and become his disciples and devotees . Due to his personality not only poor persons, but also rich and wealthy persons were benefitted a lot. And many persons used to get the benefits of both worlds  from  him as per his Irdat (devotion). His presence was a great source of blessing for the mankind. For needy and poor persons he was a great source for them to fulfil their needs and requirements. In his shrine there were always a large number of disciples and Darwesh persons used to present there in large number. For this reason Sheikh used to help them and his service and attention as well favour with them was so great because he used to study their problems and grievances personally and solve them soon by the kind grace and help of Allah. His treatment was very kind to his disciples and Darwesh persons and he used to love and like them all sincerely.

His teachings.

     He was perfect in the knowledge of Islam. He was used to teach in the shrine regularly and in his teaching the following subjects were added.

1.Exegesis (commentary) of Quranic verses. He used to explain the disciples about Israr (secrets) and Ramoz (hints) which are coming to known by generation to generation by Seena Ba Seena (secrets) and which were used to disclose to the holy saints of Allah and for this reason the compiler of the book ‘Miskawat’ wrote the following details  about his shrine and teaching methods which are as follows.  “His shrine was always full of disciples and Darwesh persons and who used to present there  for  his  teaching and preaching work of Islam. His teaching and preaching work of Islam was a great record work of his time that he was busy in this work for a period of 50 years  in this matter and in which  the following persons used to attend his  teaching and preaching classes.”

1.General persons.2.Learned persons.3.Poor persons.4.Rich persons. 5.Persons of all Maslak (school of thought) and belief.

     Due to his teaching and preaching work larger number of persons  have become his disciples. The Talib (student) used to make a pledge (Bay’ah) to him as his Murshid  and the Talib (student)  becomes initiated as a Murid and the students used to follow Islamic rules and regulation in their lives as per practice of the Allah’s final apostle. He was not only a great pious personality of his time,   but he was also a great preacher of his time, so in brief he was  great Sufi master of his time in the Deccan (South of India) and  who did many great endeavours  for the Islamic religion and he was most successful  in the preaching and propagation work of Islam  in the area of  the Deccan (South India)  and around this region  and there was no such personality during  his time.

His main teachings.

    In his shrine he used to teach about Ilahiat (metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world, although the term is not easily defined). Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms:1.What is there? 2.What is it like?  l) Due to his teachings  and  his  best style of explanation and for this reason the following things will be removed from the disciples and devotees. 1.Tang Nazri (narrow outlook). 2.Tang deli (mean nature). Due to the above teachings there will be improvement of the following things. 1.In heart. 2.Insight. Due to above teachings there will be positive results and benefits  that the feelings  of prejudice and hate as well as  mean feelings  will  be changed into love and affection.

Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah’s devotion.

      Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah  was his great devotee   and he used to respect  and treat him with great honour and for this reason he was granted many villages for the expenditure of the shrine. He was used to present personally in his shrine occasionally and he used to spend some of his time in the shrine to hear Sheikh’s teaching and preaching of Islamic knowledges and his advices.

Prediction.

     In his shrine there was one young man Abul Hasan and who belongs to the royal family of Golconda  and he used to present always in his service. Once Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah  was returning from the shrine after his meeting with Sheikh and  by chance at that time Abul Hasan came to the shrine so for this reason  Sheikh  suddenly told that  one Sultan is going and another is coming there. So for the above information the disciples were surprised at this matter and but could not able to understand the meaning in this matter. Also the disciples will know well that  the words of holy persons will have meaning in it and they do not say anything without meaning and without purpose.  The Sheikh has  also awarded him the title of small king to Abul Hasan and for this reason all persons in the shrine come to know that Abul Hasan will  be going to get his higher status and position in the Golconda kingdom.

Miracles.

    He was a great mystic person and pious personality of his time. He did many great acts and miracles. We are mentioning herewith Sheikh’s great   miracle which is as follows. The marriage of second daughter of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah was proposed with one person Syed Sultan who was relative of his first son in law and due to some strange matter suddenly one day before the marriage Sultan’s elder daughter  and her husband visited the royal palace has complained about  the rude behavior  of Syed Sultan and  they requested  with him  to cancel his marriage offer and they forced him in this matter  and for this reason  Sultan was very upset and become angry with Syed Sultan and ordered for the cancellation of his marriage with his second daughter. But as a matter of fact the marriage arrangements were ready in the palace as the marriage of Syed Sultan was fixed for the next day. So all these arrangements were cancelled and were stopped suddenly.

     As Sultan has cancelled the proposed marriage on the advice of her daughter and his son in law, but he was very upset and angry in this matter as the marriage ceremony   was fixed the next day but there was no groom available to celebrate the function. So for  reason the search of another groom  was started in the palace and at last  they searched Abul Hasan and he was a member of the  royal family and   the Sultan  has called him  for  the marriage proposal with his second daughter.

Attention for Abul Hasan.

     The details of the marriage of Abul Hasan are mentioned as follows.     The Sheikh first started the celebration of marriage of Abul Hasan in the shrine before the Golconda palace. So Sheikh has called Abul Hasan on this matter and he came there and  with great respect and honour and he has put down his head  with great humility and kissed his foot with kind attention and respect. Upon Abul Hasan’s arrival in the shrine Sheikh has informed the good news of his  marriage with Sultan Abdulla Qutub’s second daughter so for this reason the disciples and devotees were surprised in this matter as they could not understand this news as the marriage of the second daughter of the Sultan was fixed by  the relative of the Sultan’s first son in law and which scheduled to  be celebrated next day . So for this reason all persons in the shrine could not understand the details of the marriage of Abul Hasan with Sultan Abdulla Qutub’s second daughter.

     In the palace marriage process was started and in the night the ceremony of Mehandi (henna) of the bride was scheduled to be organized.

     On the same day at the evening time Sheikh went into the garden which was closed in the shrine  area and in which he has looked the flowers and buds there and he was collecting some buds  and flower which  were good as per his selection and he told  Abul Hasan the details  which are as follows. “ Abul Hasan : tonight king’s daughter will be decorated with Mehandi  (henna) so come to me so that I will also put some Mahnadi (henna) dye on your palms   and he was having the  flowers of henna and  flowers of Abbas (mitabilis jalopa)  which he was collected from the shrine garden so he put these flowers on his palms  and pressed them for some time to dye  henna colour on his palms.

     At that time came Sultan’s companions and royal policemen came to  the shrine with palanquin and  they have asked  with the Shaikh about  Abul Hasan so  at that time  Sheikh  has told  called him as Tana Shah and asked him to go to palace as he has  already performed his marriage with the Sultan’s daughter and from that time the title of Tana Sha become famous and well known in the Golconda palace.

     Upon permission of  the Sheikh the royal police and companions who brought palanquin for Abul Hasan and took him in it to Golconda palace and  they took him to the royal bath room for  his bath and upon his bath they gave him the robe of honour to wear and after all these process of the marriage  they took Abul Hasan to the royal court where all marriage  arrangements were ready  and were at final situation since many days,  so the Sultan has given permission to the Qazi (judge) for the completion of bond of  the marriage so in this way the marriage ceremony  was performed in happy atmosphere and on grand scale and guard of honour were arranged and guns were fired in the Golconda fort on the happy celebration of the marriage of princess of Golconda with Abul Hasan Tana Shah.  Upon the marriage the drums and kettle drums were started in the Golconda fort on the happy occasion of the marriage of the Sultan’s daughter.

Syed Sultan’s anxiety.

     He was ready with all his arrangements for his marriage with the royal princess of Golconda fort and it was strange that he was not known what  was happening in the fort of Golconda and actually he was not known that the princess of Golconda was already married with Abul Hasan Tana Shah. So when he heard the guard of honour, then he was surprised at this matter  and told his companions that still he is in residence why there is guard honour in this  matter?. So the companions have informed him that the princess was  already married to another person named as Abul Hasan so you are ignored in this matter and  they explained  him all details of the event.

    So for the above reason Syed Sultan was very upset and angry in this matter and he was very disappointed in this matter  and he  said that all his wishes  and desires of the heart were not fulfilled and due to this reason he was suffering a great loss in his life. Due to the above situation he decided to take revenge against Sultan of Golconda and wants to do some misdeeds in this matter, but his companions have advised him that to be cool down and  to have patience in this matter otherwise he will face insult and shame in this matter.

    So for this reason he has decided to leave the fort of Golconda for ever due to his great loss and misfortune and he has left the fort of Golconda and travelled to see Sultan Aurangzeb Almagir and explained him all details of the event which was happened in the fort of Golconda and for this reason Sultan Aurgazeb Alamgir  has consoled him and have given some position among his companions and slowly Syed Sultan has improved his position under the rule of Sultan Aurangzeb Alamgir and reached to the post of 7,000  grades position and after some months he was married with  the daughter of famous general  Mir Jumla.

One fact.

     Abul Hasan, who becomes afterwards as Sultan Abul Hasan Tana Shah and crowned in the year 1083 Hegira in  Golconda so it was predicted from a great pious personality of his time, which was proved correct by the kindness of Allah and title of Tana Shah awarded by  Sheikh become well known and famous in the world.

14 Seeds  of Pomegranate.

     It is stated that one day Sheikh has given him one piece of a pomegranate and asked him to count how many seeds are there in it?. So Tana Shah has counted them and replied him that there are  fourteen seeds in it. So  Sheikh told him that your  rule  over the kingdom of Golconda  will be for a period of 14 years only. So it had happened as per the prediction of the Sheikh and Tana Shah ruled over the Kingdom of Golconda for a period  of 14 years and his rule was coming to an end in the year 1097 Hegira and in this way Tana Shah becomes the last ruler of the Kingdom of the Qutub Shahi dynasty.

 

 

  

 

The grave of Sultan Abul Hasan Tana Shah in Khuldabad.

 

Death.

    To write about this great  Sufi saint  and  great preacher is not only it is difficult and but it is very hard task as he was not only a great pious personality of his time in the area of the Deccan (South India)  but he was also a great preacher  and he did his preaching work in Hyderabad for a period of 50 years  and details of his teaching and preaching work  have briefly  mentioned as follows. 1.Teaching and preaching. 2.Favour of Zaheri (outside) and Batini (inside).

     So in brief he was Qu’tub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of his time in the Deccan region and left the world on 22nd Safar in the 1092 Hegira in the period of Sultan Abul Hasan Tana Shah of Golconda. But some historians have mentioned the date of his death as 7th Jamid Awwal  but all have confirmed the year 1092 Hegira is correct as per record of history. He was buried in  the shrine which is located in outside of Fathe Darwaza in Misri Gung street, Hyderabad  and his mausoleum  in a Missri Gung area which is famous even today for the fulfillment of desires and wishes of the persons who visit his  mausoleum there.

Mausoleum.

     Abul Hasan Tana has constructed a big tomb over his grave due to his great respect and devotion and tomb was built in the grand style. But still the plastering work is not completed and colourful work of the tomb is also is pending and construction work was not completed due to invasion of Sultan Aurangzeb Almagir on the Golconda fort and after the end of the Qutub Shahi Kingdom in Golconda. The height of the tomb and its grand style of construction still attracts the visitors and engineers there and its height is 50 feet high and it is well known and famous that it is a highest tomb in India and the tomb was constructed with stones and it is  based on 112 pillars and height of each pillar is 25 feet.

Devotion  of kings.

    As  Abul Hasan Tana Shah has personal experience of shrine life  so due to predictions of his 14 years of his rule, he has granted 14 estates to Shaikh  to  meet the expenditure of the shrine and Lunger Khana ( public kitchen). For the construction  and maintenance of the tomb   he has granted one village called Maoza Zair Gumbad.

    After the end of the Golconda Kingdom, Sultan Aurangzeb Alma Gir upon conquering the Golconda fort renewed old grants of the Qutub Shahi dynasty to the shrine and also granted one more village Kanga Khurd  to the shrine custodian Syed Shah Ali Hussain for the shrine expenditure. Alamgir also issued orders for  cash grants for the expenditure of the public kitchen at the shrine. So in this way after the end of Qutub Shahi rule the Mughal rule has taken the care and maintenance work  of the shrine  and sanctioned all expenditure in this matter.

    Also, after the end of Mughal rule the Asif Jahi rule of Hyderabad was started, but in the above 3 rules Hazrat Raju Qattal’s Rohani’ (spiritual) rule was continued and till date there is no change in this matter. So for the above reason King of Hyderabad Nizam Ali Khan has arranged golden Klas (spire pinnacle) on the tomb due to his respect and devotion. Fazelat Unnisa Begum, who was the mother of Nasir Doulah on the occasion of the birth of his son has arranged wooden frame around the grave in side the tomb in the year 1208 Hegira and  this shows her admiration and also   prove  her Irdat (devotion).

 Brief teachings.

    Hazrat Raju Hussaini was engaged his tongue and his pen  in the following. 1.For the welfare and prosperity of the mankind.2. To restore relations of mankind to the creator. 3. Healthy Society. 4. Prejudice.5. Narrow mindness.

    With the propagation of the above teachings and he was able to stop above bad feelings and promoted good manner and conduct among his disciples and devotees in the Deccan (South India) and till this date such good things are still available in the Deccan (South India).

    Due to the system of the shrine the message of peace and brotherhood was spread not only in the Deccan area  but it was spread  all over India.

There was changes due to time and the rulers were also changed but the importance of this great Sheikh of Deccan is not  have been decreased because he was great Sheikh and due to  the coverage of his life  with many interesting events and positive information  in it so for this reason his teaching and preaching are like an ocean of knowledge and information and he was  passed  away from the world upon doing  his great endeavours and  many hard tasks for the preaching and propagation of Islam in  the Deccan area  so his life   will present the ocean of knowledge and information for the guidance of people towards  the right path of Allah.

    So for the above reason his name and fame will remain till  the day of judgement  and his Rohani (spiritual) favour and attention will be available to the people of all times in the future by the kind grace of Allah.

The Urs (death anniversary).

     The Urs is celebrated on 14,15, 16th Safar every  year of the Muslim calendar on the grand scale and on the 14th Safar sandal ceremony is organized and on 15th Safar the  lights are illuminated on the mausoleum.    On this occasion people from various walks of life, irrespective of caste and creed, assemble to celebrate the Urs (death anniversary) which takes place on the above dates of Muslim calendar at the famous mausoleum of Hazrat Syed Shah Raju Qattal every year. Several hundred thousand devotees from near and far, irrespective of religion and beliefs, gather  there to seek blessings. During the above ceremony  the visitors in large number will visit the shrine for the fulfillment of their desires and wishes for the sake of Sheikh’s name so in this way the above ceremony will be celebrated on a grand scale  and the visitors will visit the mausoleum from near and far away places. The Urs (the anniversary day)  is being performed by the trustees of the shrine every year in  the best possible manner in the comfort and  best service to the visitors of the shrine. The visitors  of the shrine are provided food  and benediction on this occasion.

Conclusion.

       To write about this great  Sufi saint  is not only it is difficult and but it is very hard task as he was not only a great pious personality of his time in the area of the Deccan (South India)  but he was also a great   preacher of Islamic  knowledge , so in brief he was Qu’tub (highest cadre in spiritual pivot at axis) of his time in the Deccan region.