Hazrat Khwāja Imām Muhammad Ma’sūm Fārūqī Sirhindī Naqshbandī (1007-1079 AH) was the third son and successor of Mujaddid Alf-e-Sānī Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī (971-1034 AH), may Allah be pleased with them both.
He was born in 1007 AH (1598/1599 C.E) in Sirhind (India).
At the age of 11, his father took him as a murid and trained him in tarīqat.
Hazrat Khwaja used to say that all my prayers, whether Fard or Nawāfil, are offered over the Arsh.
This great sun of guidance left this mortal world on Saturday 9th Rabī al-Awwal 1079 AH (16/17 August 1668). In the night before this sad day, a voice was heard in every house of Sirhind that tomorrow morning the Qayyūm of this time will depart from this mortal world to the eternal place.
Deputies and descendants
According to an authentic narration, Imam Ma’sūm had about nine hundred thousand direct disciples and seven thousand of them were authorized as deputies in the Sufi Path. Many names of his deputies are found in various sources. All six of his sons received deputyship from him and were among his chief deputies.
From the great number of deputies, ten are known to be the greatest and more prominent than others. These include his six exalted sons, two from his noble family, and two others. Following is the list of his deputies that are known from authentic sources. The top ten are the most dignified deputies.
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sibghat-Allāh Sirhindī (1033-1122 AH), his eldest son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Naqshband, alias Hujjat-Allāh (1034-1115 AH), his 2nd son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Ubaid-Allāh (1038-1083 AH), his 3rd son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Ashraf (1043-1118 AH), his 4th son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Saif ad-Dīn (1049-1096 AH), his 5th son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Siddīq (1059-1131 AH), his 6th son
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abul-Qāsim Sirhindī (1055-1082 AH), son of Khwaja Sibghat-Allāh (his grandson)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Ahad alias Hadhrat Wahdat (d.1126 AH), son of Khwāja Muhammad Sa’īd son of Imām Rabbānī (his nephew)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Hanīf Kābulī (d. 1078 AH)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Siddīq Pishāwarī (d. 1092 AH), son of Khwaja Abd al-Ghafur Samarqandi who was a deputy of Imam Rabbani
- Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Muhsin Dihlawī
- Hadhrat Mīrzā Amān-Allāh Burhānpurī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Abul-Muzaffar Burhānpurī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Alīm Jalālābādī, buried in Shahjahanpur, India
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muftī Muhammad Bāqir Lāhorī (d. 1109 AH)
- Hadhrat Mirzā Ubaid-Allāh Beg
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Hasan Alī Pishāwarī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Mūsā Bhattī-Kothī (d. 1123 AH)
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Badr ad-Dīn Sultānpurī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Hāfiz Abd al-Karīm Tūhānī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Bāyazīd Sahāranpurī, son of Shaykh Badī’ ad-Dīn Sahāranpurī who was deputy of Imām Rabbānī
- Hadhrat Hājī Habīb-Allāh Hisārī Bukhārī (d. 1110 AH), buried in Bukhārā, Uzbekistan
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Murād Kashmīrī Shāmī (d.1125 AH), buried in Jerusalem, Palestine
- Ḥaḍrat Makhdūm Ādam Thattvī Sindhī (Thattā, Sindh)
- Hadhrat Sayyid Yūsuf Gardezī Multānī (d. 1090 AH), buried in Multan, Pakistan
- Hadhrat Mīr Sharf ad-Dīn Husain Lāhorī (d. 1103 AH), buried in Lahore, Pakistan. His wife was also authorized by Imam Muhammad Ma’sum to hold dhikr circles for women.
- Hadhrat Shaykh Anwar Nūrsarāī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Husain Mansūr Jālandharī
- Hadhrat Akhund Mawlānā Sijāwal Sirhindī
- Hadhrat Mīr Rif’at Beg Gurzdār
- Hadhrat Shaykh Pīr Dihlawī, buried in Delhi
- Hadhrat Shāh Husain Ushāq Aurangābādī (d. 1109 AH)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abd as-Samad Kābulī (d. 1108 AH)
- Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Karīm Kābulī (d. 1114 AH), buried in Kabul, Afghanistan
- Hadhrat Shaykh Qāsim Kābulī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Amīn Hāfizābādī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Atā’-Allāh Sūratī, buried in Aurangābād, India
- Hadhrat Shaykh Nūr Muhammad Sūratī
- Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhsin Siyālkotī
- Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Sharīf Lāhorī
- Hadhrat Hājī Amān-Allāh Lāhorī (d. 1110 AH), buried in Lahore, Pakistan
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Fārūq Lāhorī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Ārif Lāhorī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Amīn Bukhārī Pishāwarī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Salīm Balkhī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Muhammad Āshūr Bukhārī (d. 1107 AH), buried in Delhi, India
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hāfiz Muhammad Sādiq Kābulī, buried in Sirhind, India
- Hadhrat Shaykh Nazar Beg Samarqandī
- Hadhrat Sayyid Isrā’īl Dihlawī
- Hadhrat Khwāja Māh Dihlawī son of Khwāja Abd ar-Rahmān Naqshbandī
- Hadhrat Mīr Ghazanfar Dihlawī
- Hadhrat Mīr Ārif, grandson of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
- Hadhrat Mīr Abd al-Fattāh, son of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Jān, son of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Jān Muhammad Warsakī
- Hadhrat Mīr Ammād Harvī al-Husainī
- Hadhrat Mīr Sharf ad-Dīn Husain, son of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
- Hadhrat Mīr Mufākhir Husain, son of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
- Hadhrat Mīr Muzaffar Husain
- Hadhrat Mīr Muhammad Zamān Rāsikh (d. 1107 AH), grandson of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sharīf Bukhārī
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Latīf Bukhārī, brother of Khwāja Muhammad Sharīf Bukhārī
- Hadhrat Sūfī Pāindah Muhammad Kābulī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Pāindah Muhammad Kābulī, a great poet and author of Majma’ al-Bahrain
- Hadhrat Sūfī Abd ar-Raūf Kābulī
- Hadhrat Mīr Māh Arab
- Hadhrat Sūfī Sa’d-Allāh Kābulī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Abd al-Khāliq Bangālī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Rahīmdād Afghān
- Hadhrat Shaykh Ghulām Muhammad Afghān
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Khān Afghān
- Hadhrat Shaykh Ahmad Khān Afghān
- Hadhrat Hāfiz Shahāb ad-Dīn
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Latīf Pishāwarī
- Hadhrat Sūfī Dost Muhammad Beg Pishāwarī
- Hadhrat Mīr Alī Murād Sirhindī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Mīr Muhammad Khāfī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Shāh Khwājah Tirmidhī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Asad-Allāh Afghān
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Fārūq son of Khwaja Abd al-Ghafur Samarqandi
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Jamāl ad-Dīn
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Afzal
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Husain
- Hadhrat Sūfī Nūr Beg
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Qāsim Rūparī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Faiz Muhammad Fateh-ābādī
- Hadhrat Miyān Dinār (a third-gender servant of Mughal emperor Shāhjahān)
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Yār alias Khudā Parast Khān (d. 1123 AH)
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Qul Ahmad Turk, moved to the Haramain Sharīfain
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Yūsuf the Muazzin
- Hadhrat Mīr Muhammad Ma’sūm Sirhindī
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Mu’min Jazbī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Muhammad Jān Tāliqānī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Mu’min Beg Burhānpurī
- Hadhrat Mīr Mughal Kābulī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Mu’min Beg Kābulī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Khwāja Musāfir
- Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Hamīd Burhānpurī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Kāshif
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Sharīf Kābulī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Hakīm Bukhārī
- Hadhrat Makhdūm Kabīr Muhammad Thattvī (Thattā, Sindh)
- Hadhrat Shaykh Ibrāhīm Bakrī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Nūr-Allāh Lāhorī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Hakīm Bukhārī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Hasan Dihlawī
- Hadhrat Sūfī Abd ar-Rahmān
- Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Latīf Lashkarkhānī
- Hadhrat Shāh Fat’h-Allāh, shaykh of Khwāja Abd ar-Rasūl Siddīqī Ahmadābādī who was the shaykh of Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī Sindhi, a famous scholar of Sindh (Yanābī’, by Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī)
- Hadhrat Sayyid Zain al-Ābidīn Yamanī Muhaddith Madanī
- Hadhrat Shaykh Umar Shāfi’ī Yamanī
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq Bukhārī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd-Allāh Hijāzī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Shaykh Abd ar-Rahmān al-Qarāsmānī
- Hadhrat Mawlana Shaykh Alī Yamanī
- Hadhrat Mawlana Shaykh Abū Turāb
- Hadhrat Shaykh Abd-Allāh Maghribī Sūfī
Islamic rule in India
Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (1027-1118 AH) was his murid since his princehood, and continued to be a true lover and disciple of the Imam. After the Imam’s demise in 1079 AH, he remained loyal and sincere follower of the noble sons of Imam, who were then the greatest masters of the Mujaddidi order.
Imam Masoom not only trained Aurangzeb in the Mujaddidi Sufi path, he also took great care to provide Shariah guidance to the king in matters of the state. It was because of this spiritual and religious guidance that Aurangzeb governed the greater India with Shariah rule and banned non-Islamic practices such as music. Khwaja Saifuddin, the fifth son of Imam Masoom, was sent to accompany the king in Delhi and to instruct him to follow Shariah in the day-to-day matters of the court. The emperor not only obeyed the instructions of this great Khwaja, he also received spiritual training from him for which he thanked Imam Ma’soom in a letter.
Many other kings from Central Asia were direct disciples of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Masoom. The number of Nawabs and other local rulers who were among his sincere followers is countless.
Arabic translation of selected letters
Bengali translation of selected letters, translated by Anisur Rahman, published by Hakimabad Khanka-e-Mozaddedia
English translation of selected letters, available for purchase online
Risalah Masoomiyah (with Sindhi translation, in handwriting), a collection of daily supplications from Sunnah. The original Farsi text is still unavailable in digital format.
Hasanāt-ul-Haramain (Farsi with Urdu translation), collection of spiritual visions (Mushāhidāt) of Imam Muhammad Masoom during his Hajj journey. Written by his son Khwaja Muhammad Ubaydullah Sirhindi. Translated in Urdu by Muhammad Iqbal Mujaddidi.
The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Shaykh Muhammad Saif ad-Dīn Sirhindī.
- Umdat al-Maqāmāt (Persian) by Khwāja Muhammad Fadhl-Allāh Sirhindī Mujaddidī, First Edition, pp. 339-341
- Yanābī’ al-Hayāt al-Abadiyah, by Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī Naqshbandī
May Allah Sanctify His Soul
In the Place of refuge my heart sought refuge,
shot with enmity’s arrows.
O Mercy of God for His slaves, God placed His trust in you
among all inanimate forms.
O House of my Lord, O light of my heart, O coolness of my eyes,
O my heart within!
O true secret of the heart of existence, my sacred trust,
my purest love!
O Direction to which I turn from every quarter and valley,
From subsistence in the Real, then from on high,
from self-extinction, then from the depths!
O Kacba of Allah, O my life, O path of good fortune,
O my guidance!
God sheds His light on your court, and something of His light
appears in the heart.
Ibn `Arabi, al-Futuhat al-Makkiyyah.
He is The Rope of Allah (cUrwat-il-Wuthqa), the Pious Guide who combined in himself the sharaca and Reality (haqiqat) and he showed the difference between Ignorance and True Guidance. He was born in the year 1007 H. He was educated by his father from the special knowledge of saints. He sat on the Throne of Guidance in the Naqshbandi Way after the passing of his Shaykh, at the age of 26 years. He became famous everywhere. His name was known on every tongue, and kings acknowledged his greatness in his time. People were flocking to him from everywhere.
He was a saint from his childhood. He never accepted to nurse in Ramadan. He spoke on the Knowledge of Oneness at the age of three by saying, “I am the earth, I am the heavens, I am God… I am this, I am that.” He memorized the Qur’an in three months at the age of six. He was trying through his heart to learn the true knowledge, Sharacat and aqaqat and he reached the high state of these knowledges. He was considered at the age of 17 years to be the greatest scholar of his time. He was very truthful in all his Legal decisions (fatawa). He accepted neither innovation nor licenses.
His father Sayiddina Ah mad al-Faruqi, testified when he was young that a very great power would appear in him. One time he said to his father Sayiddina Ahmad al-Faruqi, “I am seeing myself as a life that is moving in every atom of the atoms of these universes. And these universes are taking light from it as the earth takes light from the sun.” His father said, “O my son, that means you are going to be the Qutb (Spiritual Pole) of your time. Remember that from me.”
He said to him one time, “you have been molded from the residue of my residue, which was the the residue of the Prophet’s clay .”
He said, “I have poured into my son Muhammad Masum everything that I have been given.”
He said, “the Perfect Knower that is honored to exist in the State of the Complete Existence will witness and observe the Beauty of Allah in the mirror of this universe and he will see himself in everything. This universe will be him and he will be this universe. He will see himself moving in every individual of this universe, encompassing the Whole in the Part and the Part in the Whole.”
From His Miracles
One time one of his deputies, Khwaja Muhammad as-Siddiq was travelling on top of a horse. His feet slipped from the horse and he was dangling from one stirrup. The horse was running so that he was expecting to die. He remembered at once to say, ‘O my Shaykh support me.’ As soon as he said ‘O my Shaykh support me.’ he saw his Shaykh appear, take the reins of the horse and stop it.
One of his followers said, “I fell into the sea and I didn’t know how to swim. I called out his name and he came and took me out.”
One time he was sitting with his followers in his khaniqah (spiritual center for retreat, prayers and meditation) and they began to see water pouring from his hands and his sleeves. They were surprised and they asked him, “What is this, O our Shaykh.” He said, “just now one of my murids was on a ship, and that ship was in a storm and was sinking. He called me and I immediately reached my hand and saved that person from drowning.” We recorded the time of that event and some months a merchant came among us. We asked him about that event and he said, ‘Yes, at that time my Shaykh came and saved me.'”
It happened at that time that one magician used to build a fire, and he would enter it and it would not burn him. There arose a great confusion aomng the people and it made a great fitna (dissension). So the Shaykh made a very great fire in the city and he told the magician, “Enter my fire!” and the magician was afraid. Then he told one of his murids, “Enter my fire, and while you are walking into it say LA ILAHA ILLALLAH.” That murid entered and it was cool and peace for him as it had been for Sayyidina Ibrahim [21:69] when he was thrown in the fire. When the magician saw this, he immediately converted and spoke the shahada: ash-hadu an la ilaha illa-l-Lah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan rasalu-l-Lah.
One Shaykh Abdur Rahman at-Tirmidhi said, “I came with my brother to visit Shaykh Muhammad Masum (q). He gave everyone a gift from his clothes except me. When we returned to our country I was very sad, because I didn’t receive anything from him. After a while a rumor spread throughout the city that the Shaykh was coming to visit the city. All the people went to welcome him and I went with them. I saw the Shaykh coming on a white horse. He looked at me and said, ‘Abdur Rahman, don’t be sad, I have tested you and I have saved for you my special robe (jubba) which I inherited from my father, Sayyidna Ahmad al-Faruqi (q). I took it from him and put it on me. Immediately everything disappeared and my Shaykh appeared in front of me: in every atom and every particle, he was appearing. I reached a state of immense happiness and I entered the Divine Presence.”
One day a blind man came to him and asked him, “Please pray for me that Allah restore my vision to me.” He rubbed his saliva on his eyes and told him, ‘Go to your house an don’t open your eyes until you get there.’ He reached his home and opened his eyes and he was seeing.
They told him “There is someone who is cursing the caliphs of the Prophet .” He became upset, and in his hand was a knife with which he was cutting a watermelon. As he cut the watermelon, he said, “As I cut this watermelon, I am cutting the neck of that one who is cursing the caliphs of the Prophet .” Immediately that man died.
“When I was in Hajj, I saw the Kacba hugging me and kissing me with great compassion and emotion. Then Allah unveiled to me in a vision, lights and blessings coming out of myself, and increasing and increasing; until they filled up all the deserts, then all the mountains, then the oceans; they then filled up all the universes and they entered every atom of these universes. Then all these atoms were drawn back to the love of the Essence of the Ka’aba. I saw many spiritual beings, among them angels and saints, all of them standing in my presence as if I was their sultan. Then I received a written letter delivered to me by an angel, and written on it was ‘from the God of Heavens, Universes and all Creation, I am accepting your pilgrimage.’
“Then I continued my travel to visit the Madinat’il-Munawwarah, the City of the Prophet . I entered the city of the Prophet and I went to visit him at his tomb. When I directed my face to his face, I saw the Prophet coming out of his grave, and he hugged me and kissed me. Then I saw myself in a state, where my heart was as if combining with his heart, my tongue with his tongue, my ears with his ears, until I was not seeing myself, I was seeing the Prophet and when I looked at the Prophet I was seeing myself. That vision took me to the station of Ascending to where the Prophet had ascended in the Night of Ascension. I received there all the knowledge that the Prophet wanted me to receive.
“Then I moved toward the two grand caliphs of the Prophet . As soon as I was in the presence of Sayyidina Abu Bakr , I saw on my shoulders a red robe. Then when I moved on to Sayyidina cUmar I saw a yellow robe on my shoulders. When I was leaving I saw a green robe dressed on my shoulders, which I knew was from the Prohet . Then I saw a vision that Allah unveiled from me all the veils that were on my heart, and I saw that all that Allah had created from the Station of the Throne (cArsh) to the Station of the Earth was in need of the Beloved Muhammad , and he was the center of all light that moves in every atom.”
“What the Prophet gave me at that momemt, if I were to say it, they would cut my neck. Then I found that every prayer on the Prophet and every praise of Prophet and every poetry that was written for the sake of the Prophet, was as if it was for me. Then I saw all these universes, from the Station of the Throne to the Station of the World, had been enlightened and were shining with my light. When the time came to go back to my country I was on my last visit to the Prophet and I was crying in the farewell state and I saw the Prophet come out of his maqam (station). He dressed me with dresses that have never been seen before and he put on my head a crown. That Crown came from the King of Kings, from the Divine Presence, decorated with every kind of Jewels, whose description cannot be described in this world. And I knew that Crown and those dresses had been given to me from the Dresses of Allah Almighty and Exalted, which He gave to His Prophet in the Night of Ascension and which the Prophet had kept for me and adorned me with on that night.”
Shaykh Muhammad Masum was a Miracle of Allah’s Miracles and a Light that Allah showered down on this world in order to guide by it humanity. It is said that he has given initiation into this tariqat to more than 900,000 people and that he had 7,000 deputies, and each of them was a saint. That is because in one week’s association he could bring his follower to the state of Annihilation and, in one month, to the State of Subsistence. It is also said that he could bring his follower to the State of Existence in one single sitting in his association.
He died on the 9th of Rabi’ul Awwal 1079 H. He passed the secret of this Order to Sayyidina Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi (q).
Here are a few pictures of his noble shrine in Sirhind (India). His mausoleum is built separate from that of his father. His tomb also holds other graves of his sons and grandsons.
Shrine of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Faruqi Sirhindi, in Sirhind (India)