Hazrat Ka’b bin Zuhair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

Ka’b bin Zuhair – A Poet of Arab Jahiliyyah Embrace Islam

Ka’b bin Zuhair bin Abi Sulma.

Ka‘b ibn Zuhair (Arabic: كعب بن زهير‎) was an Arabian poet of the 7th century, and a contemporary of Rasulullah SAW to Ka’b.

 
Poets from the time of Jahiliyyah.

Abdur Rahman bin Ka’b narrates that the two sons of Zuhair who were Bujair and Ka’b left on a journey and had reached a spring called Abraqal Azzaaf. Bujair then said to Ka’b, “Stay here with t’he animals. I am going to see that person (Rasulullah) and hear what he has to say.” Ka’b stayed and Bujair left to meet Rasulullah SAW. Rasulullah SAW presented Islam to him and he accepted. When the news reached Ka’b, he recited a few couplets which mean:

“Will you not convey this message to Bujair, who be another Abu Bakr .what has he led you? He has led you to a way on which you will not find your parents. Neither wiII you find your brother, Abu Bakr has made you drink from a terrible cup.

That slave has made you drink from it time and time again” When Rasulullah SAW heard about these couplets, he permitted Ka’b’s execution when he said, “Whoever finds Ka’b should kill him!” Bujair wrote to Ka’b informing him that Rasulullah SAW had ordered his execution. He also wrote, “Save yourself! However, I do not think that you will be able to escape.”

Bujair later wrote back to Ka’b saying, “Rasulullah SAW accepts the word of anyone who comes to him to testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Rasul. You should therefore accept Islam and come here as soon as this letter reaches you.” Ka’b accepted Islam and recited a poem in praise of Rasulullah SAW.

Ka’b then came to Madinah and sat his mount down at the door of the Masjid. He then entered the Masjid where he found Rasulullah SAW sitting in the middle of the Sahabah SAW just as a tablecloth is placed at the center with people sitting around it. The Sahabah ‘- thronged around Rasulullah SAW forming several rings. At times, he turned towards a group while addressing them and at other times he turned towards another group.


Ka’b himself says, “I sat my mount down at the door of the, masjid and recognized Rasulullah SAW by his features. I took a few steps forward and sat by him where I declared that I had accepted Islam when I said, ‘I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and that you are Allah’s Rasul.

I seek amnesty, 0 Rasulullah SAW!” Rasulullah asked, ‘Who are you?” “I am Ka’b bin Zuhair.” Rasulullah SAW said, ‘Was it you who said …” He then turned to Saidina Abu Bakr RA and asked, ‘What was it that he said, 0 Abu Bakr?” Saidina Abu Bakr RA recited the couplet which meant, Saidina Abu Bakr RA has made you drink from a terrible cup. That slave has made you drink from it time and time again. “

Ka’b – interjected by saying, “I did not say it like this, 0 Rasulullah SAW.

“Then how did you say it?” asked Rasulullah SAW. Ka’b said, “I said (he then altered a few words to compose a couplet which meant) “Abu Bakr has made you drink from a quenching cup. That trustworthy man has made you drink from it time and time again.

“Rasulullah SAW then said, “By Allah! He certainly is a trustworthy man.”

Ka’b then recited the entire poem he had composed, which will be quoted shortly. Musa bin Aqba RA says that Ka’b bin Zuhair RA recited his poem “Baanat Su’aad” to Rasulullah SAW in his Masjid in Madinah until he reached the couplets which meant:

“Without doubt, Rasulullah SAW’s  sword from which light is derived.

And a drawn rapier from amongst the swords of Maah.

He was with some youths of the Quraish who had accepted Islam

When one of them said (to the Kuffaar), Move out of the way!”

Rasulullah SAW then signaled to the Sahabah RA with his sleeve for them to listen attentively.

The narrator says that Bujair RA had written to his brother Ka’b to warn him and to invite him to accept Islam. He also wrote a few couplets in the letter which meant:

‘Who will convey the message to Ka’b?

Is he inclined towards that which he wrong & criticized whereas it is most resolute

Come to the One Allah and not towards Uzza nor Laat

Then you will attain salvation if you do this and will remain safe

You will then attain salvation on the day when none shall escape

From the Fire except the pure-hearted Muslim

The religion of (our father) Zuhair is nothing but falsehood

And the relgion of (ourgrandfather) Abi Sulma is forbidden to me”

(1) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vo1.5 Pg.83). Baghawi and Ibn Asaakir have also

reported the narration at length and verified its authenticity as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal

(Vo1.7 Pg.37). Ahmad has also reported it as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.557) as did Tabraani.

Haythami (Vo1.5 Pg.204) has commented on the chain of narrators.

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The Poet of Arab Jahiliyyah embrace Islam

When Rasulullah SAW, returned from At­Ta’if, Ka‘b bin Zuhair, a poet and son of a poet, who had dispraised him, came to him after he was desperate and had no place to go. His brother, Bujair, urged him to go to Rasulullah SAW, as a repentant person and a Muslim, and warned him against the evil end he might face if he refused.


Accordingly, he said his well­known poem in praise of Rasulullah SAW, then, moved to Madinah. The following morning, he joined Rasulullah SAW, after finishing the Fajr prayer, sat beside him and held his hand. All this took place while Rasulullah SAW, did not know who he was. He said to Rasulullah SAW, “Ka‘b bin Zuhair has come to you as a repentant Muslim, seeking your protection. Do you accept him?”

A man from the Ansar (helpers) jumped onto Ka‘b and said, “O Rasulullah! Leave me alone with this enemy of Allah; Let me cut of his head!” Rasulullah SAW, ordered the man to let go of him as he came to express his repentance. Upon that, Ka‘b recited his poem in praise of Rasulullah SAW.

It was narrated that when Ka‘b narrated his poem,Rasulullah SAW, gave him his cloak that was thereafter transferred to the caliphs.

(Ibn Kathir, may Allah have mercy upon him, said, “This is a very famous narration, but I did not find it in any of the well­known books so that I could approve its chain of narrators. Allah knows best.”)

It was reported that Rasulullah SAW, said to Ka‘b after this: “I wish you would speak well of the Ansar; Indeed the Ansar are with the conversion of Ka‘b bin Zuhair to Islam, the role of the poets who opposed the Islamic Da‘wah (call) came to an end. Dhiraar bin Al­Khattab, ‘Abdullaah bin Az­Ziba‘ra, Abu Sufyaan bin Al­Harith bin Hisham and Al­‘Abbas bin Mirdas all embraced Islam and joined the Muslim ranks. They lived under the shelter of Islam with conviction and firm faith. A group of them did not suffice with dedicating their words to defending Islam, but they also used their swords side by side with their words. This was part of the blessings of the Conquest of Makkah.

(1) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vo1.5 Pg.83). Baghawi and Ibn Asaakir have also

reported the narration at length and verified its authenticity as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal

(Vo1.7 Pg.37). Ahmad has also reported it as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.557) as did Tabraani.

Haythami (Vo1.5 Pg.204) has commented on the chain of narrators.

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Qasida Burdah history and Ka’b bin Zuhair RA

Is exactly in the time of ignorance famous poet who was born on the family poet. His brothers poet , father and grandfather also poet . His name was Ka’b bin Zuhair bin Abi Sulma. He once wrote a poem to poem insulting the Prophet spread over the Arab lands. Prophet had blood justifies Ka’b bin Zuhair and utter to anyone who met Ka’b to assassinate him.

 

Until it was shining hearts guidance Ka’b bin Zuhair, he wanted to embrace Islam. Secretly came to Rasulullah SAW by Ka’b bin Zuhair. When Rasulullah SAW and do not know the way his face. Once up and met and shook hands with Rasulullah SAW , Ka’b bin Zuhair said, “O Apostle , if Ka’b bin Zuhair come to you and apologize for the mistake , if you’ll forgive him ? ” He replied, “I will forgive him.” Then Ka’b bin Zuhair said, ” I am , O Messenger, Ka’b , now I have to come and apologize to you . ” After that Rasulullah SAW  forgave Ka’b then recited a Qasidah length entitled ” Baanat Su’aad ” .

When Rasulullah SAW heard the poem Qasidah, he presented a Burdah / blankets to Companion Ka’b bin Zuhair. The Burdah groomed by Ka’b bin Zuhair as blissful goods until the leadership of Caliph Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufian want the Burdah and intend to buy at a price of ten thousand dirhams in order to attain “Baroqah”. However Ka’b bin Zuhair did not want to sell it. When Ka’b bin Zuhair died, Burdah is passed on to his children. Then the Caliph Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan buy Burdah Zuhair bin Ka’b legacy is the price of twenty thousand dirhams and make it as a blessing as well as clothes oversize clothing Umayyad Dynasty .

Qasidah written by Ka’b bin Zuhair bin Abi Sulma entitled “Baanat Su’aad” called Qasidah Burdah. Be Qasidah the ‘ sunna taqririyah ‘ . The scholars from time to time Qasidah Burdah memorized and taught to students because they are included in Qasidah Arabic fusha and dazzling literary high level.

Qasidah Burdah al – Bushairi – Imam al – Bushairi is a poet who lived in the 8th century Hijrah. He comes from the Shaidi, Egypt. He is a follower of the congregation Syadiziliyah. When he was hit by a stroke and partially paralyzed his limbs, he wrote a poem that contains praise of Rasulullah SAW . He read the poem over and over again, until finally one night he dreamed of meeting with Rasulullah SAW . In the dream, he recited the poem in front of Rasulullah SAW . Then Rasulullah rubbed the Shaykh al – Bushairi body paralyzed. Magically, when he woke up in time Fajr , he found himself already healthy again .

Shaykh al – Bushairi then go to the mosque for congregational prayers fajr. After the congregation finished, the teacher told him last night that poem read before Rasulullah SAW and was read again in front of the congregation. Shaykh al – Bushairi obeys his teacher and stood reading the poems.

From now on that’s poem Shaykh al – Bushairi renowned throughout the world. Qasidah Burdah call society , but essentially Qasida al – Bushairi is Qaidah BUR’AH which means healing . Qasidah Burdah is actually a poem written by Ka’b bin Zuhair bin Abi Sulma . Wallahu ‘alam

The Burdah  Ka’b bin Zuhair RA

The three most famous versifiers among the sahaba (companions) were Hassaan bin Thabit RA, Ka’b bin Malik RA and ‘Abdallah ibn Rawaha RA. After ‘Abdullah ibn Rawaha RA was martyred at Mu’tah, another poet, Ka’b bin Zuhair who previously used to satirize against the Muslims, now accepted Islam and recited an ode which he had especially composed for the occasion. It is known as Baanat Su’aad and has been included in the kitab (book) titled Baaqatun ‘Atirah (The Perfumed Bouquet, p. 199-201) by Imam As-Sayyid Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki. It is his longest qasida with 58 verses all of which rhyme in the letter “laam”, hence it is a “laamiyyah”. Four of these verses have become so popular that they are quoted by many scholars in their books. Their transliteration and translation is:

Inna’r Rasula lasaifun yustadaau bihi

Muhannadun min Suyufillahi maslulu

Fee fityatin min Quraysh-in qaala qaailuhum

Bibatni Makkata lamma aslamu zulu

Zaalu fama zaala ankaasun walaa kushufun

‘Indalliqaai walaa meelu ma’aazeelu

Shummul ‘araaneeni abtaalun labusuhum

Min nasji Dawud-a fi’l hayjaa saraabeelu

The Messenger a light is, source of light,

An Indian blade, a drawn sword of God’s swords,

Amid Quraysh companions. When they chose

Islam in Mecca’s vale, men said, “Be gone!”

They went, not weaklings, not as men that flee,

Swaying upon their mounts and poorly armed,

But heroes proud and noble of mien, bright-clad

In mail of David’s weave for the encounter.

When Ka’b RA had finished reciting the poem, our beloved Rasulullah SAW drew off his burdah (cloak) and put it over his shoulders in appreciation, and it became the most valuable piece of clothing ever since, informs Imam Shihabuddin as-Suhrawardi (passed away 632 A.H/1235 C.E) in his spiritual classic ‘Awaarif u’l Ma’aarif (The Illuminative Knowledge of the Spiritual Masters, p. 158).

 
Lyric of Qasidah Burdah

For this reason, the Baanat Su’aad is called the original “Burdah”, distinct from the famous Burda tu’l Madeeh of Imam Sharafuddin Muhammad al-Busiri (608-695 A.H/1212-1296 C.E), who also received a Burda from the noble Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam in a dream after he had composed a qasida in his praise.

After listening to the Baanat Su’aad in which the Muhajireen (Emigrants) had been praised by Ka’b RA, the beloved Rasulullah SAW agreed with the Ansar (Helpers) that it was only fair that he should versify on them too. Ka’b RA obliged by composing a “raaiyyah” in praise of the Ansar with 33 verses all rhyming in the letter “raa” whose opening verse is:

Man sarrahu karamu’l hayaati falaa yazal

Fee miqnabin min saalihi’l Ansari

Whoever loves a life of generosity, doesn’t leave

The horsemen of the virtuous from the Ansar

Hadrat Ka’b bin Zuhair RA  composed many qasaaid, all of which have been presented alphabetically in his Diwan (Collected Poems), beginning with the qasaaid that rhyme in the letter “alif'”. Imam Abu Sa’id al-Hasan al-Husayn al-Sukkari (212-275 A.H/827-888 C.E) has written a sharh (appreciation) of this Diwan, published by al-Maktabatul ‘Arabiyyah in Cairo.

Another famous Diwan of a sahabi (companion) is the Diwan Ka’b ibn Malik al-Ansari RA. The Diwans classify the qasaaid (poems) by sadru’l bayt (the first word of the opening verse), qaafiyah (rhyme) and bahr (poetical meter). The most popular poetical meters at that time were at-taweel, al-baseet, al-kaamil and ar-rajaz; while al-khafeef, al-waafir, and al-mutaqaarib were also used. When we go through these Diwans, we come to the inevitable conclusion that qasaaid (religious poetry) really and truly flourished in the time of our beloved Rasulullah Al Mustafa SAW.

Mawlaaya Salli wa Sallim daaiman abadaa

‘Alaa Habibika Khayril khalqi kullihimi

Allahumma Salli wa Sallim ‘alayh

O Lord! Bestow blessings and peace for and evermore

On Your Beloved, the best in all creation.

O Allah! Bestow blessings and peace on him.