Hazrat Shaikh Abu Saeed Fazlullāh bin Abul Khair rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Aap k wilaadat 1 Moharram 357 Hijri (7 December 967 A.D.) ko Miana (Khorasan) me hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Abul Khair Ahmad hai.
Aap ke waalid Hakeem the.
Aap ne Hazrat Abul Qaasim Bishr Yāseen rahmatullāhi alaihi se ta’aleem haasil ki. Phir Marv jaakar Shafi’i Fiq’h ki ta’aleem haasil ki. Phir 5 saal tak Hazrat Abu Abdullāh Mohammad bin Ahmad al-Khizri se aur phir 5 saal tak Hazrat Abu Bakr Abdullāh bin Ahmad al-Qaffaal se ta’aleem haasil ki. Phir Sarakhs me Hazrat Abu Ali Zaahir bin Ahmad se Tafseer, Hadeeṡ, aur Kalaam ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir 23 saal ki umr me Hazrat Luqmaan Sarakhsi ke mashware par Aap ne Hazrat Soofi Abul Fazl Hasan Sarakhsi rahmatullāhi alaihi khidmat me rehkar ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Hazrat ke farmaan par Hazrat Mohammad bin Husain Solami Nishapuri rahmatullāhi alaihi ki khidmat me rehkar ta’aleem haasil ki aur Khirqa e Khilaafat haasil kiya.
Phir Hazrat Hazrat Abul Fazl Hasan Sarakhsi rahmatullāhi alaihi Aap ko wazeefa diya aur Miana waapas jaane ke liye farmaaya.
Aap ne 15 saal tak Miana ke qareeb pahaado aur sehra me Mujaahida kiya. Is dauraan Aap zaroorat padne par Hazrat ki khidmat me haazir hokar faiz haasil karte aur Hazrat ke wisaal ke baad un ke mazaar par haazir hokar faiz haasil karte.
Aap ne Chilla e Maakoosa bhi kiya ya’ni 40 din tak pair ko deewaar par lagi hui khoont se baandhkar khud ko oolta latkaana.
Phir Aap Amol tashreef le gaye aur Hazrat AbulʿAbbaas Ahmad bin Mohammad al-Qassaab Amoli rahmatullāhi alaihi ki khidmat me rehkar ta’aleem haasil ki aur Khirqa e Khilaafat haasil kiya.
Phir Miana tashreef laakar ta’aleem wa faiz ata farmaana shuru kiya.
Aap Masjid me ya apne ghar ke baahar chabootre par ta’aleem wa tadrees famaate.
Nishapur me Hazrat Abu Ali Tarsusi rahmatullāhi alaihi ki khaanqaah me bhi Aap tashreef le jaate.
Aap qareeb ke gaanv me ta’aleem ke liye tashreef le jaate.
Aap ne Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Husain al-Bayhaqi ko Khaanqaah me rehne waalo ke liye 10 bunyaadi qaanoon bataaye.
Aap Futuwwaat aur Malaamaat ke zariye Iṡaar (selflessness) ki ta’aleem farmaate.
Aap ke mash’hoor shaagird :
Khwaja Abul Qaasim Gurgani, Khwaja Abu Ali Fazl al-Faarmadi, Imaam Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Husain al-Bayhaqi, Abdus Samad Sarakhsi, Abu Saeed Dost-e-Daada, Hasan Moaddib, Abdul Kareem, Abu Bakr Moaddib.
Ek martaba Aap apni biwi aur bete Abu Taahir ke saath Hajj ke liye nikle. Raaste me Kharaqan me Hazrat Khwaja Abul Hasan Kharaqani rahmatullāhi alaihi se mulaaqaat hui. Unho ne Aap ka istqabaal kiya. Un ki khaanqqah me chand din qayaam karne ke baad Aap wahi se wapas aa aye.
415 Hijri (1024 A.D.) me Aap Nishapur tashreef laaye.
437 Hijri (1046 A.D.) me Aap Nishapur se waapas Miana tashreef laaye.
Aap Saahib-e-Kashf the aur logo ke dilo ke khayaal jaan lete.
Aap ne Faarsi me bahot saari Rubaai likhi hai.
Aap farmaate hain :
(1) Insaan aur Rab ta’ala ke darmiyaan parda Dunya nahi hai balke nafs ka dhoka hai ke ‘Main bahot aala hu.’
(2) Soofi woh hai ke Waahid ki taraf tawajjoh rakhe aur Waahid ke liye zindagi guzaare.
(3) Tasawwuf yeh hai ke jo tumhare dimaag me hai use baahar nikaal do aur jo tumhare haath me hai use chhod do aur jab koi museebat aaye to bhi us [Rab] ki taraf se rookh na modo.
Aap ka nikaah Hazrat Abu Ali Tarsusi ki saahabzaadi se hua.
Aap ke 5 saahabzaade hain :
(1) Abu Taahir
(2) Abul Wafa Muzaffar
(3) Abul Aala Naasir
(4) Abu Mutahhar
(5) Abul Baqa Mufazzal.
Aap Hazrat Shaikh Abul Fazl Hasan Sarakhsi rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Hazrat Shaikh Mohammad bin Husain Solami Nishapuri rahmatullāhi alaihi aur Hazrat Shaikh Abul Abbaas Ahmad bin Mohammad al-Qassaab Amoli rahmatullāhi alaihi ne bhi Aap ko khilaafat ata farmai hai.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Abu Nasr Servani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(2) Hazrat Abu Amr Baskhani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(3) Hazrat Mohammad Sokani rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 4 Sha’abaan 440 Hijri (12 January 1049 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Miana (Turkmenistan) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Abu Saeed Fazlullāh bin Abul Khair rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Abu Saeed Al-Khair was born in village Khawaran of Khorasan (presently at Iran) on 7 December 967 BC (year of grace). His complete name is Sheikh Abu Saeed Fazal Ullah Bin Abu Al-Khair. He belongs to a religious family of Khawaran, Khorasan. Muhammad Bin Munawar was one of his talented nephew, who wrote a book “Israr al Tauheed” on his complete life and character. Abu Saeed was a great religious scholar, mystic and Sufi poet. His adages and sayings are very popular among the people.
Basic and Higher Education.
Abu Saeed Al-Khair was very intelligent from his childhood. He took his basic religious education from his native village Khawaran. Unfortunately, there was no institution of higher education in Khawaran. Therefore, he went to Maro city for higher religious education. He met with religious scholar Abdullah Al-Hesri in Maro city and became his student. Abdullah Al-Hesri was the famous and competent religious scholar of those days. He was also a mystic leader and Sufi scholar. Abu Saeed started learning of Fiqah from Abdullah Al-Hesri. He got complete knowledge of Fiqah from him. Al-Khair also studied and learnt many subjects there from other Sheikh and religious scholars. He completed his higher religious education in Mora and returned to Khawaran.
Abu Saeed Al-Khair was a famous mystic and Sufi leader, who followed Sufism and mysticism in his entire life. He preached the people for spiritual development. Al-Khair worked hard for spiritual development of the people in his entire life. He was very soft spoken individual and have good knowledge of religious debates and speeches. Abu Saeed was also a good adviser and monitor.
Muhammad Bin Munawar was the nephew of Abu Saeed Al-Khair. He wrote a comprehensive book “Israr-e-Tauheed Fel Maqamat-e-Sheikh Abi Saeed” on the role and character of Abu Saeed. Muhammad Bin Munawar included the sayings and adages of Abu Saeed in this. He also described the struggle of Abu Saeed for peace and harmony in his book. It is a unique and complete book on the history of Abu Al-Khair. Some of his famous adages are stated in the succeeding paragraphs:-
a) Abu Saeed says about the Tauheed (oneness of God) “There is not hurdle between Allah and human”. He further says “earth and sky are not a hurdles / barriers but human body itself is a hurdle. If human remove these hurdles then he will directly meet with Almighty Allah”.
b) Someone asked Abu Al-Khair about the truth and its existence in the world? Al-Khair replied “clean your heart from all type of wishes and expend everything which you have”. Then bear all the problems without making any complain to Almighty Allah.
Sheikh Abu Saeed Al-Khair was a role model for everyone in Sufism. His character was very high and strong. When the rich people gave money to him, he expend it on poor people. He never hold the money with him nor bother the people for it. Al-Khair believed in one God (Almighty Allah).
Once, some differences and bad feelings developed between Abu Saeed Al-Khair and Abu Al Qasim Qaseeri (a famous Sufi). Qaseeri showed his anger on Abu Saeed. When the news of anger reached to Abu Saeed Al-Khair, he forgave him. Subsequently, anger converted into love and both the Sufi became happy with each other.
Meet of Abu Saeed Al-Khair with Abu Ali Sienna.
Once, the famous scientist and scholar Abu Ali Sienna met with Abdu Saeed. Their meeting prolonged to three days. They discussed a lot of views and reviews with each other in this meeting. After the meeting, students asked Abu Ali Sienna about the meeting and attitude of Abu Saeed. Abu Ali Sienna replied that Abu Saeed has a foresighted personality and well aware of all his experiments. He further said, Al-Khair is a happy man and meets everyone with dignity. Similarly, the followers and students of Abu Saeed also asked him about Abu Ali Sienna. Abu Saeed replied that Abu Ali Sienna has experienced all those which he knows.
Example of Grace.
Once, Abu Saeed Al-Khair along with his followers and students visited a festival, where the people were drinking. The followers and students intended to forbid them from drinking. Al-Khair forbade his students and followers and pray for them. He addressed the people and said that Almighty Allah blessed you all in the heaven also like this world. This few benedictory words of Al-Khair impressed them and changed their lives. They left the drink and music for ever. This was an example of his grace and gentle nature.
When his last time came, the followers gathered around him for well-being. In the meanwhile, a religious person sought permission for reciting of his favorite verses of Quran. Abu Saeed Al-Khair praised Almighty Allah and said some odes of poetry. He died on 12 January 1049 BC and buried in Khorasan (presently at Iran).